Common Specialities
{{speciality.keyWord}}
Common Issues
{{issue.keyWord}}
Common Treatments
{{treatment.keyWord}}

Veterinary Surgery Soft Tissue Tips

Physiotherapy And Soft Tissue Injuries

Dr. Vishwas Virmani 91% (22895 ratings)
MPT, BPT
Physiotherapist, Noida
Physiotherapy And Soft Tissue Injuries

A soft tissue injury occurs due to overuse of ligaments, muscles or tendons. Most cases of soft tissue injuries occur due to uncontrolled or unexpected movement. A Certain example of the same includes awkward stepping of foot and getting the ankles rolled. Soft tissue injury can also happen from overuse of muscles, tendons, and ligaments. The example of the same includes using the same hand for heavy lifting day after day. Certain soft structures of the body that are prone to injuries are Achilles tendons and calf muscle.

Difference Between a Sprain and a Strain:

A strain is defined as a trauma that occurs to the tendons or muscles because of overstretching. Tendons are soft in nature and are responsible tying the muscle and the bone together. Sprain, on the other hand, are trauma caused due to overstretching of the ligaments. There exist 3 severity levels: grade 1 is mild tenderness and minimal stretching of the soft tissue, grade 2 is a tear of fiber resulting in swelling and moderate pain, grade 3 is a rupture of the soft tissue resulting in sharp pain, deep swelling and immobility of the affected area.

Pre-medical Care:

Immediately after the injury, certain things such as total rest and immobility should be ensured, an ice pack should be applied to the structure, compression, and elevation should be ensured in order to avoid any major damage to the soft tissue. Certain things that hamper the healing process immediately after the injury include applying heat to the injured area, consumption of liquor, exercising or running with an injured condition and massaging the injured area.

Physiotherapy For Soft Tissue Injury:

  1. Pain Relief: The first task for a physician is to ensure that the level of pain comes down. Although this is the primary task of a medical practitioner, physiotherapists ensure that the pain does not aggravate to an unbearable level. They recommend certain movements and advice against some movements which could do harm to the injured structure.

  2. Full Structure Movement: The immediate goal of a physiotherapist is to ensure that the full movement of the injured structure is regained at the earliest. This includes identifying abnormalities, verifying the range of motion and suggests corrective exercises ensure that the full movement of the soft tissue can be regained without having to go through the hassle of a surgery.

  3. Muscle Strengthening: While the injured structure is in the process of healing, physiotherapists ensure that the surrounding muscles support the tendon and the ligament by binding well. This is done by suggesting very individualistic exercise for the muscle to hold up. It also negates the possibility of a recurring injury at the same place.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

6260 people found this helpful

Soft Tissue Injuries - Know The Common Types!

Dr. Amit Shridhar 87% (23 ratings)
MBBS, D (ORTHO), DNB (Orthopedics), MCH (Orthopedic), Spine Fellowship DePUY, Medtronics Spine Fellowship
Orthopedist, Delhi
Soft Tissue Injuries - Know The Common Types!

There are two main categories into which soft tissue injuries fall into first is overuse and the second is acute.

  • Acute injuries: These are brought on by unexpected trauma such as a twist, fall or a heavy blow. Strains, contusions and sprains are examples of acute injury.
  • Overuse injuries: They happen gradually with time. Athletics experience this as they use specific areas of their bodies repeatedly, without giving them time to heal. Examples of soft tissue injuries due to overuse are bursitis and tendinitis.

Types of Overuse injuries

  1. Tendinitis: It is an irritation or inflammation of the tendon coverings (also known as a sheath). Repeated small stresses that agitate the tendon may cause it. Pain and swelling are typical symptoms that may worsen with overuse. Professional swimmers, baseball players, golfers and tennis players are more prone to their arms and shoulders being affected by tendinitis. Stress elimination, steroid injections, anti-inflammatory drugs and splinting can all be used in the treatment of tendinitis. The tendons might get significantly damaged due to persisting inflammation and corrective surgery may be required.
  2. Bursitis: Small sacs resembling jelly which are spread throughout the whole body are called bursa. These areas include the knees, the hip, heels, the elbow and the areas adjacent to the shoulders. They are located between soft tissues and bones and have small amounts of fluid to assist in reducing friction. An inflammation of the bursa is called bursitis. Tendinitis and bursitis are many –a- times experienced together.

