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What Is Coronavirus and Know How It Spreads?

MS - Otorhinolaryngology, Diploma in Otorhinolaryngology (DLO)
ENT Specialist, Mumbai  •  20yrs exp
What Is Coronavirus and Know How It Spreads?

Novel Coronavirus is the most concerning topic globally & talked about and in media and Individuals infected with coronavirus suffer from a disease called COVID-19. Coronavirus, which spreads like flu, has originated from Wuhan district, China and affected over 110 countries worldwide. It is understood that the virus originated from a food market in China. In the present scenario, the virus is spreading through Human-Human transmission and is new type of virus which can have serious consequences in around 20% of the infected patients.

There are over 1.2 million people infected by the virus, as on April 5th 2020, and around 69,000 deaths have been reported worldwide from this pandemic. Several countries around the world have imposed definite lockdowns with the people being locked up at their homes. In this blog, we have made an attempt to simplify information about this new disease which has affected mankind, providing you concise information to bust some myths which are causing anxiety & stress in the general population.

How it spreads?

This is a respiratory virus that affects humans severely. This virus is zoonotic and is believed to spread from bats, uncooked meat etc. The people who come in contact with or eat such affected species are prone to coronavirus.

Coronavirus is a communicable virus that spreads from one human to the other. In affected humans, the symptoms of coronavirus are almost like any upper tract respiratory infection such as cold, fever, sore throat, cough, myalgia, fatigue or loss of sense of smell, altered taste sensation & later on breathing difficulty. Around 20% of infected ones may also suffer from its severe symptoms like respiratory distress, decreased oxygen levels, pneumonia, etc. If these symptoms are not controlled at an early stage, they can have serious effects and can lead a person to the hospital. If still, the symptoms are not under control, it can further lead to respiratory failure such as breathing difficulty, shortness of breath, extremely low oxygen levels in the blood, etc. The uncontrolled symptoms of this deadly disease can put a patient on a ventilator, which can further involve detrimental impact on multiple organs including kidney and ultimately may lead to death.

The other common reasons for the virus spread include low immunity specifically in the older age groups, especially with comorbid conditions such as heart patients, people already suffering from respiratory infections, immunocompromised patients and transplant patients, who are more prone to acquire coronavirus. Also, in such cases, the virus spread is rapid and hence these patients need to be much more careful.

FAQs on Coronavirus

  • Why is there so much panic?

The lack of verified facts and floating rumours are to be blamed for this panic. The most important thing is Coronavirus is new one hence it is called Novel Corona virus, there is not much knowledge & which keeps on undergoing transformation, it does not give adequate time for medical scientists & researchers to study its pattern or develop a vaccine against it.

  • Will I die of this disease?

Almost 80% of the patients have mild symptoms and recover from the disease in 2 weeks. The mortality rate of COVID-19 ranges between 2-3% only. Risk of death is only higher in older people and people with pre-existing health conditions. However, it is vital that patients report themselves on having symptoms and are surrounded by positivity during their recovery.

  • How exactly does the Coronavirus spread?

Coronavirus is not an air-borne disease, it spreads via droplets produced on coughing or sneezing. A healthy person can get infected when they come in close contact of a sick patient, contaminated surfaces, objects, or items of personal use.

  • Does a runny nose necessarily hint at infection?

It does not. Around half of cases of coronavirus occur in people with underlying chronic diseases, such as heart disease and diabetes. All patients had pneumonia, most had a fever, 80 percent of them were coughing and more than half had trouble breathing.

  • Does the Coronavirus (COVID-19) affects only the old?

An ongoing rumour about the virus includes that the virus only affects the old people. The old are more vulnerable but the virus can affect people across age groups.

  • Are children also at the risk of Coronavirus infection?

COVID-19 appears to be relatively rare and mild in children. Around 2% of cases were under 18 years of age. Out of these, fewer than 3% developed severe or critical disease.

  • Can Coronavirus be treated?

Yes. Symptom-based medical care is given and has proven really effective. However, there is no specific treatment or vaccine available for Novel Coronavirus as yet.

  • Can a person infected with COVID-19 recover completely and be no more infectious?

