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Dr. P.N. Murthy

MBBS

Oncologist, Hyderabad

400 at clinic
Dr. P.N. Murthy MBBS Oncologist, Hyderabad
400 at clinic
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I pride myself in attending local and statewide seminars to stay current with the latest techniques, and treatment planning....more
I pride myself in attending local and statewide seminars to stay current with the latest techniques, and treatment planning.
More about Dr. P.N. Murthy
Dr. P.N. Murthy is an experienced Oncologist in Nampally, Hyderabad. He has done MBBS . You can meet Dr. P.N. Murthy personally at Medwin Hospitals in Nampally, Hyderabad. You can book an instant appointment online with Dr. P.N. Murthy on Lybrate.com.

Lybrate.com has a nexus of the most experienced Oncologists in India. You will find Oncologists with more than 39 years of experience on Lybrate.com. Find the best Oncologists online in Hyderabad. View the profile of medical specialists and their reviews from other patients to make an informed decision.

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MBBS - - -

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1st Floor, North Block, Nampally. Landmark: Raghava Ratna Towers & Chirag Ali Lane, HyderabadHyderabad Get Directions
400 at clinic
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Chirag Ali Lane Landmark : Raghavana Ratna TowersHyderabad Get Directions
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What type of cancer do I have? Where is it located? What are the risk factors for this disease? Is this type of cancer caused by genetic factors? Are other members of my family at risk?

DNB, MBBS
Oncologist, Faridabad
Dear sir, why do you feel that you have cancer, please let us know your symptoms to guide you through. Cancer may occur from head to toe any organ may be affected. Histopathologically also there may be more than 200 types of cancers depending on cell of origin. Risk factors may be tobacco, alcohol, pesticides, industrial affluent, radiation exposure, unhealthy eating habits, lack of exercise, Hormone related or genetic. Yes 5-7%cancers may be inherited from one generation to other most common may be breast cancer, ovarian, Colon, retinoblastoma few sarcoma.
19 people found this helpful
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Breast Cancer - Know More to Say 'No' More!

MBBS, DGO, MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology, MRCOG
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Breast Cancer - Know More to Say 'No' More!

Cancer is the abnormal, uncontrolled growth of cells in a particular body part. With continued growth, pieces of this tissue travel through the blood to different body parts and continue to grow in the new area. This is known as metastases. Breast cancer is one of the most common forms of cancer and affects about 1 in 8 women in the USA. Read on to know more details of breast cancer – breast anatomy, causes, symptoms, risk factors, detection, prevention, and of course treatment.

Anatomy: The main function of the breast is lactation through its milk-producing tissue that are connected to the nipple by narrow ducts. In addition, there is surrounding connective tissue, fibrous material, fat, nerves, blood vessels and lymphatic channels which complete the structure. This is essential to know as most breast cancers develop as small calcifications (hardened particles) in the ducts or as small lumps in the breast tissue which then continues to grow into cancer. The spread can happen through lymphatic or blood flow to other organs.

Warning signs/symptoms: The following are some symptoms that need to be watched out for if you have a predisposition to breast cancer.

  1. A lump in either of the breasts or armpits
  2. Change in size, shape, or contour of either breast
  3. Redness of your breast or nipple
  4. Discharge of clear or bloody fluid
  5. Thickening of breast tissue or skin that lasts through a period
  6. Altered look or feel of the skin on the breast or the nipple (dimpled, inflamed, scaly, or puckered)
  7. One area on the breast that looks very different from the other areas
  8. Hardened area under the breast skin

Either one or a combination of these should be an indication to get a detailed checkup done. Early diagnosis results in controlling the disease with minimal treatment and reduced complications.

Causes and risk factors: The exact cause for breast cancer is yet to be pinned down. However, risk factors are clearly identified, and women with risk factors need to watch out for warning signs.

