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Selvaraman Hospital

Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon Clinic

D-107, 1st Main Road, Anna Nagar East. Landmark: Near Chinthamani Super Market, Chennai Chennai
1 Doctor · ₹600
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Selvaraman Hospital Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon Clinic D-107, 1st Main Road, Anna Nagar East. Landmark: Near Chinthamani Super Market, Chennai Chennai
1 Doctor · ₹600
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Customer service is provided by a highly trained, professional staff who look after your comfort and care and are considerate of your time. Their focus is you....more
Customer service is provided by a highly trained, professional staff who look after your comfort and care and are considerate of your time. Their focus is you.
More about Selvaraman Hospital
Selvaraman Hospital is known for housing experienced Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeons. Dr. C.Selva Kumar, a well-reputed Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, practices in Chennai. Visit this medical health centre for Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeons recommended by 68 patients.

Timings

MON-SAT
08:30 AM - 01:00 PM 06:00 PM - 09:00 PM

Location

D-107, 1st Main Road, Anna Nagar East. Landmark: Near Chinthamani Super Market, Chennai
Anna Nagar East Chennai, Tamil Nadu
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Dr. C.Selva Kumar

Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon
600 at clinic
Available today
08:30 AM - 01:00 PM
06:00 PM - 09:00 PM
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Alopecia Areata(Patchy Hair Loss) - How Homeopathy Helps Treat It?

BHMS
Homeopath, Jaipur
Alopecia Areata(Patchy Hair Loss) - How Homeopathy Helps Treat It?

Alopecia word meaning is loss of hair and areata meaans in patches.Hence Alopecia areata means loss of hair in patches.The bald patches occur very quickly, are round or oval in shape and have sharply defined margins.The affected scalp area either looks normal or has a glossy apperence.Alopecia areata(patchyhair loss) can occur anywhere on the skin but the scalp and beard area are the most common location.

Etiology:
Alopecia areata is considered to be an auto immune problem and that can be triggered by bacterial or viral infections,severe stress,trauma to the skin,vaccinations or  exposure to any substance that caan become an antigen to the body.oftenly it is found that Alopecia areata is assoisiated with other Auto immune conditions such as vitiligo (Leucoderma),Thyroid problem,Rheumatoid Arthritis,Pernicious Anemia and Diabetes mellitus. About 40-50% of patient with Alopecia areata also have history of atopic diseases such as skin allergies,Asthma.Genetic and familial dispostion also seems to play a role in alopecia areata.
 
Complications:
If left untreated Alopecia Areata may progress further upto Alopecia totalis i.e complete loss of hair in scalp and alopecia universalis i.e complete loss of hair in scalp, eyebrows, beard and all over the body.
 
Treatment:
Conventional treatment of Alopecia areata include use of corticosteroids,application of minoxidil solution 5 % etc., but none of them prevent formation of new patches and actually curing the disease from its root cause.Homeopathic medicines selected after a full indivualization,symptoms and case analysis which includes physical and mental symptoms and constitution as well gives good and long lasting results.Homeopathic medicines commonly found useful in this conditions are phosphorus, Flouric Acid ,lycopodium, Selenium etc.
 
Along with medications some Lifestyle modifications such as practising de stressing activity  such as doing yoga and pranayam daily for 10-15 minutes, avoiding non veg items esp red meat such as pork, mutton, beef, use of green tea is also helpful. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Homeopath.

1 person found this helpful

6 Myths Debunked About Adult Acne!

MBBS, MD - Skin,VD & Leprosy
Dermatologist, Noida
6 Myths Debunked About Adult Acne!

Acne can be frustrating and annoying. A lot of unnecessary chaos can be avoided if people get the facts right.

1. Myth: Adults do not suffer from acne problems
Truth: While acne outbreaks are common amongst teenagers, adults are not spared either. In adults, the acne problems are essentially of two types; the late onset acne and the persistent acne. In many cases, it has been observed that the acne problems appear at a later period, mostly after 23 to 25 years of age (late onset acne). At other times, the unwanted acne outbreaks that mark its appearance during the teenage years linger for a longer period (persistent acne type).

2. Myth: A person's eating habits and lifestyle has no role to play in acne
Truth:
Lifestyle and eating habits can influence a person's health. Excessive intake of sweets and simple carbohydrates can worsen the acne. Stress, fatigue, lack of proper sleep, can also aggravate the already frustrating acne problem.

