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Hello, My father's age is 65. He suffers from lung cancer. Met spread in spine, brain and stomach. Doctor prescribed geffon 250 mg tablets It's helpful.
Hi, I am thirty years old and recently in a checkup I found that my prostate size is enlarged 29 cc. Prevoid volume of urine: 269 cc post void residual volume 4 cc. Is it normal or should I be worried. What course of action should I take.
Can numerous fibroids and an enlarged uterus cause bladder prolapse? Why does my gynecologist think my bladder bulging into my vaginal canal is a fibroid even after I was sent to a urologist for stress incontinence issues?
Laparoscopy essentially means a surgical technique that aims at minimizing the trauma of general surgery. This is also known as minimally-invasive surgery. This procedure can take the form of endoscopic and robotic technique as well. The laparoscopic technique involves making small incisions, the involvement of a camera and removing/ operating the affected part with the help of light through machines.
Laparoscopic technique in cancer: Laparoscopic surgeries are being extensively used for removal of the colon, rectum, stomach, uterus, kidney, lymph node removal etc. The laparoscopic procedure helps to reduce the size of the incision, reduce pain related complications, reduce the hospital stay and a quicker recovery period.
How old is the process?
It’s been a couple of decades since the first procedure of laparoscopy was performed. The first procedure was a gallbladder removal followed by a kidney removal. Laparoscopic procedures for cancer surgeries have only come into effect in the last 5-6 years. Since most cancer surgeries are complicated and demand a holistic involvement of a surgeon, this procedure is not followed by too many surgeons. This being said, cancer-related to the kidney, abdomen and gall bladder, laparoscopic treatments are getting more preference among surgeons.
Understanding the benefits of Laparoscopic surgery
The biggest advantage of this procedure is the minimization of pain. Apart from this, some other benefits include less bleeding, shorter duration of stay at the hospital, less scarring etc. Having said this, a lot of these factors depend on the type and location of the surgery. Typically, cancer-related surgeries involve intense pain and high recovery time. A laparoscopic procedure can help in this regard.
Know the risks involved: Every operation has its fair share of risks and complication- be it conventional surgery or laparoscopic surgery and inexperienced hands and complex surgeries can make the matter worse. Some bigger risks involved in laparoscopic procedures include complications related to the anesthesia, injury to other organs, internal infections and the risk of punctures. Patients who have undergone surgeries before runs more risk than the one who has not undergone any operation.
Cost involved: The cost involved for laparoscopic surgeries are comparatively lesser than conventional surgeries. Then again, the location and complication of the surgery also pay a deciding factor of the final cost involved. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
Can I take sevista 30 mg as a treatment of multiple fibro adenoma in my breast? Please suggest as this medicine is prescribed to me by my doctor.
Cancer that originates in the skin cells is termed as skin cancer. This is typically seen in people who expose their skin to excessive sunlight or those who have a repressed immune system. It is one of the most common types of cancer. Skin cancer can be categorized into 3 types based on their symptoms:
- Basal cell carcinoma: This is the most common type of skin cancer that occurs in the outermost layer of the skin. Common symptoms associated with this type of skin cancer include red patches, open sores, scars and shiny bumps. It is very unlikely for this type of skin cancer to metastasize but is still considered malignant and hence should not be left untreated.
- Squamous cell carcinoma: This type of skin cancer is also known as ‘rat bite’ because of its distinctive appearance. This type of cancer originates in the upper layers of the skin and cause open sores, an elevated growth with a central depression and red, scaly patches. These sores may also bleed. It can spread to other parts of the body and if left untreated, can be fatal.
- Melanoma: Melanoma is the rarest form of skin cancer but its most aggressive form. This type of cancer originates in the melanocytes or cells that create pigments responsible for the color of our skin. It can occur anywhere in the body and is more commonly seen to affect light-skinned men and women. It can spread very fast from one part of the body to another and can be life-threatening. Symptoms of melanoma include patches or bumps on the skin that resemble moles. These are usually brown or black but may also be red, pink, white or blue. If treated in its early stages, this form of cancer can be cured.
Homeopathy is a holistic form of treatment that has negligible side-effects and can be very beneficial to skin cancer patients. When treating skin cancer, homeopathy is usually advised along with other forms of conventional therapy. Homeopathy will not influence the other forms of treatment or be affected by them. It has been proven to be able to help in the regression of skin cancer and helps in dealing with the side effects of chemotherapy and radiation. Homeopathy can also keep the disease from recurring and improve the patient’s overall quality of life. It can also help relieve the pain associated with skin cancer and conventional forms of treatment.
