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Arnica oil is good for dandruff or not? Which oil will be the best for regrow hair & for cure of dandruff.
HI, My throat is swollen. White patches has came internally ulcer. Any advice of wat to eat and what not to eat.
I am medical student prepare for pg .mujhe 1 mahnine pehle joch itch hua tha to doctor ne loose undergarment pehnne ko bola .mai ghar par boxer pehnkar padhta tha .generally male me 1-2 drop post urinal drip hota hai after urination .mai padhte waqt kabhi kabhi books thigh par rakh leta .i feel bad beacuse book indirectly tough my genital area .so urine touches my book which I consider as saraswati. Even most of hindu consider book as saraswati. Mujhe bad feel hota. Ki mai books ke urine touch kar raha hu to mujhe saraswati mata vidhya jaise denge.
A common headache can have a number of reasons behind it, such as defective vision, hetrophoria or convergence deficiency, etc. Now, the question arises as to how they can cause headache. Read on to know more...
Q. Why should defective vision cause headache?
To attain a perfect vision, eyes with defective vision have to make sustained extra efforts, which results in headache. Even if the refractive error is very small, it can be the cause of headache. More prolonged the working and smaller the print, higher the incidence of headache.
Q. Can this occur at all ages?
Yes, it can occur at all ages. However, with age, the resistance decreases and hence elderly people are more prone to get headache. More the use of computer, mobiles, TV or prolonged studies precipitates headache
Q What is Hetrophoria?
Normally, both eyes always remain parallel, but in some cases, eyes have slight tendency to develop minor squint, may be convergent or divergent. This is called Hetrophoria or Latent squint. Such patients have to take extra strain to keep the eyes straight
Q. What is convergence deficiency?
For reading, both eyes have to converge and if there is weakness of convergence, extra strain has to be put on the eyes, which cause headache.
Q. What is the ideal method of refraction in young patients, I,e below 40 years?
Ideal method is to dilate the pupil with Tropicasyl plus drops. This has the advantage that the doctor can see the retina and Optic Disc. This is important to exclude any involvement of brain as the cause of headache. It also relaxes accommodation and hence provides correct refraction. In cases of Hypermetropia, it is extremely essential to dilate the pupil.
Q. What is the role of Autorefractmeter (a computer) in refraction?
It is a very important instrument to provide correct refraction, but it cannot be totally relied upon. Some opticians rely on it and give wrong numbers.
Q. What is acceptance Test?
You have refracted the eyes with Autorefractmeter or Streak Retinoscope but exact power is what a patient accepts. This is very important.
Q. What is astigmatism?
There is a difference in refraction in different meridians and it is important that a cylinder number is prescribed in correct axis. This is a difficult task and needs lot of experience.
Q. Is it important to correct astigmatism?
To relieve headache and strain on the eyes, it is very important that exact cylinder is prescribed.
Q. What is the role of exact centring of Optical Lenses?
.You may give correct number, but if the centre of the Optical lenses and cornea do not coincide, satisfactory results are not obtained. To dispense correct lenses is a big art and the Optician must be qualified and well experienced.
Q. Does the quality of lens affect the visual comfort?
Yes, it is important that quality of lenses should be good, preferable fibre lenses which are Ant reflect coated. Crizal coating with capability to block the UV rays are very popular.
Conclusion: Refractive errors are important cause of headache and needs proper examination of the eyes, preferably after dilating the pupil. Astigmatic error even if too small may be the cause of headache. Spectacle dispensing is an art and a patient must select proper optician. Spectacles if advised for constant use must be used constantly to get full relief.
I have a small black wart like thing in my chest and sometimes pus comes out from here with bad odour. I consulted a homeopathic doctor told me it's a cyst. Which medicine should I take?
Living with asthma can be tough, but not necessarily unmanageable to the point that it interferes living your life to the fullest. It all boils down to being aware of the triggers, signs and all the other relevant details and taking the necessary precautions to keep the asthma attack at arm’s length.
Here is an insight.
