Shin splits remind us of the age-old theory that exercise should be done in a moderate and healthy way. Treatment of Shin splits involves muscle therapy and foam rolling. Ice packs, massaging calves coupled with foam rolling provide shin pain relief and reduce swelling. In shin splits, scar tissue is formed to heal muscle injuries that are caused due to broken-down muscle fibres resulting from exercise. Grips between tissues can become stiff and tightly attached if the muscles are not moving about. Massage therapists and physical therapists recommend massaging the calves, which would mobilize muscles and helps break up adhesions. Calf therapy is done using a foam roller that is placed on the floor. The body is then positioned on top, so the roller is under one's calves, and moving back and forth. One should roll the area for 30 to 60 seconds, then take breaks for an equal time period. This should be repeated for five to ten minutes daily till the pain due to shin splits is gone. Shin splint treatment also involves wearing the right kind of footwear one's specific exercise or sport, along with replacing the sneakers once they're worn-out, which for runners is usually every 350 to 500 miles. Over-the-counter medication such as ibuprofen, acetaminophen and naproxen sodium can help ease the pain caused by Shin splits.