Common Specialities
{{speciality.keyWord}}
Common Issues
{{issue.keyWord}}
Common Treatments
{{treatment.keyWord}}
Book
Call

Dt. Munira

Dietitian/Nutritionist, Bangalore

Book Appointment
Call Doctor
Dt. Munira Dietitian/Nutritionist, Bangalore
Book Appointment
Call Doctor
Submit Feedback
Report Issue
Get Help
Feed
Services

Personal Statement

I'm dedicated to providing optimal health care in a relaxed environment where I treat every patients as if they were my own family....more
I'm dedicated to providing optimal health care in a relaxed environment where I treat every patients as if they were my own family.
More about Dt. Munira
Dt. Munira is a renowned Dietitian/Nutritionist in Indira Nagar, Bangalore. You can consult Dt. Munira at Qua Nutrition, Indiranagar in Indira Nagar, Bangalore. Book an appointment online with Dt. Munira and consult privately on Lybrate.com.

Lybrate.com has a number of highly qualified Dietitian/Nutritionists in India. You will find Dietitian/Nutritionists with more than 25 years of experience on Lybrate.com. You can find Dietitian/Nutritionists online in Bangalore and from across India. View the profile of medical specialists and their reviews from other patients to make an informed decision.

Info

Languages spoken
English

Location

Book Clinic Appointment

Qua Nutrition, Indiranagar

#775, Double Road, Indiranagar, Landmark: Navashakthi NetralayaBangalore Get Directions
...more

Qua Nutrition-Jayanagar

7th Floor, Vriddhi Spa,Garuda Swagath Mall, Jayanagar 3 East Block, Byrasandra. Landmark: Near to Tilak Nagar Police StationBangalore Get Directions
...more
View All

Services

View All Services

Submit Feedback

Submit a review for Dt. Munira

Your feedback matters!
Write a Review

Feed

Nothing posted by this doctor yet. Here are some posts by similar doctors.

Hi, I am 27 years old, is it good to have Suhaga Power tablet on frequently basis to boost up stamina. Just want to know about side effects of this tablet if any?

MD-Ayurveda, Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Sexologist, Haldwani
Hello- It contains Sidenafil (viagra) which is a symptomatic drug for erectile dysfunction and should be taken strictly under medical supervision. You can not use it frequently, as it not only will make your reproductive system weak but also posses some serious life threatening side effects like heart attack and brain stroke.
Submit FeedbackFeedback

Healthy living manifesto

BHMS
Homeopath, Solan
37 people found this helpful

Dear Doctor My glomerular filtration level is 74 ml/min/1.73 m2 Normal range is 90. How to improve the range. Thank you.

MBBS, Diploma in Public Health ( Preventive and Social Medicine)
General Physician, Navi Mumbai
Dear Doctor
My glomerular filtration level is 74 ml/min/1.73 m2
Normal range is 90. How to improve the range.
Thank you.
Dear Rajesh, Have plenty of water, don't retain urine for longer period. These are basic things.Still u want to know more.Please consult with me online.All the best.
2 people found this helpful
Submit FeedbackFeedback

How to get in shape? My weight is increasing n I have to come in my original shape, so give me suggestion about that. Thx you.

BSc - Food Science & Nutrition, PGD in Sports Nutrition and Dietitics
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Mumbai
How to get in shape? My weight is increasing n I have to come in my original shape, so give me suggestion about that....
Hello, Core exercises will help you.Find out the reason behind increasing weight,if required get your thyroid checked.
Submit FeedbackFeedback

I am 24 years old female, the problem I am facing is weight loss. Now am just 40 kgs. I have done several medical checkups and doctors are not able to detect any heath issues. This problem started 3 months back when I got UTI, I lost about 6 kgs and after that I am not putting on weight. What should I do?

Diploma in Diet and Nutrition, B.Pharma, MD - Alternate Medicine
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Gurgaon
I am 24 years old female, the problem I am facing is weight loss. Now am just 40 kgs. I have done several medical che...
Hi Anjaly You need to improve power of your liver to improve your anabolism so that you can gain muscle. Taking 1 cytofresh tablet daily will help you. Eat protein rich diet to gain weight.
Submit FeedbackFeedback

I am 17 Yrs old and having Weight about 58 Kgs and chest 36 inches from last week I starts taking supplement for gain more weight and a muscular body details of supplement given below USA Nutrition Mega Mass 4000 Ingredients: Whey Powder, SMP,Maize Starch, Maltodextrin Sucrose, Minerals, Ayurvedic Herbs, Flavour, Preservative. I am a daily Runner, I Run At least 5 to 10 KM every early Morning and then I do regular exercises and In Night Before Go to Bed I do dumbbell Exercises I want to know That I am taking this after workout in morning and night is it right or if it is wrong what is the right way to take it Please Suggest Me How can It Works on Chest and Shoulders and what type of exercise which bulk up chest and rest upper body Thank you.

