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Knee Pain Treatment
Spinal Surgery Disorders
Treatment of Neurological Problems
Treatment of Knee replacement
Treatment of Joint And Muscle Problems
Treatment of Nerve And Muscle Disorders
Acl Reconstruction Procedure
Hip Replacement Surgery
Joint Dislocation Treatment
Knee Care Procedures
Joint Replacement Surgery
Ankle Pain Treatment
Treatment of Spondylosis
Arthritis And Pain Management Treatment
Treatment of Joint Dislocation
Treatment Of Disk Slip
Treatment Of Herniated Disc
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In Ayurveda, joint pain is known as 'Sandhigata Vata'. Arthritis and Joint pain are among the most prevalent problems faced by adults, mostly old people. As per ayurveda, 'vata Dosha' Is responsible for joint pains and other discomforts associated with it. Natural remedies and proper lifestyle techniques can be utilized to balance the 'vata' to lessen the occurrence and severity of joint pain. Factors including,old age, obesity, injury and strenuous physical activities (that require a lot of joint movements) are responsible for disturbing the balance of your 'vata'.
1. Massage therapy - Warm coconut, castor, mustard, olive or garlic oil can be utilized to massage the affected areas to lessen the intensity of pain. If you massage the affected joints with natural oils, it improves blood circulation and relaxes the swelling and stiffness in the region.
2. Hot And Cold Compress - Cold and hot compresses can be utilized to ease your joint pain effectively. Heat compression decreases the pain, increases the blood circulation and relaxes the swollen joints and muscles. On the other hand, cold therapy lessens the inflammation of the affected joint. Place hot and cold towel alternatively on the affected area to achieve immediate relief from persistent pain.
3. Fenugreek - Ingest a teaspoon of ground fenugreek seeds and drink a glass of lukewarm water. Fenugreek has anti inflammatory and antioxidant properties that make it effective for joint pains.Follow this remedy every morning on a regular basis to achieve optimal results.
4. Turmeric - Add a pinch of turmeric and a teaspoon of honey in a glass of lukewarm water and drink this solution on a regular basis for a week. Turmeric contains anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties, which makes it an excellent remedy for treating joint pains.
5. Apple cider vinegar - Add 2 teaspoons of apple cider vinegar and a little honey to a cup of lukewarm water. Drink this solution twice daily, before your meals. Apple cider vinegar has alkalizing effect, which makes it an effective remedy to remove the toxins that are responsible for causing joint pain.
6. Healthy diet - A balanced diet that comprises a lot of green leafy vegetables and fresh seasonal fruits is good for your joints. The uncontrolled intake of fatty food, dairy products, and high sodium diet must be avoided in order to avoid arthritis and joint pain.
Whether you are an athlete or a ballet dancer, you will appreciate the importance of having a stable kneecap. Medically known as the patella, the kneecap is a triangular bone that connects the upper thigh to the lower half of the leg. It sits in a groove in the bottom of the femur (thigh bone). When the leg is bent, it stays within the groove. When the leg is extended, it provides support to the quadriceps muscles.
That being the case, a dislocation of the kneecap is a very common injury. Subluxation is a state where there is partial movement of the kneecap out of its position, thereby making the patient’s kneecap unstable. When it completely moves out of its place, it is known as dislocation. Whether you fall on your knees during a sport or have a fall from a bike or get injured during dance or aerobics, it is common to have a dislocated kneecap. Some people are prone to repeated dislocations.
The initial injury is very painful and there might also be damage to the surrounding structures. Other symptoms include:
Buckling of the knee, where your legs cannot support your body weight
Sliding of the kneecap to a side
Catching of the knee in the groove when trying to move it
Pain in the front of the kneecap with any activity
Painful while sitting
Swelling and/or stiffness of the knee joint
Crackling/creaking sound when trying to move the knee joint
Inability to straighten the leg
Though these sound scary, the good news is that in 90% of the cases, the knee returns to its position spontaneously. However, putting it back into its place is a simple and safe procedure and can be done by almost any seasoned medical practitioner. The first step is to confirm that the kneecap is indeed dislocated. This can be done by a combination of physical exercise and x-ray. If required, MRI can be used, but it is not required in most cases. Initial treatment would include the following steps in sequence:
Immobilizing the knee with splint by keeping the leg in a straightened position.
