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There are over 100 different types of cancer. Cancer is a widespread disease that is characterized by abnormal cell division. In the most basic terms, cancer refers to cells that grow out-of-control and invade other tissues. Cells become cancerous because of the build-up of defects, or mutations, in their DNA. Certain:
- inherited genetic defects (for example, BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations)
- environmental factors (like air pollution)
- poor lifestyle choices - such as heavy alcohol use and smoking - can also damage DNA and lead to cancer.
Mostly, cells are able to detect and repair the defects in DNA. However, if a cell is severely damaged and cannot repair on its own, it undergoes apoptosis or say programmed cell death. Cancer develops when damaged cells grow, divide, and spread abnormally instead of self-destructing as they should.
It typically originates in one organ and if left untreated, can spread to other parts of the body as well. Some types of cancer can be prevented by lifestyle changes. For example, quitting smoking can reduce the chances of lung cancer. Similarly avoiding excessive sunlight can reduce the risk of skin cancer. However, lifestyle changes have no effect on the risk of cancer posed by factors such as aging and family history. Thankfully, this is where homeopathy can help.
How Homeopathy Can Help?
Homeopathy is a holistic form of alternative medication that aims at healing a person mentally, spiritually and physically. Homeopathic medicines are created from minerals, insects, and plants. These medicines have no side effects and can be safely prescribed to children and adults of all ages. However, self-medication is not advised. This is because the same homeopathic remedy may not be equally effective for two patients. When prescribing a homeopathic remedy, the doctor will take into account not only the patient’s physical complaints but also his or her mental and emotional state.
When it comes to cancer, homeopathy can be a very effective form of treatment and can help prevent cancer when a patient is in the precancerous stage. Homeopathy works in many ways to reduce the risk of cancer. Firstly, it helps the body detox. This helps the body in getting rid of harmful elements in the form of perspiration, urine, and bowel movements. This, in turn, strengthens the body, helps it fight against the tumor and speeds up the time taken to shrink the tumor.
Homeopathy is also known as a constitutional remedy as it takes into account the patient’s physical, mental and emotional wellbeing. Using the right remedy can improve their energy levels and vitality and help the cancer cells shrink while keeping them from spreading any further. It also improves their quality of life, reduces pain, anxiety, stress and other such mental side effects. If the patient is simultaneously undergoing allopathic treatment such as chemotherapy or radiation, homeopathy can help relieve their side effects as well.
As with any other form of medication, homeopathy is most helpful in preventing cancer if it is prescribed early. Thus, it is important to watch out for the early signs of cancer. These include changes in bladder habits, unusual bleeding to discharge, sores that do not seem to heal, indigestion, changes in moles or the appearance of new irregular moles, a nagging cough, and thickening of the skin.
Generally identified as a rare and uncommon phenomenon, vaginal cancer most often occurs in the cells present in the outer lining of the vagina, also called the birth canal. Although primary vaginal cancer is rare and unusual, there are various other types of vaginal cancer that originate elsewhere in the body but have spread over to your vagina.
Depending upon the nature of origin, vaginal cancer can be divided into the following types:
1. Vaginal adenocarcinoma, beginning in the glandular cells on the surface of your vagina
2. Vaginal sarcoma, developing in the connective tissue cells and multiple cells lining the walls of your vagina
3. Vaginal squamous cell carcinoma, originates in the squamous cells lining the surface of the bacteria
4. Vaginal melanoma, developing in melanocytes, the pigment-producing cells in your vagina
As vaginal cancer progresses from one stage to the next, you may experience any one of the following signs and symptoms:
1. Diluted, watery vaginal discharge
2. Painful urination
4. Odd cases of vaginal bleeding, for instance, after menopause or after intercourse
5. Formation of lumps in your vagina
6. Frequent and regular urination
7. Pelvic pain
Normally, cancer develops when healthy cells undergo genetic mutations, subsequently leading to the uncontrollable growth of abnormal cells. Cancer cells are known to break off from pre-existing tumors and can easily spread everywhere, in what is referred to as metastasize.
Beyond the natural process of development, here are a few factors which may further contribute to the growth of cancerous cells:
1. Increasing age
2. Vaginal intraepithelial neoplasia
3. Exposure to miscarriage prevention drugs
Cancer in colon forms due to uncontrolled cell growth in the large intestine cells. Most colon cancers originate from the healthy cells in the lining of the colon that grow into tumors called adenomatous polyps. These polyps can be cancerous or benign. A cancerous tumor is malignant and may spread to the other parts of the body by travelling through blood and lymph systems, this process is known as metastasis. Whereas a benign tumor can grow but don’t necessarily spread to other parts of the body. It takes years for these changes to develop depending upon both genetic and environmental causes.