  1. Family history: Of all the risk factors, the family history is the most important. Breast cancer runs in families, and if there is a first-degree relative with the breast cancer, the chances of developing it are almost double. Two genes BRCA1 and BRCA2 are the carriers of the disease, and this testing can be done in women to identify if they are at risk.
  2. Family history of other cancers: Even if there is no breast cancer, if there are other cancers that run in the family, watch out.
  3. Age: Women over 50 are at higher risk of developing breast cancer.
  4. Race: Caucasian and Jewish women are at higher risk of breast cancer than African-American women.
  5. Hormones: Greater exposure to the female hormone estrogen increases the chances of developing breast cancer. Women who use birth control pills for contraception and hormone replacement after menopause are at a higher risk of developing breast cancer.
  6. Gynecologic milestones: Women who have abnormal menstrual milestones need to watch out. These include those who attain menarche before 12 years of age, get pregnant after 30, attain menopause after 55, and have menstrual cycles shorter than 26 days or longer than 29 days.
  7. Obesity and alcohol abuse are also likely to increase a woman’s chances of developing breast cancer.

Stages: Starting from stage 0, higher stages indicate advanced disease.

  1. Stage 0: The growth which has begun in the milk-producing tissue or the ducts has remained there (in situ) and not spread to any other area, including the rest of the breast.
  2. Stage I: The tissue slowly becomes invasive and has begun to affect the surrounding healthy tissue. It could have spread to the fatty breast tissue and some breast tissue may be found in the nearby lymph nodes.
  3. Stage II: The cancer at this stage grows considerably or spreads to other parts. There are chances that cancer may grow and also spread.
  4. Stage III: It may have spread to the bones or other organs but small amounts are present in up to 9 to 10 of the lymph nodes in the armpits and collar bones which makes it is difficult to fight.
  5. Stage IV: The cancer is widespread to far-flung areas like the liver, lungs, bones, and even the brain.

Screening: This is one of the most effective ways to identify the disease in its early stages. This will help in controlling cancer from spreading with minimal treatment.

  1. Self-examination: A thorough self-examination to look for changes in terms of shape, size, colour, contour, and firmness should be learned by all women. Watch for any discharge, sores, rashes, or swelling in the breasts, surrounding skin, and nipple. Examine them while standing and when lying down.
  2. In most women, annual screening mammograms are advised after the age of 40. However, in women who have a strong family history or genetic makeup, it is advisable to have screening mammograms starting at age 20 every 3 years and then annually from the age of 40.
  3. Women in high-risk categories should have screening mammograms every year and typically start at an earlier age.
  4. Ultrasound screening can also be given in addition to mammograms.
  5. Breast MRI is another way to screen for breast cancer if the risk is greater.

Breast Cancer Prevention: Now that there is so much awareness about causes and risk factors, there are definitely ways to prevent or delay the onset of the disease.

  1. Exercise and a healthy diet with reduced amount of alcohol are definitely effective in minimising the chances of developing cancer.
  2. Tamoxifen is used in women who are at high risk for breast cancer.
  3. Evista (raloxifene) which is used to treat osteoporosis after menopause. It is also widely used in preventing breast cancer.
  4. In high-risk women, breasts are surgically removed to prevent the development of cancer (preventive mastectomy).

Treatment: As with all cancers, treatment would depend on the stage at which it is identified and include a combination of chemotherapy, radiation, and surgery. As noted earlier, if you are at risk, look out for warning signs as early diagnosis is the key to maximum recovery.

2622 people found this helpful

I am 60 years old and I have to go for frequent urination at mid night at 2 am to 6 am only. I don't have diabetes or enlarged prostate. What else can be possibilities of other ailments ?

Membership of the Royal College of Surgeons (MRCS)
General Surgeon, Chennai
I am 60 years old and I have to go for frequent urination at mid night at 2 am to 6 am only. I don't have diabetes or...
Please get your fasting and post prandial blood sugar checked. Also get a ultrasound of the abdomen with post void study.
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My husband is suffering from sarcoidosis, could I know is there any treatment? Please advise.

