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Krishna Netralaya

Ophthalmologist Clinic

304 Vipul Trade Center, Sector 48 Sohna Road Gurgaon
1 Doctor · ₹800
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Krishna Netralaya Ophthalmologist Clinic 304 Vipul Trade Center, Sector 48 Sohna Road Gurgaon
1 Doctor · ₹800
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Krishna Netralaya is born out of the belief that medical care ought to be delivered 100% ethically. This belief is captured in our vision for Krishna Netralaya - “Offering high-quality ey......more
Krishna Netralaya is born out of the belief that medical care ought to be delivered 100% ethically. This belief is captured in our vision for Krishna Netralaya - “Offering high-quality eye care…ethically” and in our motto - “Building faith in medical practice”.
More about Krishna Netralaya
Krishna Netralaya is known for housing experienced Ophthalmologists. Dr. Aditi Agarwal, a well-reputed Ophthalmologist, practices in Gurgaon. Visit this medical health centre for Ophthalmologists recommended by 53 patients.

Timings

MON-TUE, THU-SAT
10:00 AM - 06:00 PM
WED
10:00 AM - 03:00 PM

Location

304 Vipul Trade Center, Sector 48 Sohna Road
Sohna Road Gurgaon, Haryana - 122018
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Doctor in Krishna Netralaya

Dr. Aditi Agarwal

Fellowship in Cornea and Anterior Segment, Fellowship in Glaucoma, Fellowship in Advanced Cataract Micro-surgery, MS, MBBS, FICO (UK) - Clinical Sciences Assessment in Opthalmology
Ophthalmologist
17 Years experience
800 at clinic
Available today
10:00 AM - 06:00 PM
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Myopia - Know Its Symptoms And How Can We Treat It?

DNB - Ophtalmology, Diploma In Ophthalmology, MBBS
Ophthalmologist, Bangalore
Myopia - Know Its Symptoms And How Can We Treat It?

Myopia is also known by the name of nearsightedness. It is one of the most common refractive disorders of the eye. Over the years, it has become more prevalent. According to a recent study conducted by the National Eye Institute (NEI), myopia has grown more prevalent from 25 percent in 1972 to around 40% percent in 2004 in United States.

The exact cause of the prevalence of this disorder in USA is not known. However, many doctors are of the opinion that eye fatigue due to overuse of computers can be the primary reason behind the spread of this disorder. It could also be affected by genetical links.

Myopia Symptoms And Signs:

It is time to take care of your eyes if you have difficulty in reading the sign boards on road or seeing objects from a distance. This could be a sign for myopia if you are able to see things clearly from a closer distance. There are several symptoms of myopia, including strain on eyes, headaches and squinting. If these signs don’t vanish after wearing lenses or spectacles, you must visit your ophthalmologist.

What are the factors that cause Myopia or Nearsightedness?

It occurs at a time when the eyeball of the patient is too long. The lens of the patient will be too long as compared to the focusing power of the cornea or the eye lens. This condition leads to the focusing of light rays at a point in front of the retina. The rays don’t focus directly on the retina’s surface. Myopia can also be caused if the lens of the eye is too curved. Myopia can also be caused due to a combination of factors. The problem may start from childhood. You are also at the risk of developing the problem if your parents have had the problem.

Myopia Treatment:

Myopia is not a rare disorder of the eye. People living with myopia have several options of its treatment. It can be rectified or corrected with the help of spectacles and contact lenses. It can also be corrected by refractive surgery. The kind of treatment to be chosen depends upon the degree of your myopia. You will be asked to wear lenses or spectacles for a prescribed amount of time, depending upon the degree of your disorder.

In myopia there are Retinal changes like Retinal weakness (lattice degeneration) Retinal hole and break, which need laser treatment to prevent retinal detachment. It needs surgical correction. So, myopia patients need to undergo dilated pupil retinal examination yearly, as early changes mentioned above are asymptomatic.

If you are suffering from myopia, the doctor will prescribe you to wear spectacles or lenses of a certain power that will be preceded by a minus (-) sign.

