Lybrate.com has top trusted Endocrinologists from across India. You will find Endocrinologists with more than 33 years of experience on Lybrate.com. You can find Endocrinologists online in Hyderabad and from across India. View the profile of medical specialists and their reviews from other patients to make an informed decision.
Book Clinic Appointment
Treatment Of Erectile Dysfunction
Treatment Of Male Sexual Problems
Treatment Of Female Sexual Problems
Thyroid Problems Treatment
Thyroid Disorder Treatment
Diabetic Diet Counseling
Urinary Incontinence (Ui) Treatment
Pre And Post Delivery Care
Sperm Donor Program
Adult Diabetes Treatment
Type 1 Diabetes Treatment
Submit a review for Dr. PrahladYour feedback matters!
My mom is sugar patient yesterday had test report sayz 136 mgs/dl. 60-110 mgs/dl Dis is bfr fasting After fasting 180mgs/dl. 90-150mgs/dl what is the status?
Diabetic Macular Edema (DME) is an accumulation of fluid in the macula(part of the retina that controls our most detailed vision abilities)due to leaking blood vessels. DME develops in eyes wth diabetic retinopathy. Diabetic retinopathy is a disease that damages the blood vessels in the retina, resulting in vision impairment. Left untreated, these blood vessels begin to build up pressure in the eye and leak fluid, causing DME.
DME is associated with:
- Those who have had diabetes for an extended amount of time
- Severe hypertension (high blood pressure)
- Fluid retention
- Hypoalbuminemia (low levels of protein in body fluids)
- Hyperlipidemia (high levels of fats in the blood)
Symptoms: Common symptoms of DME are
- Blurry vision
- Double vision
- Eventually blindness if it goes untreated
Who is at risk of diabetic macular oedema:
About 1 in 3 people with diabetes develop macular Eedema. People with type 1 and type 2 diabetes are at a higher risk of getting diabetic macular oedema. Also other risk factors are:
- Poor control of blood sugars
- High blood pressure
- High cholesterol level
- In smokers
How is diabetic macular oedema detected:
Diabetic macular oedema can be detected during regular visits to the doctor. Patients with diabetes should be offered screening tests. Digital photographs of the patients can be taken as they show the early signs of diabetic macular oedema, though changes in vision might not be noticed at this time.
What happens when you attend the medical retina clinic:
When you go for an eye checkup you will undergo a comprehensive examination which includes:
- Visual acuity test: This is a sight test which measures how well you can see the different distances
- Eye pressure test: This test is done to measure the pressure of the eyes and usually drops which numb the eyes are used when this test is conducted
- Dilated eye examination: In this the drops are placed in the eye to dilate the pupils and then the back of the eye is examined.
- Fluorescein angiography: This is a diagnostic test in which an injection of fluorescein dye is given in the hand and then the photographs are taken.
- Optical coherence tomography: This is done to measure the retinal swelling
How to reduce the risks of diabetic macula oedema:
The risk of diabetic macula oedema can be reduced by quitting smoking, and to make sure that blood sugar and cholesterol levels are under control. This is achieved by regularly measuring the cholesterol and blood sugar levels. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult an ophthalmologist.
Your diet has to be well balanced with fruits, vegetables, whole grains, dairy, nuts etc. Your hormonal vibrancy is improved only if your diet is balanced and not lacking in essential nutrients.
Crash dieting or diet fads will only further lower your metabolism and help further fat gain and hormonal imbalance.
If you have hypothyroidism, take thyroid hormone medication as directed by your physician — generally with an empty stomach. The reason being that too much dietary fiber, food supplements and other medications and some foods can impair the absorption of synthetic thyroid hormone.
Avoid taking your thyroid hormone at the same time as:
Walnuts, Soybean flour, iron or calcium rich foods and supplements or multivitamins, antacids, some ulcer medications and cholesterol-lowering drugs.
To avoid potential interactions, eat these foods or use these products an hour before or after you take your thyroid medication.