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Infants Topic Diarrhoea
When if one frequently passes watery stool that have no lumps in them look out for other symptoms of diarrhoea. These can include vomiting, fever, and sometimes blood or mucus in your baby's stool
Newborns pass stool freq, so you may worry that your baby has diarrhoea when in fact one pass stool that are normal for her age.
Also, how often your baby does a stool will depend on whether she's being breast or formula-fed.
Here are more signs of normal motion:
The stool of breastfed newborn babies is usually yellowish and on the soft or liquid side. Your baby may fill nappy up to five times daily.
Sometimes a breastfed baby will pass motion during or immediately after each breastfeeding session. This happens because as her stomach fills up, the milk stimulates her entire intestinal tract, prompting a bowel movement.
Within a month, most breastfed babies do one or two poos a day.
Causes of diarrhoea?
The most common cause of diarrhoea is a virus called rotavirus
Rotavirus causes an infection of the gut called gastroenteritis. The infection damages the inner lining of your baby's intestine, allowing fluid to leak and food to pass through without any nutrients being absorbed. In some cases, rotavirus can lead to a serious bowel infection and dehydration.
A vaccine against rotavirus will be offered as part of your baby's routine immunisations when she is eight weeks and again when she is 12 weeks.
Diarrhoea can also be caused by:
Allergies (find out more about milk allergy and intolerance and food allergies)
Enzyme deficiencies, although these are rare
How should care during baby's diarrhoea?
Make sure that your baby drinks plenty of fluids to help ease her symptoms and prevent dehydration.
If your baby is taking breast or formula feeds best than
You can try your baby with sips of oral rehydration solution (ors) a few times an hour.
An ors helps to replace the fluids and salts your baby loses because of the diarrhoea. Keep giving water and usual breastfeeds
Don’t give her fruit juices, glucose drinks and fizzy drinks. Unabsorbed sugar draws water into the intestine and can make diarrhoea worse
Don’t give your baby anti-diarrhoeal medicine. It must not be given to children under 12 years old, as it could cause serious side-effects
To prevent your baby passing on her diarrhoea to other children, keep her away from childcare or nursery until at least 48 hours after her last diaeroohea
Breastfed babies less likely to get diarrhoea?
Yes. Certain elements in breastmilk can inhibit the growth of the germs that cause diarrhoea
Should stop giving solid foods in diaerrohea?
No. If your child is six months or older, unless she is vomiting frequently, you can still give her solids.
You could try foods such as bananas, rice, apple puree, and dry toast if your baby has recently started solids.
For an older toddler you could try small amounts of chicken and starchy foods, such as mashed potatoes and pasta.
But don't worry doesn't want to eat. It's more important that drinks to avoid dehydration
When should call the doctor?
Diarrhoea can be worrying if it lasts for more than a few hours, but it will usually clear up on its own. If your child has loose, watery stools for more than a couple of days, call your doctor
The biggest concern with diarrhoea is fluid loss, so don't delay in showing your pedatiaric if your baby shows these signs:
Dry skin or lips
A sunken fontanelle
Discoloured hands and feet
Strong yellow motion
Fewer wet nappies than usual
Shows the following secondary symptoms:
Vomiting which lasts more than 24 hours
Fever that lasts longer than 24 hours
Refusal to drink
Blood in motion
A swollen tummy
How to decrease baby’s discomfort?
Cuddle and comfort as much as possible, and keep her dry. Use care and tenderness when changing nappies since it's easy for a baby's bottom to become sore with diarrhoea. Use a barrier cream to prevent irritation if the diarrhoea lasts more than a day.
How prevent baby from getting diarrhoea again?
Proper hygiene can help reduce the chance of diarrhoea, because the germs that cause it can be easily passed from hand to mouth. So wash your hands thoroughly with soap after handling soiled nappies or using the toilet.
I am 36 years old male, have been using PPP's (Rabeprazole20 mg at present) since 10 years, my day starts with the a tablet, without a pill my day will be worst and cannot lead without gas/burning problem. Since 1 year, I have been suffering with lot of gas issue and its becoming worst of leaving the gas for every 30 min or so. Request to suggest the approach for avoiding every day pill and gas problem. Thanks,
Stabbing pains in lower right and left Abdomen and navel area, nausea, gas, bloating, feeling full even if not. Difficulty to eat. Been like this for weeks. Pains getting worse. Diarrhoea and constipation, constant throwing up feeling but only threw up once lately. Fatigued.