आँख के रोग - Aankh Ke Rog!

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Lakhimpur Kheri
आँख के रोग - Aankh Ke Rog!

आँखों से ही हम इस दुनिया के दृश्य रूप का अनुभव कर पाते हैं या फिर इसके अद्भुत सौंदर्य को निहार पाते हैं. इसीलिए आँखों को इवान ज्योति भी कहा जाता है. आँख के रोग होना आम तौर पर होने वाली परेशानियों में से एक है. इस समस्या के लिए कोई ख़ास उम्र नहीं होती है. ये किसी को भी कभी भी हो सकती है. ये रोग आपको जीवाणु, विषाणु, कवक या अन्य किसी प्रकार से भी हो सकता है. ये रोग आँखों के विभिन्न भागों में हो सकता है. हो सकता है कि ये एक साथ दोनों आँखों को प्रभावित कर दे. एक रोग होने के कारण ये एक व्यक्ति से दुसरे व्यक्ति को हो सकता है. इस दौरान आपको लालिमा, खुजली, सूजन, दर्द जैसी समस्याओं का सामना करना पड़ सकता है. आइए इस लेख के माध्यम से हम आँखों के विभिन्न रोगों के बारे में जानें ताकि इस विषय में लोगों को जागरूक किया जा सके.
 

आँख के रोग के प्रकार

हमारे आँखों में होने वला ये रोग मुख्य रूप से दो प्रकार का होता है. एक है कंजंक्टिवाइटिस जिसे हम आम तौर पर पिंक आई के रूप में भी जाना जाता है. इस रोग का असर बच्चों पर बहुत ज्यादा पड़ता है. दुसरे का नाम है स्टाई, इसके होने का कारण है जीवाणुओं का हमारी त्वचा से पलकों के हेयर फॉलिकल पर आ जाना. इसकी वजह से ये प्रभावित होता है.

 आँखों को के रोग के लक्षण
इसके लक्षणों में लालिमा, खुजली, सूजन, दर्द जैसी समस्याएं शामिल हैं. उपचार रोग के कारणों पर निर्भर करता है और इसमें आई ड्रॉप्स, क्रीम, या एंटीबायोटिक्स शामिल हो सकते हैं. नेत्र रोग आम तौर पर आत्म-सीमित होते हैं, और यह न्यूनतम इलाज या बिना इलाज के ठीक हो जाता है. कभी-कभी समस्या इतनी गंभीर हो जाती है कि यह अपने आप ठीक नहीं होता और दवाइयों और इलाज की आवश्यकता पड़ती है.

आँखों में होने वाले रोग का उपचार
अक्सर डॉक्टर आपके लक्षणों को देखकर और आपकी आँख की जाँच करके कंजंक्टिवाइटिस का निदान कर लेते हैं. हालांकि, कभी-कभी संक्रामक कंजंक्टिवाइटिस और अन्य प्रकार के कंजंक्टिवाइटिस के निदान में भ्रम हो सकता है. संक्रामक कंजंक्टिवाइटिस में डॉक्टर इसके लक्षणों और उपस्थिति से इसका निदान करते हैं. इसमें आंख को आमतौर पर एक स्लिट लैंप से देखा जाता है. संक्रमित रिसाव के नमूने को एकत्रित करके जाँच के लिए प्रयोगशाला भेजा जाता है ताकि रोग करने वाले जीव का पता लगाया जा सके.

लक्षण गंभीर पाए जाने पर
जब लक्षण गंभीर या बारम्बार होते हैं. जब रोग की वजह क्लैमाइडिया ट्रैस्कोमैटिस या नेइसेरिया गानोरिआ को माना जाता है. जब व्यक्ति को प्रतिरक्षा प्रणाली का एक नुकसान होता है. जब व्यक्ति को कोई आंख की समस्या होती है जैसे कि कॉर्नियल ट्रांसप्लांट या ग्रेव्स रोग के कारण आंख में फुलाव. स्वैब टेस्ट इस टेस्ट में स्वैब (जो कि रुई के फोहे जैसा दिखता है) के द्वारा आपकी संक्रमित आँख से चिपचिपे पदार्थ जिसे म्यूकस कहते हैं के एक छोटे से नमूने को इकट्ठा करके परीक्षण के लिए प्रयोगशाला में भेजा जाता है ताकि कंजंक्टिवाइटिस के प्रकार की पुष्टि हो सके.

