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What is Acne?
Acne is a chronic inflammatory disease of the pilo sebaceous follicles (i.e. Hair with oil producing glands attached to hair) characterized by comedones (blackheads and whiteheads), papules, pustules, nodules and ultimately leading to scars.
Who gets Acne?
Close to 100% of people between the ages of twelve and seventeen have at least an occasional whitehead, blackhead or pimple regardless of race or ethnicity. Acne starts between the ages of ten and fifteen years of age and usually lasts till twenty years of age; however, acne can persist into the late twenties or thirties or even beyond. Some people get acne for the first time as adults and this is known as adult acne.
What are the causes of Acne?
- Bacteria: Bacteria that normally lives on the skin plays a role in acne development. The bacteria are known as propionibacterium acnes (p. acnes). The bacteria content can increase in people whose faces are not clean.
- Hormones: During the teen years increased levels of sex hormones causes the oil glands of the skin to produce increased amount of oil. These excess skin oils tend to bind with cellular debris causing a blockage and producing a fertile environment for the bacteria to grow.
The bacteria causes inflammation, pus, swelling and redness. In adult acne, excessive hormones produced due to polycystic ovaries and other hormonal imbalances causing excess oil production and inflammation, which leads to acne.
What are the factors that precipitate or aggravate acne?
- Stress- Stress is frequently implicated in aggravation of acne while acne itself induces stress.
- Sweat- Sweating in a hot and humid environment causes deterioration in 15% of acne patients.
- Menstruation- Pre menstrual flare of acne occurs in 70% of female acne patients.
- Friction and pressure- Friction and pressure from helmets, backpacks and tight collars can induce blackheads and papules. Pressure from face massages or facials can aggravate acne.
- Pregnancy- Pregnancy has an unpredictable effect on acne. Pre-existing acne may aggravate or remit during pregnancy.
- Diet- High glycemic load foods (sugar loaded and starchy foods), oily foods may aggravate acne.
- Drugs- Oral contraceptives, anti tuberculosis medication, oral steroids, anti depressants may aggravate acne.
It is advisable to visit a board certified dermatologist for treatment of acne instead of over the counter treatment as the dermatologist treats the root cause of acne.
Good evening doctor! I am jagadeesh 21y old, From last two days when I went to my own home I was porn to some skin infection like sudden change in skin colour into red patches ,first I feel some itchiness but later there is no itching and irritation, but skin color patches is increasing and decreasing ,actually before reaching my place this skin infection is affected by my parents and some other peoples in that village from them it was transmitted. So please give me solution.
I have dandruff. I used so many different shampoos plus hair spa and dandruff treatments but no results. I have took homeopathy medicine also. Still have dandruff, grey hairs and hair fall. Please suggest me diet or any home remedies for this.
Hi my name is sagar actually I hae hair falling problem and continuously hai falling anyhow I want to stop this hair falling nd want to make my hair softy and want gain my hairs.
Should I consume hairoot tab of Dr. reddy? And I am suffering from hair loss all over my head. please tell me about its side effects.
I am 21 years old, but my skin looks like my age was 30 years old ,so my face looks like an aged person and I am white in color and fair and other thing is that my face is somewhat enlarged when compared with my friends my face looks larger, so what should I do without loosing my white ness my skin glow should like a normal Person and my head and face should decrease in size ?//please give me the solutions, I will use what ever the tablets and creams also and any other food also when matters.
How Berberis Aquifolium3O should be used for improving complexion? What will be the dosage? How many drops daily and for how many days?
Hi sir/madam my skin is dry skin, I have black spots on my face I used many creams but none of them worked properly instead I got small wholes type on my face, I want suggestions from you what should I apply to get clear face thank you.
I have developed rough and blackish skin on the upper part of my hands at the joints present in the fingers. Any solutions?
My hairs fall day by day and become skinny. I become hair less day by day. Give me suitable suggestions.
I have pimples on my face since 4 years. Now they're gone but formed as black marks on my face. So please answer me to clear this black marks?
Lupus is an inflammatory disease that is chronic in nature. It occurs when your tissues and organs are attacked by your body's own immunity system. The inflammation that this disease causes can affect the other parts of your body as well, like the joints, kidneys, skin, brain etc. It is often difficult to diagnose because it lacks distinct symptoms. However, one of the most identifiable symptoms of lupus is a ring-shaped rash on the face.
Lupus can be caused by a number of factors like:
- Excessive exposure to sunlight
- Susceptibility towards infections
- Certain anti-seizure, blood pressure and antibiotic medicines
The symptoms are neither distinct nor regular. However, some common symptoms could be-
- Fatigue and fever
- Pain in the joints, stiffness and swelling
- Ring-shaped facial rash
- Skin lesions on exposure to the sun
- Chest pain and shortness of breath
What else can lupus lead to?
Several complications may arise if lupus is left untreated. Some of them are-
- Kidney damage and failure
- Hallucination, seizures, strokes and several other problems associated with the brain and the central nervous system
- Anemia, blood clotting, vasculitis etc.
- Increased susceptibility to pneumonia
- Increased risk of heart attacks and other cardiovascular diseases
Lupus is a significantly dangerous disease and medical help should be immediately sought if you think that you have symptoms associated with it. Treatment depends on the signs and symptoms of individual patients.