DNB(Respiratory Diseases), MBBS
Pulmonologist, Jabalpur
Yes. Definitely sarcoidosis has treatment. The patient should be tested for a definite diagnosis. Involvement of lungs are most commonly seen, although any organ may also be involved. Depending upon the stage and type of disease treatment may have to be given. Many stage 1 lung disease sarcodosis patients may not need any treatment, except careful regular assessment of the disease.
1 person found this helpful
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My uncle has lung cancer. And aunt has aids. What. Are. The. Medicines and what should I do.

MBBS
General Physician, Mumbai
PET scan will confirm the spread of lung cancer for your uncle and get a blood check for CD4 count of your aunt and than we can discuss about the medication
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Hi, I am currently living in UK and my family is in India. My father has a cancer history of more than 18 years. The symptoms started showing up in 1996 and the doctor did not advise for a scan that time. Later, he was detected with a large cancerous tumor on his left kidney and the entire kidney was taken out. The doctors advised him not to take Cigarettes as he was a chain smoker but he continued taking it at a reduced quantity for 10 years post operation and later in Nov, 2012 he was detected with one metastatic cancer tumor in his bran and several small nodules in his lungs and supra renal gland. The doctors prescribed him to take steroids before operation and post operation has has gone through complete remission of cancer. All nodules melted away on its own. However, he started showing symptoms of gastric ulcer. He started feeling racing heart due to anemia and he had black tarry stool and black vomiting in the month of August 2014. He quickly recovered and he was stable. But, he started having spicy food after a month. The symptoms came back strongly last December. Within a month, he recovered again. However, the symptoms keep coming these days and he is loosing his weight. Sometimes, he will be alright and start gaining weight and after 4 weeks the symptoms will come back again. There were 3-4 recurrences within a span of 6 months. Please advise.

MD - Oncology
Oncologist, Hubli-Dharwad
Metastatic kidney cancer is not curable and with added complications are there, but have you tried targeted therapy? just meet an oncologist and enquire about recent targeted therapies.
2 people found this helpful
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I have little lump in testicle doctor told me this is not cancer. The lump sometimes itching.

MBA (Healthcare), Fellowship in Laparoscopy, MS - General Surgery, MBBS
General Surgeon, Indore
Go for sonography whether it is testicular or not. If it is testicular swelling you may require more investigation like tumour marker to rule out malignancy (cancer).
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9 Things You Must Watch To Make Your Home Cancer Free

MD - Medicine, Diploma in Diabetology, MBBS
General Physician, Malda
9 Things You Must Watch To Make Your Home Cancer Free
Make Your Home Cancer Free

While cancer has become a common place disease, most of its causes remain unknown. Most of us are not aware that few regular everyday materials present in most households are potential causes of cancer. Lets know about them, the health hazards they can cause, and be aware.
Check this list.

1. Shower curtains - shower curtains are made of toxic chemicals which get into not only the shower or the bath but also into the environment. It emits harmful chemicals which are called voc (volatile organic chemicals) and can prove to be very harmful for us.

2. Deodorants - deodorants and antiperspirants are known to have various ingredients which have cancerous properties. These sprays stay on our bodies for hours, until we wash them off. While on our bodies, they chemicals harm our skin and even through it.

3. Strong shampoos - many shampoos contain toxic chemicals though there is no scientific proof that they cause cancer. However, the array of chemicals used to make shampoos is definitely harmful for us and best, if avoided.

4. Room fresheners - air-fresheners, like deodorants have vcos which are toxic and extremely harmful for us. They aggravate asthma and even affect reproductive development. They have hazardous components which can be cancerous. It is advisable to use essential oils.

5. Scented candles - scented candles mostly have wicks made of lead. While they serve a good purpose, there is no point in using something which gives momentary relief but can prove hazardous in the long run.

6. Certain paints - permanent markers, acrylic paints, solvents, etc contain hazardous chemicals which have been associated with occurrences of cancer, allergies and oral damages.

7. Gardening chemicals - household pesticides, herbicides or fungicides that we often use in gardens can contain carcinogenic materials which are believed to cause lymphomas and breast cancer (in animal models).

8. Plastic food/beverage containers - plastic materials containing bpa, or bisphenol a are believed to dangerous for health. So when one is using plastic bottle or food container make sure it is bpa free.