कंजंक्टिवाइटिस
इसका उपचार इसके होने की वजह पर निर्भर करता है. यदि आपको यह एक रासायनिक पदार्थ की वजह से हुआ है तो शायद कुछ ही दिनों में अपने आप ठीक हो जाएं लेकिन यदि यह एक जीवाणु, वायरस, या एलर्जी से हुआ है, तो कुछ उपचार विकल्प हैं - बैक्टीरियल कंजंक्टिवाइटिस बैक्टीरियल रोग के लिए, एंटीबायोटिक दवाओं का उपयोग किया जाता है. एंटीबायोटिक दवा से लक्षण कुछ ही दिनों में चले जाते हैं. वायरल कंजंक्टिवाइटिस वायरल रोग के लिए कोई इलाज उपलब्ध नहीं है. यह रोग सात से दस दिनों में अपने आप ठीक हो जाता है. तब तक, सिकाई करने से आपके लक्षणों में कमी आ सकती है.

एलर्जिक कंजंक्टिवाइटिस
एलर्जी के कारण हुए कंजंक्टिवाइटिस के इलाज के लिए आपके डॉक्टर शायद सूजन को रोकने के लिए आपको एंटीहिस्टामाइन देंगे. लोराटाडिन और डिफेनहाइडरामाइन एंटीहिस्टामाइन होते हैं जो केमिस्ट के पास आसानी से उपलब्ध हैं. वे एलर्जिक कंजंक्टिवाइटिस सहित एलर्जी के लक्षणों को ठीक करने में मदद करते हैं. डॉक्टर आपको एंटीहिस्टामाइन आईड्रॉप्स या एंटी-इंफ्लेमटरी आईड्रॉप्स भी दे सकते हैं.
 

आँख की रोशनी बढाने का उपाय - Aankh Ki Raushani Badhane Ka Upay!

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Lakhimpur Kheri
आँख की रोशनी बढाने का उपाय - Aankh Ki Raushani Badhane Ka Upay!

आँखों के बिना सब कुछ अजीब लगता है. जाहिर है कई लोगों के पास प्राकृतिक रूप से और कुछ लोग दुर्घटनावश आँखें नहीं होतीं. इसलिए उनका जीवन थोड़ा मुश्किल हो जाता है. इसलिए हमें हमारी आँखों के लिए कुछ विशेष सावधानियां बरतनी पड़ती हैं. आँखें हमारे शरीर का सबसे महत्वपूर्ण और खूबसूरत हिस्सा हैं. इसलिए आँखों की देखभाल बहुत महत्वपूर्ण है. आँखों की बेहतर दृष्टि से हम अपने चारों ओर एक खूबसूरत एक विविधता से भरी दुनिया देखते हैं. आपको बता दें कि आँखों की माशपेशियां शरीर में सबसे अधिक क्रियाशील होती हैं. तो इसलिए आइए हम अपने आंखों की रौशनी बढ़ाने के

उपायों के तरीके जानें.
1. आंवला-
आँवला आँखों के बेहतर दृष्टि के लिए बहुत फायदेमंद है. यह रेटिना की कोशिकाओं के समुचित कार्य करने में सहायक होता है. आँवला विटामिन ए, सी और एंटीऑक्सीडेंट के साथ समृद्ध होता है और आँखों की देखभाल के लिए बहुत अच्छा है. आप आँवले का कच्चे रूप में या एक अचार के रूप में भी उपभोग कर सकते हैं. आप स्वस्थ आँखों के लिए एक गिलास आँवले का रस हर दिन पी सकते हैं.

