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Treatment & Management of Stress
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Hallucinations and delusions are uncommon in the general population, a new study finds.
Researchers analyzed data from more than 31,000 adults in 18 countries in North and South America, Europe, Africa, the Middle East, Asia and the South Pacific.
The average rate of having had at least one hallucination or delusion (collectively referred to as psychotic experiences) was just under 6 percent. The rates were 5 percent for hallucinations and 1 percent for delusions.
Psychotic experiences were more likely to be reported by women than men (6.6 percent versus 5 percent), and by people in middle-income (7.2 percent) and high-income (6.8 percent) countries than by those in low-income countries (3.2 percent).
Of those who reported psychotic experiences, 32.2 percent reported only one episode, while 31.8 percent reported two to five episodes, according to the study published online May 27 in the journal JAMA Psychiatry.
"We have provided, to our knowledge, the most comprehensive description of the epidemiologic landscape of psychotic experiences published to date. Although the lifetime prevalence of psychotic experiences is 5.8 percent, these events are typically rare" wrote Dr. John McGrath, of the University of Queensland in Australia, and colleagues.
"Our study highlights the subtle and variegated nature of the epidemiologic features of psychotic experiences and provides a solid foundation on which to explore the bi-directional relationship between psychotic experiences and mental health disorders" the study authors concluded.
My mom is suffering from depression from last year she overthings about things like jaafu tone but don't believe on this what should I do and mom is also suffering from rashes since 20 days mom's age is 46 years.
I lost somebody close last year and since then feel very depressed and prefer keeping to my self all the time. Please help me.
Bipolar Disorder, Symptoms,types & Treatment
People with bipolar disorder may have trouble managing everyday life tasks at school or work, or maintaining relationships. There’s no cure, but there are many treatment options available that can help to manage the symptoms.
When people experience symptoms of both a manic and a depressive episode at the same time, they’re said to be experiencing a mixed state (or mixed mania). They have all of the negative feelings that come with depression, but they also feel agitated, restless and activated, or “wired.” Those who have had a mixed state often describe it as the very worst part of bipolar disorder.
There are three main types of Bipolar Disorder
While experiencing mania
Excited, impulsive, euphoric, and full of energy
While experiencing hypomania
While experiencing depression
Deep sadness , Hopelessness , Loss of energy and Suicidal thoughts
Symptoms in teens
Children and teens may have distinct major depressive or manic or hypomanic episodes, but the pattern can vary from that of adults with bipolar disorder. Moods can rapidly shift during episodes. Some children may have periods without mood symptoms between episodes.
Types of Bipolar disorder
Bipolar I disorder: You’ve had at least one manic episode that may be preceded or followed by hypomanic or major depressive episodes. In some cases, mania may trigger a break from reality (psychosis).
Bipolar II disorder: You’ve had at least one major depressive episode and at least one hypomanic episode, but you’ve never had a manic episode.
Cyclothymic disorder: You’ve had at least two years — or one year in children and teenagers — of many periods of hypomanic symptoms and periods of depressive symptoms (though less severe than major depression).
Causes of bipolar disorder
- Environmental factors
- Brain structure(Neurological)
Bipolar disorder treatment
Treatments for bipolar II are similar to those for bipolar I — medication and psychotherapy. Medications most commonly used are mood stabilizers and antidepressants, depending on the specific symptoms. If depression symptoms are severe and medication is not working, ECT may be used. Each person is different and each treatment is individualized.
- Mood stabilizers
- Cognitive behavioral therapy
- Interpersonal and social rhythm therapy
C. Some more treatment
- Electroconvulsive therapy
Famous people with bipolar disorder
Carrie Fisher, Mel Gibson,Demi Lovato,Russell Brand,Catherine Zeta-Jones, Jean-Claude Van Damme,HoneySingh
Sir, My alone son was studying 12th std in IIT'ans Pace Academy, Nerul, NaviMumbai for AY 2013-14. He scored 94% in his 10th & in maths 98% & Science 96% AY 2011-12.He was in the annual exam hall for AY 2013-14, but, he did not write anything & given blank answer papers that later we came know from the Institute.He doesn't speak much & he always watch English serials & play Car / Bike competition games especially only pistol/Riffle firing games in his laptop through out the night. He sleeps day time, I & my wife never see him studying in home. He says, he wanted become an international sportsman, but, you put me in this field.He use to play table tennis, played upto district level & he was good in table tennis when he was in 10th std. And he repeated in last sept/oct2014 mid year exam & scored only 53%. Again he now repeated & today only his 1st practical exam began.He is angry against his father & always becomes angry if try to speak.He is now 19 years, 6 ft height.He is not ready to stop watching his laptop through out night. He is not at all interested in his studies. Hope, you will come back to me with appropriate guidance.
Emotional abuse is a lesser known topic that is very important to talk about. Most individuals are oblivious to the fact that such a term even exists. This article is mainly about educating people about what emotional abuse is, how it affects children, thereby, affecting the upcoming generation altogether.
Like physical abuse, emotional abuse too is very real and harmful enough to cause enormous damage to a child’s mental health. So what exactly is emotional abuse?
Any sort of persistent, emotional neglect or emotional maltreatment can become emotional abuse to children and may cause havoc in their emotional development. The world runs at a very fast pace and parents usually are caught up in earning well for the family, raising the children properly and transforming them into respectable adults. This entire process brings about enormous stress and frustration. As such, unknowingly or knowingly, these parents end up emotionally abusing their children. No, that is not the end of it. It is not only the parents who can cause emotional abuse, but also there are numerous other factors to be considered.
So to make the explanation process easier, here are some points that explain what emotional or psychological abuse includes.
- Scaring or humiliating a child deliberately and regularly
- Isolating or ignoring a child
- Telling a child that he/she is worthless, inadequate or unloved
- Not providing the children any opportunity to express him/her by deliberately silencing them or making fun of their expression
- Age inappropriate or developmentally inappropriate expectations from children. For example, making a child believe that topping the class is necessary and is a shame otherwise.
- Overprotecting the child and hindering their exploration and learning
- Preventing them from participating in an absolutely normal social interaction. For example, asking girls not to mix with boys and punishing them for doing so.
- A child seeing or hearing utter ill-treatment of another child or person
- Serious bullying by other children and cyber bullying
- Threatening a child and calling names
- Making a child perform any sort of act that might be degrading
- Exposing a child to distressing interactions like domestic abuse or drug abuse.
- Not expressing positive or congratulatory feelings to the child
- Not showing any sort of emotional attachment or interactions with the child
- Causing physical abuse to the child.
- Trying too hard to control the child’s life and not allowing him/her to recognize their individuality.
Yes, there is no such thing as good parenting or bad parenting. However, parents need to know how much any sort of emotional abuse may affect the future development of their child. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a psychologist.