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My 6 month baby had loose motion and I gave z and d drops and enterogenime vial .now loose motion is fine. But he didn't passing motion past 3 days. He has cold and I given atarax drops. 0.5 ml. He is inactive n feeling drowsy. What I can do fr that.
My niece is 15 month old. She is suffering from intermittent extropia which comes n goes since she was 10 month. We took. Her to pediatrician eye specialist. The doctor explained she is having squint in both eyes .The vision in her eyes is 20/20. He mentioned the only option is eye muscle surgery at the age of 4. We wanted to know as this the only option for her. We need to evaluate her eye checkup at 6 month interval. What we have observed that nowadays that she is not squinting frequently its like 3 or 4 times a day. Pls suggest some other. Options for her.
What is impetigo in children?
Impetigo is an infection of the skin. When it affects just the surface, it’s called superficial impetigo. Impetigo can also affect deeper parts of the skin. This is called ecthyma. It may occur on healthy skin. Or it may occur where the skin was injured by a cut, scrape, or insect bite.
Impetigo is most common in children from ages 2 to 5. It is contagious. This means it’s easily passed from one person to another. It can be spread around a household. Children can infect other family members, and can reinfect themselves.
What causes impetigo in a child?
Impetigo is caused by bacteria. The bacteria that can cause it include:
Group A beta-hemolytic streptococcus
Who is at risk for impetigo in a child?
Impetigo is more common in children, but adults may also have the infection. A child is more likely to get impetigo if he or she:
Has close contact with to others with impetigo
Does not keep clean (poor hygiene)
Is in warm, moist (humid) air
What are the symptoms of impetigo in a child?
Symptoms can occur a bit differently in each child. They also vary depending on which bacteria caused it. Symptoms can include:
Sores that are filled with fluid, draining fluid, or crusted over
Areas that are red, swollen, and may itch
Swelling of nearby lymph glands (nodes)
The bumps or sores can occur anywhere on the body. But they are most common on the face, arms, and legs.
The symptoms of impetigo can be like other health conditions. Make sure your child sees his or her healthcare provider for a diagnosis.
How is impetigo diagnosed in a child?
The healthcare provider will ask about your child’s symptoms and health history. He or she will give your child a physical exam. A sample of the pus from the sores may be sent to a lab. This is called a culture. It’s done to see what type of bacteria caused the infection. It can help the doctor decide the best antibiotic for treatment.
How is impetigo treated in a child?
Treatment will depend on your child’s symptoms, age, and general health. It will also depend on how severe the condition is. Treatment may include:
Prescription antibiotic cream or ointment. This is most often done for mild impetigo. Over-the-counter antibiotic cream or ointment is usually not advised.
Antibiotic pills or liquid by mouth (oral). This is most often advised if your child has several areas of impetigo or ecthyma. It may also be advised if more than one person in a household has impetigo.
Cleaning and bandaging. You will need to gently washing affected areas of your child’s skin with mild soap and water. Cover areas that are draining fluid. Make sure to wash your hands before and after caring for your child’s impetigo.
What are possible complications of impetigo in a child?
Possible complications of impetigo can include:
Worsening or spreading of the infection
Scarring, which is more common with ecthyma
Impetigo caused by beta-hemolytic strep bacteria can cause:
Kidney damage (poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis)
What can I do to prevent impetigo in my child?
You can help to prevent impetigo and prevent it from spreading to others. The following may help:
Keep your child out of daycare or school for 24 hours after starting antibiotic treatment. Your child can return after 24 hours. Cover any draining sores with bandages.
Make sure your child and everyone else in your household washes his or her hands well. This means using soap and water and scrubbing well.
Have everyone in the household use their own towels for drying hands and for after bathing. Do not share towels.
Keep your child's fingernails short. This can help prevent your child scratching and spreading the infection.
When should I call my child's healthcare provider?
Call the healthcare provider if your child has a skin infection after being in contact with anyone who has impetigo.