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Dr. Pethammal

Gynaecologist, Chennai

500 at clinic
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Dr. Pethammal Gynaecologist, Chennai
500 at clinic
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Personal Statement

I believe in health care that is based on a personal commitment to meet patient needs with compassion and care....more
I believe in health care that is based on a personal commitment to meet patient needs with compassion and care.
More about Dr. Pethammal
Dr. Pethammal is one of the best Gynaecologists in Alwarpet, Chennai. You can visit him/her at Dr. Pethammal@Girishwari Hospital in Alwarpet, Chennai. Book an appointment online with Dr. Pethammal on has an excellent community of Gynaecologists in India. You will find Gynaecologists with more than 32 years of experience on You can find Gynaecologists online in Chennai and from across India. View the profile of medical specialists and their reviews from other patients to make an informed decision.


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Girishwari Hospital

#19, KB Dhasan Road, SIB College Road, Alwarpet, Landmark: Opp. Vidya ENT Hospital, ChennaiChennai Get Directions
500 at clinic
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3 Types Of Vaginal Cysts And Its Treatment!

MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Agra
3 Types Of Vaginal Cysts And Its Treatment!

Vaginal cysts are closed packets of fluid, air or pus which develop along the vaginal lining. Vaginal cysts are of many types, and they are usually caused by accumulation of fluids, childbirth-related injuries or non-malignant tumors in the vagina. Usually these cysts do not yield many symptoms, but may cause a little discomfort.

Treatment might not be needed in case of cysts which are tiny. However, larger cysts would definitely warrant medical attention.

Types of Cysts-

The commonly occurring cysts are:

  1. Gartner’s Duct Cysts: This duct forms around a woman’s reproductive canal during pregnancy and it disappears post childbirth. If the duct remains even after the delivery, it may lead to fluid accumulation, thus resulting in a cyst.

  2. Vaginal Inclusion Cysts: Any injury to the vaginal walls, especially during childbirth or surgery, can lead to vaginal inclusion cysts.

  3. Bartholin’s Cyst: Bartholin’s gland is situated near the vaginal opening. A flap of skin covering this gland may lead to accumulation of fluid. This fluid accumulation usually leads to a cyst which is called a Bartholin’s cyst.


Usually, cysts in the vagina do not require any treatment. Most of the cysts do not grow in size and thus do not cause major problems. A biopsy of the cyst may require in order to rule out chances of cancer. A common treatment for vaginal cysts would be to sit inside a bathtub filled with warm water so that the cyst is allowed to soak in the water. If there are symptoms of infection in the vagina, then antibiotics are required.

If the size of the cyst is large and filled with fluids, then a catheter needs to be inserted into it to drain out the cyst. Usually, the catheter is kept in place for a few weeks before it is removed. A surgical procedure called marsupialization is used in some cases, wherein an incision is made around the affected area and into the cyst in order to drain out its contents.

Surgery to remove the entire cyst may also be recommended to prevent its recurrence. If you wish to discuss any specific problem, you can consult a gynaecologist.

2654 people found this helpful

My wife 34years old and she left side breast in pain but she check breast nothing to inside in breast why pain? please suggest.

B.Sc. - Dietitics / Nutrition
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Mumbai
My wife 34years old and she left side breast in pain but she check breast nothing to inside in breast why pain? pleas...
She can start vitamin e and omega 3 supplement for 1 months. Her pain should subside. Getting a sonography of the breast can help clear ang doubts of any. Get in touch with a gyneac so that she can examine the patient and determine if alls okay.
1 person found this helpful
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I have white discharge and my periods are also late. I feel lyk periods are coming but it is always white discharge what should I do. Help me.

Homeopath, Faridabad
I have white discharge and my periods are also late. I feel lyk periods are coming but it is always white discharge w...
Hello, take Pulsatilla 200 ch , 5 drops , once daily in the morning for 7 days. IF menses start in between 7 days then please stop Pulsatilla. thanks.
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Diabetes In Women - Because It's Your Right To A Healthy Future!

Diploma in Diabetology, MD - General Medicine, MBBS, DTM & H(1)
Diabetologist, Hyderabad
Diabetes In Women - Because It's Your Right To A Healthy Future!