Types of Acute injuries 

  1. Contusion: Multiple blows or a direct one can cause a contusion. It is a bruise in which the underlying connective tissues and muscle fibres get crushed without a break in the skin. It may result from the body hitting a tough surface or from falling. The pooling of blood around the site of injury can cause a discoloration in the skin.
  2. Strain: An injury to the muscles or tendons leads to strain. Fibrous tissues that hold the bone and muscles together are called the tendons. They generally happen in the back, the feet or legs. It may be just a stretch in the tendons and muscles, or it might be a complete or partial tear in the tendon and muscle junction. Pain, muscle weakness, muscle spasm, cramping, inflammation and swelling are typical strain symptoms.
  3. Sprain: A tear or stretch in the ligament is called a sprain. Ligaments join the ends of bones together. They support and stabilize the joints of the body. For example, the knee ligaments connect the shinbone to the thighbone and this in turn facilitates running in athletes. The knees, wrists and ankles are the most susceptible to sprains.
3450 people found this helpful

Physiotherapy and Soft Tissue Injuries - What Should You Know

Dr. Aneeta Verma 84% (10 ratings)
Wellness Diploma, MBA (Healthcare), BPTh/BPT, Post Graduate Specialization In Preventive Health Care
Physiotherapist, Noida
Physiotherapy and Soft Tissue Injuries - What Should You Know

Soft Tissue Injuries occur when soft body tissues of the likes of muscular tissue, ligaments or tendons receive a dose of stress or strain caused by sudden impact, which is far greater than the load the soft tissues are able to withstand. The occurrences of soft tissue injuries are far greater than the probabilities of suffering a fracture, as the soft tissues absorb the majority of the impact, before passing it onto the bones. Swelling, edema, tendon or ligament break, etc. are some of the immediate effects observed following a soft tissue injury in the majority of victims.

If the whole process of tissue damage to regeneration new tissue is observed, this is how the process would appear to us:

  1. Damage to the tissue would almost immediately be followed by bleeding internally, and inflammation, which would be highly painful if touched. The damaged tissue would then be gradually removed and replaced with a live, healthy tissue by the body, without any external intervention.
  2. Based on the severity and extent of damage, the process of removal and repair can take a few weeks to a couple of months. This transition is highly painful and tends to affect the normal functioning of the whole surrounding region, irrespective of how minuscule the damage may seem.
  3. The duration when remodeling of the tissue occurs, is most susceptible to fresh damage, as the live cells are not yet ready to develop the full potential of stress-bearing capability. The remodeling phase generally does not require any external aid in the form of supportive drug therapy or physical therapy.
  4. Though the application of physiotherapy in soft tissue injuries are sometimes contested, physical therapy may come in handy for patients who put up a delayed response in regeneration than usual. Physiotherapy takes care of the little details such as an inability to resume normal body functions, as well as stiffness of the affected area. Physical therapy ensures normal blood flow has been restored, a stiffness of the surrounding soft tissues is addressed, and normal functioning of the area begins to restore.
  5. Generally, patients who experience a disrupted mechanism of removal and repair of soft tissues require any sort of medical help in the form of drugs and/or physical therapy. While drugs reduce the turnaround time in terms of boosting the chemical balance, physiotherapy addresses the trauma experienced by the patients. In addition, physiotherapy may indirectly boost the activity of chemical mediators which further speeds up the recovery process as a whole.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

4312 people found this helpful

Minimally-Invasive Foot Surgery - How It Is Helpful?

Dr. T V Raja 88% (14 ratings)
MBBS, MS - Orthopaedics
Orthopedist, Chennai
Minimally-Invasive Foot Surgery - How It Is Helpful?

Over the last few years, foot surgery has come to be recognized as a major orthopedic speciality. Modern orthopedic surgeries tend to use minimally invasive techniques in order to reduce complications posed by open surgery and thus, also reduce or improve post-surgery recovery. A minimally invasive foot surgery is a type of surgery that is performed with a very small incision.