2. सौंफ-
सौंफ एक अद्भुत महान जड़ी बूटी है जो प्राचीन रोम के लोगों द्वारा दृष्टि के लिए प्रयोग की गई थी. यह पोषक तत्वों और एंटीऑक्सीडेंट के साथ भरी हुई है जो दृष्टि में सुधार कर सकते हैं. रात का खाना खाने के बाद, आप हर रात कुछ चीनी के साथ सौंफ खा सकते हैं और इसके बाद गर्म दूध का एक गिलास ले सकते हैं.

3. पर्याप्त नींद-
यह हम सभी को पता है की आँखों को आराम देना कितना महत्वपूर्ण है. आपको यह सुनिश्चित करना चाहिए की आँखों को अत्यधिक तनाव ना दें. आँखों को प्रयाप्त आराम देने के लिए प्रतिदिन 7-8 घंटे की एक अच्छी नींद लें. एक अच्छी नींद आँखों के तनाव से छुटकारा पाने और तरोताज़ा रखने में मदद करती है. रात में देर तक जागने से आँखों को नुकसान होता है.

4. ब्लू बेरी-
ब्लू बेरी एक महान जड़ी-बूटी है जो एंटीऑक्सीडेंट के साथ भरी हुई है. यह रेटिना को उत्तेजित करती है और दृष्टि में सुधार भी करती है. यह कई तरह के आँखों के विकार से छुटकारा दिलाती है. जैसे मांसपेशियों का अध यह फल विशेष रूप से अच्छा है और बेहतर नेत्र दृष्टि के लिए आहार में शामिल किया जा सकता है.

5. आँखों का व्यायाम-
एक आरामदायक स्थिति में बैठें और अपने अंगूठे के साथ अपने हाथ को बाहर खींछे. अब अपने अंगूठे पर ध्यान केंद्रित करें. हर समय ध्यान केंद्रित करते हुए, जब तक आपका अंगूठा आपके चेहरे के सामने लगभग 3 इंच तक ना आ जाए और फिर दूर करें जब तक आपका हाथ पूरी तरह से फैल ना जाए. कुछ मिनटों के लिए यह करें. यह व्यायाम ध्यान केंद्रित करने और आंख की मांसपेशियों में सुधार लाने में मदद करता है. एक और उपयोगी व्यायाम है, अपनी आँखो को बाएं किनारे से दाहिने किनारे तक ले जाएं, फिर ऊपर की तरफ भौं केंद्रित करें और फिर नीचे की ओर नाक की नोंक पर देखें.

6. सूखे मेवे-
सूखे मेवे और नट्स खाना भी आँखों के लिए फायदेमंद होता है. नट्स जैसे बादाम में ओमेगा -3 फैटी एसिड और विटामिन ई होता है जो आंखों के लिए अच्छा है. यह भूख को संतुष्ट कर जंक फूड की जगह इस्तेमाल किया जा सकता है.

7. हरी सब्जियां-
एक बहुत अच्छे नेत्र स्वास्थ्य को बनाए रखने में पालक, चुकंदर, मीठे आलू, शतावरी, ब्रोकोली, वसायुक्त मछली, अंडा आदि अन्य खाद्य पदार्थ भी फायदेमंद होते हैं.

8. गाजर-
गाजर आँखों के लिए एक बेहतरीन खाद्य पदार्थ है, जिसमे विटामिन ए होता जो आँखों के लिए फायदेमंद है. अच्छे नेत्र स्वास्थ्य के लिए एक नियमित आधार पर गाजर का सेवन करते रहें. आप हर दिन एक गिलास गाजर के रस को भी पी सकते हैं.

Comprehensive Eye Exam - How Is It Beneficial?

M.S
Ophthalmologist, Ahmedabad
Comprehensive Eye Exam - How Is It Beneficial?

While an eye exam should be conducted for anybody at least every six months, many people do not believe it to be so important. However, there are benefits to having a comprehensive eye exam. But, what exactly are these benefits?