RUMP
Unani Specialist, Bangalore
I am 17 Yrs old and having Weight about 58 Kgs and chest 36 inches from last week I starts taking supplement for gain...
First of all you r very young at age. The gyming and dumbells should be done aftr 18 or 20 as the heavy excercises may stop your growing height. The other excercise is fine and the supplements may cause you side effects like tiredness and weakness. So I suggest is plzzz stop using supplements nd dumbells for now .once you r lyk 20 or 21 uh shall start this. And running is very good for health as it boosts your stamina nd blood circulation and for your height the weight is gud for this age. Just do normal excercises till you r 20 or 21 den uh shall start with gyming.
2 people found this helpful
Submit FeedbackFeedback

Main apna weight increase karna chahata huin. Mujhe bhukh bhut hi kam lgti hai. Pls. Solve my problem.

BAMS
Ayurveda, Ambala
Main apna weight increase karna chahata huin. Mujhe bhukh bhut hi kam lgti hai. Pls. Solve my problem.
Follow these best methods to easily gain weight and get a healthy body - * to gain weight, first take a diet rich with proteins and fats. You should take high calories food that increase your muscle mass and induce growth in bones. Follow the diet chart in your daily life to fastly gain weight * in morning, take a glass of milk added with 2 teaspoons of bournvita or complan powder with breakfast. * after 2 hours of breakfast, take 2 bananas or a bowl of boiled soyabeans. To increase your hunger & proper digestion of food - take 10 gms powder of carom seeds (ajwain, 10 gm powder of cumin (jeera), 10 gm of rock salt. Mix them well and take 1/2 teaspoon (3-5 gm) of mixture daily after lunch * in lunch time, take 1 bowl of curd or 100 gm of cheese, a bowl of vegetable, with chapattis. You can take 2 bowl of careals (moong/chana daal) on the place of curd or cheese. * in evening, take 1 glass of milk (300 ml) with 10-12 pieces of dry fruits or 3-4 pieces of dates (khajoor). * in night, take a bowl of careals (daal, a bowl of salad with chapattis. 3. In morning, get up early and take awalk for 10-15 minutes and exercise light weight exercises for at least 30 minutes at home or gym. Exercise is very important so that muscles gain mass from the heathy diet. 4. For proper weight, proper sleep is very important. So you should sleep for 6-8 hours daily. 5. Avoid smoking & alcohol drinkg completely. I assure you that you definitely gain weight fastly by following them. Be healthy
1 person found this helpful
Submit FeedbackFeedback

आंवला एक फायदे हैं अनेक:-

M.Sc - Psychology, PGDEMS, Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Delhi
आंवला एक फायदे हैं अनेक:-

1. आंवला विटामिन-सी का अच्छा स्रोत होता है। एक आंवले में 3 संतरे के बराबर विटामिन सी की मात्रा होती है।
2. आंवला खाने से लीवर को शक्ति मिलती है, जिससे हमारे शरीर में विषाक्त पदार्थ आसानी से बाहर निकलते हैं।
3. आंवला का सेवन करने से शरीर की रोग-प्रतिरोधक क्षमता मजबूत होती है।
4. आवंले का जूस भी पिया जा सकता है। आंवला का जूस पीने से खून साफ होता है।
5. आंवला खाने से आंखों की रोशनी बढती है।
6. आंवला शरीर की त्वचा और बालों के लिए बहुत फायदेमंद होता है।
7. सुबह नाश्ते में आंवले का मुरब्बा खाने आपका शरीर स्वस्थ बना रहता है।
8. डायबिटीज के मरीजों के लिए आंवला बहुत फायदेमंद होता है। मधुमेह के मरीज हल्दी के चूर्ण के साथ आंवले का सेवन करे। इससे मधुमेह रोगियों को फायदा होगा ।
9. आंवला खाने से दिल मजबूत होता है। दिल के मरीज हर रोज कम से कम तीन आंवले का सेवन करें। इससे दिल की बीमारी दूर होगी
14 people found this helpful

Is diabetes is a STD. Can it cause or transmitted while having oral sex or without any protection with diabetic patient.