By using such incisions, surgeons insert specially designed instruments to carry out the operation, without causing injury to the adjacent tissue. As a result, it makes the operation more manageable and easier to control. However, these minimally invasive foot surgeries are to be done by trained physicians and surgeons. The foot is first numbed and several 3mm incisions are inserted around the foot to enable access to special instruments. An X-ray machine is also used to monitor the instrument's direction to ensure precise cuts and corrections.

Typically painful bunions, plantar fasciitis, recurring corns, heel spurs, contracted toes and hammer toes are corrected by this type of surgery. With the constant and worthwhile contributions from several physicians, cost effective minimally invasive foot surgery was made possible.

Benefits of Minimally Invasive Foot Surgery

  1. No Trauma to the Soft Tissue: As opposed to traditional open surgery where deep incisions were made, the minimally invasive technique does not cause many injuries to the soft tissue. Since this technique involves relatively smaller incisions, it does not harm the soft tissues inside. As a result, the patient’s recovery time is quick.
  2. Shorter Surgery Time: When compared to open surgeries, the duration of the minimally invasive foot surgery tends to be shorter.
  3. Avoids Usage of AnesthesiaOnly a local anesthesia is required and patients can be awake when the surgery is performed. Whereas in an open surgery a general anesthesia has to be administered and only certain patients will be qualified for that. For patients who are at risk due to medical history, performing a minimally invasive foot surgery should not be a problem, as only a local anesthesia to make the foot asleep has to be given.
  4. Minimal Pain: Patients require less use of pain relievers and studies have shown that patients who have undergone this type of surgery report lesser pain when compared with traditional techniques of foot surgery.
  5. No Scars: Due to the use of smaller incisions, the scars left behind by this procedure are less noticeable. They do not have jagged edges and are smaller than those left on by traditional open surgeries. Also, no stitches are needed.
  6. Day Surgery: You do not need to be hospitalized for a prolonged time as this surgery is typically a day care procedure. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
2569 people found this helpful

Craniofacial Surgery - How It Is Helpful?

Dr. Parag Telang 85% (10 ratings)
MBBS, MS - General Surgery, MCh - Plastic Surgery
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Mumbai
Craniofacial Surgery - How It Is Helpful?

Craniofacial surgery is a surgical procedure that deals with problems related to skull, face, jaws, neck etc. It involves surgical skills related to otolaryngology, plastic and maxillofacial surgery. This line of treatment involves bone manipulation and is not specific to any tissue. A Craniofacial surgeon often deals with organs such as muscle, bone, skin, and teeth.

Some of the common defects addressed by a craniofacial surgeon include facial fractures, Crouzon's Syndrome, craniofacial clefts, hemifacial microsomia and Treacher Collins Syndrome. A surgeon from this discipline undergoes training in otolaryngology, maxillofacial surgery and plastic surgery.

Here is a list of skull deformities that craniofacial surgery is capable of addressing:

1. Scaphocephaly: This is a disorder where the metopic suture is fused prematurely. This suture covers the front and back of the head. A shape deformity of this structure can result into a triangular and pointed forehead. This is found in 2.8 babies in a sample size of 10000 births. This tops the list of craniofacial surgery.

2. Trigonocephaly: The metopic suture gets prematurely fused in this type of conditions. The metopic suture lies in the forehead and premature fusion results in the forehead becoming pointed and triangular. The head appears as flattened from one side. This condition is witnessed in 1 out of 10000 births.

3. Brachycephaly: This is a condition where both the coronal sutures are fused permanently. The head appears high and wide when a person gets affected with this condition. This occurs in 1 out of 20,000 births.

4. Scaphocephaly: This is a condition where the sagittal suture is fused. This leads to non-growth of the skull in the perpendicular direction. This results in the head to be pointed and long. If the condition gets diagnosed within 6 months of the birth, the same can be rectified by opening the suture surgically.