I am 27 years old female and have a problem like diarrhoea type from so many years. Which specialised doctor I Hv to consult. Plz.tel me. When I eat wheat or lite spicy food also for every 2-3 days am suffering from motions problem.
I am taking HP (h pylori) kit for ulcer I gives relif for ulcer but it also give side effect in which I have to go toilet 4 times daily then may I reduce the dose or any replacement for HP kit. (Or any tablet to get rid of diarrhea) Or which tablet of Hp kit (omeprazole, tinidazole, amoxicillin) should I take less amount (i have problem of gastric ulcer)
Good morning Dr. I am sunita Verma I am 30 year female and I have gas and assiditi problem last mid night I'm not sleeping probably please suggest me home remedies for this.
I have gastro problem. My endoscopy report is positive. Detect gastritis duodinitis. I take ppi for six months. But I cant recovery my problem. What can I do? Please advise.
I have been from sinusitis from 2 years and recently I'm diagnosed with enterocolitis so my Doctor taken blood and mantoux test result of mantoux test is +ve while ESR is 10 .so he writes for TB PLATINUM TEST. Symptoms I'm experienced currently are abdominal cramp around belly region, stools are diarrhoeal some times constipated, dehydration (severe) urine is clear but less frequently 2-3 times after drinking 5 ltr of water, always having a dry mouth, in morning at wake it is severe to dryness though I drink a glass or more water at night before sleeping, sweating very less until I do running or exercises mostly I have too because of my body clock and I think my body produces toxins very easily. recently I'm taking medicine 1) zenflox oz (ornidazole and ofloxin) 2) neostep 3) rifagut 4) folvite. Help me in this matter with detailed possibilities what it should going to be.
Most likely you are suffering from duodenal ulcer if there is pain in the upper abdomen which is relieved by eating. If it increases after eating, it may be because of gastric ulcer. Gastric ulcers and Duodenal ulcer come under the category of Peptic ulcer disease (PUD). It is a lesion in the mucosal lining of the digestive tract, typically in the stomach as gastric ulcer or duodenum (1st part of the intestines) as Duodenal ulcers. These are caused by the digestive action of pepsin (a digestive enzyme) and stomach acid.
Nearly 70–90% cases of such ulcers are linked to a spiral-shaped bacterium called H. PYLORI that thrives in the acidic environment of the stomach. The incidence of peptic ulcers occurring in the duodenum (the initial tract of the small intestine) is four times higher than those arising in the stomach.
Causes of Peptic Ulcer:
The underlying process that results in Peptic ulcer formation is an excess of acid production in the stomach and damage to the protective barrier inside the stomach. Certain things that can trigger excess acid production or can cause damage to the protective lining of the stomach are:
- Emotional stress
- Foods (spices, pungent foods, etc)
- Overuse of certain drugs, especially NSAIDs (Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs)
- Infections (H-Pylori)
Symptoms of peptic ulcers include:
- vomiting tendencies
- pain in the upper and middle portions of the stomach after a meal and at night
- blood in the stool
- weight loss
- bleeding in the gastrointestinal region
|Gastric Ulcer||Common to Both||Duodenal Ulcer Symptoms|
|More likely to be felt immediately after eating.||Bloating||More likely to be felt after few hours of eating|
|Loss of appetite|
|Pain when eating high fat food|
|Pain when stomach is empty|
|Pain in the stomach that may feel like burning|
- Perforation of ulcer
- Gastric outlet obstruction (obstruction in terminal part of stomach)
How to Prevent Peptic Ulcers
Certain lifestyle choices and habits can reduce your risk of developing peptic ulcers. These include:
- not drinking more than two alcoholic beverages a day
- not mixing alcohol with medication
- washing your hands frequently to avoid infections
- limiting your use of ibuprofen, aspirin, and naproxen sodium
Maintaining a healthy lifestyle through a balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains, and quitting smoking and other tobacco use will also help you prevent developing a peptic ulcer.