- Keep your home dust free: Dust which contains irritants like dust mite collect in your beddings, old rugs, and curtains and they cause severe allergic reactions. Wash your bedspreads and pillow covers weekly once with hot water to kill the dust mites. Wear a mask and gloves while dusting the interior of your home. Keep the interior of your house dry so that molds do not form in the dark and damp places like faucets and toilets.
- Keep your pets at bay: Pet dander triggers problems of asthma when they enter your respiratory system through breathing. If you have any asthma patient in your home, it is best to keep your home free from pets. You can make a separate accommodation outside your home for your pets. They should not be allowed inside the room of the family member with the asthma problem.
- Be aware of your warning signs: Signs such as nose block, running nose, wheezing, coughing and shortness of breath are the common symptoms which trigger an asthma attack. You can measure your peak airflow with the help of a meter right at home. Thus, you can have an assessment of your lung function and take necessary precautions to prevent an attack. Keep your anti-allergic medicines and inhalers during the season you are susceptible to asthma attacks.
- A healthy diet keeps the doctor away: Your diet is directly related to your asthma problem as certain foods have an immediate allergic reaction in our body even before we understand clearly. Also, there are certain foods that have a magical effect on the prevention of asthma. Recent studies have shown Vitamins C& E, Beta-carotene, magnesium, selenium, flavonoids and Omega 3 fatty acids play a vital role in improving lung function and preventing asthma. Eat as much fresh fruits and vegetables as possible.
- A strict no-no to sulphites: Foods that are rich in potassium bisulphite or sodium sulphite may trigger your asthma attack. Both these ingredients are the used for preserving foods for a long time e.g., wine, beer, pickles, tinned or frozen berries, shrimps, etc. Due to the presence of potassium bisulphite, an asthmatic patient may suffer from bronchospasm and other symptoms of asthma attack. Dried fruits like raisins or apricots are also on the list.
Apart from the preventive measures mentioned above, regular exercises and yoga will strengthen the capacity of lungs and help you fight asthma with ease. A healthy diet and stress-free lifestyle is the key to keep this problem at miles away from you!
Allergic asthma affects a vast majority of adults, being one of the most common respiratory disorders. There are various triggers, and with environmental pollution on the rise, the incidence of asthma has grown too. If there is a person in the family with asthma, it is not just the person who has it, but the entire family who needs to be sort of prepared to handle it. In most cases, there could be attacks or exacerbations and it is extremely important for the person who is in the vicinity to know how to act. This timely and prompt action could sometimes prove to be a life-saver.
- Handy inhaler: If your loved one has asthma, it is advisable to keep an inhaler handy. Practice how to use the albuterol nebulizer, which often is a lifesaver when a person has an acute asthma attack.
- What to do: In most cases, the doctor writes out an action plan that details what should be done if there is an attack. The person who could be potential caretaker should familiarize with this and probably do a mock trial so they are ready when required.
- Monitor: Whether it is a young or an elderly person, teach them to monitor peak flow levels. The peak flow meter is easy to use and the readings can help identify if there is any need to be watchful.
- Clean up the house: For allergic asthma, the accumulated dust in the furniture and animal dander are great triggers. It helps to keep the house clean by periodic cleaning of the carpets, mopping up the tiles and flooring. This helps to remove accumulated dust and prevents attacks. Avoid accumulating soft toys which tend to collect dust. Bookshelves need to be cleaned periodically.
- Smoking: Avoid smoking at home or as much as possible when the asthmatic person is around.
- Pets: If possible, avoid them as they produce dander which can trigger an attack.
- Empathy: An asthma patient requires a lot of empathy. One should understand that the asthmatics are also affected by their attacks, which in turn controls their overall schedule. Try to slow down and keep pace with them. Do not push for exercise or changes beyond a certain point, as the person knows how much they can stretch. Help them manage weight and stress, as these lead to acute attacks.
- Healthify your lifestyle: Eat healthy, avoid foods which can induce an attack, get a good night’s sleep, avoid triggers, maintain weight, avoid smoking, and manage stress. Emotionally, match up their pace and show empathy. All these will definitely produce better control over asthma.
Despite this, it is possible to have an attack, so be cautious.