Eye Check-ups are Indicative
To start with, when one goes for an eye exam, problems relating not just to the eyes can be discovered. As a matter of fact, an ophthalmologist or an eye specialist is quite often the first person to detect problems with the entire body. These problems include diabetes and hypertension. It can be said that a person who has healthy eyes is more likely than not to be in the pink of health! When a person has a health issue detected early by an eye doctor, it can result in easier treatment - easier on the person as well as on the pocket! After all, why go through the pain of more pain and expense before getting it addressed?

Catch your ailments early
It can be said that eye exams are very important for children as having bad eyesight which goes uncorrected can have some really serious consequences. The strain on the child’s eyes due to school work like staring at the board with weak eyes can cause very bad headaches and the situation gets worse. Children usually do not have a proper idea of what normal vision is like so they are more likely to not notice a decrease in the quality of vision. This really does increase the need of eye exams for them.


Eye exams are different from vision tests
Many people are of the opinion that getting their eyes checked is the same as having an eye exam. However, it is to be noted that this is not the same. A person who does not have advanced medical qualifications when it comes to the eyes usually conducts a vision test. This could be a nurse or an optometrist. They actually do not dig much further beneath the surface, so they miss out the critical bits!

Eye alignment matters
The truth is that only an eye doctor knows what exactly to look for when an eye exam is conducted. So what exactly does an eye doctor look for? Apart from early signs of glaucoma and diabetic retinopathy, the eye doctor would look for strabismus. This refers to the alignment of the eyes. When the eyes are not properly aligned, depth perception suffers and this can cause serious damage, especially if a person drives.

Apart from these, the doctor would also look at how well one’s eyes work together and whether there are any age-related diseases.

 

My dad is suffering from motiyabind i.e cataract and some doctors are saying to operate and some says use medicine. We are confused and have no idea what should we do. He is 60 years old and suffering from diabetes, thyroid, pressure, gastric. Please suggest us what to do.

BHMS, Certificate of Post Graduation
Homeopath, Delhi
My dad is suffering from motiyabind i.e cataract and some doctors are saying to operate and some says use medicine. W...
Cataract should be treated surgically .off course afterstabilising his all parameters i.e blood sugar, H tention and thyroid with proper medicines.
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Can homeopathy bring back peripheral sight loss due to onset of glaucoma in the one eye or both eyes?

BHMS
Homeopath, Hyderabad
Can homeopathy bring back peripheral sight loss due to onset of glaucoma in the one eye or both eyes?
It may not be possible in most of the cases. However, it is safe and gentle and can boost the healing process and help stop the chronic tendencies and aid recovery in some cases (depends upon the response of the body to the treatment ).
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My eyes feel tired n strained in the morning. I work constantly in front of computer screen. I am able to. Read the chart clearly at the eye test. However sometimes I have to strain eyes to read long distance boards n people. Recently I checked my eyes at the shop, they recommended me to wear -0.5.I never wore glasses before but suddenly I have got eye power. What to do to reduce it.

MD - Ayurveda, BAMS
Ayurveda, Nashik
My eyes feel tired n strained in the morning. I work constantly in front of computer screen. I am able to. Read the c...
Hi Lybrate user, Constant work on computer always creates strain on eye's. Also it causes computer vision syndrome, in which eye power gets reduced. Follow few tips to avoid this- - keep more than 20 inches distance between screan &eyes - blink eyes frequently while working on computer. - do eye exercise dialy - start using computer specs. Eye exercises will improve eye sight. Also start using Triphala churna 3gm daily with warm water after meal. Triphala is best netrya drug (tonic for eyes) in ayurveda. Also eat carrot for vitamin A & cashew, almonds for better vision.
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Hi Doctor, My far sight is -2.5. So please suggest as what foods, exercise and precaution I should take care of. So that my eye-sight doesn't increases further.

