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My father is suffering with advance prostate cancer. Now he can't walk due to fracture in him. When is the proper time to operations for hip before chemotherapy or after. His chemotherapy start from tomorrow. His bones are weak. After chemotherapy how many month he take to recover nd we when we operate my father for hip so he can walk properly?
Hello doctor my name is tanu my mother has cervical cancer last month she age 46 year what she care. Thanks.
The condition of enlarged prostate occurs due to the enlargement of a man’s prostate gland, with the passage in time. Also known as benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), it is more common in men over the age of 60. Some cases might have symptoms and others may be symptomless. Although the causes are relatively unknown, it is evident that BPH is not a form of cancer, neither does it cause cancer. The prostate is located below the bladder and is responsible for producing the fluid needed by semen. The growth of the prostate tissue that is associated with benign prostatic hyperplasia begins near the inner prostate which is a tissue ring around the urethra. Its growth is generally inward.
It is of common knowledge that in males, the urine originates from the bladder and flows through the urethra. BPH is a condition where the prostate experiences a benign i.e. non cancerous enlargement which leads to blockage of urine flow through the urethra (the urinary duct). The resultant enlargement, caused due to the gradual multiplication of cells, subjects the urethra to extra pressure. Further narrowing of the urethra causes more contraction of the bladder, resulting in the urine being forcefully pushed out of the body.
With time, the condition leads to the bladder muscles gradually becoming thicker, stronger and oversensitive. Contraction occurs even due to the presence of small amounts of urine, giving rise to frequent needs of urination. At one point, the bladder muscle is unable to overcome the effects of the narrowed urethra. Due to this, urine does not pass properly and the urethra is not emptied.
Some of the common symptoms of enlarged prostate include:
1. Frequent urination
2. Urgency to urinate
3. Difficulty during urination
4. A slow or weak urinary stream
5. Requirement of extra effort to urinate
6. Interrupted sleep due to need of urination
Sometimes, when the bladder is not emptied completely, a risk of urinary tract infections develops. Some other serious problems which can be a result of enlarged prostate include blood in urine, bladder stones as well as acute urinary retention (inability to urinate). In some rare cases, kidney and/or bladder damage might also result from such a condition. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a doctor and ask a free question.
My father is a tobacco edict and had a cancer operation 4 years back. He is still not able to quit tobacco and has early stage of mouth cancer again. In biopsy report it says bacterial infection. Please advise if this can be cured without operation? How to let my father quit tobacco forcefully?
Colorectal cancer, as the name suggests is a condition where the uncontrolled and malignant cell growth may have its origin in the rectum or the colon. As per the WHO, the colorectal cancer is considered to be the second most common type of cancer, the symptoms of which include:
- Digestive problems.
- A person may complain of diarrhea and constipation.
- There may be passing of blood in the stool.
- Rapid and unexplained weight loss.
- Extreme fatigue, vomiting, abdominal pain.
- Bloated abdomen.
- In some cases, a person feels full, even though he or she has not eaten a single morsel in a long while.
- Colorectal cancer can also trigger iron deficiency in men and women (especially in women who had their menopause).
What causes colorectal cancer?
A myriad of factors may be responsible for triggering colorectal cancer, some of which may include
- Medical conditions such as obesity, cancer (mainly of the breast, uterus or ovary), ulcerative colitis, polyps (in the rectum or the colon) increase the chances of colorectal cancer.
- Unhealthy and poor diet rich in saturated fats, or proteins, particularly animal protein, can be quite risky
- A person having a family history of colorectal cancer is at a slightly higher risk.
- The condition is likely to affect aged people as well as those who are into heavy drinking and smoking.
Laparoscopy To Treat Colorectal Cancer:
When it comes to the treatment of colorectal cancer, laparoscopic surgery is what most doctors recommend. It is a minimally invasive surgical procedure that requires a small incision (not more than 1/2 an inch) as compared to the other open surgeries.
- The surgical procedure requires the surgeon to make about 3-4 small incisions.
- Small tubes (cannula) are then inserted into the abdomen through the incisions.
- Through the cannula, the surgeon passes carbon dioxide gas into the abdomen to inflate it.
- In this inflated state, the surgeon places a laparoscope into the abdomen through the incision to get a clearer picture of the affected organ (colon or rectum).
- A laparoscope is a useful instrument used in laparoscopy. It is a long and narrow tube that has a front camera (high resolution) and a high-intensity light that enables the surgeon to study the internal or diseased organs better.
- The incisions also enable the insertion of many other instruments that aid in the surgical process.
- The surgical instruments, including the cannula and the laparoscope, are then removed carefully.
- The incisions are then stitched and bandaged.
- General anesthesia is given to a patient undergoing a Laparoscopic surgery.
What makes the laparoscopic surgery such a popular choice is that there is minimal blood loss during the surgery.
- Further, a small incision minimizes the chances of an infection at the incision site to a great extent, ensuring a fast recovery.
- The surgery is also less time consuming with the patient requiring to spend a lesser time in the hospital.
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