Yes. In fact, about 80% of people have recovered from the disease without needing special treatment.

  • Are there any specific medicines to prevent or treat the new coronavirus?

Till date, there is no specific medicine recommended to prevent or treat the new coronavirus (2019-nCoV).

  • Are antibiotics effective in preventing and treating the Coronavirus?

No. Antibiotics do not work against viruses, only bacteria.

  • How long does the Coronavirus survive over the surfaces or objects?

It survives up to 8-10 hours over paper, untreated wood, cardboard, sponge and fabric. And it survives little more than this over glass, plastics, metals and varnished wood.

  • What type of mask should one wear to protect themselves against the Coronavirus?

The 3-layer disposable surgical masks are good enough to contain the virus. N-95 or N-99 masks are mandated for medical personnel especially frontline staff.

  • Can the Novel Coronavirus be passed on through food?

There is no such evidence as of now to prove this.

  • Can eating chicken or eggs cause Coronavirus?

The Novel Coronavirus is not known to spread directly through poultry products. But experts say it can be a good option to have only properly cooked meat.

  • Does climate affect the virus?

From the evidence so far, the COVID-19 is at home in hot and humid weather, as well as the cold.

  • Does COVID-19 transmit by mosquito bites?

Till date there has been no information nor evidence to suggest that the new coronavirus could be transmitted by mosquitoes.

  • Can eating garlic prevent infections with the Coronavirus?

There is no science-based evidence that proves the ability of garlic to protect against the coronavirus.

  • Does drinking alcohol safeguard me from COVID-19? 

Drinking alcohol does not protect you against COVID-19 and can be dangerous. Frequent or excessive alcohol consumption can increase your risk of health problems.

Preventive Measures

W.H.O has declared coronavirus outbreak as ‘public health emergency of international concern’ and hence, it is very essential to take precautions and be watchful to protect yourself. The most important measure is to maintain hand hygiene. Some of the other precautions which are needed to be taken care of include:

  • Wash hands before going out and when entering back in the house and especially before eating food.
  • In case of symptoms like cough, cold and fever, wear a mask to cover your mouth and also avoid going out until these symptoms disappear.
  • In case of breathing difficulty and fever, contact the doctor.
  • Use a clean handkerchief to cover your mouth while coughing, and properly dispose of the infected items.
  • Wash hands repeatedly with soap and water for at least 20 seconds or with concentration of 60 % or more alcohol-based sanitizers.
  • Avoid touching nose, eyes etc. with unwashed hands unnecessarily.
  • Frequently clean the gadgets, such as mobile phones, which are more often used.
  • Boil the milk properly before consuming.
  • Consume only properly cooked meat.

The coronavirus can easily affect people if they are not cleaning their hands properly before touching their faces. It is important to get tested within 7 days, if someone has travelled to any of the highly affected countries or has come in contact with an infected person or has a persistent cold, dry cough or fever.

Treatment Options:

There is no treatment available for coronavirus currently, and hence, it is very important to prevent yourself from the infection. The treatment which is being offered currently is only symptomatic, like if there is severe shortness of breath then the patient is admitted in ICU and is put on a ventilator but if the infection gets severe, then there are no treatment options available. The only cure possible is if the virus and its effects diminish itself.
The reports are that the coronavirus is very resistant, and hence is leading to multiple deaths occurring worldwide. Hence, everyone needs to be aware of coronavirus and we need to educate each other on how to prevent it from spreading.

514 people found this helpful

Your Headphones Can Turn You Deaf!!

ENT Specialist, Ghaziabad
Your Headphones Can Turn You Deaf!!

Did you know your earphones are making you deaf? Here's how.

Fact: Roughly 1.1 billion people worldwide within the age group of 12-35 have been found to be at an increased risk of developing hearing problems.

Listening to loud music on handheld devices using earphones has become a common trend among youngsters these days. You might find it very relaxing to plug in your earphones and escape into your own world of music, but you need to know that this can cause serious damage to your ears. The worst part: you won't realise your ears are being damaged until it's too late.

So, exactly how is loud music damaging your ears?

Continuous exposure to loud music from earphones or other sources results in a medical condition known as Noise-Induced Hearing Loss (NIHL), which can be associated with irreversible damage to the ears resulting in deafness.