9. Nonstick cookware - cooking utensils which are made with a nonstick coating (teflon) is suspected to be a carcinogen. The main chemical in nonstick coatings is perfluorooctanoic acid (pfoa) is known to cause cancer. Glass, cast iron, copper, and ceramic or pfoa free nonstick cookwares are safe.

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4435 people found this helpful

I got cancer of breast 1 year back since then m not able to concentrate on anything, please help.

FMAS, MS
General Surgeon, Gandhinagar
Respected lybrate-user hi I would strongly suggest to do meditation for atleast 30 minutes a day to relieve your body from stress of those things & yoga is best for that & above all have faith & confidence inside you & god. Your destiny cannot be changed by your worry right? so why to ruin your future in worrying about the passed time ok so get set ready for new future in front of you & daily see new hopes in your future as soon as you get up. Thanks regards & hope for your best health today & always.
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I have pain in my left breast continuous at low for some days but I had not notice any sist in it but feel some hard space. Please guide what I do and whom I may contact. Thanks sir.

FMAS, MS
General Surgeon, Gandhinagar
Respected lybrate-user kanta hi first is to undergo ultrasonography of breast only dear thanks regards.
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Bronchovascular marking are bilateral sir please tell me is this serious any type of lung cancer.PLease tell.

MCH - Surgical Oncology
Oncologist, Hubli-Dharwad
Hello dear, prominent bronchovascular marking doesnot indicate any type of lung carcinoma. If you do not have any chest complaints like cough, breathlessness, nothing to worry.
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Hello doctor, my grandpa having throat cancer, last month surgery also done. But now hole mouth heated with some equipment and it gets spoiled. Only liquid foods via nose tube. Say any permanent solution.

BHMS
Homeopath, Faridabad
Hello doctor, my grandpa having throat cancer, last month surgery also done. But now   hole mouth heated with some eq...
Hi. I want to help you grandpa. But it would be great if you write down more symptoms of his problem clearly (your question is not clear to me)!
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Dear sir, My prostrate is enlarged in size and weighs approx 27 gms. Impression: hypertrophy of prostrate grade I by sonography. Kindly suggest remedy.

BHMS
Homeopath,
Dear sir,
My prostrate is enlarged in size and weighs approx 27 gms. Impression: hypertrophy of prostrate grade I by ...
Dear Lybrate User, Benign Hypertrophy of Prostate is a non-cancerous enlargement of the prostate gland. In this clinical condition multiple nodules are formed inside the prostate gland. These nodules often compress the urethra resulting in the narrowing of the lumen of urethra & producing a resistance to the urine flow. Resistance to urine flow requires the bladder to work harder during voiding, possibly leading to progressive enlargement, instability, or weakness of the bladder muscle. Benign Hypertrophy of Prostate can be easily diagnosed by an USG of whole abdomen along with blood test for Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA). Follow the given medication as directed:- 1) 5 drops of Homoeopathic CAUSTICUM 30 at early morning daily before brushing teeth 2) 5 drops of Homoeopathic CONIUM MAC 30 before going to bath daily. 3) 5 drops of Homoeopathic BARYTA CARB 30 just one hour before dinner daily. 4) Homoeopathic Mother Tincture SABAL SERRULATA Q, 30 drops, twice daily, after meals, in a cup of water. Along with the aforesaid medication few changes in your lifestyle are also necessary. Lifestyle alterations to address the symptoms include decreasing fluid intake before bedtime, moderating the consumption of alcohol and caffeine-containing products, and following a timed voiding schedule. Also it would be better if you could void the urine in sitting position.
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I diagnosed with tongue cancer in October 2015 Surgery has been done what kind of treatment will be given to me after surgery and it is curable or not.

MBBS, MS- Surgery , M.Ch - Surgical Oncology , FIAGES
Oncologist, Delhi
it is curable. depending on histopathology report you require adjuvant radiation therapy or chemoradiation
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I am 22 year old. Tell me what is the symptoms of Cancer? And how to lose weight?

