Lybrate.com has an excellent community of Gastroenterologists in India. You will find Gastroenterologists with more than 27 years of experience on Lybrate.com. You can find Gastroenterologists online in Chennai and from across India. View the profile of medical specialists and their reviews from other patients to make an informed decision.
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Hi, i am 26 year old male and i feel pain in the anus opening while stooling. Thats an immense pain as something is being aobstructed at the anus opening. Force feces dispose results in sustaining pain for next couple of hours and certain blood drops.
Sir this is akshay. Since 1 week every night im getting heartburn. I am not able to control that pain. Could this increase my risk for a heart attack. What should I do to get away from this?
I am 39 years old. I have severe neck pains and frozen shoulder and hyperacidity problem. Please suggest medicine I am a teacher. In afternoon time I am too tired and pains started.
Hi, I am 29 years old. I suffer from gastric problems during first 2 days of my menstruation along with slight pain at time and stomach cramps. I find it tough to even go to public places due to this where I get embarrassed. Please tell me a remedy for this, if possible a home remedy.
I am suffering from diabetes for last 14 years. It has been under control all these years with medication. I have fatty lever for last two years. Again under control without any medication. I am not alcoholic. Now I have been diagnosed with enlarged with prostrate. Psa is 14.7. Diabetes is under control. Looking for recommendation for further treatment. I am 67 years of age.
I face stomach pain problem in every one month. I ate chicken in some times. That time I faced this problem. How to avoid this problem. House make cooked chicken in a no problem. Out side food in a face this problem. I am lot of time spending in outside. So please solve me the problem. I think this is digested problem?
Sir, my wife age of 28 suffering in Gastric. Doctor advise not to take spicy food and acidic food. Medicine i.e. Omez (20), gonatone (50), Antacid liquid, Folvite (5) running. Advise to continue 3 months. When she may take spicy food, junk food, I mean regular normal food? Pls doctor give me some advise. We are new couple. Pls help me Gobinda Pathak.
M 21 year old I work for night shift m nt able to digest any heavy food. As I belong to hyderabad we use ro eat heavy food like biryani and other food. I tried to avoid this kind of food but m addicted to meat. Please help me out n fix this problem how can I digest food.
I have a stomach problems like acidity, low blood pressure, headache too. What should I do to come out with this problem?
I am 39 years old Male. I have Acidity, allergic and anxiety problem, mostly travelling I felt sophocation. Doctors give me Immunace Tablet, Vintidox-M, Wokride, Inderal LA 40 and solapus MD Tablets/ Ezeepam 10. Kindly suggest me is it good for health. But still I feeling very tired and sleepy in day time.
Bottom line is a month ago I started feeling this bump on my anal rim and then it got bigger then smaller again. Now it seems it has started spreading. I am terribly frightened by this and don't know to do, can anyone access this picture.
I am suffering from digestion bcoz it started in my pregnancy nd after my delivery my condition is same what should be I eat I have to go toilet. I am suffering from this problem last 3 years my all reports r normal. I also tried khichdi rice curd and lassi. Bt no any progress. Now what I have to now pls help me in my problem.
I am suffering from p. C. O. D, weight, fatty lever. Difficulty to conceive. Please tell me the possible way to conceive ?
The bladder is a hollow storage organ that collects urine from the kidneys and stores it until it can be passed out of the body through the urethra during the process of micturition or urination. It has a thin inner lining of cells called urothelial cells and a thick muscular wall, which exerts pressure to push the urine out of the body.
Causes of Bladder Tumors
In most cases, the bladder tumor develops on the inner layer due to a combination of some of the following factors.
1. Hereditary: A strong family history of cancer predisposes a person to cancer.
2. Gender: Men are 3 times more prone for bladder cancer than women.
3. Ethnicity: White people are more prone for bladder cancer black people.
4. Smoking: Smokers develop bladder cancer 2-6 times more frequently than non-smokers. cigarettes contain toxic, carcinogenic substances which reach the kidney and are stored in the bladder, leading to their damage.
5. Occupational hazards: Some workplaces have a higher likelihood of causing bladder cancers, especially dye and rubber industries. The effects can be damaging, and the person may develop cancers years after the exposure has happened.
6. Recurrent bladder infections: In some people, this can also lead to bladder cancer in the long run.
Types of Bladder Tumor
Depending on the extent of the cancerous spread, it can be of two types:
1. Non-muscle-invasive bladder tumors: The tumor spread is limited to the inner part of the bladder (urothelial cells)
2. Muscle-invasive bladder tumor: The tumor has spread to the thick muscular outer layer. This is more advanced and prognosis is poor compared to the noninvasive type.
The most common and diagnostic symptom of bladder cancer is the presence of blood in the urine, known as hematuria. This will be intermittent and happens whenever the tumor bleeding happens. Other symptoms include pain in the lower abdomen and frequent urination.
From the most noninvasive to the most invasive diagnostic test, these include:
1. Urine microscopy to detect cancer cells in the urine
2. Cystoscopy A tube inserted into the urethra to look into the inner wall of the bladder is highly diagnostic
3. Ultrasound, CT Scan, and biopsy can also be further used to identify severity of the tumor.
Once the tumor is diagnosed, treatment would depend on the severity of the tumor. For both invasive and noninvasive tumors, definitive therapy is surgery, known as transurethral resection of the bladder tumor (TURBT). The cancerous bladder tissue is removed through a cystoscope as done for diagnosis. The bladder is then flushed with chemotherapy agent to kill any residual cancer cells in the bladder. This is then followed by BCG vaccine, which is again done 1 to 4 weeks for several months to avoid recurrence. In some cases, radiotherapy may also be included.