When a surgery is performed deep inside the eye's interiors either with lasers or with other conventional surgical instruments, it is called vitreoretinal surgery. True to its name, it is performed on a part which features the gel-like vitreous and the light-sensitive membrane called retina.
This kind of surgery is performed by vitreoretinal (retina) specialists who are generally ophthalmologists. They specialise in treating all retinal diseases such as age-related macular degeneration, retinal detachment, macular holes, as well as diabetic retinopathy.
There are many kinds of vitreoretinal surgical and laser techniques which help in enhancing and restoring vision for different kinds of eye challenges. These include age-related macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy, diabetic vitreous hemorrhage, macular hole, a detached retina, epiretinal membrane and CMV retinitis.
When general ophthalmologists, other ophthalmologist sub-specialists and optometrists see patients suffering from different kinds of serious eye ailments, they refer them to a specialist to get the right treatment done.
These specialists also look after the process of retinal detachment which is simultaneously known as amotio retinae. This is an eye disorder where retina comes off from its underlying layer of support tissue.
Initially, this detachment can either be localised or broadened. However, an urgent treatment is a must as otherwise there can be vision loss leading to blindness.
The warning signs of detached retina include spots, floaters and flashes of light. If you see a curtain-like shadow coming down it too can be a sign of retinal detachment.
Hence we define retinal detachment as an eye disorder where retina gets separated from the underneath layer triggering many complications. Vitreo-Retinal Surgery treatment though complicated is a successful cure for this problem.