DNB, MBBS
Oncologist, Faridabad
I am 22 year old. Tell me what is the symptoms of Cancer? And how to lose weight?
Cancer is abnormal uncontrolled proliferation of cells Leading to symptoms like palpable lump, unexplained weight loss, ulceration which doesn't heal, bleeding from Anywhere, prolonged fever, frequent infection, difficulty in swallowing, change in voice, change in bowelor bladder habits etc depending on organ affected. You must eat healthy, non fatty diet and do regular work out to lose weight.
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Hello Doctors. I am very scared and don't know what to do? My sister is suffering from colon cancer 1st stage and doctors are saying kemo therapy is required but recovery will not done. Please suggest me as soon as possible whatever will be money we will pay but I want my sister recovered from cancer. She is only 21 years old.

M.Ch - Oncology
Oncologist, Bathinda
If she is suffering from ist stage Ca colon first she will need surgery after surgery histopathology report will decide further treatment.
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E-coli infection treated with 21 days of ofloxacin 200 and now I am feeling somewhat okay. My prostate and other related parts are normal in shape and size. My doctor advised me to take ALFOO 10 mg for 30 days. Is it ok to take? I am taking it for past 2 days why alfoo is prescribed when I am ok with size of prostate and other related parts, can someone explain briefly please.

Post Doctoral Research (Ph.D.) (A.M) (Oncology), Integrative Oncology for Physicians (MSKCC, N.Y, USA), Doctor of Natural Medicine (N.D/ N.M.D), Ayurveda (I) Cert., Advanced Strategic Management (APSM), B.E (Computer Sc. & Engg.), Clinically Relevant Herb-Drug Interactions (CME) - (Cine-Med Inc. USA)
Alternative Medicine Specialist, Bhubaneswar
E-coli infection treated with 21 days of ofloxacin 200 and now I am feeling somewhat okay. My prostate and other rela...
Hi lybrate-user, I appreciate you seeking help. As I understand, you have been treated for your urinary tract infection (uti) and are feeling better now. For the time being, I would advise that you upkeep your diet and lifestyle, and stay well hydrated. You can take 150 ml of fresh cranberry juice (unsweetened) twice daily for the next 2 weeks. Try including more of fresh turmeric, tomatoes and black cumin seeds in your daily diet. However, make sure to avoid sweets, carbonated drinks, alcohol, high calorie, greasy, fatty, oily and fast foods. The above-mentioned shall help both your uti as well help prevent recurrent infections of the urinary tract too. Again, you need not explicitly take medications for prostate should you not have any problems in that regard. Hope this helps. Do take care and all the very best.
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If someone has cancer in any of the part let it be adrenal cancer. And it is of first stage. Would it have affect on blood report of patient. Does it lower haemoglobin content. And what effect it would have on TLC?

DNB, MBBS
Oncologist, Faridabad
dear sir early cancers unless they are leukaemias may not effect bone marrow to cause any suppression or change in blood counts. it is only blood cancers which may cause early alteration in its counts.Adrenal cancers may effect hormonal levels so they can be detected by estimating hormonal levels.
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I feel like something is stuck in my throat. I can not burp when I lie down. But when I sit straight, gas comes out. And it has been like 1.5 months now. But now its starting to pain. What is the reason? Is it oesophageal cancer? But sometime when I burp, food comes out. Also very rarely when I burp sometimes. I can feel pain on my chest. What is happening? Am I dying? Is it severe? Is it serious?

Registrar in Surgical Oncology, Fellowship in Gynaecologic Oncology, Masters In Advanced Oncology, Fellowship in advanced laparoscopy and robotic surgery, Fellowship in Gastrointestinal Oncology
Oncologist, Mumbai
I feel like something is stuck in my throat. I can not burp when I lie down. But when I sit straight, gas comes out. ...
I would advise you to show it to a gastroenterologist. It could be symptoms of something called gastroesophageal reflux disease or a disease called achalasia. The gastroenterologist may do a test called barium swallow or an endoscopy if required.
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