Novel Coronavirus is the most concerning topic globally & talked about and in media and Individuals infected with coronavirus suffer from a disease called COVID-19. Coronavirus, which spreads like flu, has originated from Wuhan district, China and affected over 110 countries worldwide. It is understood that the virus originated from a food market in China. In the present scenario, the virus is spreading through Human-Human transmission and is new type of virus which can have serious consequences in around 20% of the infected patients.
There are over 1.2 million people infected by the virus, as on April 5th 2020, and around 69,000 deaths have been reported worldwide from this pandemic. Several countries around the world have imposed definite lockdowns with the people being locked up at their homes. In this blog, we have made an attempt to simplify information about this new disease which has affected mankind, providing you concise information to bust some myths which are causing anxiety & stress in the general population.
How it spreads?
This is a respiratory virus that affects humans severely. This virus is zoonotic and is believed to spread from bats, uncooked meat etc. The people who come in contact with or eat such affected species are prone to coronavirus.
Coronavirus is a communicable virus that spreads from one human to the other. In affected humans, the symptoms of coronavirus are almost like any upper tract respiratory infection such as cold, fever, sore throat, cough, myalgia, fatigue or loss of sense of smell, altered taste sensation & later on breathing difficulty. Around 20% of infected ones may also suffer from its severe symptoms like respiratory distress, decreased oxygen levels, pneumonia, etc. If these symptoms are not controlled at an early stage, they can have serious effects and can lead a person to the hospital. If still, the symptoms are not under control, it can further lead to respiratory failure such as breathing difficulty, shortness of breath, extremely low oxygen levels in the blood, etc. The uncontrolled symptoms of this deadly disease can put a patient on a ventilator, which can further involve detrimental impact on multiple organs including kidney and ultimately may lead to death.
The other common reasons for the virus spread include low immunity specifically in the older age groups, especially with comorbid conditions such as heart patients, people already suffering from respiratory infections, immunocompromised patients and transplant patients, who are more prone to acquire coronavirus. Also, in such cases, the virus spread is rapid and hence these patients need to be much more careful.
FAQs on Coronavirus
The lack of verified facts and floating rumours are to be blamed for this panic. The most important thing is Coronavirus is new one hence it is called Novel Corona virus, there is not much knowledge & which keeps on undergoing transformation, it does not give adequate time for medical scientists & researchers to study its pattern or develop a vaccine against it.
Almost 80% of the patients have mild symptoms and recover from the disease in 2 weeks. The mortality rate of COVID-19 ranges between 2-3% only. Risk of death is only higher in older people and people with pre-existing health conditions. However, it is vital that patients report themselves on having symptoms and are surrounded by positivity during their recovery.
Coronavirus is not an air-borne disease, it spreads via droplets produced on coughing or sneezing. A healthy person can get infected when they come in close contact of a sick patient, contaminated surfaces, objects, or items of personal use.
It does not. Around half of cases of coronavirus occur in people with underlying chronic diseases, such as heart disease and diabetes. All patients had pneumonia, most had a fever, 80 percent of them were coughing and more than half had trouble breathing.
An ongoing rumour about the virus includes that the virus only affects the old people. The old are more vulnerable but the virus can affect people across age groups.
COVID-19 appears to be relatively rare and mild in children. Around 2% of cases were under 18 years of age. Out of these, fewer than 3% developed severe or critical disease.
Yes. Symptom-based medical care is given and has proven really effective. However, there is no specific treatment or vaccine available for Novel Coronavirus as yet.
Yes. In fact, about 80% of people have recovered from the disease without needing special treatment.
Till date, there is no specific medicine recommended to prevent or treat the new coronavirus (2019-nCoV).
No. Antibiotics do not work against viruses, only bacteria.
It survives up to 8-10 hours over paper, untreated wood, cardboard, sponge and fabric. And it survives little more than this over glass, plastics, metals and varnished wood.
The 3-layer disposable surgical masks are good enough to contain the virus. N-95 or N-99 masks are mandated for medical personnel especially frontline staff.
There is no such evidence as of now to prove this.
The Novel Coronavirus is not known to spread directly through poultry products. But experts say it can be a good option to have only properly cooked meat.
From the evidence so far, the COVID-19 is at home in hot and humid weather, as well as the cold.
Till date there has been no information nor evidence to suggest that the new coronavirus could be transmitted by mosquitoes.
There is no science-based evidence that proves the ability of garlic to protect against the coronavirus.
