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Mam/sir, I have red spots on my thighs and legs and its very itchy. do not know why all of sudden it started and i have some pimples kind on my back.
My hairs are falling continuously. What should I do to stop the hair fall and get my lost hair back?
Birthmarks are dark spots/blemishes that are present at birth or appear soon after. Most of them are harmless and while some disappear with time, some don't. Birthmarks may cause a person to be conscious of their appearance and some types of marks may even pose health problems. You can opt for birthmark removal for cosmetic or health reasons.
Types of birthmarks
The two major types of birthmarks are vascular birthmarks, which are caused due to the incorrect formation of blood vessels; and pigmented birthmarks that are caused due to an overgrowth of pigmentation cells.
Common vascular birthmarks are 3 types:
- Haemangiomas: Bright red or bluish marks that may appear above or below the skin's surface.
- Port-wine stains: They are discolorations found mainly on the neck, face arms or legs, which look like wine was spilled on that area of the body.
- Macular stains: These are faint red marks often found on the forehead, eyelids, nape of the neck, nose or the upper lip.
Pigmented birthmarks are generally of 3 typpules- Cafe-au-lait spots, which are common coffee colored spots; Mongolian spots that are flat, bluish-gray patches on the lower back or buttocks; and moles that may be tan or black, flat or raised and may have hair growing out of them. Moles may develop into skin cancer.
So, in cases where a birthmark can be potentially fatal for your health, it's best to get it removed.
Here are the different ways you can choose from if you intend to get your birthmark removed.
- Laser surgery - It's a widely popular birthmark procedure, especially for port-wine stains. A yellow light laser, called flashlamp pumped a dye laser, is commonly used for treating and removing birthmarks in children. Haemangiomas are generally treated with a pulse dye laser when they start to grow in size and become thicker than before.
- Surgery - Surgical excision can help remove a birthmark and minimize the resulting scar. Mongolian birthmarks, port-wine stains, and haemangiomas can be treated with surgery.
- Cryosurgery and Electrodessication - Cryosurgery is the application of extreme cold to the affected area to destroy the diseased tissue. Electrodessication refers to the destruction of tissues by dehydration induced by a high-frequency electric current.
- Resurfacing lasers: Resurfacing lasers (carbon dioxide and Erbium: YAG) that vaporise the surface skin, and cryotherapy, use to remove pigmented lesions, they may improve the appearance.
Intake of foods of high Glycemic Index (GI) worsens acne. GI measures the rate at which blood sugar levels rise because of the intake of foods containing carbohydrates such as soda, white bread, processed breakfast cereals, chips, baked and other junk foods. Diet and acne are directly related.
Therefore, you should adopt a perfect diet plan for your acne.
- Omega-3 Fatty Acids: These have anti-inflammatory effects whereas foods with Omega-6 Fatty acids produce substances such as inflammatory prostaglandins. Such foods include walnuts, flaxseed oil, fish oil, fish roe (egg), sea foods, spinach, soybeans and chia seeds.
- Low Glycemic Foods: Eat non- starchy foods such as vegetables, legumes and fruits low on the GI count. Avoid carbs, especially simple carbs. Potatoes should be off your platter for quite some time.
- Vitamin A and Vitamin E: An ounce of almonds gives about 7.4 milligram of vitamin A. You can also consume almond milk or almond oil. Other foods rich in Vitamin A are sun flower seeds, sesame or pumpkin; Swiss chard, mustard greens, spinach, turnip greens, kale, plant oils such as wheat gram oil, sunflower oil, hazelnuts, pine nuts and avocado. Sources of vitamin A include liver, broccoli, orange, fatty fish.
- Avoid dairy products: They aggravate acne flare-ups because of the hormones contained in milk.
- Chromium Rich Foods: They stabilize levels of blood sugar. The suggested foods are orange pancakes, Tortellini and broccoli salad, alcohol-free sangria, such as grape juice, open-face ham sandwiches with Rye crisp bread. Other sources of chromium are onions, tomatoes, lettuce, and whole grains. For more effective results, include foods with Vitamin C that add to the absorption of chromium.
- Zinc-Rich Foods: Sources of zinc include cereals, wheat grams, sesame seeds, pumpkin seeds, meats, shell fish, squash seeds, fruits such as pomegranates and avocados, dark chocolates, spinach, mushroom, cashew nuts, almonds, walnuts and hazelnuts.
- Avoid intake of excess iodine: Excess iodine causes acne flare-ups.