When you hear loud music for a considerable amount of time every day it affects your hair cells (nerve cells responsible for sending sound signals to the brain) negatively, so that their ability to respond to sound decreases. If this keeps on happening for many months, eventually the hair cells are damaged beyond repair. These cells cannot be regenerated, making you permanently deaf.

How loud is too loud?

If your ears are exposed to sounds at 95, 100, 105, 110 and 115 dB (decibel, the unit used for measuring sound) for 4 hours, 2 hours, 1 hour, 30 minutes and 15 minutes each day respectively, your ears are at risk of getting severely damaged. Also, playing music at 120 dB or above can damage your ears instantly. You can have a realistic idea about the relation between decibels and sounds you commonly hear by referring to this list:

  1. 30 dB: soft whisper
  2. 75 dB: busy traffic
  3. 90 dB: noise of a motorcycle at 25 feet
  4. 100 dB: noise of a farm tractor
  5. 140 dB: jet plane taking off

Moreover, if you experience the following symptoms regularly, there's a high chance that you need to get your ears treated soon:

  1. A ringing sound in your ears when you are at a quiet place, which vanishes after a few minutes
  2. You need to raise the volume of TV or music to the fullest to hear it properly
  3. You have difficulty in hearing people talking at a distance of just 3 feet

Tips For Safer Listening

  1. Use earplugs: The louder the noise and the longer you're exposed to it, the greater the chance of damaging your hearing. Protect your ears with ear protectors – earplugs or earmuffs – and get away from the noise as quickly or as often as you can. 
  2. Turn down the music: Don't listen to your personal music player at very high volumes and never to drown out background noise. If the music is uncomfortable for you to listen to, or you can’t hear external sounds when you’ve got your headphones on, then it's too loud. It's also too loud if the person next to you can hear the music from your headphones.
  3. Use the 60:60 rule: To enjoy music from your MP3 player safely, listen to your music at 60% of the maximum volume for no more than 60 minutes a day. 
  4. Wear headphones: When listening to your personal music player, choose noise-cancelling headphones, or go retro with older muff-type headphones. Ear-bud style headphones and in-the-ear headphones are less effective at drowning out background noise. 
  5. Turn down the dial: Turn down the volume on your TV, radio or hi-fi a notch. Even a small reduction in volume can make a big difference to the risk of damage to your hearing. 
  6. Use earplugs when you’re listening to live music: They can reduce average sound levels by between 15 and 35 decibels. They’re widely available at many live music venues and shouldn’t spoil your enjoyment of the music.
  7. Don't put up with work noise: If you’re experiencing noise at work, talk to your human resources (HR) department or your manager and ask for advice on reducing the noise and getting hearing protection.
  8. Wear ear protectors: Wear ear protectors (earplugs or earmuffs) if you are using noisy equipment such as power drills, saws, sanders or lawn mowers.
  9. Be careful in the car: Listening to music in a confined space increases the risk of hearing damage. Don’t listen to music too loud for too long.
  10. Have a hearing detox: Give your ears time to recover after they’ve been exposed to loud noise. According to Action on Hearing Loss, you need at least 16 hours of rest for your ears to recover after spending around two hours in 100dB sound, for example in a club. Reducing this recovery time increases the risk of permanent deafness. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult an ENT specialist.
620 people found this helpful

Dry Skin - How To Take Care Of It?

Dr.Suruchi Garg 91% (11ratings)
MBBS, MD - Dermatology
Dermatologist, Chandigarh  •  20yrs exp
Dry Skin - How To Take Care Of It?

You are most likely to experience dry skin during winter because of the cold temperature, lack of sunlight and dry environment. The lack of moisture causes your skin to dry up, giving it a cracked, flaky and scaly texture. This season demands a careful skin care regimen, and here are some tips on how you can take care of your skin during the winters.