MBBS, Diploma in Family Medicine, Fellowship Diabetology
General Physician, Firozpur
Is diabetes is a STD. Can it cause or transmitted while having oral sex or without any protection with diabetic patient.
Hello Tushar. No not at all. Diabetes is more of lifestyle disease which occour due sedentary lifestyle, more stress , specific food habbits.Family predisposition is also there. But sure it is not an STD so no need to worry regarding your concern.
1 person found this helpful
Submit FeedbackFeedback

I want to gain some weight. I have tried mass gainer and nutrigain but no effect. What should I do now ?

BHMS
Homeopath, Faridabad
I want to gain some weight. I have tried mass gainer and nutrigain but no effect. What should I do now ?
Hello,Homeopathic medicines are less invasive and have more herbal approach towards gaining the weight. There are a number of homoeopathic medicines, which treat the root cause behind the body’s inability to gain weight or bulk up. 1. Take alfalfa tonic(wsi), 2 – 2 tsp. Thrice a day, half an hour before meals. 2. Calcarea phos 200, 5 drops , once in aweek , morning empty stomach for 2 weeks. 3. Take eggs, milk, butter, bananas, potatoes, mangoes, figs, oats, soyabean and dry fruits. 4. do light exercises regularly to keep your body active. These homoeopathic medicines and dietary addition will increase your appetite and give your metabolism a healthy boost.
Submit FeedbackFeedback

Banana no doubt is good and I iove it too. But can a diabetic patient take banana? If so how how much and if not why not. I wish a word or two could have been added for the diabetic patient.

MBBS, Diploma in Public Health ( Preventive and Social Medicine)
General Physician, Navi Mumbai
Banana no doubt is good and I iove it too. But can a diabetic patient take banana? If so how how much and if not why ...
Hi Nari, Diabetes is a metabolic disorder. our metabolism depends upon what type of food we have.Diabetes itself is the result of all over the long period. it's never like u can't have the sweet things but other things should be avoided or controlled on that day.If u like banana u can have small bite of it. also remember it has high glycemic index means more sugar content..What u love is more important.
Submit FeedbackFeedback

I am a student and I face fat problem please tell me how to reduce my fat quickly.

MBBS, MD - MD- Skin & VD
Dermatologist, Ahmedabad
I am a student and I face fat problem please tell me how to reduce my fat quickly.
Hello, to reduce fat quickly, some people are lucky to loose fast and some like me are not so lucky because of the body type. -start doing cardio/cycling or running for 30 minutes every evening. -do 7 rounds of surya namaskar or other stretching and jumping exercises for 30 minutes in the morning. -drink warm water with lemon 4-5 times a day. -measure your body parts and your weight in day 1 and compare weekly. -maintain a healthy diet (decide according to your body needs and make a sincere diet chart for yourself that includes light food, more frequently and addition of proteins in diet).
Submit FeedbackFeedback

I have diabetics. What should I eat for which I shall stay healthy and fit and do anything normally?

MBBS
General Physician, Mumbai
I have diabetics. What should I eat for which I shall stay healthy and fit and do anything normally?
We need to control sugar levels with medication exercise and following a diabetic diet and can eat food with low glycemic index levels
Submit FeedbackFeedback

My wife is taking iron supplements from last 20 days she is having black stool is it normal side effect. Pls advise should she stop or continue taking the supplement.

MBBS, MD - General Medicine, Diploma in Cardiology
General Physician, Delhi
My wife is taking iron supplements from last 20 days she is having black stool is it normal side effect. Pls advise s...
This is normal effect nothing to worry increase beetroot content in diet for faster recovery of Hb.
1 person found this helpful
Submit FeedbackFeedback

Please give me advice as this is my first time for gym. What should be the gap for eating before or after gym? What to eat? In Veg only. Should I go everyday or alternative day at the beginning?

