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bethlehem ayurveda hospital and research center ull

Ayurveda Clinic

kakkoor Ernakulam
1 Doctor · ₹100
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bethlehem ayurveda hospital and research center ull Ayurveda Clinic kakkoor Ernakulam
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We like to think that we are an extraordinary practice that is all about you - your potential, your comfort, your health, and your individuality. You are important to us and we strive to ......more
We like to think that we are an extraordinary practice that is all about you - your potential, your comfort, your health, and your individuality. You are important to us and we strive to help you in every and any way that we can.
More about bethlehem ayurveda hospital and research center ull
bethlehem ayurveda hospital and research center ull is known for housing experienced Ayurvedas. Dr. Alex M George, a well-reputed Ayurveda, practices in Ernakulam. Visit this medical health centre for Ayurvedas recommended by 42 patients.


08:30 AM - 11:00 PM


Ernakulam, Kerala - 686662
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Food & Depression - How The Two Are Related?

Psychiatrist, Mumbai
Food & Depression - How The Two Are Related?

Depression is a clinical, mental, and emotional condition that may give rise to feelings of hopelessness and chronic sadness. It slows down the way people process everyday activities and leads the patient to a sense of constant gloom and doom. It is a disabling mental condition as per WHO, and may be caused due to reasons like genetics, changes in the balance of hormones, stress, grief, trauma and prolonged, chronic physical ailments. Depression is also connected with food and nutrition. Do you want to know how? 

Read on to see the three ways in which food and depression are connected. 

  1. Severity and Duration: Depression is a mental illness that signifies an imbalance in the hormones and the emotional faculties in the brain. Nutrition is the fuel that keeps the brain and body in prime working condition. When a depressive state sets in or becomes emotionally rooted, then nutritious eating and a proper diet take a back seat as the patient succumbs to a state where he or she is not concerned about the food intake. As a result, the brain and hormonal balance get further affected. This can have an adverse effect on the severity and the duration of the depressive mode, which makes it all a vicious cycle of sorts. Poor appetite, not having proper meals, skipping meals, eating junk, avoiding social settings where food will be served, and even emotional eating are all outcomes of depression too.
  2. Eating Disorders: Many patients who have eating disorders often experience deep rooted and chronic depression. Since despondency and hopelessness are the main characteristics of depressive behaviour, the outcome is that the patient tries to behave in a way that seeks approval. And in all this, the patient usually thinks that he or she is not 'good enough'. In such a scenario, the patient may start trying out fad diets and eventually fall prey to eating disorders like Bulimia that make the patient overeat and then vomit. These eating disorders usually come with phases of binge eating, throwing up, starving and then repeating the cycle again. Eating in secrecy is also a symptom of this condition.
  3. Nutrition to Fight Depression: Nutrition and proper food intake can build a sense of resilience by first of all improving the overall physical condition of the patient. This can take care of a lot of angst even as the minerals and vitamins travel to the brain for better functioning in the long run.

Ensure that you eat right as a part of your therapy for depression. This is as good as taking your medication on time!

I am 23 years old and I am suffering from sore throat with tonsil swelling and pain while swallowing specially in morning. Please suggest some remedy.

B.Sc (Bio), DMS (Cal), CMS , FWT, PET, DMLT (Cal), SBHM, Vacc,
Homeopath, Kolkata
I am 23 years old and I am suffering from sore throat with tonsil swelling and pain while swallowing specially in mor...
Please follow my advise for your suffering. Prescribing medicine for temporarily relief. 1) Merc Sol - 200. 2) Rhus Tox -200. In no 30 globules. To be taken four globules thrice daily before food no 1 and after food no 2 for 15 days. And report me the result for next medicine and advise for permanent cure.
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I am male 28, I am facing problem of hair fall, white hair and white beard, pls help with solution, and also I have got hair in body which I am thinking to remove it s pls give solution.

