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Treatment of Child and Adolescent Problems
Thyroid Problems Treatment
Thyroid Disorder Treatment
Paediatric Critical Care
Treatment of Childhood Infections
Child Nutrition Management
Growth And Development Including General Paediatri
Management of New Born Care
Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis (Pgd)
Congenital Ear Problem Treatment
Treatment of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome In Adolesce
Treatment of Thyroid Disease in Children
Cleft Lip Treatment
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Hi docs, My nephew aged 4 years stutters a lot. His speech is not at all clear. Please guide us for the same.
Infant mortality is still very high in India.
40% infant mortality occurs in first 30 days of birth.
50% of these death can be prevented by simple measure like cleanliness,hand hyegine, preventing hypothermia and breast feeding, which require just public education and awareness.
Important causes of maternal mortality are anaemia,preeclapsia,eclapsia.sepsis and post partumhaemorrage.
These can be prevented by early institutional care,early registration for pregnancy care and institutional delivery.
The skin of a newborn baby is very fragile. It is thin and has low pigmentation. It takes quite some time (about a year) for the epidermis to develop and function effectively. Once the baby turns one, the skin gets thicker and more immune to skin problems. Here are some common skin problems found in almost every infant.
1 Diaper rash
Diaper rash is the development of red and inflamed skin in the area under the diaper. It is recommended to check the diaper for any wetness at regular intervals, and to change it when required. The diaper should not be too tight or left on too long. Applying a diaper rash ointment and keeping the area dry and open whenever possible can help in relieving your baby from the problem.
2 Baby acne
Development of acne/pimples on the skin of an infant is a common occurrence. It is advised to not to apply anything on it. It mostly resolves on its own in a couple of days.
3 Prickly heat
Prickly heat rashes are the rashes which develop on the face, neck, back or the bottom of the baby because of heat. To deal with this situation you should try to keep the infant cool and dry (not let him/her sweat) and ensure that they wear loose and comfortable clothes made of cotton.
Rashes that develop on the scalp, eyebrows, cheeks, chest, and/or neck of a newborn baby (up to 6 months), are known as seborrhea. It appears to be gruesome, but does not bother the baby. It is recommended to use mild baby shampoo and creams to get rid of the problem. If there is no improvement, see a dermatologist.
20% of the babies suffer from a very itchy skin rash known as 'eczema'. The affected area of the skin may turn red, ooze pus or crust over. It can be a result of an irritation caused due to sweating in a hot weather or due to the drying up of skin in a cold weather. Some clothing, specifically wool can even trigger this skin condition in a baby. A dermatologist or a pediatrician should be consulted in order to know what should be done.
My grandson 4 month old. Now days he is suffering cold. Noise come like gar gar from chest. Pl.suggest medicine.
My son age is 3 years old. during this climate he is suffering with breathing problem. He could not able to sleep during mid night and we jabe consulted 2 doctors, they are alll changing the syrup but not effective. Hence finally we went to another doctor he told that it will be cured in 2 days. So we are happy that our son felt better but after that we came to know that that the nebiloser put was contain steroid. Now can we use steroid for our child in this age.please help.
Evolve with your child
To make your child a responsible person, you will have practise responsible parenting. Food habits are no exception to this rule!
Children learn by imitating the elders in the family. Just as they pick up right habits from parents, grandparents, and elder siblings and cousins, they pick up bad habits too. It is, therefore, vital that we practise responsible parenting, especially when it comes to the childhood food habits. Lessons learned or not learned at this stage of the life have lifelong implications.
Before you read any further, please understand that as an adult in the house or as a parent, you will have to work on your eating habits. After all your child will imitate you. It is crucial that you stop being a fussy eater before you can expect your child to imbibe good food habits. Stop discussing your food habits aloud at the mealtimes, and especially in front of your children. Be a great food-role-model that you can be for your child.
Don’t force food, forge love
Do not force feed your child. Please understand that it is okay for a child older than 24 months to skip meals. The child will make up for it later. As an elder in the family and as parents, you must refrain from using food as a reward or a punishment for the child. This will kick-start an unhealthy relationship with food in your child’s life.
Track sleeping habits
Poor sleeping habits may be the reason for your child’s lack of appetite. Watch your child’s sleeping habits to get to the cause of your child’s fussy eating. Try setting a healthy sleep pattern to improve the child’s appetite. A child between 2 to 3-years-old should be sleeping for about 12 hours a day, including the afternoon nap time. The number of hours of sound sleep reduces to about 8 to 9 hours a day as the child grows older.
Each child is unique, don’t compare
Always remember that your child is different and unique. Every child is different and unique, just as we all are, therefore, do not compare the number of rotis your child eats to that of another child. If your child does not like to eat a whole roti at a time, offer small finger foods that it can hold. Offer little bite-sized pieces of fruits, cheese, or parathas. Innovate for your child, and it will reward you with a clean plate and full tummy in no time.
Weigh down on weight
Yes, I know we the doctors are culprits here! In India, weight becomes a primary yardstick for a child’s health. An underweight child’s parents are often made to feel guilty, and the child is shamed. An overweight child is not a healthy child either, so please ignore all the aunts and grandmas focusing on your child’s weight. Instead, focus on other growth milestones and health markers such as activity, bowel movement, dullness, skin condition- dullness, dryness any white patches, condition of nails- whether brittle or with white patches, a child's height, frequency of falling sick etc.
Also, a sudden gain or loss in weight, recurrent infections, frequent fevers, dry or dull skin and constant irritability are a few signs that should alert you about your child’s nutrition and health overall. If you observe these symptoms in your child, consult the family physician or a paediatrician.
Respect child’s ‘privacy’
Just as you and I would not like to discuss our problems and shortcomings in public, do not discuss your child’s food issues with each and everyone; especially in front of the child. Instead, focus on encouraging your child to try new foods, and respond positively when the child does so. Always focus on the positives of the food habits of your child, and work to strengthen them. For example, if your child does not like spinach, but eats all other vegetables, focus on what the child likes than taunting it for not liking the spinach. We all have our likes and dislikes after all.
Being a parent, I know one thing: my child made me a parent. Moreover, as I am growing with my child, I am learning new things, not only about my child but myself. Food habits are one of them. Believe you me, evolving my food habits with my child; I am learning to be a better parent. It is making me a better person, and perhaps, a better doctor.