MD - Homeopathy, BHMS
Homeopath, Vadodara
You should take food rich in vitamin A and C. Avoid overstrain of eyes. Like watching too much in mobile. Playing games. And internet surfing. Etc. Also avoid bad habits Do regular pranayama. And yogasanas.
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Conjunctivitis!

MD - Acupuncture, Diploma In Accupuncture, Advanced Diploma In Accupuncture
Acupuncturist, Delhi
Conjunctivitis!

Conjunctivitis
Conjunctivitis, which is also known as ‘Pinkeye’, is an irritation on the outmost layer of the white portion of the eye and the inner layer of the eyelid. This makes the eye appear reddish or pink. There might be scratchiness, itchiness, or pain. The eye, which is affected, may be ‘stuck shut’ or have tears in the morning. Also, white portion of the eye can have swelling. Itching is very common in such cases because of allergies. Conjunctivitis can affect either both the eyes, or even one eye.

Anyone can get a pink eye, but schoolchildren, pre-schoolers, college student, day-care workers, and teachers are particularly at risk for the transmissible types of pinkeye because they closely work closely with others.

The very common contagious causes are viral followed by a bacterial infection. The viral infection might occur with other symptoms of common cold. Both the bacterial and viral cases are simply spread between the people. Allergies to animal hair or pollen are amongst the common causes. Diagnosis often depends on its signs and symptoms.

Conjunctivitis is also called neonatal conjunctivitis.

 

Few Facts on Conjunctivitis:
Here are a few facts about conjunctivitis. They are as follows:

-  Pinkeye can result from an infection, an irritation, or an allergy.

-  Bacteria or a virus can cause infection. Sometimes it is associated to a Sexually Transmitted Infection (STI).

-  Antibiotics are used often, but these does not work if the cause if virus.

-  The symptoms usually last up to two or three weeks, but they can continue for longer.

-  It is vital to wash hands with care and not to share personal belongings, like towels, as this can spread the disease.

 

Types of Conjunctivitis:
There can be different types of Pinkeye. They are as follows:

Bacterial Conjunctivitis:
Bacterial conjunctivitis is the most common type of pinkeye. It is caused by bacteria, which infects the eye via several sources of contamination. The bacteria can spread contact with exposure to contaminated surface, an infected person, or via other means like ear infection or sinus.

The common kinds of bacteria, which case bacterial conjunctivitis, are Streptococcus pneumonia, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Haemophilus influenza and Staphylococcus aureus. A thick eye pus or discharge is usually produced in Bacterial conjunctivitis and one or both the eyes can get affected.

Viral Conjunctivitis:
 This type of conjunctivitis is another common form of pinkeye, which is highly infectious, as coughing and sneezing can spread airborne viruses. This form of pinkeye can also accompany common viral respiratory infections like the flu, the common cold, or measles.

Usually, a watery discharge is produced during viral conjunctivitis. Normally, the infection begins in one eye and rapidly spreads to the other eye.

Unlike with the bacterial infections, antibiotics do not work against virus. No ointments or eye drops affect against the common virus, which cause viral conjunctivitis. However, it is self-limited that means it will cure by itself after a short span of time.

Chlamydial and Gonococcal Conjunctivitis:
 These bacterial forms are related to contamination from Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) including Chlamydia and gonorrhoea. Newborn babies might be infected while passing through the birth canal of the infected mother. A form of Chlamydia infection called Trachoma causes scarring on the surface of the eye. Trachoma is the leading cause of avertable blindness of the world.

Neonatal Conjunctivitis:
Neonatal Conjunctivitis, also called Ophthalmia neonatorum, is a type of pinkeye contracted by newborn babies during delivery. The eyes of the baby are infected during the passage via birth canal from an infected mother with either Chlamydia Trachomatis or Neisseria Gonorrhoeae. If left untreated, it can lead to blindness. It may be contagious or non-contagious.

Allergic Conjunctivitis:
Eye allergies cause this form of conjunctivitis. Allergens including dust mites, animal dander, and pollen trigger eye allergies.

The most common indicator of allergic pinkeye is itchy eyes that can be relieved with a special type of eye drop consisting of antihistamines to monitor allergic reactions. These drops are available over both at medical counters and by prescription.