3. Myth: Acne results from dirty skin, with adult men and women being equally affected
Truth: The Pilosebaceous unit of the skin plays a pivotal role in acne outbreaks. The oil producing gland (Sebaceous gland) of this unit acts as the main control. Certain hormones regulate the activity and size of this gland. An increase in the size of the sebaceous gland results in an increased oil secretion. The skin pores become very sticky. These pores serve as a host, into which the acne causing bacteria, P. acnes multiples.
Adult women are more prone to acne than their male counterparts. This is because, hormonal imbalance or alterations affects adult females more. Women often suffer from acne during menstruation.

4. Myth: Acne can spread from one person to another
Truth:
More than often, acne is seen as a contagious dermatological problem. Though caused by the bacteria P. acnes, acne is not contagious. It is rather foolish to maintain a distance from the affected individual.

5. Myth: Acne is a minor problem and needs no medical intervention
Truth:
Going for self-medication can do the acne more harm than good. Acne is influenced by a number of internal as well as external factors (stress, hormonal imbalance, unhealthy lifestyle). For an effective treatment, it is important to identify the root cause. It is best to consult a dermatologist at the earliest.

6. Myth: In case of acne, the face should be frequently washed and cleansed
Truth:
Ideally, the face should be washed twice daily with a gentle cleanser. Some people get eternal pleasure in squeezing the heads of the spot. This can damage your skin beyond repair.

Do not allow acne problems to affect your self-confidence. Acne can be cured. Do not fall for the baseless myths.

1 person found this helpful

4 Ways To Treat Burns And Wounds!

FAPS (Cosmetic Surgery)-USA,, M.Ch - Plastic Surgery, MS - General Surgery, MBBS
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Delhi
4 Ways To Treat Burns And Wounds!

The branch of plastic surgery that is generally used for the treatment of burns and other wounds is known as reconstructive plastic surgery. There are numerous surgical methods that fall under this category, which is effectively used to treat these injuries and the related issues that they cause.

What are medical issues caused by burns and wounds?

Some of the most frequently occurring issues that stem from burns and similar wounds are as follows:


- Restriction of mobility

- Aesthetic disfigurement and scarring

- Loss of sensation in the affected area

The different issues are caused by varying kinds of burns and injuries and, hence, each case must be approached in a different manner for remedy.

Different kinds of plastic surgeries that are used for treatment

Depending on the nature of the injury, your plastic surgeon may opt for any of the following surgical methods for treating the problem.

1. Skin grafting

In this procedure, skin is removed from one part of the body and transplanted to the affected area. This method is used for the treatment of burns. There are two types of this surgical procedure - one removes a few layers from the dermis of the donor area (split-thickness graft) while the other removes the entire dermis (full-thickness graft). Recovery time depends on the kind of procedure used. Skin grafting is occasionally used for breast and nose reconstruction as well.

2. Microsurgery

This type of surgery makes the use of a microscope in reconstructive procedures for working on minuscule veins, arteries, and nerves for repairing damaged areas. Microsurgery is often used alongside other surgical procedures for re-attaching body parts, relieving paralysis of the face and in the reconstruction of breasts.

3. Tissue expansion

This method is used to induce the growth of extra skin on the body that can be used for reconstructive purposes. This is done by inserting a balloon expander underneath the skin that slowly gets filled with saline solution and makes the skin swell. This excess skin is then used for correction or reconstruction of the affected area.

4. Free flap procedure

This procedure involves the transfer of skin, bone, muscle and blood supply from the donor area to the damaged area for repairing purposes. Microsurgery is often performed alongside this treatment method, which is used most frequently for breast reconstruction or after the removal of cancer from the neck or head. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon.

How To Treat Hyperpigmentation?

MD - Dermatology, MBBS
Dermatologist, Pune
How To Treat Hyperpigmentation?

There would only be a handful of people who are happy with the way their skin looks. While acne and pimples are the concerns at a younger age, but with age the concerns shift to dark circles and pigmentation. Both light and dark pigments become worrisome, and one continuously looks for ways to manage them.

The skin has a pigment called melanin, which is responsible for the color; more the melanin component, darker the skin complexion. This can either decrease or increase and can affect people of any age or gender. Whether or not you will be a victim of pigmentation depends on genetics, sun exposure, skin care regime, hormonal changes (puberty, pregnancy), stress levels and hormonal changes. While hyperpigmentation is very common with old age, hypopigmentation is not very normal and it is advisable to seek medical attention to rule out more serious underlying diseases. The most common types of hyperpigmentation include:

  1. Lentigo: It is also known as multiple freckles, if caused exclusively due to sun exposure, it is called solar lentigines or dark spots or age spots.
  2. Melasma: This is caused by hormonal changes, especially during pregnancy.

