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Dr. P Ashirwad

MBBS

Radiologist, Vijayawada

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Dr. P Ashirwad MBBS Radiologist, Vijayawada
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I want all my patients to be informed and knowledgeable about their health care, from treatment plans and services, to insurance coverage....more
I want all my patients to be informed and knowledgeable about their health care, from treatment plans and services, to insurance coverage.
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Dr. P Ashirwad is an experienced Radiologist in Ashok Nagar, Vijayawada. He is a qualified MBBS . He is currently practising at Dr.psims in Ashok Nagar, Vijayawada. Don’t wait in a queue, book an instant appointment online with Dr. P Ashirwad on Lybrate.com.

Lybrate.com has a number of highly qualified Radiologists in India. You will find Radiologists with more than 33 years of experience on Lybrate.com. Find the best Radiologists online in Vijayawada. View the profile of medical specialists and their reviews from other patients to make an informed decision.

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MBBS - Andhra Medical College, Visakhapatnam -
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How to Relieve Muscle Pain in Hindi - मांसपेशियों के दर्द को दूर करने के उपाय

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Lakhimpur Kheri
How to Relieve Muscle Pain in Hindi - मांसपेशियों के दर्द को दूर करने के उपाय

हमारे शरीर में होने वाला दर्द कई तरह का होता है. मांसपेशियों में होने वाला दर्द भी इसी तरह का दर्द है. ज्यादा मेहनत करने से मांसपेशियों में दर्द होना आम बात है. शरीर में मांसपेशियों की एक जटिल प्रणाली होती है. मांसपेशियों में दर्द एक छोटी सी झुंझलाहट से शुरू होता है लेकिन कई बार यह आपके स्वास्थ्य के लिए गंभीर भी हो जाता है. इससे पीड़ित लोगों को अपने शरीर को पर्याप्त पानी से हाइड्रेटेड रखना होगा. अगर आपके शरीर में पर्याप्त पानी नहीं रहेगा तो आपकी मांसपेशियां अकड़ जाएंगी, और साथ ही आसानी से उन्हें चोट भी लग सकती है. आइए मांसपेशियों में होने वाले दर्द को दूर करने के उपायों को जानें.
1. सरसों का तेल
सरसों का तेल को एक प्राकृतिक औषधि माना जाता है. जिसके उपयोग से त्वचा की सतह पर रक्त प्रवाह को बढ़ाने में मदद मिलती है. इसके उपयोग से आपकी मांसपेशियों की अकड़न कम होगी और दर्द से भी जल्द राहत मिलेगी.
2. लाल मिर्च
लाल मिर्च में सूजनरोधी और पीड़ा को दूर करने के गुण मौजूद होते हैं. जिसकी मदद से मांसपेशियों में दर्द, अकड़न और सूजन कम होती है. इसके साथ ही आप लाल मिर्च को सलाद, सूप और अन्य आहार में ऊपर अलग से डालकर भी खा सकते हैं.
3. खट्टी चेरी का करें प्रयोग
खट्टी चेरी आपको व्यायाम के बाद होने वाले मांसपेशियों के दर्द से राहत दिलाती है. अध्ययन के अनुसार खट्टी चेरी में कई एंटीऑक्सिडेंट और सूजनरोधी गुण होता हैं जो सूजन और मांसपेशियों में होने वाले दर्द को कम करने में मदद करते हैं. मांसपेशियों की सूजन और पीड़ा को कम करने के लिए आप बिन चीनी के खट्टी चेरी के जूस का भी इस्तेमाल कर सकते हैं.
4. बर्फ का करे इस्तेमाल
जहां जहां आपको मांसपेशियों में दर्द है वहां अगर आप बर्फ के पैक को लगाते हैं तो इससे आपको दर्द और सूजन को कम करने में मदद मिलेगी. बर्फ रक्त वाहिकाओं को कसने में मदद करेगा जिससे कि आपके रक्त का प्रवाह प्रभावित क्षेत्रों में कम होगा.
5. गर्म पानी
दर्द के शुरू होने के 24 घंटे बाद एक गर्म पानी से अपने प्रभावित क्षेत्रों पर सिकाई करें. इससे आपके मांसपेशियों में दर्द नहीं होगा और जल्द राहत भी मिलेगी. इसका उपयोग करने से रक्त के प्रवाह में वृद्धि होगी और उपचार प्रक्रिया को भी एक गति मिलेगी. दर्द शुरू होने के 24 घंटों के भीतर इस प्रक्रिया का इस्तेमाल न करें.
6. केला पहुंचाये फायदा
केला मांसपेशियों के दर्द को कम करने के लिए एक बहुत अच्छा घरेलु उपाय है. यह फल पोटेशियम का एक समृद्ध स्रोत है. पोटेशियम की कमी से मांसपेशियों में कमजोरी, थकान और ऐंठन शुरू होने लगती है.
7. हल्दी है फायदेमंद
हल्दी एक दर्द निवारक और सूजनरोधी गुण के रूप में कार्य करती है. हल्दी का इस्तेमाल कैसे करें – एक कप दूध में एक चम्मच हल्दी को मिला लें. अब इस मिश्रण को हल्की आंच पर गर्म करें. अब इस मिश्रण को गर्म होने के बाद पी जाएँ.
8. रोज़मरी
ताज़ा और सूखे रोजमेरी की पत्तियों में सूजनरोधी गुण होते हैं जो मांसपेशियों की सूजन और दर्द से जल्द रहत दिलाने में मदद करते हैं.
9. अदरक
अदरक एक प्राकृतिक सूजनरोधी गुण के रूप में कार्य करता है और रक्त परिसंचरण और रक्त प्रवाह को बेहतर बनाता है. अदरक के सेवन से मांसपेशियों का दर्द दूर होता है. एक अध्ययन के अनुसार अगर आप कच्ची अदरक का सेवन करते हैं या उसे जलाकर खाते हैं तो आपकी मांसपेशियों और चोट का इलाज बहुत अच्छे से होगा.
10. सेब का सिरका
सेब का सिरका आपके मांसपेशियों के दर्द को दूर करने के लिए एक और महान उपाय है. इसमें सूजनरोधी और क्षारीय गुण भी होते हैं जो दर्द और सूजन को कम करने में मदद करते हैं.