It is also imperative to avoid the allergen in treatment of this type of pinkeye. Allergic pinkeye can be perennial (year-round) or seasonal, based on the allergen that causes the reaction.

Giant papillary conjunctivitis (GPC): 
Giant papillary conjunctivitis, generally involves both the eye. Also, contact lens wearers, often, are affected by GPC. This state can cause itching, contact lens intolerance, red bumps inside the eyelids, tearing and a heavy discharge. The person who suffers from this type of pinkeye needs to stop wearing contact lenses. The doctor may recommend to switch different type of contact lends, to trim down the chances of pinkeye coming back.

Non-infectious conjunctivitis: Diesel exhaust, certain chemicals, smoke and perfumes cause non-infectious conjunctivitis. Some types of conjunctivitis are resultant of sensitivity to certain consumed substances including herbs like turmeric and eyebright.

The immune responses of eye like a reaction to wearing ocular prosthetics (artificial eye) or contact lenses can cause certain types of conjunctivitis including the Giant Papillary Conjunctivitis. Toxic conjunctivitis can be caused by a reaction to preservatives in ointments or eye drops.

 

Conjunctivitis Symptoms:
The most prevalent conjunctivitis symptoms include the following:

-  Itchiness in one or both the eyes

-  Redness in one or both the eyes

-  Tearing

-  A pus or discharge in one or both the eyes forming a crust during night that may not allow one to open eye in the morning.

-  Gritty feeling in one or both the eyes

Viral Conjunctivitis: Sensitivity to light, itchy and watery eyes, are the common symptoms of viral conjunctivitis. This type of pinkeye can affect one or both the eyes.

Bacterial Conjunctivitis: The eye discharges a sticky, greenish-yellow or yellow discharge or pus in the eye’s corner. In a few cases, this pus can be stern enough to cause one’s eyelids to be stuck when s/he wakes up. It can affect one or both the eyes. Bacterial pinkeye is contagious, usually by a direct contact with contaminated items or hands that have been in contact with eyes.

Allergic Conjunctivitis: Itchy, burning, watery eyes; often accompanied by a runny nose, light sensitivity, and stuffiness. Both the eyes are affected by allergic conjunctivitis. This type is not contagious.

 

Causes of Conjunctivitis:
A virus, most commonly, causes contagious conjunctivitis. Allergies, bacterial infections, dryness and other irritants are also the common causes. Both the viral infections and bacterial infections are infectious, passing from one to another through contaminated water or objects.

Viral: The most common cause of the viral conjunctivitis (adenoviral keratoconjunctivitis) is adenoviruses. Herpes simplex viruses can cause herpetic keratoconjunctivitis. This can be a serious problem and require treatment with acyclovir. Coxsackievirus A24 and Enterovirus 70, two types of enteroviruses can cause a highly contagious ailment called acute hemorrhagic conjunctivitis. These two enteroviruses were first identified in an outburst in Ghana in 1969. Since then, the viruses have spread across the world causing various epidemics.

Bacterial: Haemophilus influenza, streptococcus pneumonia, and staphylococcus are the most causes of acute bacteria conjunctivitis. Neisseria meningitides or Neisseria gonorrhoea usually cause hypercute cases (through very rare). Staphylococcus aureus, gram-negative enteric flora, or moraxella lacunata are the typical causes of chronic cases of the bacterial conjunctivitis, which lasts longer than 3 weeks.

Allergic: Allergens like perfumes, dust mites, pollens, cosmetics can cause allergic conjunctivitis.

Causes of Conjunctivitis in newborns:
Blocked tear duct, irritation, or infection can cause conjunctivitis in newborn babies. One cannot find it difficult to determine the cause as each form of pinkeye produces similar symptoms.

Sometimes, virus or bacteria are passed on from mother during her delivery, even though she has no symptoms of conjunctivitis. The virus or bacteria may be associated to STI.