The disease itself may not discriminate on the gender basis, but when it comes to healthcare for patients with diabetes, women find themselves at a disadvantage as compared to men. Studies indicate that diabetes, a disease that affects over 371 million people worldwide takes a greater toll on women than men. Though, hormones in women do account for some of the unique challenges they have to face, but there are other societal factors as well that bring in the differences.

This World Diabetes Day is about promoting the significance of affordable care for diabetes and equitable access for all women at risk or living with diabetes to essential medicines, technological information and self-management education they require and achieve an optimal outcome to strengthen their adequacy to prevent type-2 diabetes. Because it's your right to a healthy and disease-free future!

So, how will you know if you are suffering from this deadly disease – Diabetes?


Women with diabetes experience many of the same symptoms as that of men. However, there are some that are specific to women.

Symptoms experienced by both women and men:

Symptoms unique to women:

Diabetes is the ninth leading cause of death in women globally, causing 2.1 million deaths each year. Two out of every five women suffering from diabetes are of reproductive age. Women with diabetes have more difficulty conceiving and may have poor pregnancy outcomes.

Diabetes and Pregnancy

The affect of Diabetes, in a pregnancy, will not be great, if controlled properly. Women with diabetes should talk to their gynaecologists while planning to conceive so that they can control their blood sugar levels even before getting pregnant. Your gynaecologist will help you control and monitor your diabetes and blood sugar levels during pregnancy.

And, if you fail to get your blood sugar levels under control during pregnancy, you may experience severe risks:

  1. Miscarriage

  2. Premature delivery

  3. Difficult delivery or cesarean section (C-section)

  4. Birth defects

  5. Having a large baby

  6. Preeclampsia (high blood pressure usually with protein in the urine)

  7. Low blood glucose in a newborn

  8. Breathing problems in the newborn

  9. Yellowing skin and eyes (jaundice) in a newborn

  10. Worsening diabetic eye problems and kidney problems for the mother

  11. Urinary or bladder infections

What is Gestational Diabetes?

When diabetes occurs in women during pregnancy, it is called gestational diabetes. It is usually diagnosed at the first week of pregnancy. Like in type 1 and type 2 diabetes, blood sugar levels become too high. When a woman is pregnant, more glucose is required to nourish the baby developing inside her womb. During this time, the body needs additional insulin, which is produced by the pancreas. In some women, the body does not produce enough insulin to meet this need, and blood sugar levels rise, resulting in gestational diabetes. 

Fortunately, for most women, gestational diabetes will go away once the baby is delivered. However, women who have had gestational diabetes are at increased risk of developing type-2 diabetes. Further, people suffering from PTSD are at higher risk and should consult their doctors immediately and those who are presently affected with Diabetes should consult for pre-conception consultation.

Risk Factors for Diabetes in Women

You are at risk for type-2 diabetes if you:

  1. are overweight or obese

  2. are older than 45

  3. have a family history of diabetes (parent or sibling)

  4. have had gestational diabetes

  5. have had a baby with a birth weight of more than 9 pounds

  6. have high blood pressure

  7. have high cholesterol

  8. have other health conditions that are linked to problems using insulin, such as PCOS

Diabetes Treatment Options


There are various medications you can take to control the symptoms of diabetes. These include:

  1. Insulin therapy

  2. Sulfonylureas like chlorpropamide, which increase pancreatic insulin secretion

  3. Metformin (Glucophage), which reduces blood sugar

Lifestyle changes

A change in your diet and lifestyle can also help women control their diabetes

  1. Exercise and maintain a healthy weight

  2. Monitor your blood sugar

  3. Eat a diet focused on fruits, vegetables, and whole grains

  4. Strictly avoid smoking cigarettes

Alternative remedies

Women with diabetes can try other alternative remedies to treat the symptoms, such as 

  1. Eat more broccoli, buckwheat, sage, peas, and fenugreek seeds

  2. Take supplements like chromium or magnesium

  3. Take plant supplements

But, always remember to consult with your doctor before trying any new treatment. Even if they are natural, they can intrude with your on-going treatment or medications. So, this World Diabetes Day, take a pledge towards healthy living, because your health is important to someone else!

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3915 people found this helpful

If during pregnancy of 1st month, that time we have sex again and again is good or bad.