Causes and risk factors:
In a healthy body, the cells normally grow, divide and then die. Cancer is the result of uncontrollable cell growth where the cells do not die. Aging is one of the important risk factors for colon cancer; other risk factors include a family history of colon cancer. As per Johns LE and Houlston RS individuals with a family history of colon cancer have a high risk of developing this form of cancer as compared to those with no such history. A study conducted by Giovannucci and others in 1995, successfully established the relation between physical activity, obesity and colon cancer. As per the research lack of physical activities elevates the chance of getting colon cancer. Individuals who regularly smoke, are obese and use aspirin have a higher risk of developing this form of cancer. Diet is also an important factor, diets that are high in fat and low in fibre may elevate the risk.
The symptoms of colon cancer are varied, depending upon the condition of the tumor. At the early stage, patients may experience no symptoms. However, as cancer grows, symptoms arise. Diarrhea or constipation are common; patients may see changes in stool consistency and narrower stool. Abdominal discomfort, bloating, fullness and cramps may also indicate colon cancer. Sudden weight loss and unexplained iron deficiency (anaemia) are also associated with this form of cancer. If these symptoms last for several weeks, don’t hesitate to consult your physician.
Colon cancer is highly treatable and depends on the type and the stage of cancer along with health and other characteristics of the patient. However, there is no single treatment; the most common options are – surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy. The surgery for colon cancer is known as colectomy and involves removing the affected part of the colon and the adjoining areas including nearby lymph nodes. Chemotherapy involves killing the cancer cells by utilizing certain chemicals that interfere with the cell division process and damage the proteins or DNA. In radiation therapy, high-energy gamma rays are used to target and destroy the cancer cells. Radiotherapy can be used both as a standalone treatment and also along with other treatments.
The prostate gland is a male reproductive organ at the base of the urinary bladder and urethra is a thin tube that carries urine out of the penis. It runs through the prostate gland. A fluid produced by this gland helps to carry sperms produced by the testes outside during intercourse.
Cause of urinary problems in men
Men experience urinary symptoms either due to inflammation of the prostate gland or prostatitis or symptoms may be the result of a blockage of the passage due to enlargement of the prostate gland.
Symptoms of urinary problems
Urinary symptoms commonly experienced with prostate problems include;
1. The need to urinate frequently during the night.
2. Urinating more often during the day.
3. Urinary urgency is the urge to urinate can be so strong and sudden that one may not reach the toilet in time.
4. The urine stream is slow to start.
5. Urine dribbling for some time after finishing urination.
6. A sensation that the bladder is not fully emptied after urination.
7. A lack of force to the urine flow, which makes directing the stream difficult.
8. The sensation of needing to go again soon after urinating
1. A long course of antibacterial medication (for bacterial prostatitis) is prescribed because an infection is difficult to get rid of, the antibacterial medication will need to be taken for many weeks.
2. Medication to improve urine flow and other symptoms (for obstruction caused by an enlarged prostate).
3. Surgical procedures (for blockage caused by an enlarged prostate), such as Transurethral Resection of the prostate(TURP), Laser Resection of prostate, Transurethral Incision of the prostate(TUIP).
UroLift: A new method of treatment for men, where medication has not been successful, but their prostates are not so enlarged that they need more invasive surgery. It involves the Transurethral Insertion of staples to separate the lobes of the prostate. It has minimal side effects and preserves ejaculatory and erectile function.
A number of other procedures that have been developed to reduce urinary symptoms.
Various medications to help ease your urinary problems, including;
1. Medications to reduce the tone of the muscles of the urethra and prostate to minimize any obstruction to urine flow caused when these muscles contract.
2. Medication to reduce the size of the prostate gland. These drugs work by blocking the action of male hormones produced by the prostate gland.
3. Medications to relax the bladder, making unwanted contractions less likely and reducing the symptoms of urgency and frequency of urination.
4. Over-the-counter medicine 'Saw Palmetto' (Serenoa repens) is used sometimes. This may help some men, especially if frequent urination at night is a problem.
However, recent reviews of the evidence for using Saw Palmetto as a treatment for mild or moderate urinary symptoms did not show any improvement compared to no treatment, in men with BPH.
