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Our kidneys are an important organ in the body and are responsible for the filtration of blood and creation of urine. Sometimes, during this process salt and other chemicals get stuck together to form small crystals also known as kidney stones. The size of a kidney stone can range from the size of a sugar crystal to the size of a ping pong ball. However, it is noticed only if it is large enough to cause a blockage. Smaller stones may pass out of the body without you realizing it.
Kidney stones can be a very painful experience. Some of the symptoms exhibited by patients suffering from kidney stones are:
Excruciating pain is usually the symptom that makes a patient consult a doctor in cases of kidney stone problems. A confirmed diagnosis can then be made by using a series of tests that include an X-ray, ultrasound, CT scan and urine analysis. A blood test may also be conducted to check the mineral levels in the body.
Kidney stones are a common condition faced by many people, but some people are at a higher risk of suffering from this than others. Some of these factors are:
1. Family history of kidney stones
3. Being between 20-50 years of age
4. A previous kidney stone
5. Chronic diseases such as diabetes and high blood pressure
6. Some medication such as diuretics and antacids with calcium
7. Inadequate fluid intake
Between men and women, the former are at a higher risk of suffering from kidney stones. Asians and Caucasians also suffer from this condition more than people from other races. Hormone changes during pregnancy can also trigger the formation of kidney stones.
The first thing to do if you suffer from a kidney stone is to increase your water intake. This can help dissolve some of the minerals in the stone and make it a small enough to pass through the urethra. Injectable anti-inflammatory drugs and pain relievers may be used to ease the pain caused by kidney stones.
If the kidney stone does not pass on its own, a process known as lithotripsy may also be used. This involves the administration of shock waves that can break a large stone into smaller pieces. In extreme cases, surgical techniques may also be used. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a doctor and ask a free question.
Hi. Currently I am facing kidney stones pain issues repeatedly. So could you please what are the blood reports required. So that I can taken and sharing to you. Please advice on it.
Sir, I am facing kidney stone problem. I am hypertensive too. My blood pressure is 150/100 mgh with medicine. Can I leave medicine with yoga and exercise?
I am suffering from kidney stone since last 10 month. It is of size 4 mm. I do drink lots of water daily but its not really working. What should I do?
I have a stone stuck in the urethra and its been one day now. I can easily urinate only thing is that I feel pain at the start when urine gets passed. Please help me with some medication.
Kidney stones are not exactly stones, but hard deposits that are composed of minerals such as calcium or uric acid. These deposits start accumulating and over time enlarge to form obstructions within the urinary tract. Most kidney stones pass out on their own with little or no medication required, but in some cases, they have to be taken out through surgery. Let us now look at the surgery options available for the removal of kidney stones and why they are needed.
Need for surgery:
You might have to opt for a surgical procedure if you are in a lot of pain and if the stone is very large and cannot pass out on its own. Surgery will also be advised if the stone blocks the urinary tract hampering the free flow of urine. There are four types of surgical procedures that can be done for kidney stones.
Shock Wave Lithotripsy
This is the most common procedure that is performed for the removal of a kidney stone. It works best for small or medium stones. It is noninvasive - there are no cuts or scars made in your skin. In this procedure, the doctor after identifying the exact location of the stone sends out shock waves aimed at your kidneys. This dislodges the stone and breaks it into small pieces. This is a painless procedure, and no hospitalization is needed. You might have blood in the urine for a few days after the procedure, but it is considered normal and heals on its own. Check with your doctor in case you experience any complications
This procedure is recommended to treat stones in the kidneys and ureters. A thin, flexible scope is used to find and remove the stones. There are no cuts made, and you will be under anesthesia throughout the procedure. A thin scope is passed through your bladder and ureter to reach the kidney. Once the exact location of the stone is reached, the doctor uses a small basket to scoop out the stone. In case the stone is big, a laser is used to break the stones. This is procedure too does not require a hospital stay. Recovery time is short and you can get back to normal activities soon.
Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy or Percutaneous Nephrolithotripsy
This procedure is done when you have a large size stone and the other methods do not work. In this procedure, a small cut is made in the back, and a thin tube is inserted to reach the stone. Once it reaches the stone, high-frequency sound waves are used to break the stone. You will be under anesthesia throughout the procedure. This can be considered as the most successful types of procedure and is routinely used to remove large stones. Recovery time is short but a short stay in hospital of about a day will be required.
This procedure is rarely done nowadays as it involves the traditional method of surgery. However in some rare cases, when your stone is very large, and the other methods are not an option this approach is used. Hospitalization is required for this procedure and the recovery period usually takes between 4 to 6 weeks. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!