  1. Consult a specialist: You should visit a dermatologist for an analysis of your skin type. Based on this, your dermatologist will recommend a skin care regimen to be followed during the dry months. Using the prescribed skin care products will benefit your skin and prevent it from getting dry. Both high-priced and low-priced skin care products are effective in protecting your skin.
  2. Moisturise your skin: Your skin care routine and use of moisturisers have to change during the winter. You need to get a new moisturiser instead of the one you use during other seasons. You need an oil-based moisturiser instead of a water-based one. The oil will help in creating a protective layer on your skin surface, which helps in retaining moisture. You can use night creams which are mostly oil based. For your face, you need to apply moisturisers that contain non-clogging oils. This includes coconut oil, avocado oil, almond oil, or primrose oil. Lotions which contain humectants are also effective for winter skin care. You need to use foot lotions to avoid cracking of your feet and heels. Use lotions containing petroleum jelly and glycerine. You should undergo skin exfoliation to eliminate the dead skin from time to time. This will make the moisturisers and lotions to go deeper and be more effective.
  3. Apply sunscreen: Sunscreen is not just for the summer season. The winter sun can cause damage to your skin as well. Hence, you should apply sunscreen on your face and hands before going out on a winter day. If you need to stay outside for a long time, you must reapply the sunscreen.
  4. Wear gloves: The skin on the hands is thinner than other parts of the body and contains less oil glands. This implies that it is hard to keep your hands moist during the cold winter season. This might cause cracking and itchiness. To prevent this, wear gloves while venturing outside. In case you need to wear woolen gloves, wear cotton gloves first for avoiding any kind of irritation caused by the wool.
  5. Avoid wet gloves and socks: Wearing wet gloves and socks irritates the skin and leads to itching, sores, cracking, and may also lead to eczema. Keep your gloves and socks dry.
714 people found this helpful

Applied Intentional Epigenetics In Autism - Know More!

Applied Intentional Epigenetics In Autism - Know More!
Does Applied Intentional Epigenetics in autism involve medicine? True or False? Take this quiz to know more about Applied Energy Medicine and/or Applied Intentional Epigenetics solution for Autism.
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I am 28 years old unmarried girl. I have a left thyroid lobe enlarged. T3 t4 and tsh are all normal, fna report says cellular crowding and overlapping, follicular cells have round nicole, fine chromatin and scanty cytoplasm. Last period I had on 27 august 2020 and no period till today, Dr. Suggested surgery of thyroid node. I have facial hairs and my breast are underdeveloped. Dr. Suggested me tab aldactone, tab krimson and elyn cream, I am taking homeopathic medicine. What should I do. I am not willing to take these medicine because I think if I stop them then I have to face the same issue. Should I go for surgery. Are these medicine are hormonal medicines. How to regular my period.

MBBS, CCEBDM, Diploma in Diabetology, Diploma in Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics, Cetificate Course In Thyroid Disorders Management (CCMTD)
Endocrinologist, Dharwad  •  49yrs exp
Hellom thanks for the query. I have seen the details mentioned but there is no mention of actual t3, t4 & tsh levels, because just saying "levels are normal" gives no clarity. Plus if you have done anti tpo antibodies test please mention the values, if not please get it done and inform. As regards the homeopathic medications, if you want proper relief then please follow the endocrinologist I have no idea. However, if the endocrinologist has given you a specific advise then that needs to be followed. The particular medication that you are taking has hardly any effect at all. Now the choice is yours. Thanks.
1 person found this helpful
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Hi doctor i'm suffering from hirsutism, got several tests done but nothing showed up, due to ingrown hair my cheeks and chin have turned darker than my complexion, I was advised to use this creme venusia, will it work for me or what should I do.

MD - Dermatology, MBBS
Dermatologist, Prayagraj  •  5yrs exp
Hi doctor i'm suffering from hirsutism, got several tests done but nothing showed up, due to ingrown hair my cheeks a...
Venusia not for hirsutism. Eflora topically bd apply with rubbing manner may helpful and final treatment is laser.
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When I drink raw amala juice it's create very small pimples in fore head & in hand palm what's is it amala juice is good for health na. It's full of vitamin c.