 If the infant has bacterial pinkeye due to Chlamydia, the symptoms usually, appear 5 to 12 days after delivery. The symptoms seem to appear 2 to 4 days if the infection is due to gonorrhoea.

 The virus causing genital and oral can be transmitted at birth and emerge as conjunctivitis.

In a few cases, conjunctivitis arises as a reaction of the eye drops given to the infant at the time of birth, to prevent contamination. In such cases, the symptoms usually pass after 24 -36 hours.

 

Other causes of Pinkeye:
Red eyes can be symptoms of the following:

Acute Glaucoma:
Acute Glaucoma is one of rarest forms of glaucoma. In this pressure is build up in eyes. Symptoms appear quickly including red eyes, pain, and loss of vision, which may be permanent, if not treated on time.

Keratitis:
The cornea possible becomes ulcerated and inflamed. If the cornea is blemished, it can lead to perpetual vision loss.

Blepharitis:
Blepharitis, common inflammation of eyelids, causes irritation, itching, and redness. The patient will also have dandruff – like scales on eyelashes. This is not contagious.

 

Diagnosis of Conjunctivitis:
In many cases, the doctor can diagnose conjunctivitis by asking a few questions about the symptoms one experiences in recent past and perform a physical examination of the patient’s eye.

Not often, the doctor may also ask the patient to take a sample of the pus, which drains from his/her eye for lab analysis (culture). The doctor may require culture if s/he find the symptoms severe or suspects a high-risk cause like a serious bacterial contamination, sexually transmitted infection, or foreign body in the patient’s eye.

 

Conjunctivitis Treatment:
Treatment of red eye is based on the type of pinkeye.

Bacterial Conjunctivitis: The eye-specialist normally will prescribe an antibiotic ointment or eye-drop for the treatment of bacterial conjunctivitis.

Viral Conjunctivitis: In many cases, this form of conjunctivitis will run for several days, and no medical treatment is indicated or required. One can try a home remedy like applying a wet washcloth, or cold water to the eyes many times in a day can relieve conjunctivitis symptoms.

Allergic Redeye: Allergic pinkeye can be prevented by allergy medications or this can even shorten the bouts of this form of conjunctivitis. Sometimes the medication should be started before allergy flare-ups or allergy season begins. Consult the doctor for details.

Prevention from Conjunctivitis:
The following remedies can reduce the risk of passing or catching an infective conjunctivitis:

-  Avoid rubbing and touching the affected eye.

-  Wash hands frequently with warm water and soap, or use sanitizer.

-  Keep eyeglasses clean

-  Use goggles in swimming pool, and do not swim if infectious.

-  Always remove contact lens at night, and follow instructions about lens hygiene.

-  Avoid sharing personal stuff such as pillows and towels, contact lenses and make up with other people.

-  It is better to throw away any make-up or contact lens solution, after the contagion is gone.

-  One can reduce the risk of allergic and irritant pinkeye by avoiding known or potential allergens and irritants.

-  This includes ensuring air conditioning units are maintained and clean, rooms are well ventilated, and avoiding misty or smoky atmosphere.

 

Myths Related to Conjunctivitis:
Following are the most common myths about pinkeye:

Myth #1: All types of conjunctivitis are contagious:

One of the most harmful and common misconception about red eye is that there is only one, highly infectious form. Red eye actually has various causes, including advanced dry eye, allergies, infections, and exposure to chemical fumes.

Myth #2: Any pinkness points to Conjunctivitis:

Many people believe that any red or pink colouration in the eye indicate the presence of conjunctivitis. However, ‘pink eye’ applies to colouration changes of the eyeball itself.

One can be infected at first sight: This is the most persistent myths about conjunctivitis is that the infected person can transmit the ailment at a single glance. Nevertheless, there is no transmission of diseases through eye contact, including conjunctivitis.

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Refractive Error & Myopia

Dermatologist, Delhi
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Refractive error is when the shape of your eye fails in bending the light correctly leading to a blurred image. One of the main types of refractive errors are myopia

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