High Blood Pressure
High blood pressure is also called as hypertension. Blood pressure is the total force that is exerted against the arteries walls as the blood flows through the arteries. If you have a high blood pressure problem then you should visit a doctor. High blood pressure can lead to various health complications if left uncontrolled or untreated. These health problems include loss of the vision, kidney disease, stroke and heart problem. It is a common problem. But it is important to diagnose it early so that treatment can be provided on time. You should check your blood pressure regularly as it would help you and your doctor to find the changes if any. Hypertension can be treated with the help of prescribed medicines or by making some changes in the lifestyle related to health.
Symptoms of High Blood Pressure
It is not necessary that people will experience symptoms in case of high blood pressure. Many people do not experience the symptoms. That is why it is generally known as a silent condition. When blood pressure reaches around 180/110 mmHg then it becomes a medical emergency called a hypertensive crisis. You will experience the symptoms at this stage. Check out various symptoms of high blood pressure that you may experience:
- High blood pressure may lead to nosebleeds.
- Blurred or double vision is one of the symptoms or signs of high blood pressure.
- A condition of hypertensive crisis may lead to palpitations or forceful or irregular heartbeats.
- Children with high blood pressure may experience various symptoms including blurred vision, headache, nosebleeds, fatigue or Bell's palsy in which it becomes hard to control the muscles on one side of the face.
- Very young babies and newborns can also have high blood pressure. They experience various signs including respiratory distress, irritability, seizure, lethargy, and failure to thrive.
Causes of High Blood Pressure
A person has high blood pressure when the arteries walls receive a lot of pressure on a constant basis. High blood pressure causes are categorised in two categories including essential high blood pressure and secondary high blood pressure. Essential high blood pressure has no cause while secondary high blood pressure has an underlying cause. As per some evidence, there are some factors that can be responsible for essential high blood pressure. Check out some of the causes of essential high blood pressure and secondary high blood pressure:
- The more your age is the higher the risk of developing high blood pressure.
- If you have someone in your family who has the problem of hypertension then you are at a greater risk of developing high blood pressure.
- Both obese and overweight people are prone to develop hypertension or high blood pressure in comparison to other people who have a normal weight.
- Adult men are more prone to high blood pressure than adult women. Though, after the age of 60 years, both women and men are equally prone to develop high blood pressure.
- Lack of physical exercises may lead to hypertension or high blood pressure.
- Due to smoking, the blood vessels can become narrow leading to high blood pressure. Smoking also minimises the content of oxygen in the blood due to which the heart has to pump the blood faster to compensate, leading to high blood pressure.
- People who consume alcohol regularly are at more risk of developing high blood pressure than other people who do not consume alcohol.
- High salt intake increases the chances of developing hypertension or high blood pressure.
- Having a high-fat diet may lead to an increase in blood pressure.
- If a person has some stress from a long-term then it can create a serious impact on blood pressure.
- People with diabetes have greater chances of developing high blood pressure.
- As per some research, it has been noticed that if you have psoriasis then you are at a risk of developing diabetes and high blood pressure.
- Pregnant women are at risk of developing high blood pressure or hypertension than women who are not pregnant and are of the same age.
How is it diagnosed?
High blood pressure or hypertension can be easily diagnosed by taking a reading of blood pressure. Generally, most of the doctors check your blood pressure during your routine visit. You should get your blood pressure checked regularly, especially whenever you visit a doctor. If your doctor finds that you have high blood pressure then your doctor will ask you to take more readings regularly over the course of some days or weeks. It is not possible to give high blood pressure diagnosis just after one reading. That is why your doctor wants to check your blood pressure over the course of some more days. The level of blood pressure changes throughout the day. Sometimes blood pressure elevates due to stress that you may have during your examinations. So, your doctor wants more readings in order to confirm the diagnosis. If your doctor notices that your blood pressure remains elevated then your doctor may ask you to get more tests done to find out underlying conditions. These tests include:
- Urine test
- Screening for cholesterol
- Other blood tests
- Electrocardiogram (EKG or ECG) test for recording the electrical activity of your heart
- Ultrasound of your kidneys or heart
Doctors ask you to get these tests done in order to know about the secondary issues leading to high blood pressure. Tests will also help to find out the effects that elevated blood pressure may have had on the organs of an affected person.