Dermatologist, Chennai  •  21yrs exp
When I drink raw amala juice it's create very small pimples in fore head & in hand palm what's is it amala juice is g...
yes.. Acne or pimples... Due to hormonal changes..Oily skin causes it...Common in adolescent age...May occur in adults also.. Food like Oily foods, ice cream, chocolate and sweets increase it.. Treatment depends on the grade of pimples or acne..So, please send photos by direct online consultation as it's a must to see which grade of pimples or acne for accurate diagnosis and treatment.
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What is the minimum age for hair transplantation and lasik surgery? Can hair transplantation restore your frontal hairline recession and prevent further progression?

C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
General Physician, Alappuzha  •  35yrs exp
What is the minimum age for hair transplantation and lasik surgery? Can hair transplantation restore your frontal hai...
The minimum age for hair transplantation and LASIK surgery is 21 and stop the frontal hairline recession and prevent further progression
1 person found this helpful
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Gestational Diabetes - Know The Risk Factors!

Gynaecologist, Delhi  •  26yrs exp
Gestational Diabetes - Know The Risk Factors!

Gestational diabetes, as the name suggests, occurs during gestation or pregnancy when the blood sugar levels exceed the normal level. Gestational diabetes, like other form of diabetes, affects how your body cells use glucose or sugar during pregnancy, and usually disappears after you’ve given birth.

Causes and symptoms to look out for!

During gestation, the placenta produces hormones that lead to the accumulation of blood glucose. Under normal condition, the pancreas forms enough insulin to counter the buildup of blood glucose. The level of blood sugar rises when the pancreas fails to produce adequate insulin to manage your blood sugar.

Usually, women with gestational diabetes do not show symptoms. So, the presence of the condition can go unnoticed if they are not diagnosed during routine checkups and screening tests. Nevertheless, if the condition goes out of control, you may feel tired, feel thirsty or hungry, or feel the urge to urinate more often.

What are the risk factors?

About 2-10% of pregnant women are affected by gestational diabetes every year. The following factors are likely to put you at risk of developing gestational diabetes-

  1. Excess body weight- You may develop gestational diabetes if you were overweight or had gained excess weight (BMI equal to or greater than 30) before getting pregnant
  2. Family history- Women who have a family history of diabetes are likely to have gestational diabetes.
  3. Age- Women aged more than 25 years are at a greater risk of developing this condition.
  4. Diabetic history- A slightly raised blood sugar level may act as the precursor to Type-2 diabetes, which in turn increases your chance of getting affected by gestational diabetes.
  5. Previous pregnancy- Women who have previously given birth to a child weighing more than 4.1 Kg (9 pounds), or have delivered a stillborn child are likely to have gestational diabetes.

What is the treatment for gestational diabetes?

Urine tests are performed to check for ketones. In a non-diabetic person, glucagon, insulin and other hormones avert ketone levels in your blood from soaring up too high. Once you are diagnosed with gestational diabetes, it’s important that you consult your doctor for treatment. Uncontrolled blood sugar level can affect you and your baby’s health after birth. This condition can be treated in the following ways-

  1. Keep a check on your blood sugar- During pregnancy, your doctor will have you tested for gestational diabetes 4-5times a day to keep a tab on your blood glucose level. For this, a small drop of blood is first drawn from the finger using a needle. The sample of blood is then placed on the test strip inserted into a device called the blood glucose meter to measure and monitor the level of blood sugar in your body.
  2. Medication- Anti-diabetic medications and insulin are prescribed to control the amount of glucose or sugar in the bloodstream. Your doctor may also suggest oral medications like Diabeta and Glynase to manage your blood glucose level.
  3. Healthy diet- Diabetic diet- one that helps control blood sugar levels- is highly prescribed by doctors during pregnancy. Cut down on carbohydrates and sugar and switch to food items that provide your body sufficient nutrients and calories.

Post treatment the blood sugar levels usually come down to normal within 4-6 weeks of giving birth.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult a specialist & get answers to your questions!

557 people found this helpful

I am suffering from muscular dystrophy but last 1 months I am facing leg finger pain and burning sensation issue I have already taken medicine but problem still remains the same. Below are the medicine details so request you to please check and do the needful help. First doctor prescription:- gabapin cap 100 mg gabapentin 100 mg1 tab2 weeks after food 2,neurobion forte tab tab1-0-02 weeks after food second doctor prescription:- medicines ketonam-p tablet daily after food, tor 5 days uprtse 03 60k capsule 1 —0—0 once a week after food. Tor 8 weeks pbren 50 mg 1-0-1 daily after food.