Calling for medical assistance immediately. They can replace the knee back in its position carefully (reduction). An injured kneecap can cause what is known as foot drop by putting pressure on the peroneal nerve. The toes drag on the ground, making it difficult for you to walk.
Use ice in the affected area for 15 to 20 minutes, and repeat after three to four hours throughout the day to reduce pain and swelling.
Surgical correction may not be required, if there is a damage to the ligament.
- Flat femur and/or tissue laxity can cause repeated dislocations, where physiotherapy and strengthening exercises are useful.
Arthritis is inflammation of one or more of your joints. Pain, swelling, and stiffness are the primary symptoms of arthritis. Any joint in the body may be affected by the disease, but it is particularly common in the knee.
Knee arthritis can make it hard to do many everyday activities, such as walking or climbing stairs. It is a major cause of lost work time and a serious disability for many people. There are 2 types of arthritis the knee joint in the human body can get afflicted with. They are:
Osteoarthritis: The form of arthritis which, with increasing pain, slowly wears down the joint cartilages is called osteoarthritis. This form of arthritis usually affects people after the age 40. The symptoms of osteoarthritis include:
severe pain in the knee joints
pain after walking up the stairs and it subsiding once you are on rest
severe pain after the movement of joints for a long time
pain that becomes worse in rainy days
joints becoming stiff after waking up in the morning but they improve in the latter part of the day
pain which also occurs in the thighs and the genital regions coupled with joints swelling and joints getting stiff after rest.
Rheumatoid Arthritis: Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic form of arthritis caused because of the knee joint inflammations. This form of arthritis can occur at any age. Being an auto-immune disease, its symptoms include, but are not limited to:
severe pain in the morning
mild fever accompanying the pain
joints suddenly becoming swollen, red and warm causing, immense pain
sudden stiffness of the joints
pain that increases in cold weather
mild fever, extreme tiredness and weakening of the muscles
Doctors are still doubtful about what exactly causes the disease; but the deformation of the immune system might cause the damage of the joints, causing people who are already suffering from obesity, smokers, and women, in general, more prone to this disease.
When the knee pain is diagnosed as a form of arthritis, the following treatments are suggested:
If you are overweight or obese, losing some of those extra pounds can go a long way in reducing the pain.
Muscle-stretching exercises are effective in keeping the knee joints flexible.
Acupuncture and devices such as knee braces and knee caps can relieve the pain.
Prescribed dosage of anti-inflammatory drugs such as Tylenol, Motrin, and Advil or injections of hyaluronic acid might relieve your pain.
- If regular treatments do not work, you might opt for knee-replacement surgery and osteotomy (the process of cutting a bone with the help of surgery) which might better the alignment of the knee by transforming the bone shapes.
Physiotherapy For Knee Arthritis
Physiotherapy treatment is aimed at improving the symptoms of the disease (i.e. knee pain, swelling, stiffness), and you should begin to notice a positive difference within one or a few physiotherapy sessions.
The main goals of physiotherapy for your knee arthritis are:
- Reduce your knee pain and inflammation.
- Normalise your knee joint range of motion.
- Strengthen your knee: esp quadriceps (esp VMO) and hamstrings.
- Strengthen your lower limb: calves, hip and pelvis muscles.
- Improve your patellofemoral (knee cap) alignment and function.
- Normalise your muscle lengths.
- Improve your proprioception, agility and balance.
- Improve your technique and function eg walking, squatting.
A neck strain and sprain is not a serious injury. However, they can still cause significant dysfunction and pain.
Causes of Neck Strain
The anatomy of the cervical spine is such that it not only houses, but also protects the spinal cord. Along with this it supports the head and allows it for mobility and motion. But this area, which allows the spine to be flexible can also leave it vulnerable for injury.
Triggers for the onset of neck muscle strain can be:
1. Too much time spent in an uncomfortable position, such as humping over the steering wheel while driving, bending over the computer monitor, talking on the phone while placing it in the crook of the neck.
2. Sleeping on a very high or too firm pillow can lead to an uncomfortable position of the head thus leading to the strain of the neck
3. Carrying heavy objects on one side of the body
4. Any trauma that might have impacted the neck, such as an accident, whiplash or a fall that might have had a head landing
Most events of a neck muscle strain or the soft tissue sprain, such as the tendons and ligaments lead to stiff neck along with pain in shoulders. There is also pain and difficulty in moving the neck or head.