Surgical procedure

In any case, where there is any involvement of the forehead, a procedure known as the front-supraorbital advancement is deployed to correct deformation of head shape. This procedure is typically performed at a younger age so that the brain get enough time and space to grow correctly. This also ensures that skull refrains from growing abnormally. This procedure moves both the skull and the eye socket forward.

Other forms of craniofacial surgery:

1. Plastic surgery: Plastic surgery deals with alteration, restoration, and reconstruction of body parts. Some of the surgical procedure includes microsurgery, burn surgery and hand surgery.

2. Maxillofacial surgery: Oral and maxillofacial surgery deal with diseases related to jaws, neck, head and other soft and head tissue of the mouth and jaw.

3. Orthognathic surgery: This form of surgery addresses problems of the face and the jaw which is related to growth, structure skeletal disharmonies and TMJ disorders.

3084 people found this helpful

Penis Enlargement Surgery- Risks

Dr. Imran Khan 84% (3746 ratings)
Bachelor of Unani Medicine & Surgery (B.U.M.S), PGD(Sexual Medicine & Councelling)
Sexologist, Panaji
Penis Enlargement Surgery- Risks

Undergoing any type of surgery involves a lot of risk and before undergoing any type of  surgery one must take into consideration a number of risk factors. Today, increasing concerns of penis size have given birth to a number of penis enlargement creams, pills, brutal stretching exercises and finally surgery. When nothing works, your last resort might be to go for a penis enlargement surgery. 

But before fantasizing about its pros only, it's important that you be aware of the cons too. Penis enlargement surgery is associated with a number of unexpected complications too. Here are some of the risks of the surgery which you must take care of:

  1. Penile injection: You may opt for a penile injection if you feel your penis is too thin. This is usually performed by taking fat from your abdomen area and injected into your penis. Since the penis doesn't have fat in it, injecting fat into it might give it an odd appearance. And, if there is a shift in the fat injection, you might have to get it corrected again.
  2. Ligament cutting: Under the process of ligament cutting, the basal ligament of the penis is cut. This may result into lengthening of penis by two inches. This might just be the soft length or flaccid end for some people. There have been reports of men complaining that they have had a difficult time in getting full erection or properly feeling their penis. Besides these, your penis may disappoint you by showing no growth at all.
  3. Inflatable implants: This technique is used by men who have problems of complete impotence. It involves placing inflatable implants into your penis. This surgery may involve stretching of the other penile tissues of your penis. Such an implant may result into a lot of pain along with other complications. You may also experience internal damage to your penis along with bruising, internal bleeding or blisters under the skin.
  4. Infection: If your surgery isn't done properly you might suffer from chances of infection in your penis. Even if, everything goes well, results may not be the same as what you or your doctor expected. Because of chances of infection, your doctor will prescribe you to go through an antibiotic course, before taking the surgery. If your infection is too bad, you may need to get sutures to get the drainage out of your penis.

Related Tip: "All You Need to Know Before Opting for Penis Enlargement"

4852 people found this helpful

Risks Associated With Penis Enlargement Surgery

Dr. Viniita Jhuntrraa 93% (718 ratings)
MBBS
Sexologist, Jaipur
Risks Associated With Penis Enlargement Surgery

Undergoing any type of surgery involves a lot of risk and before undergoing any type of  surgery one must take into consideration a number of risk factors. Today, increasing concerns of penis size have given birth to a number of penis enlargement creams, pills, brutal stretching exercises and finally surgery. When nothing works, your last resort might be to go for a penis enlargement surgery. 

But before fantasizing about its pros only, it's important that you be aware of the cons too. Penis enlargement surgery is associated with a number of unexpected complications too. Here are some of the risks of the surgery which you must take care of:

  1. Penile injection: You may opt for a penile injection if you feel your penis is too thin. This is usually performed by taking fat from your abdomen area and injected into your penis. Since the penis doesn't have fat in it, injecting fat into it might give it an odd appearance. And, if there is a shift in the fat injection, you might have to get it corrected again.
  2. Ligament cutting: Under the process of ligament cutting, the basal ligament of the penis is cut. This may result into lengthening of penis by two inches. This might just be the soft length or flaccid end for some people. There have been reports of men complaining that they have had a difficult time in getting full erection or properly feeling their penis. Besides these, your penis may disappoint you by showing no growth at all.
  3. Inflatable implants: This technique is used by men who have problems of complete impotence. It involves placing inflatable implants into your penis. This surgery may involve stretching of the other penile tissues of your penis. Such an implant may result into a lot of pain along with other complications. You may also experience internal damage to your penis along with bruising, internal bleeding or blisters under the skin.
  4. Infection: If your surgery isn't done properly you might suffer from chances of infection in your penis. Even if, everything goes well, results may not be the same as what you or your doctor expected. Because of chances of infection, your doctor will prescribe you to go through an antibiotic course, before taking the surgery. If your infection is too bad, you may need to get sutures to get the drainage out of your penis. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a sexologist.
5973 people found this helpful

Can Surgery Help Restore Penis Sensation?

Dr. Vinod Raina 88% (5830 ratings)
MD - General Medicine
Sexologist, Delhi
Can Surgery Help Restore Penis Sensation?

In most cases, men who suffer a slight loss of penis sensation can take a few good penis care tips to heart and gradually restore their penis sensitivity. But what about those who are suffering from severe sensation loss? For those men, the idea of surgery to restore penis sensation is not far-fetched. In fact, they might choose to eagerly go under the knife if it means they again get to feel the pleasures their body was designed to feel.

On the other hand, any surgery is risky, but especially one that requires a surgeon to work on the penis and surrounding area. Here's what a man needs to know about penis surgery for sensation restoration, as well as other ways that might be worth trying first.

What does penis sensation restoration entail?

One of the most common penis sensation restoration surgeries works on the principle of preventing friction, chafing and any other potentially damaging touch against the penis. To do this, the surgeon works to create a flap of tissue that covers the head of the penis, much like an artificial foreskin. By keeping this most sensitive area of the penis protected and safe from any outside elements, it allows the area to heal the nerve endings that have been damaged. The result is often that a man can eventually feel penis sensation in the area, often enough that he can once again engage in satisfying sensual play, whether with himself or a partner.

The problem is that surgery like this requires cutting, and that's something that can lead to even more loss of sensation. The areas where the skin is removed from will likely be numb for a while, and might even suffer some permanent nerve damage. Besides that, every cut and stitch creates another wound that must heal - and that heightens the risk of infection. A man who winds up with an infection after the surgery could see his penis sensitivity decrease even more.

So what's a man to do about penis sensation restoration?

  • Rather than go under the knife, a man can look to other ways that aren't as invasive. Cardiovascular health matters a great deal, as it takes copious blood flow to make a penis as erect and sensitive as it should be. Paying attention to diet and exercise is a great way to start. It's also important to look at overall health, as things like smoking, diabetes and other health concerns can quickly diminish penis sensitivity.
  • Besides this, it's important to make sure the penis is always protected from potential nerve damage. Avoid anything that might lead to soreness, bruising or other issues that could lead to damage. For instance, always wear an appropriate cup or jock strap during sports, wear the proper underwear, use the best cleansers for sensitive skin and otherwise look for ways to enhance and protect penis skin.
  • Finally, a man who has serious issues with penis sensation can talk to the doctor about potential creams and medications that might help enhance the sensation they do have. Though medications do not work for everyone and are often considered a last resort before surgery, it might be worth taking a pill every day to avoid going under the knife.
  • Another good option for preserving penis sensitivity is the daily use of a high-quality penis health crème (health professionals recommend Man 1 Man Oil, which is clinically proven mild and safe for skin). Look for a crème with Shea butter and vitamin E, both of which can keep the skin soft and thus enhance sensitivity. Also look for L-carnitine, which fights against peripheral nerve damage, and can help protect a man's sensitive penis skin from further problems. Finally, L-arginine is great for better blood flow, which can help boost the sensitivity of those nerve endings.

Butt Implant Surgery - Things You Need To Know!

MCh - Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, DNB, MS - General Surgery, MBBS
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Bangalore
Butt Implant Surgery - Things You Need To Know!

