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"Nation respects sacrifice but it wants you to stay alive and kill enemies."
This is one of the famous lines of the chief minister of Goa Manohar Parrikar, 63, who died on Sunday after battling Pancreatic Cancer for over a year. He was also the former defense minister of India.
He was first diagnosed in March 2018 in the United States. Since then, Parrikar, a technocrat-turned-politician and BJP stalwart was fighting with Pancreatic Cancer. He was suffering from this medical condition for over a year. The health of Manohar Parrikar turned worse in the past two days.
Sadly, at 6.40 pm on Sunday, the senior state government officials confirmed the death of the chief minister. According to the sources, Parrikar was also put on a life support system. But, unfortunately, did not survive.
Let’s discover more about Pancreatic Cancer!
What is Pancreatic Cancer?
Pancreatic Cancer happens when the cell of pancreas grows abnormally. This uncontrolled growth of pancreatic cells then develops into a tumor and will interfere with the functionality of the pancreas.
According to the report of the American Cancer Society, approximately 3% of cancer patients in the United States are suffering from Pancreatic Cancer. A report in 2018 estimates that around 55,440 people were diagnosed with Pancreatic Cancer.
The Pancreas contains two glands that create pancreatic juice, insulin and hormones. These two glands are known as endocrine glands and exocrine glands. Pancreatic cancer can affect either the exocrine or endocrine gland.
Depending upon the affected gland, Pancreatic Cancer can be categorised as:
Exocrine Pancreatic Cancer:
The exocrine glands produce enzymes or juices that are helpful for the process of fat, carbohydrates and protein digestion. In Exocrine Pancreatic Cancer, the tumor affects the functions of the exocrine gland. This is one of the most common types of Pancreatic Cancer.
The tumors in this type of cancer are:
Acinar cell carcinoma
Giant cell carcinomas
Squamous cell carcinomas
Endocrine Pancreatic Cancer:
The endocrine glands are the cluster of cells called islets of Langerhans. These glands release glucagon and insulin hormones into the bloodstream. These glands manage the level of blood sugar. When tumors affect the functionality of endocrine gland, it is known as endocrine Pancreatic Cancer. This type of Pancreatic Cancer is uncommon.
The tumors in this type of cancer are:
VIPomas (vasoactive intestinal peptide or VIP)
Causes of Pancreatic Cancer:
The causes of Pancreatic Cancer are still unknown. However, according to many recent studies, there are several risk factors identified which may arise or grow a pancreatic tumor.
These risk factors include:
Lifestyle and diet changes
Symptoms of Pancreatic Cancer:
Pancreatic Cancer is often known as silent disease and usually, a person does not observe any symptoms at an early stage. However, when cancer grows, a person may observe the following symptoms:
Pain in the upper abdomen
Problems with the bile duct and liver
Jaundice that leads to a painless yellowing of the eyes and skin and darkening of the urine.
Grey or pale fatty stool
Treatment of Pancreatic Cancer:
The treatment option totally depends upon the type of cancer, stage of cancer, a person's health status, age and other characteristics and individual's personal choices. However, in most of the cases, surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy are recommended.
These treatment options aim to provide relief from the painful symptoms and remove the cancerous cells.
If the cancerous cells are limited to only one part of the pancreas, surgery is considered as the best option. In surgery, the affected part of the pancreas is removed to restrict the cells to grow further. The surgery includes Whipple Procedure (when the head of the pancreas is affected), Distal Pancreatectomy (when the tail of the pancreas is affected), Total Pancreatectomy (when both head and tail of the pancreas is affected), and Palliative surgery (an option when it is not possible to remove cancerous cell from pancreas).
Chemotherapy is a type of medication which interferes the growth of cancerous cell process. These medications help to destroy the cells and control the spreading process. In chemotherapy, doctors introduce new drugs into the body to destroy the cancerous cell.