Sexologist, Panchkula
If during pregnancy of 1st month, that time we have sex again and again is good or bad.
You can sex during pregnancy if the pregnancy is normal and there are no complications in pregnancy.
1 person found this helpful
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Health Benefits of Brazil nuts

Net Qualified In Community Health And Social Medicine, M.Sc - Dietetics and Community Nutrition
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Durgapur
Health Benefits of Brazil nuts
  1. Aids in digestion.
  2. Helps in treating acne.
  3. Beneficial in weight loss.
  4. Boost immune system and overall health.
  5. Helps in proper functioning of thyroid glands.
  6. Helps to prevent atherosclerosis and heart attack.
  7. Helps in cellular growth, repair and wound healing.
  8. Helps to prevent constipation, bloating and colon cancer.

Bleeding In Pregnancy - 5 Ways To Manage It

MBBS, MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Bleeding In Pregnancy - 5 Ways To Manage It

Bleeding in early pregnancy or during the first trimester may or may not be a serious reason for concern, depending on the cause. But because bleeding can sometimes be a sign of something serious, it's important to know the possible causes, and get checked out by your doctor to make sure you and your baby are healthy. About 20% women have some bleeding during first 12 weeks. The possible reasons are implantation bleeding, miscarriage, ectopic pregnancy, molar pregnancy, cervical changes and infection. So how do you deal with it? Here's a quick list.

  • Hygiene: Ensure that hygiene is your first priority, especially during pregnancy.
  • Light Bleeding: Light bleeding or spotting that is dull red or brown in colour is a normal occurrence for many pregnant women. This can point to the foetus getting lodged and pressing against your womb's lining, or even the cervical changes that you may be going through due to the implantation and impending trimesters and eventual delivery. The best thing to do in such cases is to not panic.
  • Sex: Having sexual intercourse can also sometimes lead to mild spotting. Also, you should avoid using abrasive material and clothing during this time.
  • Ultrasound: Go for an ultrasound and ensure that your pregnancy is normally placed and not ectopic. An ectopic pregnancy can lead to bleeding which can later become fatal. It may cause cramps in the lower abdomen region as well. 
  • Infection: Speak with your gynecologist and ensure that there is no risk of infection. Usually, many women suffer from infection (can be on cervix or vagina) during the early stages of pregnancy. This may give rise to spotting and mild bleeding. Take necessary actions and precautions to ensure that the infection does not get out of hand and is treated right away. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Gynaecologist.
4220 people found this helpful

Doctor ne muje pregnacare medicine di h ye kyu diye h muje .Mere period reguler nai h kya ye period reguler karega ?

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, FCPS, DGO, Diploma of the Faculty of Family Planning (DFFP)
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
Doctor ne muje pregnacare medicine di h ye kyu diye h muje .Mere period reguler nai h kya ye period reguler karega ?
Kisine koi davai kyon di hai vo to denevale ko hi malum hota hai. Ye davai vitamins aur minerals ki hai jo periods regular karne kam nahi lagti
1 person found this helpful
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Sir I hve sex after one week of my periods tht to we use condoms bt accidentally it break bt within 12 hour I taken precautions I pill will there is any chance to get pregnant?

BASM, MD, MS (Counseling & Psychotherapy), MSc - Psychology, Certificate in Clinical psychology of children and Young People, Certificate in Psychological First Aid, Certificate in Positive Psychology
Psychologist, Palakkad
Sir I hve sex after one week of my periods tht to we use condoms bt accidentally it break bt within 12 hour I taken p...
Dear lybrate user. I can understand. As you have taken the medicine, there is no chance of pregnancy. Otherwise unprotected sex after 6 days of first day of period, can cause pregnancy. Take care.
1 person found this helpful
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C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
General Physician,
Hypertension during pregnancy should be an alert for women.

"Up until now it has been assumed that high blood pressure subsides after pregnancy, and there was no structured follow?up of the women who experienced it.

Hypertensive disorders are common in pregnancy, affecting 2% to 35% of all pregnancies, and ranking among the leading causes of maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality worldwide. Preeclampsia or gestational hypertension associated with proteinuria is particularly linked with an increased risk for adverse pregnancy outcomes for both the mother and the fetus.
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