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PCOS or polycystic ovary syndrome is an endocrine disorder in women, in which the female hormones, progesterone and estrogen, are imbalanced. This imbalance leads to the formation of cysts (benign masses) in the ovaries. PCOS tends to affect your heart functions, fertility, menstrual cycle and appearance.
There are certain symptoms, which can be indicative of PCOS; these symptoms tend to begin as a woman's menstrual cycle starts. In certain cases, however, PCOS may also affect a woman in her mid age. PCOS can also cause excessive hair growth in unwanted places like above the upper lip,chin,arms and chest like a male.
The symptoms are:
- Increase in the production of male hormone, leads to development of male characteristics
- The size of the breasts may reduce
- The tone and the texture of the voice may change and become similar to a man's voice
- Hair may start to fall
- You may suffer from acne and pimple breakouts on your face
- It can lead to sudden weight gain
- It may affect a woman's fertility
- It may lead to pain in the pelvis
Other symptoms: Apart from these symptoms, a woman may also experience other health complications such as high levels of bad cholesterol, high blood pressure and diabetes.
Causes: The causes of PCOS are not well known, however, the likely causes are genetics and hormonal complications. If someone in the family has PCOS, then the risk of being affected by PCOS rises significantly. The other likely cause is the overproduction of the male hormone androgen in the female body. Although androgen is a male hormone, the female body also produces it in trace amounts. However, in some cases, when it is overproduced, it might impair the ovulation process.
Diagnosis and Treatment: Once the condition is diagnosed, there are certain treatments, which are recommended for the patient. The condition in itself does not have a cure, but the symptoms can only be controlled. Medications to control the androgen levels in the female body may be administered if you have androgen hormone complication. A balanced diet and an exercise regimen can be chalked out to control body weight and regulate blood sugar levels. If PCOS leads to ovulation problems, then medications to facilitate ovulation may be advised.
Hi, I'm 23 yrs old female. I can sense some small balls inside skin on my hand. It is not visible, it can be sensible by touch. There is no pain with that even pressing it. It seems the count of the balls getting increased. I'm really worried about this. What it will be. please clarify and let me know, what needs to do for this. Thanks in advance.
Hi doctor I am diabetic, want to know. Can I eat roasted chana and if so what quantity should I take?
I am 42 years old, my right side face cheek, mouth and eyebrow are jerking some times continuously. Please tell me remedy and reason.
I have stomach pain from 4 days I took albendazole myself, doctor prescribed me ranitidine, norfloxacin&tinidazole. There is no use what I do?
I am suffering from scabies since one month. Sign are on whole body, especially on fingers. Pls suggest me something.
What are the symptoms of diabetes? Is there stages of diabetes? ?What are the stages? And how can diabetes be prevented? ?
My mother's ultasound scan revealed cysts in both Lt kidney and Rt kidney measuring 35mm and 45mm. what possible treatments are available. She has undergone breast cancer operation and 65 year old. She is having boundry line diabetes and also a heart patient.
My mom is 57 and has psoriasis. She has undergone treatment in major hospitals of delhi still the disease persists. Is there a permanent treatment for this. She is a diabetic since almost 12 years.
Initially I experienced boils with pus in my right armpit. It started in 2001.In the year 2008 I had to undergone an operation as I developed a large lump filled with pus with severe pain. Doctor diagnosed it to be abscess. But the problem did not end. From 2008 to 2016 I experienced several other boils in the right armpit. Now I occasionally experience a abscess like swelling in the right armpit with severe pain but it doesn't drain any pus and subsides within a couple of days. Recently I discovered that the problem arises when I raise my right hand in a posture greater than 90 degree angle instead of its proper resting position or stretch it just by the side of the right ear. And the problem doesn't appear if I put my right hand parallel to my body. I also noticed a duct like swelling just beneath the cut mark of the last operation. Please suggest.
Premature ejaculation is a kind of sexual dysfunction. Almost 1 out of 3 men experience this problem at some point. Premature ejaculation is an uncontrollable ejaculation that occurs shortly after sexual intercourse. It may result in unsatisfactory sex for both partners. This can increase the anxiety that may add to the problem.
Premature ejaculation is the inability to delay ejaculation for more than one minute after penetration. It can be classified in two types – lifelong and acquired. Lifelong premature ejaculation occurs all or nearly all of the time beginning with your first sexual encounters. Acquired premature ejaculation develops after you’ve had previous sexual experiences without ejaculatory problems.
The exact cause of this condition isn’t known. However, there are certain causes that are believed to cause this problem.
Psychological factors that might play a role include:
- Early sexual experiences
- Sexual abuse
- Worrying about premature ejaculation
- Feeling guilty
- Biological causes
- A number of biological factors might contribute to this such as:
- Abnormal hormone levels
- Abnormal levels neurotransmitters
- Inflammation and infection of the prostate or urethra
- Inherited traits
1. Erectile dysfunction
Premature ejaculation can be at higher risk in you if you have erectile dysfunction or if you have fear of losing your erection that may also cause you to consciously or unconsciously hurry through sexual encounters resulting premature ejaculation.
Anxiety is also one of the causes of this problem. Many men with this problem may have anxiety either specifically about sexual performance or related to other issues.
How to overcome premature ejaculation?
Ejaculation can be considered premature when it occurs 30 seconds to 4 minutes into sex. However, it seems that most tend to agree that any sexual intercourse lasting less than 2 minutes can be considered premature ejaculation. There are some ways to overcome premature ejaculation.
1. Behavioral techniques
Behavioral techniques can help you delay orgasm. It involves stimulating the penis and stopping just before you feel you are about to ejaculate. Stop this for 30-60 seconds and restart. Repeat this process up to 4-5 times unless you decide to delay orgasm. It also involves squeezing the penis in the area between the shaft and the glans before you are about to ejaculate.
2. Other tips
Use a thick condom to help decrease sensation. Take a deep breath. This can decrease anxiety and help you gain better control over your ejaculation. Have sex with your partner on top and take breaks during sex and distract your mind by thinking about something boring.
If these techniques are not helpful medications are recommended to treat this problem. These medicines are basically antidepressants. These pills may have side effects such as nausea, headache and delaying ejaculation.