Human growth and development depend on the right intake of carbohydrates, fat, proteins, vitamins, minerals, and water. Each of these nutrients plays a responsible role in building up good health. However, when carbohydrates and fat are consumed in larger quantities than required, it causes a problem in the body. The carbohydrate, when taken more than expected, induces insulin levels and leads the fat to be stored up. This intake increases weight gain and other health problems. Ketogenic diet plan helps in dealing with such problems mainly in people with diabetes, high-cholesterol, high-blood pressure and even in children affected with epilepsy. This diet is a nutritional therapy used medically involving a dietician who will plan proper measures of the ingredients. The diet is a low-carb diet, high in fat, the liver converts this fat into fatty acids and ketones. The low carbohydrate makes a body in a metabolic state called Ketosis. It also helps in lowering blood sugar level and blood pressure, hence, the diet should be taken as per the advice of the dietician since inappropriate measures of consuming this diet may lead to low blood sugar and blood pressure. Ketogenic diet improves the metabolic functions where carbohydrate fuels are changed into solid fuels. Ketosis is a metabolic condition where the cells in the body use ketones for energy building. This process is adopted so that sugar or carbohydrate is avoided being used for energy building. The diet enhances the change in brain energy and helps the neurons to remain stable during a seizure, thus lowering the possibilities of epilepsy in children.
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