Preventing hyperpigmentation:

  1. Minimizing sun damage is the first and most important step in reducing onset and severity of pigmentation. Use a sunscreen that at least has an SPF of 15 regularly. It is not just on sunny days that the sun causes damage. If you are heading out (even cloudy days), it means the sun can damage you. Avoid sun exposure as much as possible if you know you are prone to pigmentation.
  2. Regular use of scrubs and exfoliators ensures the buildup of dead cells is removed, which itself leads to hyperpigmentation in many people. For dry or sensitive skin, exfoliate 1 to 2 times a week. For oily skin, exfoliate 2 to 3 times a week. Try to avoid scrubs on acne as the abrasive effect can worsen the condition.

Treatment for Hyperpigmentation-

Pigmentation issues run in the family and if your mother and grandmother had it, it is very likely you are prone for hyperpigmentation too. In these cases, aggressive skin care routine can help improve appearance. Ensure that the skin care products used contain at least an SPF of 15 and other active ingredients like alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs). The glycolic and lactic acids are examples of AHAs, which aid in removing dead cells that form on the skin. This produces a clearer skin with lesser discoloration. Vitamin C and E and kojic acid are also effective for treating hyperpigmentation. Other dermatological treatments-

  1. Chemical Peels: Chemical Peels are a more intensive treatment used in cases of more persistent pigmentation or to hasten the lightening effects of the topical prescription products. Peels work by exfoliating the upper-most layer of your skin and the dark area with it. There are many different types of peels and they are usually solutions that the dermatologist applies to the skin.
  2. Medication: Topical treatments such as hydroquinone, azelaic acid, corticosteroids, tretinoin cream, GA, and trichloroacetic acid. Skin whitening products are used for clinical treatment of postinflammatory hyperpigmentation.

In addition to these, ensure you eat a healthy diet with loads of fresh fruits and vegetables, stay hydrated, reduce sun exposure, and you surely will have be able to deal with pigmentation. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Dermatologist.

3 people found this helpful

Losing Too Much Hair? Here's What You Can Do!

MBBS
General Physician,
Losing Too Much Hair? Here's What You Can Do!

Luscious, healthy hair is undoubtedly one of the most prominent feature that adds charm to your personality. However, a minor or severe form of physical or mental stress and related problems can adversely affect your hair health and growth pattern.

Are you losing too many hair strands in a day?

If yes, then tentatively, how many?

If the number is about 100, then you need not worry, however, if it is beyond 100 you need to get cautious.

On an average, an adult has 100,000 to 150,000 hair and each hair follicle has its own life cycle, and traverses through three phases during its growth phase; anagen (active hair growth takes place), catagen (transitional hair growth), and telogen (resting phase after which the hair sheds off). Hair fall is a normal physiological process in which the hair completes its life cycle and sheds off. However, excessive hair fall is a health concern that needs thorough evaluation and treatment.

Have you heard of telogen effluvium?

Telogen effluvium (TE) also called as hair loss is a common dermatological condition which causes increased shedding of hair. This happens when there is a premature arrest of the growth of hair follicles and these follicles enter into the telogen phase (resting) followed by diffuse thinning of hair on the scalp. In most cases, the hair thins on the top of the scalp compared to the sides and back of the scalp. The hair loss is temporary and the hair soon recovers.

How common is telogen effluvium in India?

Studies suggest that TE is amongst the most common cause of hair loss. It can occur in both males and females. However, it is found to be more common in females.

 

What are the common causes of telogen effluvium?

Common causes of TE include certain medical condition, stress, pregnancy, crash dieting, nutritional deficiencies, intake of certain medicines, and physical trauma.

A common cause of hair loss in the Indian population is diet. A major proportion of the Indian population consumes a diet lacking essential amino acids, vitamins, and minerals, predisposing the population to this condition. It, therefore, becomes more important to include vital minerals such as zinc, amino acids (such as L-lysine), and vitamins (such as B6 and B12) to your daily diet or to take supplements available in the market.

Are Indians at an increased risk of nutritional deficiencies?