1 person found this helpful

Liver Transplant - FAQs Solved!

MBBS, DNB ( General Surgery)
Liver Transplant Surgeon, Pune
Liver Transplant - FAQs Solved!

1. What are the symptoms of liver disease? When to see a doctor?

Most of the liver diseases present with similar symptoms with some variations. Some of the common symptoms can be loss of appetite, nausea and vomiting, vomiting of blood, jaundice(yellowish discoloration of the eye), abdominal pain, itching, distension of abdomen( accumulation of fluid- ascites), swelling of lower limbs, weight loss, altered sensorium, confusion, and in a late stage- coma.

2. Can liver disease be prevented?

Liver is a crucial body organ which is responsible for processing essential nutrients from the food you eat, synthesizing bile and most importantly removing harmful toxins from the system. To ensure that your liver keeps performing its functions, you need to follow a healthy lifestyle.

Some of the liver diseases are metabolic and hence inherent at the time of birth and manifest later. However, some of the more common liver diseases are preventable like alcohol induced liver disease, fatty liver induced liver disease (NAFLD), Hepatitis A, B and C.

3. What is liver transplantation? What is the average cost of liver transplantation?

Liver transplantation is the treatment for end stage liver disease in both adults and children. In this operation, the diseased liver is removed and replaced by a healthy one. The success rate for the operation is high and terminally ill patient can return to normal lives.

The average cost of liver transplantation is Rs 18 to 20 Lakhs at Sahyadri specialty hospital, Pune Maharashtra. The cost of investigations of the donor and recipient is Rs 90,000. When patients are too sick and require prolonged stay following liver transplantation, the cost of treatment can escalate; hence it is advisable to patients to have the liver transplantation before they develop complications secondary to the liver disease (Cirrhosis).