MD - Dermatology , Venereology & Leprosy, MBBS
Dermatologist, Gurgaon
I am male 28, I am facing problem of hair fall, white hair and white beard, pls help with solution, and also I have g...
Hair fall:- Tab. Keraglo men once daily for 3 months. Qilib men solution 6-8 sprays once daily at night for one month Use Anaphase shampoo. Increase intake of protein diet & Green leafy vegetables. Check blood test for Thyroid & Haemoglobin. Greying/White Hair:- Tab-Kerablak once daily for 3 months. Increase intake of Protein diet. Check Blood test-Haemoglobin and T3, T4,TSH Unwanted Hair (male) Treatment is Laser hair reduction by using Diode technology. Multiple sessions are needed (6-8) sessions depending upon the growth of hair.
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Treat chronic knee pain with Knee Replacement Surgery

General Physician, Delhi
Treat chronic knee pain with Knee Replacement Surgery

Knee pain should not be taken lightly and medical assistance must be sought, if it has been there for a long time. With Knee Replacement Surgery, you can resume a pain free life.

1 person found this helpful

I am getting too much of Flatulence in stomach with dear please suggest any medicines I am taking sompraz I but it is not ok.

B.A.M.S, MD (Ayu.) Kayachikitsa
I am getting too much of Flatulence in stomach with dear please suggest any medicines I am taking sompraz I but it is...
Thanks for contacting with your health concern 1. As you are overweight thus do let me know about your thyroid and cholesterol level and about your lifestyle? Thanks for contacting with your health concern: 2. If flatulence persists for more than 2 weeks, kindly see a doctor to eliminate any underlying health issue and its management. 3. Lifestyle changes are more important than medicine: i. Avoid gas-forming food: beans, onions, fast food, dairy products, refined sugars, carbonated drinks, undue stress, alcohol, caffeine, and take vitamin E & omega 3 fatty acid capsules, fiber-rich diet and later shift to alternative medicine and finally look for medications ii. Take Cucumbers, Green beans, Sweet potatoes, Avocados, Vinegars [all types], Garlic, ripe tomatoes, lemon juice in the morning with hot water, apples, berries, papaya, pear. Vegetable juices - Beet and cucumber are especially helpful, Avoid all fruit juices except organic grape juice and organic apple: fresh, self-juiced is best [dilute with water before drinking].High fiber [fresh fruits and vegetables] and low-fat diet [skimmed milk], hing, old brown rice, barley, horse gram, moong dal, ginger, green leafy vegetables, oil massage, boiled water, 4. If after following dietary regime you still have gas trouble, investigate for. Stool [for amoebiasis, giardiasis,tapeworm].Hb% [for anemia].Ultrasonography [for gallbladder].Sigmoidoscopy & gastroscopy [if indicated] 4. Abdominal exercises are very useful for chronic flatulence and chronic constipation. Eating a less than demanded by appetite is very important. 5. If you are interested in buying medicines for the same, do let me know so that I can courier you the same.
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Hi, I am a 23 year old female. Since some time now I have dry cracked skin around my buttcrack and the skin around my anus gets a little white and moist after some time. I wash the area twice a day as it begins to smell. Please can you recommend a solution as I am embarrassed to speak to my dermatologist about this.

MD - Dermatology, MBBS
Dermatologist, Vadodara
Hi, I am a 23 year old female. Since some time now I have dry cracked skin around my buttcrack and the skin around my...
First of all get your stool test done. Try to avoid spicy food and onions and garlic. May apply a simple moisturising cream before and after passing stool.
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Hey doctor Actually I'm facing itching and hair fall problem so I visited my dermatologist he suggest me .Allegra tablets .zimig tablets .derantox tablets .androanegon tablets for 2 week and advice me to wash my hair with hairfall shampoo regularly for 2 weeks I have Dandruff all over my scalp and it's make my hair fall from root my doctor says that it will grow back nothing to worry but can anyone tell me how to make my hair strong?