B.Sc. - Dietitics / Nutrition, Nutrition Certification,Registered Dietitian
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Delhi
Please give me advice as this is my first time for gym.
What should be the gap for eating before or after gym? What t...
You can go everyday in the beginning. Eat 2 bananas 30 minutes before your workout. Eat white rice after your workout.
Submit FeedbackFeedback

I am tall and my body is not heavy. I am got Jim, anyway but my body not fit. Please share some ideas to me.

PDDM, MHA, MBBS
General Physician, Nashik
I am tall and my body is not heavy. I am got Jim, anyway but my body not fit. Please share some ideas to me.
Follow the following tips :- · Pay attention to your health and food intake. · To increase your appetite, have a glass of lime water or 1 cardamom (elaichi) before your meal. · Have minimum 4 meals in a day. · Drink 1 glass of milk twice a day. · Try to enjoy your meals and gradually increase the quantity you eat every time. · A balance diet should have all essential nutrients in it. Breakfast is the most important meal of the day. It should include combination of Both Carbohydrates and Proteins for e.g. Oats with Milk or Poha/ Upma with a glass of milk. If you do not like milk have 1-2 egg whites in the morning along with your breakfast. · You need to focus on your protein intake: Increase your protein intake e.g. Milk, dairy products- cheese, paneer, lentils (dals), nuts (soya, peanuts, dry fruits ), pulses e.g. Rajma, chole, kidney beans etc. Sprouts. If you are a non-vegetarian, then you can have proteins by also eating eggs, chicken, fish. Make sure you are including at least 2 serving of any of these in your daily meal. · Lunch and dinner again should be a combination of Proteins, Carbohydrates and Fats which could have dal, roti, sabji/chicken, salad. · Please do have minimum 4 almonds or a small bowl of peanuts every day. · Please ensure that you drink at least 3 litres of water every day.
Submit FeedbackFeedback

Hi my name is reena singh I want to reduce my weight. As m suffering from pcod please suggest me.

MD-Gynaecologist & Obstetrician , MBBS
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Hi my name is reena singh
I want to reduce my weight. As m suffering from pcod please suggest me.
You need to have frequent and small meals with lots of salads and fruits. Cut down on sugars, fats, aerated drinks, processed& junk food and too much of salt as well. Start registered exercise like walking, swimming or cycling etc.
3 people found this helpful
Submit FeedbackFeedback

Medical Conditions And Pregnancy!

MBBS, Diploma in Child Health
Pediatrician, Hyderabad
Medical Conditions And Pregnancy!

Diabetes and Pregnancy

Diabetes is a condition in which the body does not make enough insulin or the body is unable to use the insulin that is made. Insulin is the hormone that allows glucose to enter the cells of the body to make fuel. When glucose cannot enter the cells, it builds up in the blood and the body’s cells starve to death. If not managed properly, diabetes can have serious consequences for you and your growing baby.

Pre-Gestational Diabetes

If you already have diabetes and become pregnant, your condition is known as pre-gestational diabetes. The severity of your symptoms and complications often depends on the progression of your diabetes, especially if you have vascular (blood vessel) complications and poor blood glucose control.

Gestational Diabetes

Gestational diabetes is a condition in which the glucose level is elevated and other diabetic symptoms appear during pregnancy. Unlike other types of diabetes, gestational diabetes is not caused by a lack of insulin but by other hormones that block the insulin that is made. This condition is known as insulin resistance. If you have gestational diabetes, you may or may not be dependent on insulin.

In most cases, all diabetic symptoms disappear following delivery. However, if you experience gestational diabetes, you will have an increased risk of developing diabetes later in life. This is especially true if you were overweight before pregnancy.

Causes of Gestational Diabetes

Although the specific cause of gestational diabetes is unknown, there are several theories about the origin of this condition. For example, the placenta supplies the growing fetus with nutrients and water. It also makes a variety of hormones to maintain the pregnancy. Some of these hormones (estrogen, cortisol and human placental lactogen) can have a blocking effect on the mother’s insulin, which usually begins about 20 to 24 weeks into pregnancy.

As the placenta grows, it produces more of these hormones, increasing the level of insulin resistance in the mother. Normally, the mother’s pancreas is able to make additional insulin to overcome insulin resistance. However, if the mother’s production of insulin is not enough to overcome the effect of the placental hormones, gestational diabetes results.

Risk Factors of Gestational Diabetes

The following factors increase your risk of developing gestational diabetes:

  • Age (over 25 years old)

  • A family history of diabetes

  • Previous delivery of a very large infant, a stillborn or a child with certain birth defects

  • Obesity

Although increased glucose in the urine is often included in the list of risk factors, it is not believed to be a reliable indicator for gestational diabetes.