Most of the patients seek help at a very late stage or referred late to a Surgeon. It is advisable for patients to seek the opinion of a Surgeon at a very early stage of the disease. The patient needs to take medicines for the rest of his life to prevent rejection of the new liver. The cost of medicines and the investigations in the first year is approximately Rs 10-15000/-. The number of medicines and the frequency of blood investigations are much less after the first year of liver transplantation.

The cost of liver transplantation in India is one-twentieth when compared to USA, UK and other European Countries.

4. When should a liver transplant be performed?

When a person’s liver is severely damaged and cannot function properly or complications may develop and liver transplantation should be considered. Conditions like hepatic coma, massive upper gastrointestinal bleeding, and liver cancer is the best treated by complete removal of the liver (cirrhotic liver).

In general, when a patient needs a new liver, the earlier the operation, the higher the success rate is.

Urgent liver transplantation is recommended in patients who have acute liver failure and this could be due to many reasons. The common conditions are Hepatitis B, Hepatitis A, Hepatitis E and drug induced. In such patients, liver transplantation is urgently needed in order to save the life of the individual.

5. What are the advantages/benefits to the recipient of getting a living donation vs cadaver?

A new liver can come from either of the two sources: A living donor or a brain-dead deceased donor.

Living donor transplantation:

It is technically feasible to remove part of the liver from a living person and transplant it to a patient who needs a new liver. The operation has now been done since 1989. Depending on the size matching of the donor and recipient, either the left side (about 35-40%) or the right side (60-65%) of the liver will have to be removed. The liver remnant in the donor will grow to its original size in 6-8 weeks time.

This process helps in an earlier transplantation before the recipients’ conditions deteriorates. It is a planned procedure whilst cadaver liver transplantation is an emergency procedure. It avoids the risk of death while waiting for a deceased donor liver graft(40% overall and 75% for patients in Intensive care units). The survival rate of a living donor transplant is over 90%.

There are risks like complications of the investigations and surgical procedures but the possibility of donor death rate is of 0.2-0.5%. Seventeen donor deaths have been reported in Brazil, France, Germany, Egypt, Hong Kong, Japan, USA and India.

Cadaver transplantation:

This is well established in the Europe and USA. Unfortunately, the availability of deceased donor liver is not very often in India. Depending on your blood group, you may have to wait for 0 to 6 months before you get a new liver.

During this waiting period, you may develop complications like spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (infection of the fluid in the abdomen) which, if repetitive may produce severe adhesions in your abdomen rendering liver transplantation difficult if not impossible.

It is important for everyone to register for organ donation, so that when we die, this noble act will help many people to lead normal lives. In the Western world the organ donation rate is between 15-18/million population where as in Indi it is less than 1/million.

6. Who can be a suitable living donor?

The most important criteria is that the donation of portion of the liver is done voluntarily. The donor has to be less than 50 years of age, body mass index of less than 25 and is a near relative of the recipient. Both the donor and the patient should have the same Blood group or O Blood group.

Besides, the potential donor should understand clearly that

  • The donor operation carries complication rate of 10-15%.
  • The recipient is successful in 90-95%, which means that there is 5-10% chance of dying.
  • The donation is done out of his/her own wish and without any coercion.
  • There is no financial gain related to the act of donation.
  • The donor has the right to withdraw at any time without the need of giving any reasons to do so.

7. Which patients are excluded from liver transplantation procedure?

Patients who have cancer in another part of the body, active alcohol or illegal drug abuse, active or severe infection in any part of the body, serious heart, lung or neurological conditions or those who are unable to follow doctors’ instructions are excluded generally.

8. What are the risks to the recipient from the surgery?

The overall success rate of liver transplant is over 94% and the majority of recipients can return to normal activities and achieve 95% of their quality of life which they had prior to liver disease. Since the recipients’ body may reject the new liver, it is essential for them to take immunosuppressive medications and continue follow up at the liver transplant clinic. They will need to continue these medications for life, at a reducing dosage.