PGDHM, Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine & Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Jamnagar
Hey doctor Actually I'm facing itching and hair fall problem so I visited my dermatologist he suggest me .Allegra tab...
Hello lybrate-user Hello Ayurveda can help you to get Strong hair. First remove dandruff from your scalp then you can relieve in your hair fall, split, frizzy and dullness of your hair. Not only shampoo or hair oil gives you solution. It's many reasons for this like stress, anger, anemia, pollution, food habits, life style etc. Solution of your problem are proper combination of Ayurveda medicine healthy diet yoga, meditation. Avoid junk food, spicy, saltyand oily food. If possible eat any food in natural way. Ayurveda panchkarma treatment like nasya, shirodhara, takradhara, shiro basti also beneficial. For further details you can online consulting and permanent solution.
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I was a drugs (painkillers spasm-proxyvon caps + 1×100 ml codeine phosphate cough syrup) addicted approx 12-years, my addiction period is since 2002 to 2010,(recovery period is 3-years at middle) then 2013 to February 2017. But now I leave all of these drugs in present since 8- months. My major problems are so many:-- 1. Higher pain in all parts of body even headache. 2. Weakness, tiredness and I didn't walk for 2 to 3 minutes in road because of higher pain. 3. My sexual strength are almost damaged, my inter-course (having sex) time is just 20 to 25 seconds, (at past I was doing twice a day of masturbating, I got nightfall 4-times in a week. 4. I didn't get sleep at right time, but whenever I take sleep it will be 12 to 14 hours. 5. Having gas, constipation and the time of digestion is long that's why I didn't eat properly Doctors guide me as your own please. Help me.

B.A.M.S, MD (Ayu.) Kayachikitsa
I was a drugs (painkillers spasm-proxyvon caps + 1×100 ml codeine phosphate cough syrup) addicted approx 12-years, my...
Thanks for contacting with your health concern 1. The symptoms which you have mentioned looks to be due to 'withdrawal symptoms' of the drugs thus i. Practice relaxation techniques like yoga, meditation but also Pranayam [anulom vilom] which will strengthen the relaxation response of body as opposed to stress response. Ii. Yoga poses [Dhanurasana, Matsyasana, Janu Shirsasana, Paschimottanasana, Hastapadasana], hot shower and massage are simple techniques to overcome anxiety. Iii. Avoid: alcohol, pepper, garam masala, mustard oil, pickles, rye, spicy food, anger, grief, fear, late night waking, garlic, ginger, onion. Take: mint, coriander, tomato, and cumin, plenty of water, vitamins and mineral supplements, apple, banana, grapes, dates iv.Lemon juice mixed with sugar in a glass of water helps release stress removing hormones from the body and bring mind at peace/rest. And eat 2 spoons coriander [Dhaniya] seeds with 2 spoons of sugar candy [mishri] v.Apple, almond, banana, broccoli, can notaloupe, melon, carrot, cashew nut, corn, cauliflower, grapes, guava, lemon, mango, orange, pineapple, soybean, spinach have antioxidant and detoxifying properties so take them in plenty. PS. For medicine aspect regarding your said symptoms kindly consult me on Lybrate itself.
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I am 21 years old I want increase the weight is there any solution for increasing weight.

Bsc Food & Nutrition, Msc Food & Nutrition
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Delhi
I am 21 years old I want increase the weight is there any solution for increasing weight.
Here are some healthy ways to gain weight when you're underweight: 1.Eat more frequently. When you're underweight, you may feel full faster. Eat five to six smaller meals during the day rather than two or three large meals. 2. Choose nutrient-rich foods. As part of an overall healthy diet, choose whole-grain breads, pastas and cereals like whole wheat ; fruits and vegetables; dairy products like milk, curd and paneer ;lean protein like fish, chicken and eggs ; and nuts and seeds. 3.Try smoothies and shakes. Don't fill up on diet soda, coffee and other drinks with few calories and little nutritional value. Instead, drink smoothies or healthy shakes made with milk and fresh or frozen fruit, and sprinkle in some ground flaxseed. In some cases, a liquid meal replacement may be recommended. 4.Watch when you drink. Some people find that drinking fluids before meals blunts their appetite. In that case, it may be better to sip higher calorie beverages along with a meal or snack. For others, drinking 30 minutes after a meal, not with it, may work. 5.Make every bite count. Snack on nuts, peanut butter, cheese, dried fruits and almond butter. 6.Top it off. Add extras to your dishes for more calories — such as cheese in casseroles and scrambled eggs, and fat-free dried milk in soups and stews. 7. Have an occasional treat. Even when you're underweight, be mindful of excess sugar and fat. An occasional slice of pie with ice cream is OK. But most treats should be healthy and provide nutrients in addition to calories. Yoghurt and granola bars are good choices. 8. Exercise. Exercise, especially strength training, can help you gain weight by building up your muscles. Exercise may also stimulate your appetite.
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I have severe neck pain right side back after I woke up its slightly increasing then I could not move my neck its killing pain I went to hospital and I took an injection and tablet then its became normal after ten day same pain I got pls give me a good suggestion.