Yes, Indians are at an increased risk of nutritional deficiencies. Several research studies conducted in the past outline a direct association of nutritional deficiencies with hair loss.

In fact, according to a clinical survey published in Indian Medical Gazette, 9 out of 10 people in the country are unable to consume adequate amount of proteins. Working population settled in urban areas have been found to be most commonly affected by protein deficiencies.

How can you ensure healthy and luscious hair?

Simple 7 steps to healthy hair

Volumes of literature support the need for adding nutritional supplements to the diet to avert the occurrence of hair fall. Often TE gets better once the trigger for the condition is taken care of. However, if in case it persists make sure you consult a medical professional at the earliest.

Step 1: It’s all about what you eat (have a BALANCED DIET!!!)

  • Considering the fact, that a major part of the Indian population are green eaters and they often run short of essential nutrients, one needs to make a conscious effort to have a balanced and nutrient rich diet.
  • Add green leafy vegetables that are an abundant source of iron, zinc, and other vitamins and minerals that are essential for healthy hair growth. Add PROTEIN to your diet. Include milk products, soya products, nuts, fish, lean meat seeds, sprouts, and cereals to your daily diet.
  • Opt for foods packed with vitamin E, like almonds, walnuts, or strawberries which improve scalp circulation, as well as vitamin C-rich foods like broccoli, tomatoes, and other citrus fruits.

Step 2: Massage your scalp regularly

Massage has been found to improve the blood circulation to the hair follicles and stimulates hair growth. Try essential oils such as olive oil, castor oil, rosemary oil, and coconut oil to massage your scalp. Warm oil helps penetrate the scalp more effectively. You can also apply hair serums that are enriched with nutrients that nourish the hair and keep it healthy.

Step 3: Choose your SHAMPOO wisely

Watch out for harsh chemicals like parabens, lauryl sulfate, and sodium chloride. Parabens which are used as preservatives in shampoos can mimic as estrogens which lead to hair loss. Lauryl sulfate, an anionic surfactant used in many cleaning and hygiene products, also cause hair fall. You can also apply certain over-the-counter products that help in better penetration of anti-hair fall medications and enhance their action.

Step 4: Get sufficient Vitamin D (Don’t hide from the sun)

Little do we realize that sunlight actually plays a critical role in promoting hair growth. Sunlight helps you get your daily dose of Vitamin D which is helpful in managing hair fall, so don’t hide from it!

Step 5: Say NO to stress

Stress is amongst the key factors governing a happier and healthier you. So, make sure it does not serve as a roadblock in your health.

Eat healthy and bring in basic lifestyle changes in your day to day life to avert the chances of triggered hair fall.

Step 6: Go for hair growth supplements

-Keratin makes up most of our hair strands and amino acids such as cysteine, lysine, arginine, and methionine play a critical role in the formation of the hair strands. The market is loaded with several supplements (oral and topical) that help to provide the hair with essential nutrients and vitamins. You can choose to pick supplements that are a source of vital minerals and vitamins essential for hair growth.

Step 7: Seek help from a dermatologist/ trichologist

  • In case your hair fall tends to worsen or does not improve with dietary and lifestyle changes, it is best to consult a dermatologist. He/she will examine your scalp and may suggest certain tests to rule out any underlying cause of hair fall. He/she may also prescribe some topical or oral medications and supplements to help manage hair fall better.
  • So, go ahead and try these simple and effective everyday tips to ensure that your hair stays healthy and strong.
2 people found this helpful

Home remedies for Dark Spots on your face!

DHMS (Diploma in Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery)
Homeopath, Delhi
Home remedies for Dark Spots on your face!

Dark spots may occur due to acne,

Allergies, injuries or excess production of melanin which in turn is the result of ageing, excess exposure to the sun or genetic factors. Dark spots are embarrassing especially when you have them on the visible parts of your body like your face and arms.

Home remedies are the most economic and effective way to treat dark spots. They also give you a glowing and a younger looking skin.

Home Remedies for Black Spots on Your Face

1. Buttermilk

Take 4 tbsp of buttermilk and 2 tbsp of tomato juice and then mix well.

Apply the liquid and then wash your face. Both have bleaching properties and it remove these dark spots very easily. The black spots on face do not look good. Therefore, apply this method to look clean and clear.

2. Almonds

Soak 10 almonds in a bowl of milk and keep overnight.