The risk for the recipient is the return of the original problem that necessitated the liver transplant in the first place, e.g. hepatitis C, recidivism (return to alcoholism), noncompliance of medications. The other complications that can arise are thrombosis of blood vessels going into or out of the liver, primary or delayed graft non-function, bile duct complications, renal failure and other infections.

9. What are the side effects of having a liver transplant?

After a successful liver transplantation (95% of patients) – the patient is advised to take care of infections and to take anti-rejection medicines for life. The patient can return to normal quality of life and can return back to work in three months time. The patient has to regularly follow up with the surgeon in the first year and later at regular intervals as advised by his doctor. He will require blood tests to determine that his liver functions and to adjust his medications in the beginning and later the tests are infrequent. The patient is advised not to take any herbal or alternative drug treatment.

The transplant patient is assessed regularly for various complications like rejection, infection, narrowing of blood vessels etc., and appropriate treatment is initiated. Post transplantation, he is under the guidance of his doctor throughout his life. Any health problems that do come up have to be investigated and treated, though they are infrequent.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

1870 people found this helpful

Breast Cancer - Is There A Way Ayurveda Can Help You?

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Rajgarh
Breast Cancer - Is There A Way Ayurveda Can Help You?

Breast cancer, is a type of cancer, which is common to women, where cancer cells grow on the breasts or the female mammary gland. It starts out with the formation of a small lump in your breast and can spread out to your other organs very rapidly. It generally affects women above forty years of age. Breast cancer can be classified into two types. They can either start forming on the inner linings of your milk ducts ( known as Ductal carcinoma) or in the lobules which supply milk (known as Lobular carcinoma).

There are many causes responsible for breast cancer they are mentioned below

The most common symptoms of breast cancer are as follows

  1. Formation of a lump in your breast
  2. Swelling or shrinking of your breast
  3. Change of size, shape and color of your nipple
  4. Blood or milk discharge from the nipple
  5. Breast pain
  6. Itching sensation
  7. Appearance of rashes

Breast cancer if not diagnosed and treated at an early stage may turn out to be fatal. Ayurveda offers promising cures for breast cancer.

A few of the Ayurvedic remedies are mentioned below

  1. Include foods, which are well supplied with vitamin D in your diet. Researches show that women with less amount of vitamin D in their bodies are more likely to develop breast cancer. Consider including foods like eggs, orange juice, dairy products and fish like salmon in your diet.
  2. Drink more of green tea as it has anti cancer properties.
  3. Exercises like walking, yoga, meditation and certain breast exercises can help you to relax the pain sensation, reduce stress and also get cured.
  4. Incorporate bitter gourd in your diet. Researches show that bitter gourd can kill those cancer cells, which cause breast cancer.
  5. Ayurvedic herbs like Ashwagandha, tulsi, curcumin have certain properties that can destroy cancer cells.

Since, breast cancer has less survival rates, it is absolutely essential for you to visit an Ayurvedic practitioner if you wish to get cured through Ayurvedic treatment.

3320 people found this helpful

Breast Cancer - Know More to Say 'No' More!

MBBS, DGO, MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology, MRCOG
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Breast Cancer - Know More to Say 'No' More!

Cancer is the abnormal, uncontrolled growth of cells in a particular body part. With continued growth, pieces of this tissue travel through the blood to different body parts and continue to grow in the new area. This is known as metastases. Breast cancer is one of the most common forms of cancer and affects about 1 in 8 women in the USA. Read on to know more details of breast cancer – breast anatomy, causes, symptoms, risk factors, detection, prevention, and of course treatment.

Anatomy: The main function of the breast is lactation through its milk-producing tissue that are connected to the nipple by narrow ducts. In addition, there is surrounding connective tissue, fibrous material, fat, nerves, blood vessels and lymphatic channels which complete the structure. This is essential to know as most breast cancers develop as small calcifications (hardened particles) in the ducts or as small lumps in the breast tissue which then continues to grow into cancer. The spread can happen through lymphatic or blood flow to other organs.