Bachelor of Occupational Therapy (BOT)
Occupational Therapist, Delhi
I have severe neck pain right side back after I woke up its slightly increasing then I could not move my neck its kil...
Better you continue PHYSIOTHERAPY for 15-20 days under guidance of good therapist. Faulty posture during sleeping may be the reason for this.
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I feel very depressed most of time without any big reason. Please solve the problem.

M.A in Clinical psychology, B.A - Psychology
Psychologist, Faridabad
I feel very depressed most of time without any big reason. Please solve the problem.
Hi, lybrate-user It's about how you see the world or situations. Happiness is within you. Check what is disturbing you most. Talk to friends, family and expert to counseled you Set some goals and plan accordingly. We all have our highs and lows in life. Lets get on a call and discuss things further. There are many solutions that I can provide you depending upon your problems. There is goal setting, relaxation improving confidence. Through these techniques all your problems will be solved. Your situation might be due to some event which had happened in the past and you might be feeling that you are being lonely or looked by all when in social setting.
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My main issue is constant throat clearing. I have acid reflux due to hiatal hernia. But never have burning in throat or in chest so I guess its a silent acid reflux. I hve chronic constipation. I am h pylori positive. Don't have pain in any area of stomach. I always feel something stuck in pit of my stomach which lead me to clear my throat very quickly. I am taking an ayurvedic medicine after which I have noticed my symptoms are improving. I guess I am able to digest food now. Earlier I was not able to digest food at all and next morning I pass very smelly stool. My acid reflux is caused due to smoking. Sometime I feel gas pressure under left rib but no pain. I need your advise on the following things. I want to take the following medicines. please suggest how should I start: Staphisagria for acid reflux due to smoking effect. please suggest the dose like potency and before or after food Nux voice: for gas, left side hernia and thick coated tongue, gas. please advise doses Sulph acid: hetal hernia due to alcohol effect, peptic ulcer Nat phos: digestion and acid reflux please advise.

MS - General Surgery
General Surgeon, Trichy
My main issue is constant throat clearing. I have acid reflux due to hiatal hernia. But never have burning in throat ...
I would recommend you to under go a Upper G.I. Endoscopy first know the status of your hiatal hernia and multiple punch biopsies if needed. Then avoid smoking and coffee and alcohol take you anti reflux medication - e.g. GAVISCON SYP 10 Ml Thrice daily avoid spicy food proton pump inhibitors when ever needed thnaks.
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I have a scare on my left arm. How I can vanish that? Also I have no weight to my height. How can I manage my weight?

BSC (Home), cerificate course in child care, diploma course in hospital administaration, master in food service management
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Vadodara
I have a scare on my left arm. How I can vanish that?
Also I have no weight to my height. How can I manage my weight?
For gaininig your weight you can add high calorie and protein rich foods milk and milk products if you are non-vegetarian then take eggs and non veg dryfruits peanut butter all fruits heavy breakfast supplement weighttraning exercise also important.
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Whiplash Injury - Symptoms and Treatment!

MBBS, Diploma In Orthopaedics (D. Ortho), DNB (Orthopedics)
Orthopedist, Bangalore
Whiplash Injury - Symptoms and Treatment!

A whiplash injury usually occurs when your neck gets strained after an accident that causes it to jerk. In spite of the fact that it is normally connected with car crashes, any effect or blow that causes your neck or head to jerk forward or backwards can cause whiplash injury. The sudden shock or force extends and tears the muscles and ligaments in your neck.