Benign Prostate Hyperplasia (BPH) is a condition which results in the enlargement of the prostate gland. The prostate gland is situated near the Urethra (a tube which helps flush out the urine from the bladder). Generally, the chances of developing BPH increase after one crosses the age of 50. But it is yet not known, why some men experience more severe symptoms than others.
Causes of BPH
This condition generally occurs because of old age and affects almost all men above the age of 75. It occurs because of the various hormonal changes and changes in cell growth that the body goes through, as one becomes old. Sometimes BPH can set in due to genetics. If BPH sets in due to genetically reasons, it usually is quite severe and affects men before they reach 60.
Symptoms of BPH
Quite a few men who develop BPH, experience no symptoms at all. But when symptoms of BPH, known as lower urinary tract symptoms (LUT) start, they can be either mild or very severe. The severity of the symptoms is not related to the extent of the enlargement. Many a times men with only a mild enlargement complain about severe symptoms, while men with a highly enlarge prostate gland may do not complain of any discomfort.
Symptoms of BPH tend to worsen due to cold weather and also because of physical and emotional overexertion.
There are certain medicines which should be avoided if you suffer from BPH, as they have a tendency to worsen your symptoms, for example- diphenhydramine, pseudoephedrine, oxymetazoline spray and other antidepressants.
The symptoms of BPH are related to issues with bladder emptying and issues with bladder storage. Symptoms related to the urine drainage from the bladder are
1. Strain while urinating
2. Weak urine flow
3. Some dribbling after urination
4. Sudden urge to urinate
5. Pain while urinating
1. Waking during the night to urinate
2. Urinating frequently during the day and at night
3. Sudden urge to urinate, which may be hard to control
It is, however, has to be kept in mind that these symptoms may not primarily occur due to prostate enlargement, but may be the result of other conditions like urinary tract infections, prostatitis, prostate cancer, neurological disorders and even diabetes. Thus it is essential that you visit a doctor and get the cause for these symptoms diagnosed properly.
Ovarian cancer is referred to as the cancer of the ovaries. The ovaries are a component of the female reproductive system. There are two ovaries located on either side of the uterus in a woman's body. Ovaries which are the organs responsible for producing egg cells also produce the hormones estrogen and progesterone.
Ovarian cancer is a type of cancer which often goes undetected until it has spread all the way to the pelvis and the abdomen. However, it is also very difficult to treat the condition in its later stages which is why diagnosing ovarian cancer quickly is quintessential. Here is everything you need to know about ovarian cancer;
- No symptoms at first: Usually, in its early stages ovarian cancer does not cause any symptoms.
- Abnormal bloating: Bloating is when your abdomen swells due to excess fluid or gas inside. Abnormal bloating is more frequently associated with irritable bowel syndrome or even constipation is a common symptom of ovarian cancer.
- Feeling full quickly: This is also an associated symptom which has often been mistaken for constipation or irritable bowel syndrome.
- Weight loss: This is one of the more common signs of ovarian cancer.
- Discomfort in the pelvis area: This symptom occurs towards the later stages of ovarian cancer after it has already spread.
- Constipation: Constipation is a symptom of ovarian cancer as well.
- Frequent urination: This is yet another symptom which is a sign of ovarian cancer.
The symptoms of ovarian cancer are often mistaken with that of irritable bowel syndrome and constipation.
Causes: As with other forms of cancer, it is still very unclear what exactly causes ovarian cancer.
- Surgery: Surgery most commonly involves removing large parts of the female reproductive system which includes the ovaries, the fallopian tubes, the uterus as well as the lymph nodes. The surgeon will also try and remove as many cancer cells as possible from the abdomen and pelvic areas.
- Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy is usually done after surgery. It is usually performed so that the rest of the cancer cells are killed off. Chemotherapy drugs can be injected directly into the vein, abdominal cavity or sometimes even both.
During the echo examination, my prostate gland was found to be overgrown. It was 3.4 * 4.3. I am 24 years old. What causes inflation. Is there a risk of masculine dimensions? What is the future of this condition?
Hi, My age is 27, I have one baby girl, last 3 days I have pain in my right breast and small painful lump under my nipple, I have big breast so I am worried because these symptoms are related to cancer, please help me.
I am 21 years old male. I have a small lump in my right breast since 2 months which can only feel with fingers and have small pain on touching. It is also movable. I consulted doctor and he told me that it is swollen lymph node and prescribe a usg test to determine whether it may be a malignant or infection. I wanted to know how much possibility it may be a malignant tumor or cancer.
"Nation respects sacrifice but it wants you to stay alive and kill enemies."
