If you have just come to know that you have periodontal disease, there is nothing to fret as you are not alone. Many adults all over the world presently have some form of the periodontal disease, which ranges from simple inflammation of the gum to severe infections that cause major damage to the soft tissue and bone supporting the teeth. In addition, in some of the most unfortunate cases, tooth loss happens. Whether your gum infection is cured, reduced, or gets worse, is dependent on how well you take care of your teeth and overall oral hygiene. Our mouth is filled with bacteria that combine with mucus and food particles constantly for forming a sticky and clear plaque on teeth. If the plaque is not removed, it can gradually lead to the formation of tartar, which cannot be removed through brushing and flossing. If you have tartar, you must visit a dentist who can clean your teeth with professional equipment and tools. The longer these plaque and tartar remain in your teeth, the harder it becomes to remove them and in turn, they become more damaging for the teeth. The bacteria that cause inflammation in the gums also paves the way for a disease called gingivitis, which requires thorough gum treatment. In this ailment, the gum becomes red and swollen and becomes more vulnerable to bleeding. Gingivitis is such a disease whose ill effects can be easily reversed with regular flossing, brushing and cleaning by a dental hygienist resulting in a completely clean mouth.