Drinking alcohol does not protect you against COVID-19 and can be dangerous. Frequent or excessive alcohol consumption can increase your risk of health problems.
W.H.O has declared coronavirus outbreak as ‘public health emergency of international concern’ and hence, it is very essential to take precautions and be watchful to protect yourself. The most important measure is to maintain hand hygiene. Some of the other precautions which are needed to be taken care of include:
The coronavirus can easily affect people if they are not cleaning their hands properly before touching their faces. It is important to get tested within 7 days, if someone has travelled to any of the highly affected countries or has come in contact with an infected person or has a persistent cold, dry cough or fever.
There is no treatment available for coronavirus currently, and hence, it is very important to prevent yourself from the infection. The treatment which is being offered currently is only symptomatic, like if there is severe shortness of breath then the patient is admitted in ICU and is put on a ventilator but if the infection gets severe, then there are no treatment options available. The only cure possible is if the virus and its effects diminish itself.
The reports are that the coronavirus is very resistant, and hence is leading to multiple deaths occurring worldwide. Hence, everyone needs to be aware of coronavirus and we need to educate each other on how to prevent it from spreading.
Did you know your earphones are making you deaf? Here's how.
Fact: Roughly 1.1 billion people worldwide within the age group of 12-35 have been found to be at an increased risk of developing hearing problems.
Listening to loud music on handheld devices using earphones has become a common trend among youngsters these days. You might find it very relaxing to plug in your earphones and escape into your own world of music, but you need to know that this can cause serious damage to your ears. The worst part: you won't realise your ears are being damaged until it's too late.
So, exactly how is loud music damaging your ears?
Continuous exposure to loud music from earphones or other sources results in a medical condition known as Noise-Induced Hearing Loss (NIHL), which can be associated with irreversible damage to the ears resulting in deafness.
When you hear loud music for a considerable amount of time every day it affects your hair cells (nerve cells responsible for sending sound signals to the brain) negatively, so that their ability to respond to sound decreases. If this keeps on happening for many months, eventually the hair cells are damaged beyond repair. These cells cannot be regenerated, making you permanently deaf.
How loud is too loud?
If your ears are exposed to sounds at 95, 100, 105, 110 and 115 dB (decibel, the unit used for measuring sound) for 4 hours, 2 hours, 1 hour, 30 minutes and 15 minutes each day respectively, your ears are at risk of getting severely damaged. Also, playing music at 120 dB or above can damage your ears instantly. You can have a realistic idea about the relation between decibels and sounds you commonly hear by referring to this list:
Moreover, if you experience the following symptoms regularly, there's a high chance that you need to get your ears treated soon:
Tips For Safer Listening
You are most likely to experience dry skin during winter because of the cold temperature, lack of sunlight and dry environment. The lack of moisture causes your skin to dry up, giving it a cracked, flaky and scaly texture. This season demands a careful skin care regimen, and here are some tips on how you can take care of your skin during the winters.
Gestational diabetes, as the name suggests, occurs during gestation or pregnancy when the blood sugar levels exceed the normal level. Gestational diabetes, like other form of diabetes, affects how your body cells use glucose or sugar during pregnancy, and usually disappears after you’ve given birth.
Causes and symptoms to look out for!
During gestation, the placenta produces hormones that lead to the accumulation of blood glucose. Under normal condition, the pancreas forms enough insulin to counter the buildup of blood glucose. The level of blood sugar rises when the pancreas fails to produce adequate insulin to manage your blood sugar.
Usually, women with gestational diabetes do not show symptoms. So, the presence of the condition can go unnoticed if they are not diagnosed during routine checkups and screening tests. Nevertheless, if the condition goes out of control, you may feel tired, feel thirsty or hungry, or feel the urge to urinate more often.
What are the risk factors?
About 2-10% of pregnant women are affected by gestational diabetes every year. The following factors are likely to put you at risk of developing gestational diabetes-
What is the treatment for gestational diabetes?
Urine tests are performed to check for ketones. In a non-diabetic person, glucagon, insulin and other hormones avert ketone levels in your blood from soaring up too high. Once you are diagnosed with gestational diabetes, it’s important that you consult your doctor for treatment. Uncontrolled blood sugar level can affect you and your baby’s health after birth. This condition can be treated in the following ways-
Post treatment the blood sugar levels usually come down to normal within 4-6 weeks of giving birth.
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult a specialist & get answers to your questions!