Warning signs/symptoms: The following are some symptoms that need to be watched out for if you have a predisposition to breast cancer.

  1. A lump in either of the breasts or armpits
  2. Change in size, shape, or contour of either breast
  3. Redness of your breast or nipple
  4. Discharge of clear or bloody fluid
  5. Thickening of breast tissue or skin that lasts through a period
  6. Altered look or feel of the skin on the breast or the nipple (dimpled, inflamed, scaly, or puckered)
  7. One area on the breast that looks very different from the other areas
  8. Hardened area under the breast skin

Either one or a combination of these should be an indication to get a detailed checkup done. Early diagnosis results in controlling the disease with minimal treatment and reduced complications.

Causes and risk factors: The exact cause for breast cancer is yet to be pinned down. However, risk factors are clearly identified, and women with risk factors need to watch out for warning signs.

  1. Family history: Of all the risk factors, the family history is the most important. Breast cancer runs in families, and if there is a first-degree relative with the breast cancer, the chances of developing it are almost double. Two genes BRCA1 and BRCA2 are the carriers of the disease, and this testing can be done in women to identify if they are at risk.
  2. Family history of other cancers: Even if there is no breast cancer, if there are other cancers that run in the family, watch out.
  3. Age: Women over 50 are at higher risk of developing breast cancer.
  4. Race: Caucasian and Jewish women are at higher risk of breast cancer than African-American women.
  5. Hormones: Greater exposure to the female hormone estrogen increases the chances of developing breast cancer. Women who use birth control pills for contraception and hormone replacement after menopause are at a higher risk of developing breast cancer.
  6. Gynecologic milestones: Women who have abnormal menstrual milestones need to watch out. These include those who attain menarche before 12 years of age, get pregnant after 30, attain menopause after 55, and have menstrual cycles shorter than 26 days or longer than 29 days.
  7. Obesity and alcohol abuse are also likely to increase a woman’s chances of developing breast cancer.

Stages: Starting from stage 0, higher stages indicate advanced disease.

  1. Stage 0: The growth which has begun in the milk-producing tissue or the ducts has remained there (in situ) and not spread to any other area, including the rest of the breast.
  2. Stage I: The tissue slowly becomes invasive and has begun to affect the surrounding healthy tissue. It could have spread to the fatty breast tissue and some breast tissue may be found in the nearby lymph nodes.
  3. Stage II: The cancer at this stage grows considerably or spreads to other parts. There are chances that cancer may grow and also spread.
  4. Stage III: It may have spread to the bones or other organs but small amounts are present in up to 9 to 10 of the lymph nodes in the armpits and collar bones which makes it is difficult to fight.
  5. Stage IV: The cancer is widespread to far-flung areas like the liver, lungs, bones, and even the brain.

Screening: This is one of the most effective ways to identify the disease in its early stages. This will help in controlling cancer from spreading with minimal treatment.

  1. Self-examination: A thorough self-examination to look for changes in terms of shape, size, colour, contour, and firmness should be learned by all women. Watch for any discharge, sores, rashes, or swelling in the breasts, surrounding skin, and nipple. Examine them while standing and when lying down.
  2. In most women, annual screening mammograms are advised after the age of 40. However, in women who have a strong family history or genetic makeup, it is advisable to have screening mammograms starting at age 20 every 3 years and then annually from the age of 40.
  3. Women in high-risk categories should have screening mammograms every year and typically start at an earlier age.
  4. Ultrasound screening can also be given in addition to mammograms.
  5. Breast MRI is another way to screen for breast cancer if the risk is greater.

Breast Cancer Prevention: Now that there is so much awareness about causes and risk factors, there are definitely ways to prevent or delay the onset of the disease.

