The method of tying women's fallopian tubes to prevent from conceiving is called tubal ligation treatment or tubectomy. It is a surgical method of sterilization in which the fallopian tubes are tied together by clamps and or sealed, to prevent the eggs from reaching the uterus. The tubal sterilization treatment is a major surgery and women who have a history of bladder cancer are advised not to undergo the treatment. The surgery is often performed by a gynecologist. Anesthesia is given to the patients before the surgery. Two small incisions are made on either side just below the navel, to get access to the fallopian tube. The tubes are then tied, thereby preventing the eggs to travel to the uterus. Various methods are used in the surgery like using clips or rings to clamp the tubes. This method is the permanent contraception for women and is not advised for women who wish to be pregnant in future. For the first year, the effectiveness of this method is 99% though in later years the tubes might reconnect or reform, reducing the effectiveness of the surgery. The side effects of tubectomy vary from women to women. Some women face serious changes in emotional behavior due to high emotional distress. Sterilization is a legal method for the volunteering women who are mentally competent. Post-surgery medication prescribed should be taken and if there are any signs of delayed periods or vaginal bleeding, the doctor should be contacted.