Diagnosing Gestational Diabetes

A glucose screening test is usually done between 24 and 28 weeks of pregnancy. To complete this test, you will be asked to drink a special glucose beverage. Then, your doctor will measure your blood sugar level one hour later.

If the test shows an increased blood sugar level, a three-hour glucose tolerance test may be done. If the results of the second test are in the abnormal range, you will be diagnosed with gestational diabetes.

Treatment Options for Gestational Diabetes

Your health care provider or midwife will determine your specific treatment plan for gestational diabetes based on:

  • Age, overall health and medical history

  • Condition and the severity of the disease

  • Long-term expectations for the course of the disease

  • Personal preference

  • Tolerance for specific medicines, procedures or therapies

Treatment for gestational diabetes focuses on keeping blood glucose levels in the normal range. Your specific treatment plan may include:

  • A special diet

  • Daily blood glucose monitoring

  • Exercise

  • Insulin injections or oral medications

Possible Fetal Complications from Gestational Diabetes

Unlike other types of diabetes, gestational diabetes generally does not cause birth defects. Birth defects usually originate sometime during the first trimester of pregnancy. They are more likely if you have pre-gestational diabetes, as you may have changes in blood glucose during that time. If you have gestational diabetes, you most likely had normal blood sugar levels during your critical first trimester.

The complications of gestational diabetes are usually manageable and preventable. The key to prevention is careful control of blood sugar levels as soon as the diagnosis of gestational diabetes is made.

Infants of mothers with gestational diabetes are vulnerable to several imbalances, such as low-serum calcium and low-serum magnesium levels. In addition, gestational diabetes may cause the following:

  • Fetal macrosomia. This condition describes a baby that is considerably larger than normal. All of the nutrients your baby receives come directly from your blood. If your blood has too much glucose, your baby’s pancreas senses the high glucose levels and makes more insulin in an attempt to use this glucose. The extra glucose is then converted to fat. Even when you have gestational diabetes, your fetus is able to make all the insulin it needs. The combination of your high blood glucose levels and your baby’s high insulin levels may result in large deposits of fat that cause your baby to grow excessively large.

  • Birth injury. If your baby is large in size, it may be difficult to deliver and become injured in the process.

  • Hypoglycemia . This refers to low blood sugar in your baby right after delivery. This problem happens if your blood sugar levels have been consistently high, causing the fetus to have a high level of insulin in its circulation. After delivery, your baby continues to have a high insulin level, but it no longer has the high level of sugar from you. This results in the newborn’s blood sugar level becoming very low. Following delivery, your baby’s blood sugar level will be tested. If the level is too low, it may be necessary to administer glucose intravenously until your baby’s blood sugar stabilizes.

  • Respiratory distress (difficulty breathing). Too much insulin or too much glucose in a baby’s system may delay lung maturation and cause respiratory problems. This is more likely if it is born before 37 weeks of pregnancy.

High Blood Pressure and Pregnancy

High blood pressure during pregnancy can lead to placental complications and slowed fetal growth. If left untreated, severe hypertension may cause dangerous seizuresstroke and even death in the mother and fetus.

If you have high blood pressure, your doctor will perform kidney function tests, ultrasounds for growth and testing of your baby more frequently to monitor your health and fetal development.

Chronic Hypertension

If you have high blood pressure before pregnancy, you will likely need to continue taking your antihypertensive medicine. Your health care provider may switch you to a safer antihypertensive medicine during pregnancy to help manage your condition.

Gestational Hypertension

Gestational hypertension occurs most often during a young woman’s first pregnancy. You are more likely to develop gestational hypertension during a twin pregnancy or if you had blood pressure problems during a previous pregnancy.

Pre-eclampsia (formerly called toxemia) is characterized by pregnancy-induced high blood pressure. This condition is usually accompanied by protein in the urine and may cause swelling due to fluid retention. If you have pre-eclampsia, you may need bed rest. Eclampsia, the most severe form of this condition, is diagnosed when you have a seizure caused by pre-eclampsia. Your doctor may recommend hospitalization, medications and often delivery to treat pre-eclampsia or eclampsia.