  1. Exercise and a healthy diet with reduced amount of alcohol are definitely effective in minimising the chances of developing cancer.
  2. Tamoxifen is used in women who are at high risk for breast cancer.
  3. Evista (raloxifene) which is used to treat osteoporosis after menopause. It is also widely used in preventing breast cancer.
  4. In high-risk women, breasts are surgically removed to prevent the development of cancer (preventive mastectomy).

Treatment: As with all cancers, treatment would depend on the stage at which it is identified and include a combination of chemotherapy, radiation, and surgery. As noted earlier, if you are at risk, look out for warning signs as early diagnosis is the key to maximum recovery.

2623 people found this helpful

What You Need To Know About Breast Cancer Surgery?

FAIS, FIAGES, MS - General Surgery, MBBS
General Surgeon, Noida
What You Need To Know About Breast Cancer Surgery?

With the recent number of breast cancer cases on the rise, it is important that we should get the examination done on a regular basis as a preventive measure. Even if someone is suffering from it, it is important that we should make an effort and learn about.

If you have breast cancer then a surgery will be part of your treatment. Based on the condition, surgery will be carried out due to any of the following reasons:
1. To remove the cancerous tissues from the breast
2. To reconstruct the breast once the cancer is removed
3. To check whether the cancer has spread to the lymph nodes below the arm
4. To treat symptoms of cancer that has progressed to an advanced stage

Breast cancer surgery may be classified into two types
1. Mastectomy: Mastectomy involves removing the entire breast; tissues in the adjoining region may also be removed. A double mastectomy is a procedure where both the breasts are removed.
2. Breast-conserving surgery: In this surgery, only parts of the breast affected by cancer are removed. The area of the breast that is to be removed will depend on the severity of the cancer. Some healthy tissues may also be removed in this surgery.

Usually, if a woman is in the initial stages of cancer then she may opt for the latter as it entails removing parts of the breast. They may also undergo radiation therapy along with these surgeries.
For checking if the cancer has spread to the lymph nodes below the arm, the lymph nodes are removed from the body. Once they are removed, they are studied under a microscope to check if it has spread, if yes then the extent of their damage. This procedure is carried out along with the surgery to remove the cancer.

Once the mastectomy procedure is completed, you can opt for a breast reconstruction surgery to rebuild the area. You may opt for this procedure at the time of breast cancer removal or at a later stage. If you are considering breast reconstruction surgery then you should discuss it with your surgeon.

Surgery is sometimes not used to treat cancer, but in slowing the progression of cancer or even reducing its symptoms.It is important you talk to your surgeon before the procedure to understand the goal of the surgery.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2568 people found this helpful

Treatment Of Lump In The Uterus - बच्चेदानी में गांठ का इलाज

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Lakhimpur Kheri
Treatment Of Lump In The Uterus - बच्चेदानी में गांठ का इलाज

बच्चेदानी में गाँठ, कई महिलाओं के लिए परेशानी का कारण बन जाती है. इस दौरान गर्भाशय की आंतरिक परत की कोशिकाएं आवश्यकता से अधिक मोटी और बड़ी हो जाती हैं. फाइब्रॉइड होने के कारण जो लक्षण प्रकट होते है वो इस बात पर निर्भर करते है की ये किस जगह स्थित  है , इनका आकार कैसा है और इनकी संख्या कितनी है. यदि फाइब्रॉइड बहुत छोटे हों और कम हों तो किसी प्रकार की तकलीफ नहीं होती और मेनोपॉज होने के बाद या अपने आप सिकुड़ कर मिट जाते है. लेकिन यदि फाइब्रोइड बढ़ जाते है इस प्रकार की परेशानी पैदा हो सकती है. गर्भाशय आकार में नाशपाती जैसा होता है. बच्चेदानी, महिलाओं का वो ख़ास अंग है जहां जन्म से पहले बच्चे को रखती हैं. आप इसे दो भागों में बाँट सकते हैं. एक तो है गर्भाशय ग्रीवा का पहला भाग जो योनी में खुलता है, वहीँ दुसरा भाग जो गर्भाशय का उपरी हिस्सा है जिसे कॉर्पस कहते हैं. महिलाओं के गर्भाशय में गाँठ का एक कारण कैंसर भी हो सकता है. आइए बच्चेदानी के गाँठ के कारणों और इसके संभावित उपचारों पर एक नजर डालें.
 