Cosmetic surgery is not restricted to the top half of your body. Today along with facelifts and breast implants, butt implants are also gaining popularity. This procedure is also known as gluteal augmentation. Butt implants are usually made of silicone. These soft, solid structures are implants under the gluteus maximus muscles and above the pelvic bone through an incision. The incision is typically made in the butt crease so that it is less noticeable. Here are a few others things you should know about butt implants:

  1. It is performed under anaesthesiaButt implant surgery may be performed under local or general anaesthesia and usually takes anywhere between 2 to 7 hours. However, this procedure is usually an outpatient procedure and no hospitalisation is required.
  2. It takes time to recover: After the procedure, you will probably notice swelling and tenderness in the area. In most cases, the patient is advised to wear a compression garment for a few days after the surgery. This should resolve itself in about 4-6 weeks but complete recovery can take up to 8 months. This is because the tailbone muscles are cut during the procedure.
  3. The effects are permanent: Silicone implants can last a lifetime and hence the results of this surgery are permanent. With time the body’s natural tissues merge with the implant. However, in some cases, the implant may slip with time causing an asymmetrical appearance. This can be corrected through a follow-up surgery.
  4. Anyone can get a butt implant: Butt implants are typically used for people with a flat posterior, but you don’t necessarily need to have a skinny frame to undergo this procedure. Also, there are no size or weight limitations to getting the procedure.
  5. It is customisable: Butt implants can be customised to suit the person’s size and frame. A surgeon will typically take into account the shape of the patient’s pelvic bone and natural butt contours to create a butt implant that enhances the patient’s frame and does not look unnatural.
  6. There are risks: Complications are rare but possible with this surgery. Making an incision under the butt crease reduces its visibility but increases the risk of infections. There is also a risk of allergic reactions to anaesthesia. Other possible side effects include pain, discomfort, nerve damage and reduced sensitivity.
  7. They do not feel completely natural: Silicone butt implants may feel harder than normal tissue and at some angles may not look very natural remove these and post more of positive aspects.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

4113 people found this helpful

Know The Medical Benefits Of Tummy Tuck Surgery!

Dr. Anshuman Manaswi 90% (278 ratings)
MCh - Plastic Surgery, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MS, DNB
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Mumbai
Know The Medical Benefits Of Tummy Tuck Surgery!

Tummy tuck also known as an abdominoplasty, a tummy tuck surgery is a form of cosmetic surgery, which is used to remove excess fat and skin from the abdomen as well as tighten the muscles in your abdominal regions. Similar to 'mommy makeovers' (a procedure applicable after pregnancy, which helps women restore their figure).

Tummy tuck surgery is used to help patients treat that loose and sagging skin who have experienced excessive weight loss within a relatively short period of time. Although, it is usually done for cosmetic reasons, it does provide a large number of medical benefits, such as:

1. Reduction in stress urinary incontinence: Stress Urinary Incontinence is a bladder control problem that is characterized by involuntary urination because of exercises or normal bodily functions such as sneezing or coughing which might put pressure on the bladder. In some women, (SUI) can develop after a vaginal birth. The condition does not generally require a surgery. However, research has shown that in severe cases, abdominoplasty is helpful in patients who do not have a caesarean section. A slight bladder obstruction is made during the procedure using soft tissue which reduces the incontinence.

2. Better posture and improved abdominal tone: Strong muscles tend to become weak after multiple pregnancies and extreme weight loss. In these cases, diet and exercise are not enough. Abdominoplasty surgically removes excess fat and skin thereby, tightening weak muscles and flattening the abdomen. It is noticed that after the surgery, the patients develop an improved posture due to the tightened muscles supporting the spine. This helps in relieving a variety of back pains.

3. Correction of ventral hernia: Ventral Hernia is the bulging out of tissues through a defect, opening or past incisions within the wall muscles of the abdomen. In such a case, the surgeon may opt for Abdominoplasty to support the abdominal wall and prevent recurrences. 

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2909 people found this helpful
Icon

Book appointment with top doctors for Veterinary Surgery Soft Tissue treatment

View fees, clinic timings and reviews