 

High-Risk Pregnancy: What You Need to Know

Pregnant woman

Many conditions affecting a mother or her baby before, during or after pregnancy can designate a pregnancy as high risk. Learn what causes a high-risk pregnancy and how maternal-fetal medicine specialists can help.

Infectious Diseases and Pregnancy

Infections during pregnancy can pose a threat to your baby. Even a simple urinary tract infection, which is common during pregnancy, should be treated right away. An infection that goes untreated can lead to preterm labor and a rupturing of the membranes surrounding the fetus.

Toxoplasmosis

Toxoplasmosis is an infection caused by a single-celled parasite called Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii). Although many people may have toxoplasma infection, very few exhibit symptoms because the immune system usually keeps the parasite from causing illness. Babies who became infected with toxoplasmosis before birth can be born with serious mental or physical problems.

Toxoplasmosis often causes flulike symptoms, including swollen lymph glands or muscle aches and pains, which last for a few days to several weeks. You can be tested to see if you have developed an antibody to the illness. Fetal testing may include ultrasound and/or testing of the amniotic fluid or cord blood. Treatment may include antibiotics.

The following measures can help prevent toxoplasmosis infection:

  • Have someone who is healthy and not pregnant change your cat’s litter box, since cat feces can carry T. gondii. If this is not possible, wear gloves and clean the litter box daily. (The parasite found in cat feces can only infect you a few days after being passed.) Wash your hands well with soap and warm water afterward.

  • Wear gloves when you garden or do anything outdoors that involves handling soil. Since cats may use gardens and sandboxes as litter boxes, be cautious when handling soil/sand that could contain the parasite. Thoroughly wash your hands with soap and warm water after outdoor activities, especially before you eat or prepare any food.

  • Have someone who is healthy and not pregnant handle raw meat for you. If this is not possible, wear clean latex gloves when you touch raw meat. Wash any surfaces and utensils that may have touched the raw meat. After handling the meat, wash your hands with soap and warm water.

  • Cook all meat thoroughly. It should be cooked until it is no longer pink in the center or until the juices run clear. Do not sample meat before it is fully cooked.

Food Poisoning

If you are pregnant, you should avoid eating undercooked or raw foods because of the risk of food poisoning. Food poisoning can dehydrate a mother and deprive the fetus of nourishment. In addition, food poisoning can cause meningitis and pneumonia in a fetus, resulting in possible death.

Follow these tips to prevent food poisoning:

  • Thoroughly cook raw food from animal sources, such as beef, pork or poultry.

  • Wash raw vegetables before eating them.

  • Store uncooked meats in an area of the refrigerator that’s separate from vegetables, cooked foods and ready-to-eat foods.

  • Avoid raw (unpasteurized) milk or foods made from raw milk.

  • Wash hands, knives and cutting boards after handling uncooked foods.

Sexually Transmitted Disease

Chlamydia

Chlamydia may be associated with premature labor and rupture of the membranes.

Hepatitis

Patients with hepatitis experience inflammation of the liver, resulting in liver cell damage and destruction. Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is the most common type that occurs during pregnancy in the United States.

HBV spreads mainly through contaminated blood and blood products, sexual contact, and contaminated intravenous needles. The later in pregnancy you get the virus, the greater the risk of infecting your baby.

HBV Symptoms and Related Conditions

Signs and symptoms of HBV include jaundice (yellowing of skin, eyes and mucous membranes), fatigue, stomach pain, loss of appetite, intermittent nausea and vomiting.

Although HBV resolves in most people, about 10 percent will develop chronic HBV. HBV can lead to chronic hepatitis, cirrhosisliver cancer, liver failure and death. Infected pregnant women can pass the virus to their fetus during pregnancy and at delivery.

HBV Screening and Vaccination

A blood test for HBV is part of routine prenatal testing. If a risk of HBV is present, the following should occur:

  • Infants of HBV-positive mothers should receive hepatitis B immune globulin and the hepatitis B vaccine during the first 12 hours of birth.

  • Babies of mothers with unknown HBV status should receive the hepatitis B vaccine in the first 12 hours of birth.

  • Babies of mothers with negative HBV status should be vaccinated before leaving the hospital.

  • Premature infants weighing less than 4.5 pounds who are born to mothers with negative HBV status should have their first vaccine dose delayed until one month after birth or leaving the hospital.

All babies should complete the hepatitis B vaccine series to be fully protected from HBV infection.