Minor strains in the tendons, ligaments and muscles of the neck usually heal within a day or two. But till the symptoms subside, there are a few self care remedies that are effective in reducing the stiffness and pain. These are:
1. Application of cold or ice packs: The cold reduces the inflammation, which in turn allows the strain to heal. This ice pack should be applied for 20 minutes interval in the first 24 hours.
2. Application of heat: Heat helps in bringing the nutrient rich blood to the affected area in order to stimulate a healing response. Moist heat as well as heat from a hot shower or bath can be used. Some people might find relief from applying heat wraps such as thermacare.
3. Over-the-counter or OTC medications: Anti-inflammatory medication, such as naproxen and ibuprofen reduces inflammation, thereby leading to the reduction in pain. Pain relieving medicines such as acetaminophen can also be taken as this reduces the perception of pain.
4. Massage of the affected area: A gentle massage in the affected area helps in stimulating the blood flow of the area which in turn helps in a quick healing.
आज का वक्त बहुत बदल गया है. हर किसी को हर चीज़ अच्छी चाहिए जैसे अच्छी तनख्वाह, अच्छा घर, लक्सरी लाइफ आदि. यह सब पाने की होड़ में लोग संघर्ष में लगे है. उन्नति हासिल करने के लिए दिन रात मेहनत में लगे है. इस लगातार किये जाने वाली मेहनत से हमें हर चीज़ तो बेहतर मिल रही है लेकिन यह हमारे स्वास्थ्य पर मानसिक, शारीरिक और भावनात्मक तौर पर गलत असर डाल रही है. हमारी इच्छाओं के चलते हम स्वयं को ज़रूरत से ज़्यादा तनावग्रस्त कर लेते हैं व शरीर को दिन रात काम करने वाली एक मशीन समझ लेते है. इस कड़ी मेहनत के चलते अति सामान्य रोग जो हम सभी को प्रभावित करता है, वह है गर्दन का दर्द. गर्दन का दर्द को चिकित्सा शब्दावली में ‘सर्विकालजिया’ कहा जाता हैं. यह दर्द लंबे अंतराल तक निरंतर एक ही मुद्रा में बैठे रहने, या पूरी रात ठीक से न सोने और कम व्यायाम करने के कारण होता है. कंप्यूटर पर काम करने वालो को यह समस्या बहुत ज्यादा होती है. इन लोगो को गर्दन और कंधे दोनों में दर्द होता रहता है.
मॉडर्न साइंस में सर्वाइकल स्पौण्डिलाइटिस का उपचार फिजियोथेरेपी और पेनकिलर टैबलेट हैं. इन तरीको से शीघ्र राहत तो मिल जाता है, लेकिन यह केवल अस्थायी राहत है. यदि इस समस्या का कोई स्थाई समाधान है तो वो है योग. योग इस बीमारी को जड़ से ठीक कर देता है. किन्तु एकदम से कठिन योग का अभ्यास करना सही नहीं है. कठिन योग करने से पहले कुछ आसान योग करने चाहिए. दरहसल हल्के फुल्के योग करने से धीरे-धीरे शरीर में लचक आ जाती है और कठिन योग के लिए शरीर तैयार हो जाता है. योग का एक सामान्य नियम यहीं है कि योग शुरू करते समय कुछ हलके फुल्के आसन करने चाहिए. इन हलके फुल्के आसनो से शरीर में उर्जा का संचार होता है और हमारा शरीर भी कठिन योगों के लिए तैयार होता है. यदि हम हल्के फुल्के आसन की जगह सीधे कठिन आसन शुरू करते है तो किसी प्रकार की परेशानियां भी आ सकती हैं.
* ग्रीवा संचालन
ग्रीवा संचालन आसन के अभ्यास से गर्दन से सम्बन्धित कई परेशानियों में लाभ मिलता है. जो लोगों को लम्बे समय तक गर्दन को एक ही स्थिति में रखकर काम करना होता है, उन्हें यह आसन जरूर करना चाहिए. इस आसन को आराम की मुद्रा में बैठकर किया जाता है. इस योग के दौरान गर्दन के मूवमेंट के अनुसार श्वास प्रश्वास करना चाहिए. इस योग क्रिया में श्वसन पर भी नियंत्रण करने का अभ्यास किया जा सकता है. ग्रीवा संचालन का नियमित अभ्यास करने से चेहरे पर कांति आती है और गर्दन सुडौल होती है. यह तनाव कम करता है और साथ ही शरीर के ऊपरी हिस्से को आराम और सुकून देता है. शारारिक तनाव के अलावा यह मानसिक तनाव भी कम करता है. योग में बल की जरूरत नहीं होती है इसलिए ग्रीवा संचालन के दौरान गर्दन को अनावश्य रूप से तानना नहीं चाहिए.