Whiplash is usually caused by vehicular accidents. After the effect, the lower cervical vertebrae are constrained into a place of hyperextension while the upper cervical vertebrae are in a hyperflexed position. This leads to an irregular S-shaped in the cervical spine.

The pain of whiplash is regularly difficult to overlook. The symptoms of a whiplash injury may include the following:

  1. Pain, diminished scope of movement, and snugness in the neck. The muscles may feel hard or stiff.
  2. Pain while shaking your head from side to side or backward and forward.
  3. Pain or stiffness while moving your arms to move your shoulder.
  4. Delicate to touch.

Headache at the base of the skull.
Now and again, pain from the whiplash is very common. In different cases, it can take about a few hours to days before your neck starts to hurt. Over a course of time, a whiplash can be easily healed on its own. To help with the recovery, one needs to consider the following treatments:

  1. Ice your neck to lessen the pain and swelling when you can after the harm. Do it for 15 minutes every three to four hours for two to three days. Wrap the ice in a thin towel or material to avoid damage to the skin.
  2. Take painkillers or different medications, as suggested by your specialist. Non-steroidal mitigating drugs (NSAIDs) like ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin) or naproxen (Aleve) will help in relieving the pain and swelling.
  3. Use a neck prop or neckline to give support, if your specialist prescribes it. However, they are not suggested for the long-term since they can easily stiffen the muscles in your neck even more.
  4. Apply a heating pad to your neck. However, do so after simply following two to three days of icing it first. Use warmth on your neck only after the underlying swelling has gone down.
  5. Different medications, with a back rub, may likewise offer assistance.

The time of recovery relies upon how serious your whiplash is. Most cases are relieved in a couple days. However, other neck strains may take weeks or longer to recover. Keep in mind that everybody recovers at a different pace.

Once the intense indications of neck strain are gone, your specialist will most likely require you to begin exercising. This will make your neck muscles more flexible and stronger. It will help you both recover and decrease the chances of straining your neck again later on.

Urinary Incontinence - 5 Conditions Associated With It!

MCH-Urology, M.S. (General Surgery) , MBBS
Urologist, Gurgaon
Urinary Incontinence - 5 Conditions Associated With It!

Urinary incontinence is the leakage of urine or urinating involuntarily. Urine is released by a process called micturition where the detrusor muscles of the urinary bladder contract to empty the bladder. This is usually a voluntary action but when the muscular contractions become involuntary, incontinence occurs. 

Urinary incontinence may be caused due to stress, pregnancy, obesity, weak pelvic muscles, alcohol intoxication or due to diseases like diabetes, Parkinson's disease and Alzheimer's disease. Children under the age of 5 experience incontinence most often. People above the age of 65 are also prone to the condition. The disorder is observed more in women than in men.

The associated conditions of urinary incontinence are:

  1. Infection in the urinary tract: The risk of bacterial infection is increased due to incontinence and abnormally frequent urination. If you have had an infection in the urinary tract in the past, chances are that incontinence will cause repeated or chronic infectious diseases in the tract.
  2. Skin diseases: The skin is constantly wet and in continual contact with nitrous urinary toxins like urea, inorganic salts and compounds. So, over time, the skin becomes red and itchy. Rashes and sores may also develop. Sometimes, when you scratch the itchy skin too much, the capillary blood vessels may break and cause a petechial rash - red and brown spots - to appear on the skin.
  3. Anxiety: There is a constant feeling of shame that accompanies the disorder. Urinary incontinence, which is a common symptom of many medical conditions, is often, not reported to doctors. The patient often avoids socializing due to fear of being unable to control the micturition process in a social situation. 
  4. Depression: Urinary incontinence affects the patient's psychological health directly due to the adverse impact on his or her quality of life. The amount of sleep is often decreased as the patient is afraid of urinating while being asleep. The condition may also cause restrictions on employment and other recreational activities.
  5. Sexual problems: Most women suffering from urinary incontinence report decreased sexual urges, painful intercourse and are even unable to achieve orgasm in spite of responding to sexual stimulation because of urinary leakage during intercourse leading to embarrassment and withdrawal.
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Should You Condition Before or After Your Shampoo?

