The kidneys are vital organs of the body that help in the regulation of body fluid and electrolyte balance. Health conditions related to the kidneys are dealt by a branch of medical science known as nephrology. Nephrology thus, studies the diagnosis and management of diseases that affect the kidneys. Physicians who are trained in this branch of medical science are either nephrologists or urologists. While nephrologists diagnose and treat renal disorders and conditions, urologists are surgeons who generally perform surgeries to cater to kidney related conditions. Nephrologists are thoroughly trained in the management and treatment of kidney diseases and related symptoms, such as the management of high blood pressure and diabetes, two conditions that can severely compromise the working of the kidneys. Nephrology is known to be a part of internal medicine, thus it is a sub-speciality which deals with a number of systemic disorders that affect the kidneys, like autoimmune conditions (lupus). Diagnosis of kidney related disorders involve x-rays, urine tests, kidney biopsies and sonograms, which are generally recommended by nephrologists to be thorough with the examination of the disease. As per the diagnosis, relevant treatment and dialysis is recommended. Nephrologists are known to deal with quite a few conditions like fluid and electrolyte related disorders, acute kidney diseases, acute renal failure and highly complex renal diseases. Once they determine the specific stage of the kidney disease, they recommended a course of treatment which involves specific medications and dialysis, if needed. If you are looking for suitable nephrologists in R A Puram, Chennai Lybrate offers necessary assistance. Nephrologists at Lybrate are known to be highly qualified and will help you seek treatment and care on the basis of the kind of kidney disorder you suffer from. The nephrologists at lybrate in R A Puram, Chennai are recorded above.
The pediatric study of the kidneys, which includes analysis and treatment of renal disorders is nephrology and its practitioner is referred to as a nephrologist.
WHEN SHOULD YOU CONSULT NEPHROLOGIST?
A nephrologist can be consulted by a patient who suffers from a chronic kidney disease.
WHAT IS THE ROLE OF NEPHROLOGIST?
A nephrologist can collaborate or refer to a specialist in case of a complicated disorder.
COMMON PROBLEMS YOU SHOULD SEE NEPHROLOGIST FOR
A nephrologist can help in treating blood disorders to a certain extent.
DID YOU KNOW?
The kidneys experience a higher blood flow than the brain or the heart.
4 Types of Kidney Stones and Their Common Symptoms
Defined as hard and small mineral deposits that develop inside your kidney, kidney stones are made up of acid salts and minerals. The causes of this disease are not well-defined, although risk factors include drinking very little amounts of water and having a diet rich in sodium, protein and oxalate (chocolate and green leafy foods for example). However, knowing the type of kidney stone you suffer from can help ascertain the cause. Here are the common types of kidney stones. Struvite stones This type of kidney stone is usually a response to certain kind of infection, such as a urinary tract infection for example. Characterised by rapid growth and a large size, struvite stones can develop without any warning signs. Calcium stones These are the most common type and are caused by a diet rich in oxalate. Risk factors for calcium stones include a diet consisting of plenty of nuts, chocolates and certain fruits and vegetables; metabolic disorders, high doses of vitamin d and intestinal bypass surgery, all of which can increase the amounts of calcium or oxalate in your urine, indicating the development of kidney stones. Cystine stones Those individuals with a hereditary disorder that causes their kidneys to produce certain amino acids (cystinuria to be precise) in excess are most likely to get cystine stones. Uric acid stones These are common in those whose diets are lacking in water or those who suffer from the excess fluid loss. People with a high protein diet and those who suffer from gout are also at risk. Genetic factors play a major role as well in increasing your risk of getting uric acid stones. Apart from these, there are other rarer types of kidney stones that can also arise depending on a combination of an individual's lifestyle and genetic make-up. However, to determine whether you're suffering from any of the aforementioned types of kidney stones, you must first know its common symptoms, which are: excruciating pain in your sides, and back, especially below your ribs feelings of pain in the groin and the lower parts of your abdomen intense and fluctuating pain that comes and goes in waves pain while urinating urine that is red, brown or pink in colour urine that's cloudy or has a foul odour vomiting and nausea constant urge to urinate increased frequency of urination urinating in small amounts chills and fever in case of an infection.