Adenomyosis is a common symptom in which the inner lining of the uterus called the endometrium penetrates the muscle wall of the uterus -the myometrium. Adenomyosis can lower abdominal pressure, cause menstrual cramps and swelling before menstrual periods and can cause heavy periods. The condition is non-threatening, but however, the constant pains associated with it can have an adverse impact on the life of a woman. The common symptoms of adenomyosis include cumbersome and prolonged menstrual bleeding, severe menstrual cramps and abdominal bloating. It is one of the common conditions found in middle aged women and in some cases women who had prior uterine surgery too are known to have developed the symptoms. A gynecologist can diagnose adenomyosis through an ultrasound or through an MRI. Adenomyosis pain can be severe sometimes, and most of the medications include pain killers and hot tab therapy. Anti-inflammatory medications are also sometimes prescribed and so is hormone therapy. An adenomyosis surgery is performed in extreme cases where the lining of the uterus is destroyed, in a minimally invasive procedure. It should be noted that the only definitive cure for adenomyosis is either hysterectomy or the removal of the uterus. Women who have adenomyosis are also known to have endometriosis. Hence there is also a chance that this can lead to infertility problem. It depends on the physical nature of the women to decide on the type of treatment she has to undergo.