MBBS, MD - Dermatology
Dermatologist, Ranchi
Should You Condition Before or After Your Shampoo?

Conditioning Before Shampoo vs Post Shampoo - What's Ideal?

Conditioners and shampoos, you need both for an appropriate hair care regimen. Just like most other people, you might have the confusion about conditioner use - whether to use it before you shampoo your hair or when you're done with shampooing.

Read on to find out what you should be doing.

1. Hair Type: A factor that determines your use of a conditioner before you shampoo or after it depends on your hair type. For individuals who have dry or thick hair, using a conditioner after you shampoo is the most apt, especially during the winter months when complaints of flyaway hairs are very common. Conditioning before you apply shampoo to your hair is ideal if you've fine hair as it provides your hair with much needed nourishment. Additionally, it allows the shampoo to distribute evenly all over your hair.

2. Greasy Hair: Applying a conditioner before you shampoo your hair is most apt for individuals whose hair is prone to oiliness. This is because it helps you in thoroughly washing away the grease that gets build up in your hair when it's time to shampoo. The regimen of shampoo and conditioning afterwards doesn't ensure a proper elimination of the problem.

3. The Problem of Residues: If you condition your hair before shampooing, you can rest assure that no residues get left behind on the scalp. This is not the case when you condition your hair afterwards. Many a time, if you don't rinse properly residues of the conditioner used get left behind, thereby weighing down your hair.

Unless your hair is of normal texture, conditioning before shampooing can prove to be beneficial for your hair.

1 person found this helpful

Microdermabrasion - Skin Polishing

MD - Dermatology, MBBS
Dermatologist, Panchkula
Microdermabrasion - Skin Polishing

For glowing, bright skin, it is important that it is maintained well. The skin has multiple layers, and over a period of time, due to constant exposure to pollution and dust, the top layers become worn out and lack lustre. Once these top layers are removed, the underlying layers which are fresher can help in giving the skin a much younger and brighter look.

Removal of the dead cells is one of the important aspects of skin care, and microdermabrasion does just that and gives a younger, glowing skin.

Microdermabrasion – What it Does?
There are tiny particles, which are abrasive in nature, which are used on the skin. These by their abrasive and cleansing nature, remove the top layers, making way for fresher skin from the subsequent layers. It is very similar to a facial, except that an instrument is used, which will generate mild heat, which helps in removing the top dead cells.

This procedure, which takes about 45 minutes, creates a gentle vacuum which removes dead cells. In addition,

  1. It improves circulation so that the cheeks turn rosy again
  2. It reduces wrinkles and fine lines that appear as part of ageing. In fact, microdermabrasion is one of the most widely used anti-ageing treatments currently.
  3. It improves dullness, by removing the top dead layers and provides skin with a fresh lease of life (and cells!)
  4. It reduces appearance of age spots which are due to increased pigmentation and makes skin even and less rough
  5. Reduces damage caused by the sun
  6. Scars (from any injury)
  7. Removes blackheads and whiteheads

What to Expect:

  1. It is usually done in the outpatient setting, and no anesthesia is required
  2. Any chemical treatment to the affected area should be stopped 2 days ahead
  3. Discuss with your doctor about your regular medications, which might require change
  4. Continue using the sunscreen
  5. Do not wear makeup on the day of the treatment
  6. There is heat generated during the process, so there could be redness, mild swelling, and tenderness
  7. After the procedure, avoid direct sun exposure for at least 2 to 3 days
  8. Do not use any chemicals on the area for at least 3 days
  9. Do not use saunas or steam for about a week
  10. Face should be washed multiple times, either with plain water, or with a gentle face wash
  11. Repeat sessions, if required, will be done after 3 to 4 weeks depending on the condition and your response

Microdermabrasion is one of the most widely used skin polishing techniques and talk to your doctor to find out if it can help bring your skin back to life!!