क्या है बच्चेदानी में गाँठ का कारण
हार्मोन

इस्ट्रोजन और प्रोजेस्ट्रोन नामक हार्मोन ओवरी में बनते है. हार्मोन के कारण हर महीने गर्भाशय में एक परत बनती है. जिसके कारण माहवारी होती है. ये हार्मोन ही इन परत के बनने के दौरान फाइब्रॉइड बनने की वजह भी बनते है.
अनुवांशिकता पारिवारिक कारण
यदि दादी, नानी, माँ या बहन को फाइब्रॉइड की समस्या है तो आपको भी यह होने की पूरी संभावना होती है.
गर्भावस्था
गर्भावस्था के समय एस्ट्रोजन और प्रोजेस्ट्रोन हार्मोन्स का स्राव बढ़ जाता है. इसलिए ऐसे समय फाइब्रॉइड होने संभावना भी बढ़ जाती है.
मोटापा
वजन ज्यादा होने की वजह से भी गर्भाशय में फाइब्रॉइड बनने की संभावना बढ़ जाती है. इसका कारण गलत प्रकार का खान-पान, शारीरिक गतिविधि का अभाव तथा गलत प्रकार की दिनचर्या भी हो सकता है.


क्या हैं इसके लक्षण?

  • माहवारी के समय या बीच में ज्यादा रक्तस्राव जिसमें थक्के शामिल होते है.
  • नाभि के नीचे पेट में दर्द या पीठ के निचले हिस्से में दर्द.
  • पेशाब बार बार आना.
  • मासिक धर्म के समय दर्द की लहर चलना.
  • यौन सम्बन्ध बनाते समय दर्द होना.
  • मासिक धर्म का सामान्य से अधिक दिनों तक चलना.
  • नाभि के नीचे पेट में दबाव या भारीपन महसूस होना.
  • एनीमिया.
  • पैरों में दर्द.
  • पेट की समस्याएं सूजन.
  • सम्भोग के समय दबाव महसूस होना.
  • फाइब्रॉइड का पता कैसे चलता है

यदि उपरोक्त लक्षण दिखाई दें तो महिला चिकित्सक से जाँच करानी चाहिए. जाँच करने के बाद यदि उन्हें गर्भाशय में गांठ यानि फाइब्रॉइड होने का शक हो डॉक्टर सोनोग्राफी कराने के लिए कह सकते है. सोनोग्राफी से गर्भाशय की सही स्थिति का पता चलता है. कहाँ, कितनी संख्या और कितने बड़े फायब्रॉयड है इसका भी पता चल जाता है. यह सोनोग्राफी दो तरह से होती है – पहली समान्य प्रकार से पेट के ऊपर से और दूसरी योनी के अंदर से जिसे ट्रांसवेजिनल अल्ट्रासॉउन्ड कहते है.
योनि के अंदर से सोनोग्राफी होने पर फाइब्रॉइड की स्थिति का ज्यादा स्पष्ट रूप से पता चलता है. क्योंकि उसमे मशीन गर्भाशय के ज्यादा पास तक पहुँच पाती है. डॉक्टर के बताये अनुसार सोनोग्राफी कराने से किस प्रकार का इलाज  होना चाहिए यह पता चलता है. इसके अलावा एम.आर.आई., एक्सरे या सीटी स्केन की जरुरत के अनुसार कराने की सलाह दी जा सकती है.
 