* बालासन योग मुद्रा
बालासन योग मुद्रा का अभ्यास करने से गर्दन और पीठ के दर्द से निजाद मिलती है. इस आसन को करने के लिए सबसे पहले फर्श पर घुटने के बल बैठ जाएँ. इसके पश्चात सिर को ज़मीन से लगाएं. फिर अपने हाथों को सिर से लगाकर आगे की ओर सीधा रखें और आपकी हथेलिया जमीं से छूती हुई होना चाहिए. अब अपने हिप्स को ऐड़ियों की ओर ले जाते हुए बहार की और सांस छोड़े. इस अवस्था में कम से 15 सेकेण्ड से 1 मिनट तक रहें. यह आसन का अभ्यास आपके कूल्हों, जांघों और पिंडलियों को लचीला भी बनाता है. यह आपके मन को शांत भी करता है.
* मत्स्यासन – फिश पोज़
मत्स्यासन करने के लिए सर्वप्रथम किसी समतल जगह पर चादर बिछाकर पीठ के बल लेट जाएं. अब अपनी कुहनियों के सहारे सर तथा धड़ के भाग को जमीन पर रखें. अब इस स्थिति में पीठ का ऊपरी हिस्सा तथा गर्दन जमीन से ऊपर की और उठाए. हाथों को सीधा कर पेट पर रख लें. इस स्थिति में जितनी देर आसानी से रुक सकते हैं रुकें. फिर वापस पूर्व स्थिति में आ जाएं.
* विपरीत कर्णी आसन
विपरीत कर्णी आसन आपको हल्के-फुल्के पीठ दर्द से आराम देता है. इस आसन में दीवार के सहारे पैर उपर करते है. सबसे पहले तो अपनी पीठ के बल लेट जाएँ और अपने टाँगों को दीवार का सहारा देते हुए पैरों को छत की ओर उठा लें. अपनी बाहों को फैला कर शरीर के दोनों तरफ ज़मीन पर रख दें और आपकी हथेली आकाश की तरफ मोड़ कर खुली हुई होना चाहिए. कुछ सेकण्ड्स इस मुद्रा में रहे और गहरी लंबी श्वास लें और छोड़ें. यह योग क्रिया आपकी गर्दन के पिछले हिस्से को मालिश जैसा फायदा देता है और थकान को दूर कर पैरों की ऐंठन को दूर करता
इस आसन को सबसे बाद में करना चाहिए. यह आसन करने में सबसे सरल है. इसमें शरीर को ज़मीन पर स्थिर अवस्था में रखना है. सबसे पहले तो ज़मीन पर सीधे लेट जायें और हाथों को शरीर के दोनों ओर रख लें, पैरों को थोड़ा सा खोल दें. इस स्तिथि में आपकी हथेलिया आकाश की तरफ होनी चाहिए. मांसपेशियों तथा खुद को विश्राम देने के लिए शरीर को इस स्थिति में कम से कम 5 मिनट तक रखे.
Osteoporosis is a commonly experienced condition where the bones tend to get thin and become hollow over time. This is a condition that is experienced mostly by people who are over the age of 50 years, and even more commonly by women who have been through menopause. Other risk factors include smoking as well as medication which can lead to such degenerative diseases as a side effect. Let us find out about living with osteoporosis and the many myths and facts surrounding the same-
- A Natural Part of Aging: This is a fact. While not everyone who ages will wind up with this condition, it is commonly experienced by patients who are growing old. One can resort to taking calcium supplements as well as plenty of Vitamin D in order to prevent the risk of fractures that are a common occurrence in such a condition where the bones become too hollow. Also, mild and moderate exercise will help the condition.
- Only Female Patients: This is a myth. While it is true that women form a major risk group when it comes to this condition, there are many men who also suffer from it. It has been demonstrated by various medical studies that one in every five men in the USA alone are prone to this condition. Furthermore, due to exercise, sports and other heavy manual work, young men are more likely to end up with a fractured bone than an aging woman.