You must ground the almonds after you peel the skin. Also, add 1 tbsp of sandalwood powder and ½ tbsp honey. Make a fine paste and apply on the face. Keep it for 30 minutes and then you must wash it off.

3. Oats

For skin exfoliation, the oatmeal powder is just best.

You can apply this oatmeal mask and remove all the patchiness from your face. Take some oats and grind and then add 3 tbsp lemon juice to make the paste. Scrub it on the face and then wash with warm water.

4. Potato

You can place the potato slice on the dark spots and keep them for a few minutes.

Then, you must wash your face with lukewarm water. Grate the potato and mix with honey and then apply on the face. It will definitely show you the bright result.

5. Aloe Vera

It has many medicinal properties and you can remove all the dark spots from the face.

Apply the Aloe Vera gel directly on the face, massage slowly and then sees the beneficial result. Now, you know how to remove dark spots with the help of Aloe Vera and witness the beneficial result.

6. Turmeric

It is a single item which is effective for all types of problems.

It can reduce sun spots, dark spots and patchiness from the skin. Take some milk, lemon juice and turmeric. Apply the paste on the spots and keep it for a few minutes and then wash it nicely.


Some dark spots are very hard to remove and you can consult with a dermatologist to get the desired result.

6 people found this helpful

I am loosing all of my hairs. I tried all shampoos but there are no effects of shampoos. So what can I do?

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Pune
I am loosing all of my hairs. I tried all shampoos but there are no effects of shampoos. So what can I do?
Shampoos is not treatment for prevention of hair loss correction in diet and internal medications will work hair loss causes are stress tension worry to family histroy of hair loss wrong eating habits previous illness effect etc apply coconut oil for nutrition of hairs on hairs and hair roots avoid overusage of shampoos dyes conditionars etc on hairs avoid overeating of salt salty spicy diet provide details in private chat for correction in diet medications etc.
1 person found this helpful
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What is the reason of pimple on face. I used many type of medicine but problem is still.

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Bangalore
What is the reason of pimple on face. I used many type of medicine but problem is still.
Hello there. Excessive secretion of sebum through sweat glands leads to pimples. Keep your face dry. Drink water regularly. Avoid any chemicals on your face. Use Avipathi choorna 1 tsp at night with warm water.
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I am having very severe hair fall problem and along with this hair fall my hairs have got whiten also. Please suggest or provide some really promising solution to this problem. I want black thick and dense hairs. Please recommend any shampoo if there is any promising shampoo and hair oil as well.

MBBS, MD - Dermatology , Venereology & Leprosy
Dermatologist, Mumbai
I am having very severe hair fall problem and along with this hair fall my hairs have got whiten also. Please suggest...
You may be suffering from androgenic alopecia which is also called as pattern baldness. The hairs start reducing in density at the crown (top) and also the hairline starts refeeding from the front. This is usually progressive throughout life unless treated. This may also be accompanied by severe dandruff. The FDA approved treatment for this condition is a lotion and tablets. There is no other alternative. No oil or cream will magically work because the hairs are getting miniaturised and eventually disappearing due to the hormonal effects on the hair roots. Along with this, you can also consider platelet rich plasma therapy for faster results. Please call me or contact me with photos using online consult option for proper examination and treatment. Do not start treatment without consulting. I can give guidance and then you can continue treatment on your own.
2 people found this helpful
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I use panderm plus cream so when I go out it makes by skin dark even I apply sunscreen I want to leave dis cream how to overcome dis problem.

MBBS, MD - Dermatology , Venereology & Leprosy
Dermatologist, Mumbai
I use panderm plus cream so when I go out it makes by skin dark even I apply sunscreen I want to leave dis cream how ...
Please stop using panderm plus cream as it contains strong steroids which can serious side effects in the long run. Steroid induced acne, photosensitivity, rosacea, atrophy, stretch marks, pigmentation, dryness etc to name a few side effects. Please don't use any such Steroid containing fairness creams. You will require treatment to slowly put you off this cream by using some substitute as the skin becomes addicted to the steroid. Hence you are facing such a problem. Please call me or send photos through online consult option for proper examination and treatment.
1 person found this helpful
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I have pimples black spot on my face I have use many creams but no result please help me for that.

MD - Dermatology , Venereology & Leprosy
Dermatologist, Delhi
I have pimples black spot on my face I have use many creams but no result please help me for that.
Pimple spots over back take long time to go. Medicines helps to treat them fast. Otherwise chemical peels can also be done.
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Do's And Don'ts Of Sunscreen!

