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Bladder stones, not to be confused with kidney stones, are formed when substances such as calcium oxalate found in urine coalesce into solid lumps and form deposits in the bladder. Though usually small enough to be excreted during urination, sometimes they get trapped in the neck of the bladder. In such cases, as the residues continue to grow larger, they cause extreme pain, infections, and may need surgical attention.
What causes bladder stones?
The most common causes of bladder stones are-
- A diet which is high in oxalic acid can cause bladder stones.
- Dehydration and a reduced intake of water cause bladder stones.
- A protracted use of a urinary catheter, infections of the urinary tract, or an injury that might have impaired bladder function can cause stones to form.
- Most often, stones originate somewhere else in the urinary tract and move downwards obstructing the neck of the bladder. There are significant hereditary factors at play here.
- Blood in the urine usually apparent only in the last few drops.
- Interruption of the stream of urine and an inability to do so except in certain positions.
- Dark-coloured urine.
The physician will physically examine to evaluate if the bladder or the rectum are enlarged.
A sample of your urine will be tested for the presence of bacteria, blood and crystallized minerals.
A CT scan to build a detailed image of the internal organs.
- If the size of the bladder stones is small then a simple increase in water and fluid intake should be enough to excrete them out naturally.
- If they are too large to flush out from the system naturally, they will either be broken down to smaller sizes using laser ray or similar other energies, or surgically removed.
In order to prevent bladder stones from recurring, here are 5 foolproof methods-
1.Increase the daily fluid intake
A sure-fire way to prevent bladder stones is to increase the amount of water you drink every day. The idea is to reduce the concentration of your urine. A minimum of 2-3 litres of water per day is absolutely necessary.
2.Urinate more often.
If you drink more water throughout the day, you are going to have to urinate more frequently anyway. Do not put it off because you are worried that you will be mocked for having an old lady’s bladder.
If you feel like you are constipated, use a laxative. There is no shame in wanting to regulate your bowel movements.
Get a sample of your urine tested regularly to ensure that your kidneys and bladder are functioning properly and there are no irregularities.
Get the essential sugar component of your diet from fresh fruits. Say no to saturated sugar and fizzy drinks. Opt for fruits with high water content like melons to add more fluids in your diet.
Iam a 43 year old chennai citizen. Suffering from kidney stone which is 6cm. Kindly help me to remove this stone as early as possible. Thanks doctor.
Cyst 19×13 mm with calcification is seen in middle pole of left kidney (bosniac classification 2) what does it mean .is it serious. Please help and advice.
Without having any symptoms of jaundice (also test report is normal) the colour of urine is pale. Why is it happen ? Give me some suggestions about that fact. What should I do now ?
Dear Doctor, I am thirty years old and have been suffering with the problem of frequent urination for several years. I could not go to a doctor because of some responsibilities. But now the problem has become persistent causing me go to bathroom each 15 minutes. Through USG process I have come to know that I have a grade-II fatty liver with other organs being in normal condition. I have gone through blood and urine tests. But there is no problem of diabetes, urea and creatinine. What else can be my problem?
My kidney transplant done last year know am all right all test are ok I am take panimun and MYCEPT tablet last night am miss MYCEPT dose what I do know.
My mother is at ckd stage 4, doctor says she might come to dialysis soon, hence I am exploring options to get it done at home, I find HD very expensive and lots of efforts hence I choose PD. My question is - is it successful? Apart from baxter who provides the device for PD and whobis better. I am not sure but I think I ll go for CAPD i.e. 3 times a day.
Those two, small bean-shaped organs are indeed essential for a perfectly healthy life. To check if a person is dead or living, medical practitioners need to confirm response from three organs of the human body heart, brain and kidneys. Kidneys absorb impurities from the blood, thus, purifying it and lead to the production of urine. Urine is necessary to rid your system of body wastes. Kidneys play a key role in maintaining hormone balance. The presence of any factor that could impede free functioning of this organ should be diagnosed, treated and eliminated at the earliest possible. Kidney diseases and subsequent kidney failure see no age bar. It affects both young and old people. In case of younger folks, the symptoms take years to surface and thus the chances of a fatal outcome are even higher.
Causes of kidney failure at a tender age:
- Chain smoking is a trigger: Smokers suffer from a higher risk of kidney failure. Smoking is a bad habit that has engulfed almost ninety percent of young adults. Irrespective of awareness programs and warning messages, there are millions who smoke nonchalantly. Smoking is known to impair kidney function which again can have frightening implications.
- High blood pressure levels must be controlled: Since stress is a common phenomenon among most individuals high blood pressure is also prevalent among a majority of these individuals. Younger people suffer from high blood pressure due to workplace politics and familial tensions. High blood pressure should not be taken lightly. Exercising and regular medications should be opted for in order to counter the threat of kidney failure at a young age.
- If you are obese, you are stepping closer to the threat: If not optimal; being close to the optimal body weight is very necessary to keep health disorders in check. If you are obese, you are not safe; one must make efforts to lose weight or else face the alarming situation when his or her kidneys fail to function properly.
- Consumption of junk food can cause complications: Junk food is fatty. One must keep away from high-protein and high-fat diet. Food items rich in protein and fats can push you towards chronic kidney diseases.
- Genetics may discern the health of your kidneys: The incidence of kidney failure in your family history can make you prone to a similar condition. Extra care should be taken to avoid any such possibility. Regular health check-ups should be undertaken. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a doctor and ask a free question.