Homeopathic Treatment For Peptic Ulcers
Homeopathy offers some very good medicines for peptic ulcer disease. But for a homeopath, the symptoms of the disease are much more important than the ulcer itself. This is because to select the right medicine a homeopath needs to differentiate between the finer presentations of a disease which, vary from person to person. A homeopath not only tries to heal the ulcer but also tries to remove the general predisposition to acquire it. The homeopath not only tries to find ‘What is wrong?’, but also ‘Why it went wrong?’; ‘Where it started going wrong?’; ‘How it evolved to the current stage?’ etc. To find the answers to all these questions, a homeopath tries to gather as much information as possible regarding the past and present medical history of the patient, the family history, general, physical and psychological characteristics, etc. This hard work on the part of homeopath not only helps in removing the acute symptoms and the ulcer but also is usually able to remove the tendency for relapse. The ‘on-again/off-again’ nature of the disease is often removed and the general health of the person also improves as a result.
Effective Homeopathic Medications For Peplic Ulcer
Some of the most effective homeopathic medications used in the treatment of peptic ulcers are mentioned below. However, you shouldn’t try to self-medicate as it is best to consult with a doctor who can properly diagnose the problems and prescribe medication which are specifically tailored for you.
- Argentum Nitricum – One of the most effective medications in treating ulcers, Argentum Nitricum is usually prescribed when you experience sharp burning pains from peptic ulcers that radiate to different areas of the abdomen. The pain is akin to the feeling of gnawing inside the stomach. Other symptoms such as vomiting, belching and nausea may also be present.
- Nux Vomica – If you have peptic ulcers and even eating the slightest amount of food causes pain, then Nux vomica may be a good option and thus be prescribed by your doctor. Another indication in such cases is where the abdominal region is very sensitive and you may feel pain even with the slightest touch. Nux Vomica is also very effective if your peptic ulcer symptoms tend to get worse after the consumption of tea, coffee, spicy foods or alcoholic beverages.
- Kali Bichromicum – Sometimes, peptic ulcers may cause the food in your stomach to sit like a heavy load immediately after meals. This can make you very uncomfortable and unable to do any other form of work. This is often times accompanied by a low appetite. In such cases, Kali Bichromicum has been seen to work wonders.
- Lycopodium Clavatum – If you have burning pain in your stomach along with the bloating of your abdomen, then Lycopodium Clavatum is the best medication for you. Other indications for this medication are when ingestion of warm water helps relieve pain. If consuming certain vegetables such as cabbage and beans worsen the situation, then Lycopodium Clavatum could be the best medication in such a case.
- Carbo-veg – An all-rounder in the field of homeopathy, Carbo-Veg is also effective when treating peptic ulcers which are accompanied by heartburn and acidity as well as sour belching. The pain from the ulcers may extend from the stomach all the way to the back. Other indications wherein Carbo-Veg may be effective is where the stomach area becomes very sensitive to touch and even small amounts of food may suddenly cause the symptoms to deteriorate.
- Hydrastis Canadensis – Stomach or abdominal pain accompanied by weight loss is one of the major indications where this medication may be prescribed. The patient may become emaciated and have sharp cutting pains in the stomach. In such cases, Hydrastis has been seen to be very effective.
- Graphites – This medication is extremely useful where along with the ulcer pain, you may end up vomiting your food immediately after a meal. A sensation which is painful and constricted may be present in your stomach. Along with these symptoms, Graphites are also very effective when you suffer from excessive belching.
- Phosphorus – If you exhibit typical symptoms of peptic ulcer such as sour belching and a burning sensation in the stomach after eating, Phosphorus could well be the panacea.
When the underlying cause of peptic ulcer disease is successfully treated, the prognosis (expected outcome) for patients with the condition is excellent. To help prevent peptic ulcers:
- Avoid cigarette.
- Aspirin and non-steroidal Anti-Inflammatory drugs should be avoided.
- Spicy and rich food may aggravate. If so, it should be avoided.
- Drink lots of water.
- Take frequent small meals instead of two or three big meals.
- Bland diet and hygienically prepared food.
- Proper cleaning of utensils for food.
- Proper cleaning of hands before preparing and eating food.
- Avoid alcohol
- Common sources of Helicobacter pylori bacteria (e.g., contaminated food and water, floodwater, raw sewage)
- Long-term use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
Good hygiene can help reduce the risk for peptic ulcer disease caused by Helicobacter pylori infection. Washing the hands thoroughly with warm soapy water after using the restroom and before eating and avoiding sharing eating utensils and drinking glasses also can reduce the spread of bacteria that can cause PUD.