- Worry only when you are Old: This is also a myth. One must remember that the major bone mass forms by the time a person hits the age of 18 to 20 years. This is the time when nutrition, exercise and lifestyles must be structured in a way that such troubles like osteoporosis will not follow you into the later years when your bones begin to age. Ample and strong bone mass nourished by proper habits, will help in preventing such conditions to a large extent.
- Fractures only happen if you Fall: This is another myth. It is important to keep in mind that living with a condition like osteoporosis means that you have to be vigilant at all times in your daily routine and other activities. Strain on the bones can also lead to fractures, and one does not necessarily have to fall down to get one. Leaning over too much can also lead to a fracture!
- You can feel the Degeneration: It is another myth that you can actually feel your bones getting weaker. Usually, there are no symptoms of this condition until it has progressed to a particularly painful stage in your life. The best way to find out if you are suffering from osteoporosis is by taking a bone density test.
A fracture separates a single solid object into two or more pieces due to pressure. In medical terms, a fracture refers to a broken bone due to some kind of external trauma. A crack in the bone, on the other hand, does not cause a clean break in the bone - there is only a separation or discontinuity in the bone material. A crack in the bone caused due to repeated stress is often called a 'hairline fracture'.
Here are the basic differences between a crack and a fracture in the bone and how to treat them:
1. A crack or hairline fracture is rarely caused by a single injury. It is usually the result of bone fatigue which may be caused due to repeated concentrated stress over a long period of time and thus it is also called a stress fracture. Other bone fractures are almost always the result of sudden and severe force on the bones.
2. The skeletal system constantly remodels itself. The cells called osteoblasts absorb calcium and secrete bone connective tissue. If a particular site is exposed to recurrent bouts of force (which are individually not impactful enough to cause a crack), over time the osteoblasts in that region malfunction and the crack appears. Muscular exhaustion can also cause cracks in the bones. Fractures are caused due to sudden external single force trauma to the bone. Nutritional problems like deficiencies of calcium, phosphorus and vitamin D and excessive smoking decrease the bone mineral density and increase the chances of both cracks and fractures.
3. The symptoms of a crack are swelling, tenderness and sharp pain in the injured region. The symptoms worsen over time. A fracture has similar symptoms and might also exhibit an external physical distortion and makes it impossible to move the part of the body that where the broken bone is.
4. An MRI is better for the detection of cracks or crack-prone areas because an X-ray can only detect the crack after it widens somewhat or the bone starts paining because the rays cannot pass through the tiny gap in bone material. A fracture is easily detectable by an X-ray because the rays pass right through the break.
5. Complete rest for six to eight weeks is the most effective way of healing a crack. Using a walking boot in case of cracks in the leg bones in also helpful. Healing fractures requires extensive medical intervention. Surgical techniques like bone grafting and insertion of metal plates are used to reposition the broken bone.
A shoulder dislocation is a shoulder injury which is characterized by the upper arm bone popping out of the socket of your shoulder blade. The shoulder joint is the most mobile among all the joints in the body, making it the most prone to dislocation. The dislocation of the shoulder joint can either be partial or complete depending on the injury. In a partial dislocation, the head of the upper arm is partially shifted out of the socket whereas in a complete dislocation, the head comes out of the socket in its entirety.
The symptoms of shoulder dislocation are:
Excruciating pain in the shoulder region.
Mobility of the joint is greatly reduced.
There can be multiple ways in which a shoulder can be dislocated because of its ability to move and swing in all the directions. The fibrous tissues that connect the bones of your shoulder may also get stretched or torn. These injuries occur due to a sudden blow or a strong force exerted on the shoulder joint.
It is caused by:
Trauma to the Shoulder Joint: Hard blows to the shoulder joint such as one suffered from a vehicle accident can lead to shoulder dislocation.
Sports Injuries: In contact sports such as hockey and football, the sudden forceful contractions of the shoulder region may lead to dislocation of the shoulder.
Falls: Tripping or falling from an elevated place and landing on the shoulder can cause shoulder joint dislocation.
The treatments for shoulder dislocation are –
Medication: Medications such as pain relievers can be prescribed by the doctor to reduce pain.
Surgery: Surgery of the shoulder joint can help in treating chronic shoulder dislocations. Surgery is also required if the blood vessels or the nerves along the shoulder joint are damaged.
- Immobilization: This process involves attaching a sling or a splint to the affected area to prevent it from moving. This allows the shoulder joint to heal and recuperate faster.