क्या है इसका उपचार
यदि फाइब्रोइड के कारण किसी प्रकार की तकलीफ ना हो तो सामान्यतः किसी प्रकार के इलाज की आवश्यकता  नहीं होती है. यहाँ तक की थोड़ा बहुत अधिक रक्तस्राव की स्थिति से निपट सकें तो कोई इलाज ना लें तो चलता है.
मेनोपॉज होने के बाद इसके कारण हो रही तकलीफ कम हो जाती है या कभी कभी बिल्कुल मिट भी जाती है. लेकिन यदि तकलीफ ज्यादा होती है तो इलाज लेना जरुरी हो जाता है.
फायब्रॉइड का इलाज उम्र , शारीरिक स्थिति , फाइब्रॉइड का आकार , उनकी संख्या और उनकी स्थिति के अनुसार तय किया जाता है. हो सकता है कुछ दवाओं से फाइब्रॉइड ठीक हो जाएँ अन्यथा ऑपरेशन की जरुरत भी पड़ सकती है. आपरेशन कई प्रकार से होते है. जिसमें मशीनों की सहायता से फाइब्रॉइड को बिना किसी चीर फाड़ के लेजर से नष्ट किया जाता है.
यदि इसके द्वारा इलाज संभव नहीं हो तो गर्भाशय को निकाल देना पड़ता है. उस स्थिति में माँ बनने की संभावना समाप्त हो जाती है. इस आपरेशन में ओवरी निकाल देनी है या नहीं यह डॉक्टर मरीज की परिस्थिति और जरुरत को देखते हुए निर्णय लेते है.
फाइब्रोइड होने पर डॉक्टर से इस प्रकार के प्रश्न किये जा सकते है. इनके जवाब समझने पर यह निर्णय करना आसान होता है कि अब क्या करना चाहिए. दवा लें या सर्जरी करायें. डॉक्टर की राय भी ली जा सकती है ताकि निर्णय लेना आसान हो जाये.
यदि गर्भाशय में मौजूद गांठ या रसौली प्रारंभिक अवस्था में हो या छोटी हों तो आयुर्वेदिक दवाओं से या होमिओपेथिक दवाओं से इन्हें ठीक करने की कोशिश की जा सकती है. ज्यादा बड़े फाइब्रॉइड होने पर और ब्लीडिंग अधिक होने पर सर्जरी जरुरी हो जाती है. सर्जरी के बाद महीने डेढ़ महीने कुछ परहेज रखने की जरुरत होती है. सर्जरी के बाद सभी तरह की परेशानियों से मुक्ति मिल जाती है.

Understand hormones

MBBS, MS - General Surgery
General Surgeon, Kota

Recent research suggests that short-term (less than five years) use of HRT is not associated with an increase in the risk of breast cancer, but that using it for more than ten years might be. Breast cancer is detected earlier in women using HRT, as they are more alert to the disease than other women.

Sir, What is the meaning of at L4-L5, L5-S1 Level? There is Diffuse disc bulge, causing bilateral moderate neural foramina narrowing Abutting Exiting nerve Roots, and also tell me about is this any serious or anything.

MS-Orthopaedics
Orthopedist, Chennai
At your lower back, disc a soft shock absorber like material between vertebra have moved back and pressing on nerves coming down the legs. You need orthopaedic consultation.
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Hello doctor in my MRI report it's written that: *Sacralised L5 vertebrae. *Diffuse disc bulge of L3-4 & L4-5 discs indenting thecal sac.

MD
General Physician, Vijayawada
Saccralisation of 5th Vertebra is normal variant No treatment is required. For I. V Disc bulge please take bed rest and Medical treatment by consulting a Neuro - Physician.
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I am 43 years old and I have taken scan and in my report there is a small fibre on the both wall of the uterus, can you please tell me whether it is danger or not.

BHMS
Homeopath, Chennai
Homeopathy is much more effective in treatment of uterine fibroids. Out of all possible alternatives, Homeopathy is the best non surgical treatment for fibroids. The homeopathic medicines slowly but surely retard the growth of fibroids. Over a period of time, the fibroids disappear completely. This is a far more effective and the most convenient treatment of fibroids.
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