Radiation therapy aims to destroy cancerous cells by passing high-energy rays. It may also shrink the tumor and bound the growth of the cancer cell.
According to the American Cancer Society, there is no specific way for the prevention of Pancreatic Cancer. However, avoiding several activities, one can lower the risk of it. A few of them are as follows:
Keeping a healthy weight
Eating plenty of vegetables, fruits, and whole grains
Consuming less red meat
Manohar Parrikar was one of the top leaders who served and contributed to the development of Goa, as well as the country in his role as Defense Minister. On his demise, several leaders including Prime Minister Narendra Modi, Amit Shah, Nitin Gadkari and Rajnath Singh tweeted condolences and will be in Goa for his last rites.
What are the major causes of blood cancers in children's who are less than 18 years of age & they haven't done any smoking or alcohol?
Cervical cancer (a malignant tumor of the cervix, the lowermost part of the uterus) is one of the most preventable types of cancer. Because of the Pap smear test, the number of cervical cancer cases has actually dropped over the past 20 years. However, many women still develop cervical cancer.
While some cases of cervical cancer cannot be prevented, there are many things a woman can do to reduce her risk of developing cervical cancer.
Reduce Your Risk of Cervical Cancer:Immunotherapy
- Get a regular Pap smear. A Pap smear can be the greatest defense against cervical cancer. It can detect cervical changes early on, before they have a chance to turn into cancer.
- Limit the number of sexual partners you have. Studies have shown that women who have many sexual partners increase their risk for cervical cancer. You also increase your risk of developing HPV, which has been shown to lead to cervical cancer.
- Quit smoking or avoid secondhand smoke. Smoking cigarettes increases your risk of developing many cancers, including cervical cancer.
- If you are sexually active, use a condom. Having unprotected sex puts you at risk for HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs), which can increase your risk factor for developing cervical cancer.
- Follow up on abnormal Pap smears. If you have had an abnormal Pap smear, it is important to follow up with regular Pap smears or colposcopies, and whatever else your doctor has recommended for you. If you have been treated for cervical dysplasia, you still need to follow up with Pap smears or colposcopies.
- Get the HPV vaccine. If you are under 27, you may be eligible to receive the HPV vaccine, which prevents high risk strains of HPV in women. The vaccine is most effective when given to young women before they become sexually active.
Again, cervical cancer prevention should be a top priority for all women. Small lifestyle adjustments, combined with regular medical care, can go a long way in preventing cervical cancer.
People's daily reported that cancer has become the number one threat to human life. It is a common and frequently-occurring disease which seriously endangers the health of people. Cancer experts have pointed out that, besides the genetic factor, cancer is also highly related to the environmental factors, in which diet is one of the most important.
Relevant researches have pointed out that about one-third of the cancer diseases has something to do with the poor eating habits in daily life. With the gradual improvement of the living standards, people tend to eat more refined foods at the meal, while the intake of coarse grains and cereals is reduced. Such modern poor eating habit will lead to a series of cancers, which seriously affect the health of human body.
- First, lack of cellulose will increase the incidence of colorectal cancer.
- Second, excessive intake of high-fat, high-protein foods has become an important reason for the increasing incidence of breast cancer and colorectal cancer.
- Third, about 75% of the head and neck cancer is caused by drinking alcohol and smoking.
- Fourth, people who like to eat hard, hot, and pungent foods will easily suffer from esophageal cancer.
- Fifth, gastric cancer has something to do with too much intake of smoked foods or foods which contain nitrate, such as sausage, ham, pickles, dried salted fish and so on.
- Sixth, eating mildewed corn, peanut, rice and other foods or drinking unsanitary water will make people susceptible to liver cancer.
- Seventh, people who prefer to eat sweet and greasy foods are most likely to suffer from pancreatic cancer.
- Eighth, insufficient intake of vegetables and fruits has something to do with colorectal cancer, gastric cancer, liver cancer, breast cancer and esophageal cancer.