MBBS, MD - Dermatology , Venereology & Leprosy, FRGUHS
Dermatologist, Bangalore
Do's And Don'ts Of Sunscreen!

The sunscreen acts as a layer of defense against sun radiation and keeps it from causing any damage. It is tremendously important to stress upon the importance of using sunscreen. Using a sunscreen every time you step outdoors and using it correctly is of vital importance to have healthy skin. No sunscreen provides absolute protection from the harmful rays of the sun, but using the right product in the right way will take you far in shielding yourself from their harshness.

Two important facts about sunscreen are:

  1. You don't need to apply sunscreen if your makeup contains SPF - If any of your makeup products like foundation or powder contains SPF, do not assume that it can replace your sunscreen. Makeup containing SPF cannot protect your skin entirely as cosmetics are generally applied lightly and mostly doesn't cover places like T-zones, earlobes or hairline. To fully shield your skin from the sunrays, it's necessary to apply sunscreen or moisturizer with at least SPF 30 before putting makeup on. It is advisable to apply the sunscreen half an hour before stepping out for maximum benefit.
  2. You do not need to apply sunscreen in winters or when you are indoors - Winter skin is relatively more sensitive than summer skin which is tanned. If one is in hilly areas or snow covered regions there is reflection of UV light from the snow that causes more skin damage. Also glass can allow UV rays to pass through and indoor lighting can also be a source of UV exposure, therefore you should apply sunscreen even when you are indoors.

Following are the do's and don'ts you need to follow before you apply sunscreen:

  1. Do: Choose a sunscreen that is, at least, SPF 30+: That is the minimum protection that your skin requires. And if you must stay outdoors for an extended period of time, opt for a product with a higher SPF rating.
  2. Do: Apply sunscreen 15-30 minutes before going outdoors: For the product to be most effective, it needs to be fully absorbed by the skin before exposure to the sun; the reason why applying approximately 30 minutes before you step out of home is a must.
  3. Don't: Apply sunscreen only on the face: Make sure you apply it to every part of your body, especially the hands, forearms, thighs and ears, which are commonly exposed to the sun. Not only are these more prone to skin ageing, but the risk of melanoma (skin cancer) is also tremendously high in these portions of the body.
3 people found this helpful

Acne And Its Causes!

DNB, MD, MBBS
Dermatologist, Bangalore
Acne And Its Causes!

Acne is an inflammatory skin disorder which is prevalent in both males and females. When the sebaceous glands present on skin produce excessive sebum, the hair follicles present on skin get clogged leading to the formation of acne.

Acne can be triggered by a number of factors. Here are some of the common triggers for acne:

  1. Genetics: If one or both parents have acne, their children have high chances of suffering from it as well. Genes influence the sensitivity of your skin towards hormones such as androgens and progesterone that trigger acne. They also influence the production of anti inflammatory chemicals in the skin and skin's response to bacteria.
  2. Stress: The severity of acne can be correlated to the levels of stress a person is facing. While scientists are yet to figure the exact relationship between stress and acne; it is known that the cells that produce sebum or oil also act as stress receptors. Studies suggest that when a person is under stress, these cells produce excessive sebum that clogs pores on the skin leading to pimples.
  3. Hormones: Hormones play an important role in skin health especially when it comes to women. Androgens or the male hormones present in both men and women, trigger acne by over stimulating the oil glands. Women may also see an increase in pimples during menstruation. This is due to the fluctuating levels of progesterone that stimulate the production of sebum.
  4. Medication: Acne is one of the side effects to a few types of medication such as corticosteroids and anticonvulsants. However, this is not seen very often. On the other hand, drugs that contain hormones such as androgenic steroids almost always cause an acne breakout. Treatment for acne depends on the severity of the condition and its persistence. Mild cases can be easily treated with over the counter medication, but if your acne is severe and not affected by these medications, it best to consult a dermatologist.
5 people found this helpful

Mesotherapy - The New Beauty Cure!

MD - Dermatology , Venereology & Leprosy, MBBS
Dermatologist, Delhi
Mesotherapy - The New Beauty Cure!