1 person found this helpful

3 Ways To Prevent Acne Due To Dandruff!

MBBS, MD - Dermatology
Dermatologist, Ranchi
3 Ways To Prevent Acne Due To Dandruff!

Do you know that dandruff causes acne?

Acne is a skin condition that happens when pores get clogged with dead skin cells and oil, giving rise to pimples. It can be caused by numerous reasons like hormonal changes, improper diet, stress, consumption of specific drugs, excessive use of cosmetic products etc. In addition to these factors, acne can be caused by dandruff too, which may not be known to most of you. It has been observed that people who suffer from dandruff problems are more prone to getting pimples.

How does dandruff cause acne?

Dandruff has been associated with presence of yeast or fungi, it is also associated with abnormal skin ultrastructure. Dandruff makes the skin on your scalp flaky. These dry flakes of skin are often responsible for clogging the pores on your face, mostly affecting your forehead. In this way, dandruff triggers appearance of acne and can worsen the condition of your skin if you already have pimples. Though acne is more common among teenagers, acne due to dandruff is mostly experienced by people above the age of 20.

How can you prevent acne due to dandruff?

Eradicating dandruff from your scalp is the best way to prevent acne breakouts on your skin due to dandruff. Here are some simple ways to keep acne due to dandruff away from your skin.

1. Ensure that your hair stays off your face

Keeping hair off your face will ensure that dandruff doesn't come in contact with your skin and clog pores, preventing pimples. For this, you can use hair bands or tie your hair in a ponytail or braid.

2. Brush your hair at least twice a day

Brushing your hair at least two times a day will ensure that the dead cells on your scalp are removed and don't get a chance to clog pores. This option is highly beneficial in getting rid of acne caused by dandruff.

3. Use medicated anti-dandruff shampoo

Topical medicated solutions like a medicated shampoo should be used as a treatment. Short contact period of shampoo with scalp is important for more benefit. Good conditioner should also be used after head wash with shampoo.

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Melasma - What Causes It?

Dermatologist, Pune
Melasma - What Causes It?

A common skin condition which causes the discoloration of your skin in patches across the face, melasma is more of a social embarrassment and cause for distress rather than being a serious condition. Although it affects men as well, studies have shown that over 90 percent of patients are women. It is also known as the mask of pregnancy as many pregnant women develop this skin condition.

Causes of Melasma
Primary causes of melasma have been attributed to various hormonal changes within the body. Let's look at some of the factors that may cause this disorder:

  1. Pregnancy - This is often attributed as the leading cause of melasma, the primary cause has often been attributed to hormonal changes that a woman may experience due to pregnancy.
  2. Treatments that may change hormonal balance - Women on contraceptive pills or who have implants such as intrauterine devices may also develop this disorder. This is due to the balance of estrogen and progesterone being changed within the body.
  3. Sun exposure - Continued sun exposure may also lead to melasma. This is due to the activation of melanocytes within the body which start producing more melanin.
  4. Stress - Long periods of stress on the body can also trigger hormonal changes and cause melasma.
  5. Thyroid problems - If someone suffers from Hypothyroidism or low levels of the thyroid hormone, it can trigger other hormonal changes and also cause this skin disorder. 

It has also been noticed that people with generally a darker skin tone tend to get melasma and it is less common in people with fairer skin.

Certain Characteristics of Melasma
Melasma develops in certain patterns which can be easily diagnosed either as spots on the skin similar to freckles or brown patches of skin that grow bigger. Some of these patterns are:

  1. Malar pattern - This grows on the nose and cheeks
  2. Mandibular pattern - Starts growing around the jaw line
  3. Brachial melasma - This grows on the upper arms and shoulders
  4. Lateral cheek pattern - Grows on the cheek on both sides of the face
  5. Centrofacial pattern - Nose, upper lips, forehead and cheeks

Treatment of Melasma
Most women who develop melasma during pregnancy report that it goes away after childbirth. However certain forms of melasma may appear in non-pregnant women due to hormonal changes. Treating the underlying hormonal changes usually resolves the problem. However certain other methods may be required to resolve the issues such as skin creams, chemical peels, dermabrasion and microdermabrasion.

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