DHMS (Diploma in Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery)
Homeopathy Doctor, Hyderabad  •  33yrs exp
I am suffering from muscular dystrophy but last 1 months I am facing leg finger pain and burning sensation issue I ha...
Your suffering from muscular dystrophy but last 1 months facing leg finger pain and burning sensation issue. Very effective treatment is available in homoeopathy for this chronic problem. Many Lybrate users are taking homeopathic treatment for this. Homeopathic treatment is painless and safe. No side effects. You need comprehensive treatment and it takes some time. Please start taking homeopathic medicine, preliminary dose Rhus tox 200-once daily in the morning for 5 days. Consult me through “Lybrate text consult” for further more comprehensive prescription and treatment.Rs 149/
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I'm 23 year old female and suffering from white discharge since 4 to 5 years and had taken treatment regarding this but the problem is still there. And my height is 5'3 and my weight is 38 kg. I also want to gain weight but facing problem in doing so. Loss of hunger. So what medicine should I used to cure white discharge and to gain weight fast.

Homeopathy Doctor, Noida  •  24yrs exp
I'm 23 year old female and suffering from white discharge since 4 to 5 years and had taken treatment regarding this b...
1.You should maintain high grade of personal hygiene. 2.Do change your underclothes at least 2 times a day 3.Wear cotton under garments 4.Stay hydrated. Drink plenty of fluids. 5.Keep the area dry homeopathy is a very effective for this problem n has very encouraging results. And homeopathic medicines are safe and do not have any side effects at all.
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Dear doctor I had genital herpes diagnose 6 months back. But it's come every month recurrence outbreak almost after 30-40 days takes zovirax400 mg & acivir cream during outbreak kindly suggest treatment for outbreak management.

Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery (B.U.M.S)
Unani Specialist, Kanpur  •  16yrs exp
Dear doctor I had genital herpes diagnose 6 months back. But it's come every month recurrence outbreak almost after 3...
Sootshekhar ras 1 tablet twice a day gandhak rasayan avleh 10 gm twice a day vyadhi har rasayan 125 mg twice a day relief in 7-8 days and for complete cure take it for 60 days only avoid spicy and oily food send your reports.
1 person found this helpful
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I am 30 years old married woman. I am 72-74 kg (obesity) as height is 5.6' and I badly want to reduce my weight and tummy. I never checked for pcod or related to it as I have regular periods with cycle of 25 to 30 days. But during my periods I have bad stomach pain, have to go to washroom frequently, sometimes vomiting, back and legs pain too .doctors told me that it's quite normal and gave 1 month of vitamin tablet and meftal spas. After a month of taking medicines there's no change in my pain .so on every month I have to take at least 3-4 meftal spas to reduce my pain. We are not even planning for parenthood. Please guide me.

Certified Dietitian
I am 30 years old married woman. I am 72-74 kg (obesity) as height is 5.6' and I badly want to reduce my weight and t...
Obesity is also one of the reason for these types of issues I would suggest you to reduce your should follow healthy food in calories deficit balancing your macros and micros, cut your sugar intake,avoid fried food,avoid refined food add whole grain food to your diet,add beans,legumes, more of fruits and green vegetables to your diet,replace white rice to brown rice, drink detox water,increase your water intake..I am sure these changes will help you
1 person found this helpful
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What should I take in diet to gain weight? And what is the best timing to take banana shake if I wanna take it twice a day?

MA Science of Living & Yoga, Doctor of Yoga and Naturopathy
Yoga & Naturopathy Specialist, Udaipur  •  4yrs exp
What should I take in diet to gain weight?
And what is the best timing to take banana shake if I wanna take it twice ...
As far as your case is concern you should take naturamore women, women wellness and nutrabis ,along with this you should take healthy diet like-soaked dry fruits, nuts,potato, rajma,jaggery, sesame,curd, paneer,pure ghee, rice etc. Always remember that without proper exercises your food will never digest, so daily exercise is mandatory. For any inquiry, please contact on #mobile.
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