Fibroadenomas are benign non carcinogenic tumors that occur in the breasts of women. Although the condition may affect females of any age; spanning from pubescent girls to middle aged ladies, yet it is most commonly diagnosed in young women below 30 years of age. Fibroadenomas can be described as a stiff, smooth, supple marble under the skin of your breasts, which move when touched. These tumors which occur in varied sizes, may shrink or expand with time. Diagnosing through biopsies and treatment by surgeries are commonly employed for such a condition.
Types of Fibroadenomas
Fibroadenomas are of two types: simple fibroadenomas and complex fibroadenomas. The simple tumors are usually harmless and almost look the same under the lens of a microscope. On the other hand, the complex tumors are comprised of macro cysts (large fluid-filled sacs) and calcifications (deposits of calcium) which can slightly increase the chance of breast cancer.
What is the primary cause of Fibroadenomas?
Doctors aren't able to pinpoint the chief cause of fibroadenomas, but they have reasons to believe that the condition may pertain to the reproductive hormones. The condition may occur during pregnancy or during the use of hormone therapy, owing to which, the tumors may increase in size. The tumors are usually seen to shrink postmenopause, when the hormone levels start to dwindle.
Fibroadenomas are apparent and you may be able to detect them even without a doctor. The marble like tumor within your breasts are usually:
- Rubbery and elastic
- Easily movable
These tumors can range from being too small to as big as 3 inches or more in diameter. These lumps, which are usually harmless may be a cause of concern if they start to grow or change. Consulting a doctor is duly advised in such cases.
Risks: Fibroadenomas, only in the rarest cases, increase the likelihood of breast cancer. A complex fibroadenoma comprising of cysts or thick tissues called calcifications may aggravate your condition. Causes of concern could be if the tumor pains, a family history of cancer or an event of a questionable biopsy report. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a gynaecologist.
Is prostate enlargement possible in 23 year age? I am facing problem in toilet and urinate so many times.
What are the routine yearly tests one should undergo to rule out the possibility of any type of cancer.
The fallopian tubes are a pair of thin tubes that transport the egg from the ovaries to the uterus. They can either be fertilized or discarded along the process of menstruation. The ovary release one egg every month and the cilia (hair-like projections inside the uterus) transports them to the ovary. This is a normal process for all women who have attended the reproductive age.
When cancer develops?
An abnormal growth of the malignant cells in the fallopian tubes leads to fallopian tube cancer. Most of the cancer that occurs in the fallopian tube is known as papillary serous adenocarcinomas. These are cancers that originate from the abnormal cells of the fallopian tube. When cells have the capability to invade other organs or spread to surrounding cells of the organ, there are high chances of tumor formation. When tumors are formed from the smooth cells of the fallopian tube, they are known as leiomyosarcomas.
The potential causes and risks involved
Out of all gynecological cancers, primary fallopian tube cancer accounts for no more than one percent. The most common age segment for this case is from 40 to 65 and is more frequently diagnosed in Caucasian women as compared to African women. While the exact causes and risk factors of fallopian tube cancer are not known, some conditions that are commonly associated with this condition involves chronic inflammation of the fallopian tube, repeated infection in the ovarian region, prolonged usage of birth control pills. Apart from this, a family history of fallopian tube cancer poses a woman at greater risk of inheriting this. Genetic mutation is also known to be causing this condition.
Diagnosing the cancer
A pelvic examination that involves a thorough investigation of the vagina, fallopian tube, ovaries, and uterus can show signs of fallopian tube cancer. A Pap smear test by scraping off a sample of the cervix is done and tested for malignancy. Many doctors are of the view that an ultrasound test helps to detect fallopian tube cancer. Some doctors might even order a transvaginal ultrasound to get a detailed view of the fallopian tube. Apart from this, other lab tests and imaging tests are also necessary to zero in on the diagnosis.
Know the cure
The treatment plan is decided after evaluation the stage of cancer, the current health of the patient, previous medical history, etc. The common course of a treatment plan is a surgery to ensure that all cancer-affected part of the fallopian tube is completely removed followed by a chemotherapy plan to ensure that cancer doesn’t spread to other organs of the body. In some cases, radiation therapy is also used before the surgery to shrink the size of the tumor.
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!