This is one of the famous lines of the chief minister of Goa Manohar Parrikar, 63, who died on Sunday after battling Pancreatic Cancer for over a year. He was also the former defense minister of India.
He was first diagnosed in March 2018 in the United States. Since then, Parrikar, a technocrat-turned-politician and BJP stalwart was fighting with Pancreatic Cancer. He was suffering from this medical condition for over a year. The health of Manohar Parrikar turned worse in the past two days.
Sadly, at 6.40 pm on Sunday, the senior state government officials confirmed the death of the chief minister. According to the sources, Parrikar was also put on a life support system. But, unfortunately, did not survive.
Let’s discover more about Pancreatic Cancer!
What is Pancreatic Cancer?
Pancreatic Cancer happens when the cell of pancreas grows abnormally. This uncontrolled growth of pancreatic cells then develops into a tumor and will interfere with the functionality of the pancreas.
According to the report of the American Cancer Society, approximately 3% of cancer patients in the United States are suffering from Pancreatic Cancer. A report in 2018 estimates that around 55,440 people were diagnosed with Pancreatic Cancer.
The Pancreas contains two glands that create pancreatic juice, insulin and hormones. These two glands are known as endocrine glands and exocrine glands. Pancreatic cancer can affect either the exocrine or endocrine gland.
Depending upon the affected gland, Pancreatic Cancer can be categorised as:
Exocrine Pancreatic Cancer:
The exocrine glands produce enzymes or juices that are helpful for the process of fat, carbohydrates and protein digestion. In Exocrine Pancreatic Cancer, the tumor affects the functions of the exocrine gland. This is one of the most common types of Pancreatic Cancer.
The tumors in this type of cancer are:
Acinar cell carcinoma
Giant cell carcinomas
Squamous cell carcinomas
Endocrine Pancreatic Cancer:
The endocrine glands are the cluster of cells called islets of Langerhans. These glands release glucagon and insulin hormones into the bloodstream. These glands manage the level of blood sugar. When tumors affect the functionality of endocrine gland, it is known as endocrine Pancreatic Cancer. This type of Pancreatic Cancer is uncommon.
The tumors in this type of cancer are:
VIPomas (vasoactive intestinal peptide or VIP)
Causes of Pancreatic Cancer:
The causes of Pancreatic Cancer are still unknown. However, according to many recent studies, there are several risk factors identified which may arise or grow a pancreatic tumor.
These risk factors include:
Lifestyle and diet changes
Symptoms of Pancreatic Cancer:
Pancreatic Cancer is often known as silent disease and usually, a person does not observe any symptoms at an early stage. However, when cancer grows, a person may observe the following symptoms:
Pain in the upper abdomen
Problems with the bile duct and liver
Jaundice that leads to a painless yellowing of the eyes and skin and darkening of the urine.
Grey or pale fatty stool
Treatment of Pancreatic Cancer:
The treatment option totally depends upon the type of cancer, stage of cancer, a person's health status, age and other characteristics and individual's personal choices. However, in most of the cases, surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy are recommended.
These treatment options aim to provide relief from the painful symptoms and remove the cancerous cells.
If the cancerous cells are limited to only one part of the pancreas, surgery is considered as the best option. In surgery, the affected part of the pancreas is removed to restrict the cells to grow further. The surgery includes Whipple Procedure (when the head of the pancreas is affected), Distal Pancreatectomy (when the tail of the pancreas is affected), Total Pancreatectomy (when both head and tail of the pancreas is affected), and Palliative surgery (an option when it is not possible to remove cancerous cell from pancreas).
Chemotherapy is a type of medication which interferes the growth of cancerous cell process. These medications help to destroy the cells and control the spreading process. In chemotherapy, doctors introduce new drugs into the body to destroy the cancerous cell.
Radiation therapy aims to destroy cancerous cells by passing high-energy rays. It may also shrink the tumor and bound the growth of the cancer cell.
According to the American Cancer Society, there is no specific way for the prevention of Pancreatic Cancer. However, avoiding several activities, one can lower the risk of it. A few of them are as follows:
Keeping a healthy weight
Eating plenty of vegetables, fruits, and whole grains
Consuming less red meat
Manohar Parrikar was one of the top leaders who served and contributed to the development of Goa, as well as the country in his role as Defense Minister. On his demise, several leaders including Prime Minister Narendra Modi, Amit Shah, Nitin Gadkari and Rajnath Singh tweeted condolences and will be in Goa for his last rites.