Is your receding hairline, sagging double chin, puffy dark circles or ugly cellulite giving you hard time? Try Mesotherapy, the latest technique that can keep you young and beautiful for longer!The non-surgical cosmetic resolution that is introduced into the layer of fat and tissue underneath the skin is called mesoderm. Administered through several injections that contain various types of FDA approved medicines, plant extracts, vitamins and minerals, the content of injection mixture depends on the specific area that is to be treated. The therapy nourishes and promotes the production of collagen, elastin, and boosts your metabolism. So, what beauty treatments can be given using this latest therapy? Let’s take a look.

Reduction of Cellulite
Cellulite is a common problem amongst women that is caused due to poor circulation, weakening of tissues and hormonal imbalance. Mesotherapy aims to resolve the problem of cellulite by strengthening the connective tissues and dissolving excess fat.

Body Contouring
Shape up the parts of your body like abdomen, legs, flabby arms and any other part of the body that can be contoured with this treatment. Fat dissolving medicines are injected in the particular area to enable greater circulation and break down of energy. It also tightens the skin and prevents sagging, making you look younger.

Hair Loss
Mesotherapy is an effective hair loss treatment that not just improves hair loss, but also promotes thicker hair growth. Using a specialized formulation, your scalp is given a natural boost of vitamins that boost blood circulation and also incite the hair follicles with greater nourishment.

Rejuvenation of Face
Gift yourselves a facelift with Mesotherapy. With aging, you facial skin is devoid of its supply of oxygen and essential nutrients. As a result, more toxins get accumulated and drive premature aging causing the skin to let loose with a dull appearance. With the corrective treatment of mesotherapy, the skin is replenished with its nutrients. It cures wrinkles, aging lines, frown lines, sagging skin on the neck and chin.Also pigmentation and discolouration problems of dark circles, sun damage are effectively treated with mesotherapy.

Good to know:

Duration-
The duration of the treatment varies with the type of concern and the area of a treatment. Cellulite reduction for smaller areas takes roughly 8-10 sittings that can be around 20-30 minutes long. A facial rejuvenation can take around 4-5 sittings.

Side-effects
It is a relatively painless procedure and the patient can walk out, a few moments after the treatment is done, and most importantly, it does not cause any scarring. However, side-effects like reddening, swelling and light bruising on the skin can be seen in some cases. But these can also be the after-effectsthat tend to subside after few days.Needless to say, Mesotherapy is rising as the most simple and non-surgical cosmetic procedure with effective results. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Dermatologist.

Sir/madam I have some kind of hard white skin growing on the tip of my foreskin and top of my penis head. I am not in a sexual relationship. It isn't itchy or sore, but obviously isn't very pleasant.

MBBS
Sexologist, Panchkula
Sir/madam
I have some kind of hard white skin growing on the tip of my foreskin and top of my penis head.
I am not in...
You have hard, white skin growing on the tip of foreskin and top of penis head. There is no itching or pain. I advise you to upload the photos of affected part showing the white skin, for better guidance and proper treatment.
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I have pimple problem and taking treatment for it. Doctor have prescribed HHLite cream and kojiglo forte cream. I am using it from more than one month. It gave me amazing change in my skin but once I stopped using it my face became darker in the shade I used the cream? When I goes out of my home feels irritation of face and becomes red skin. Please help me to get out of this problem.

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS), Post-Graduate Certificate in KAYACHIKITSA
Ayurveda, Beed
I have pimple problem and taking treatment for it. Doctor have prescribed HHLite cream and kojiglo forte cream. I am ...
Dear Mr. lybrate-user, you can avoid excessive intake bof oily and spicy stuffs ,as it may cause pimples, also you can prefer to ayurvedic medicenes, you may get benefited through our special ayurvedic anti pimple package of three month use this for complete eradication of pimples.
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Common Foot Problems Which Require Surgery

MS - General Surgery, MBBS
General Surgeon, Udaipur
Common Foot Problems Which Require Surgery

Foot problems are common among all people. Some foot problems are minor while some are severe and require immediate medical attention or surgery for treatment.

Here are some common foot problems, which require surgery:

  1. Bunions: These are bony lumps, which develop on the side of a foot and also at the base of the big toe. Bunions occur due to a condition called hallux valgus. This causes the big toe joint to bend in the direction of the other toes, resulting in deformity. This condition requires surgical correction. The surgery required is known as osteotomy, and it involves the straightening of the big toe and metatarsals.
  2. Hammertoes: Hallux valgus may result in your other toes being clawed or bent permanently. This condition is called hammer toes.