Check out various ways that may reduce the chances of developing high blood pressure or hypertension:
- You should add healthy food items to your diet. You should eat a lot of vegetables and fruits every day. Your goal should be to add 10 servings of vegetables and fruits in a day.
- You should avoid foods which have high-sugar such as flavoured yoghurts, sodas, and cereals.
- You should monitor your blood pressure regularly as it helps to avoid various complications associated with hypertension.
- You should set goals in order to lose the weight. It will be more beneficial for you if you would be specific about your goals.
- You should reduce the intake of salt or sodium.
- Excessive drinking can lead to elevated blood pressure so you should reduce or avoid the consumption of alcohol.
- You should not drink plenty of those beverages which contain caffeine.
Treatment of High Blood Pressure
The treatment that is provided by your doctor depends on many factors including its severity, type of hypertension, causes of hypertension, chances of developing cardiovascular disease or stroke. Your doctor provides you with the best treatment as per your condition.
- Primary treatment options for hypertension: If your doctor finds out that you have a problem of primary hypertension then should make some changes in your lifestyle as it would help you to reduce your elevated blood pressure. If lifestyle changes only do not work for you then your doctor may prescribe you some medicines.
- Secondary treatment options for hypertension: If your doctor finds out the underlying cause of elevated blood pressure then your doctor would focus on treating that particular condition. If there is some medicine that is the cause of high blood pressure then your doctor will recommend you some other medicine with no side effects. There is a possibility that hypertension continues even after treating the underlying cause. In such case, your doctor would suggest you some lifestyle changes and prescribe medicines to reduce the elevated blood pressure. Your doctor continuously works with you to evolve your treatment plan as it is not necessary that what worked earlier will work now.
If the hypertension is not treated at the right time the excessive pressure on the artery walls can lead to damage of the blood vessels as well as some other vital organs. The factors on which the extent of damage depends are the severity of hypertension and for how long it has not been treated. Check out various complications associated with high blood pressure:
- the problem in brain functioning and memory functioning
- thickened, narrow, or torn blood vessels in the eyes
- blood clots
- kidney disease
- metabolic syndrome
Check out some of the common myths about high blood pressure:
Myth #1. There are people in my family with high blood pressure so I cannot do anything to prevent it.
It is a fact that if someone in your family has the problem of high blood pressure then you are more prone to develop hypertension or high blood pressure. But it is wrong to say that you cannot prevent high blood pressure if it runs in your family. Lifestyles changes help people to avoid high blood pressure even if it runs in their family.
Myth #2. I am a patient of high blood pressure and my doctor checks my blood pressure whenever I visit him so I need not check it at home.
Blood pressure keeps on fluctuating. If you record and monitor the blood pressure at home then you will able to provide important details to your doctor. This will help your doctor to decide whether the treatment plan is working or not. It is important that you take blood pressure readings daily, every morning and evening, or as per your doctor suggestion.
High blood pressure or hypertension is a common problem. People generally ignore high blood pressure in its earlier stage but this should be avoided. High blood pressure can lead to severe health complications if left untreated for a long time. The common symptoms of high blood pressure are nosebleeds, vomiting, nausea, dizziness, and more. A high-fat diet, high salt intake, smoking, and lack of physical exercises are some of the possible causes of high blood pressure. Your doctor can easily find out that you have high blood pressure by taking a reading. If your doctor finds out that you have elevated blood pressure then he or she may ask you to get more readings. Once your doctor notices that the readings are continuously high then your doctor will ask you to get some tests done including urine test, blood tests, electrocardiogram test, ultrasound of kidneys and heart, and more in order to be confirmed about the diagnosis. A lot of complications are associated with high blood pressure including stroke, kidney disease, heart failure and blood clots. People have many myths or misconceptions about high blood pressure. If someone in your family has high blood pressure then you cannot do anything to prevent it is one of the common myths.