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Laparoscopy essentially means a surgical technique that aims at minimizing the trauma of general surgery. This is also known as minimally-invasive surgery. This procedure can take the form of endoscopic and robotic technique as well. The laparoscopic technique involves making small incisions, the involvement of a camera and removing/ operating the affected part with the help of light through machines.
Laparoscopic technique in cancer: Laparoscopic surgeries are being extensively used for removal of the colon, rectum, stomach, uterus, kidney, lymph node removal etc. The laparoscopic procedure helps to reduce the size of the incision, reduce pain related complications, reduce the hospital stay and a quicker recovery period.
How old is the process?
It’s been a couple of decades since the first procedure of laparoscopy was performed. The first procedure was a gallbladder removal followed by a kidney removal. Laparoscopic procedures for cancer surgeries have only come into effect in the last 5-6 years. Since most cancer surgeries are complicated and demand a holistic involvement of a surgeon, this procedure is not followed by too many surgeons. This being said, cancer-related to the kidney, abdomen and gall bladder, laparoscopic treatments are getting more preference among surgeons.
Understanding the benefits of Laparoscopic surgery
The biggest advantage of this procedure is the minimization of pain. Apart from this, some other benefits include less bleeding, shorter duration of stay at the hospital, less scarring etc. Having said this, a lot of these factors depend on the type and location of the surgery. Typically, cancer-related surgeries involve intense pain and high recovery time. A laparoscopic procedure can help in this regard.
Know the risks involved: Every operation has its fair share of risks and complication- be it conventional surgery or laparoscopic surgery and inexperienced hands and complex surgeries can make the matter worse. Some bigger risks involved in laparoscopic procedures include complications related to the anesthesia, injury to other organs, internal infections and the risk of punctures. Patients who have undergone surgeries before runs more risk than the one who has not undergone any operation.
Cost involved: The cost involved for laparoscopic surgeries are comparatively lesser than conventional surgeries. Then again, the location and complication of the surgery also pay a deciding factor of the final cost involved. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
Colon cancer as indicative of the name is cancer primarily affecting the colon or the large intestine. While colon cancer is considered the third most common type of cancer affecting people worldwide, it is also one of the most preventable types of cancer, if diagnosed and treated on time.
Colon cancer does not suddenly turn malignant and life-threatening. In quite a few cases, the tumor appears benign, also known as Adenomatous Polyps. With the passage of time, the adenomatous polyps (some, if not all) progress into colon cancer. In this article, I will emphasize upon the causes and proper management of colon cancer.
What acts as the trigger for colon cancer?
Like most of the other cancer forms, the exact cause of colon cancer is hard to decipher. However, in many cases, gene mutations have been found to play a pivotal role resulting in cancer formation in the colon. The mutations, as expected, is often an inheritable trait that can be passed on to subsequent generations. The following inheritable mutations make a person as well as their immediate family more susceptible to developing colon cancer.
1. FAP or Familial Adenomatous Polyposis is characterized by the formation of many polyps within the lining of the rectum and the large intestine. These polyps though start off as a noncancerous mass of cells have the potential to develop into cancerous cells over a time period. Thus, the condition should be treated at the earliest as people (FAP left unattended) stand a near 100% risk of suffering from colon cancer before reaching 40.
2. Lynch syndrome is another inheritable medical disorder that results from the mutation in the gene that is responsible for DNA mismatch repair. With the gene unavailable for the repair, the DNA undergoes damage with deleterious consequences. Also known as Hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer, the condition often plays a significant role in the development of colon cancer, especially in people below 50 years.
3. Further, an unhealthy diet comprising primarily of high fat and low fiber foods can wreak havoc, with colon cancer being one of the possible consequence. Increased consumption of red meat, processed meat as well as alcohol can also act as a catalyst triggering colon cancer.
4. Obese as well as diabetic patients also stand a higher risk of suffering from colon cancer.
Management and Proper Care
As per reports, colon cancer is one of the least prevented types of cancer worldwide. There can be a myriad of factors responsible for the late detection and treatment. Proper care and management can go a long way to reduce the incidence of colon cancer.
2. People above 40 years and those with a family history of colon cancer should undergo regular health checkups and screenings.
3. Keep a check on your body weight. Drinking and smoking, if at all, should be within limits.
4. Take care of the diet. Avoid eating fatty foods on a regular basis. Consume more dietary fiber.
5. Lead an active and healthy lifestyle. Be involved in any active exercise/sports or at the minimal walking.
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!