Fertilisation in Vitro - Embryo Transfer treatment is a fertility treatment practised by gynaecologists to help couples in assisted conception. The embryo transfer is the last and the most critical step of the fertilization in vitro process.
No matter how good your gynaecologist is or how reputed your IVF lab culture environment is, a carelessly performed embryo transfer can ruin the entire planned process in just a few seconds. The entire IVF pregnancy cycle depends on how delicately and precisely the embryo is placed in the woman's uterus. It should properly be sited near the middle of the endometrial cavity with minimal disturbance and manipulation. In the IVF-ET form of treatment, the ovulation cycle of the would-be mother is constantly monitored and often stimulated with injectable medications that help her develop multiple eggs. These eggs develop in follicles in the ovaries. When the follicles are mature enough, the eggs are collected from the ovaries using the egg retrieval procedure and kept in medicated solution. Once the eggs are collected, the sperm is added to the eggs and the next day the eggs are checked for necessary indications of fertilization. An appropriate number of embryos are then transferred to the uterus several days later using ultrasound guidance for best placement.
IVF treatment costs are high as compared to other forms of fertility treatment and the success rate of it depends on factors like the age of women, cause of infertility and also the quality of egg and sperm.