The damage can be eased by:

  1. Arthroplasty: It involves the removal of a deformed joint between the toe bones, resulting in joint flexibility.
  2. Arthrodesis: This process fuses the phalange and makes the toe stable.
  3. Metatarsal surgery: In some cases, the forefoot joints may get damaged due to the inflammation of the joint lining or synovitis, which results in arthritis. These joints are called metatarsophalangeal joints and they can get dislocated due to arthritis damage. Pain and discomfort are felt. Surgery is required when the symptoms are very severe and other treatments fail. The nature of surgery depends on the severity. The most common surgery is done on the big toe to remove the heads of the metatarsophalangeal joints.
  4. Ankle arthritis: This condition occurs because of osteoarthritis. The cartilages, which cover the ends of the bones roughen and get thin, which further thicken the bone underneath. It also results because of other rheumatic conditions. Pain and swelling is caused with an occasional joint deformity. Surgery may be required when the symptoms are very severe. The three major surgical options for treating ankle arthritis are ankle fusion, triple fusion and ankle replacement.
  5. Achilles tendon disorders: The Achilles tendon accounts for being the largest body tendon and great force is put through it when moving the lower leg muscles. This wears down with old age and causes swellings within the tendon accompanied by pain. Sometimes, surgery is required for fixing this condition.
  6. Morton's neuroma: This is a painful condition in which a nerve that gives sensation or feelings to the nearby toes is affected. The nerves are affected in the third and fourth toes. In case the symptoms are severe, a surgery is required.

Foot problems are prevalent in many people and they may occur due to various conditions or reasons. In case of severe symptoms, some foot problems require surgery for treatment. The most appropriate surgical method should be undertaken.

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I am 21 years old female and my breast are too small as compare to my friends. I looks too embarrassing for me! What I do please give some advice.

American Board of Plastic Surgery, , American Board Of General Surgery, MS - Dermatology, M.B.B.S
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Delhi
Dear Ms. lybrate-user, The best procedure to enlarge your breasts would be with Breast Implants, This is still the most predictable procedure for breast enhancement and most patients have no problems with breast feeding or nipple sensation (there is of course a slight possibility of problems as with any procedure) You can also have augmentation with your own fat if you are looking for a 1 cup size increase in the breast volume. Please find a Board Certified Plastic Surgeon in your area who can examine you and offer different options. Regards,
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My skin doctor suggest me adapalene n clindamycin for discoloration n acne please tell me this How can I use long This is dangerous like steroid.

BHMS
Homeopath, Secunderabad
My skin doctor suggest me adapalene n clindamycin for discoloration n acne please tell me this How can I use long Thi...
It should not be used for long term. Do not take any antibiotics without a proper prescription. Avoid steroids and antibiotics for minor problems. You can also safely use Homeopathy for acne or for any other recurrent/chronic complaints. You can contact me for further details about Homeopathy.
2 people found this helpful
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How Menopause Affects Your Breasts?

MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology, DGO, MBBS, MCPS
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
How Menopause Affects Your Breasts?

Menopause is a natural change in a female body that occurs after or around the age of 45, when the ability to bear children stops permanently. The fertility diminishes and the menstrual cycle stops. A decrease in hormone production, especially in the levels of estrogen, happens after the onset of menopausal years.

During this time, there are a number of physical changes that take place inside the woman’s body. The noticeable changes happen in the female breasts.

Some visible changes to breasts during menopause

  1. Non-cyclical breast pain is mostly not related to menstrual cycle and slowly stops with time.

  2. Loss of glandular tissues is common and causes shrinkage in size.

  3. With age, the connective tissues also lose elasticity and causes sagging

  4. Breast pain could also be due to fibrocystic breast changes

  5. There could be a chance of developing breast cancer

  6. Density of the glands decreases inside the breasts and fat develops.

It is advisable to get any kind of discomfort examined by the doctor to make sure you are in the safe zone. Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) is not generally advised as it may create hormonal issues in the long run.

It is also important to follow a healthy diet comprising of protein, calcium , magnesium and other vital nutrients as advised by your doctor. Reduction in smoking and alcohol intake is highly beneficial and cuts down risk of major diseases. It is also necessary to exercise, remain physically active and maintain a healthy body weight during this time.

Regular check-ups, mammograms and self-examination of breasts help to diagnose and detect early signs of breast tumours and cancer and are highly recommended, especially for women who are in the perimenopausal and menopausal years. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Gynaecologist.

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