Malrotation is a congenital anomaly in which the gut of the infant undergoes a complex rotation during pregnancy. Malrotation can be associated with other defects in the digestive system, heart defects and abnormalities of other organs like the spleen or liver. Abdominal pain and cramping are two early symptoms that are caused due to the inability of the intestine to push the food over the obstruction. Young children with malrotation are irritable, have irregular stool problems, suffer from lethargy and vomiting. Other symptoms associated with this condition are swollen abdomen, diarrhea, bloody stool, rapid heart rate, rapid breathing, little or no urine and fever.
HOW IS MALROTATION DIAGNOSED?
In this condition, the small bowel is usually found on the right side of the abdomen.