HIV/AIDS

If you have HIV, you have a one in four chance of infecting your fetus with the virus if you are not on medication. AIDS is caused by HIV. This virus kills or impairs cells of the immune system and progressively destroys the body’s ability to fight infections and certain cancers. The term AIDS applies to the most advanced stages of an HIV infection.

HIV Transmission

HIV is most commonly transmitted by sexual contact with an infected partner. HIV may also be spread through contact with infected blood. This happens mostly by sharing needles, syringes or drug use equipment with someone who is infected with the virus.

According to the National Institutes of Health, HIV transmission from mother to child during pregnancy, labor/delivery or breast-feeding has accounted for nearly all AIDS cases reported among children in the United States.

HIV Symptoms

Some people may develop a flulike illness within a month or two of exposure to the HIV virus, although many people do not develop any symptoms at all when they first become infected. In adults, it may take 10 years or more for persistent or severe symptoms to surface. Symptoms may appear within two years in children born with an HIV infection.

HIV Testing and Treatment

Prenatal care that includes HIV counseling, testing and treatment for infected mothers and their children saves lives and resources. Since the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention began recommending routine HIV screening for all pregnant women in 1995, the estimated incidence of mother-to-child transmission has dropped by approximately 85 percent.

If you have tested positive for HIV while pregnant, your doctor may recommend:

  • Having blood tests to check the amount of virus present.

  • Taking a number of drugs during pregnancy, labor and delivery.

  • Delivering via Cesarean section if you have a high viral load.

  • Administering medicine to your newborn baby. Studies have found that giving a mother antiretroviral medicines during pregnancy, labor and delivery, and then to the baby for six weeks after delivery can reduce the chance of a mother’s transmission of HIV to her baby. This reduction is from 25 percent to less than 2 percent.

  • Refraining from breast-feeding. Studies show that breast-feeding increases the risk of HIV transmission.

Genital Herpes

Herpes is a chronic, sexually transmitted disease caused by the herpes simplex virus (HSV). Herpes infections can cause blisters and ulcers on the mouth or face (oral herpes), or in the genital area (genital herpes). 

A first episode of genital herpes during pregnancy creates a greater risk of transmission of the virus to the newborn. Because of this risk, it is important that you avoid contracting herpes during pregnancy. Protection from genital herpes includes abstaining from sex when symptoms are present and using latex condoms between outbreaks.

For severe cases of genital herpes during pregnancy, your doctor may administer an antiviral medicine.  If you have active genital herpes (shedding the virus) at the time of delivery, your doctor will likely recommend a Cesarean delivery to prevent a potentially fatal infection in your baby. Fortunately, infection of an infant is rare among women with genital herpes infection.

 

Hi I am prajakta waghmare. According to my height and weight I am not able to conceive from last 8 years. I tried to increase my weight bit I am unsuccessful. What should I do. Please suggest some position for that.

PGDD, RD, Bachelor of Home Science
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Mumbai
Hi I am prajakta waghmare. According to my height and weight I am not able to conceive from last 8 years. I tried to ...
Hye, thanks for the query. Being underweight can be a concern if it's the result of poor nutrition. Here are some healthy ways to gain weight when you're underweight: eat more frequently. When you're underweight, you may feel full faster. Eat five to six smaller meals during the day rather than two or three large meals. Choose nutrient-rich foods. As part of an overall healthy diet, choose whole-grain breads, rice and cereals; fruits and vegetables; dairy products; lean protein sources; and nuts. Don't fill up on diet soda, coffee and other drinks with few calories and little nutritional value. Instead, drink smoothies or healthy shakes. Snack on nuts, dried fruits and fresh fruits. Even when you're underweight, be mindful of excess sugar and fat. An occasional slice of cake or ice cream is fine. But most sweets should be healthy and provide nutrients in addition to calories. Sheera, lassi and chikki are good choices. Exercise, especially strength training, can help you gain weight by building up your muscles. Exercise may also stimulate your appetite.
Submit FeedbackFeedback

During foreplay some viscous liquid (like water but viscous) comes out. What is this?

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Lucknow
During foreplay some viscous liquid (like water but viscous) comes out. What is this?
It is prostate secretion but it is natural and don't harmful to you. This like secretion occurs in male and female both, durring foreplay. Which helps to easy your intercourse process.
Submit FeedbackFeedback
View All Feed