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Vertigo Tips

Vertigo / Dizziness - What Are The Risk Factors?

Dr. Vivek Kumar Pathak 92% (240 ratings)
MS-ENT, MBBS
ENT Specialist, Noida
Vertigo / Dizziness - What Are The Risk Factors?

BPPV or Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo is a major cause of vertigo. This is a condition that gives a sensation of head spin all of a sudden. It also results in dizziness in brief episodes. The severity level can vary from intense to mild. BPPV is triggered with certain changes of the head position. Although BPPV is bothersome, it isn’t serious unless there is a chance of a person falling abruptly because of the head spin. There are ample treatment options available to address this problem.

Symptoms of BPPV
BPPV includes some of the following symptoms:
a. Loss of balance
b. Dizziness
c. Feeling of the surrounding spinning
d. Vomiting and nausea
e. Rhythmic movement of the eye

When to seek medical attention?
If dizziness is accompanied with one of the below-mentioned symptoms, it is time to urgently seek medical attention and get vertigo addressed for good:

  1. Hear loss
  2. Tingling or numbness
  3. Fever accompanies with severe headache
  4. Arm or leg weakness
  5. Problems with vision
  6. Difficulty in walking
  7. Becoming unconscious

Causes of BPPV:
If there is on known cause associated with BPPV, the condition is termed as idiopathic BPPV. In most of the cases, though, BPPV is associated with a severe to minor blow to the head. Other causes include an injury to the inner ear, prolonged sitting position in a fixed posture, even migraine pain is at times associated with BPPV.

What are the risk factors?
Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo is likely to occur in the age group of 50 and above, this being said it can happen at any age in case of any injuries. Statistically, it is found that the likelihood of BPPV is more in women than men. Head injury of any sort is by far the most likely reason of BPPV.

What are the tests and diagnosis involved?
A doctor is likely to perform a physical examination followed by a series of tests. Some typical signs that a doctor looks for include the following:
Ability to control eye movement- especially side to side movement

Symptoms of dizziness
In case it is difficult to spot the symptoms, a doctor might suggest video- nystagmography or electronystagmography. It helps to track irregular eye movement. An MRI can also be prescribed to study the cross-sectional images of the body and the head.

Treatments associated with BPPV:
BPPV mostly go away within months or weeks on its own. If however, it still persists, a doctor can suggest Canalith Repositioning- series of small movements that helps to counter BPPV. For extreme cases, a doctor might advise a surgery for blocking the portion of the inner ear that might be causing the problem. It guarantees close to a 100 percent fix to BPPV.

Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV)!

Dr. Radhika A (Md) 84% (13 ratings)
MD - Acupuncture, Diploma In Accupuncture, Advanced Diploma In Accupuncture
Acupuncturist, Delhi
Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV)!

Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV)
Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV) is the disorder that causes vertigo, which is the false sensation of head’s spinning. The patient with BPPV may feel minor to severe faintness. BPPV may be caused by the incorrect position of the patient’s head. It is most felt when the patient moves head in either direction, lays down, or gets up from the bed especially in the morning.

BPPV is the disorder of the inner ears in which the crystals of calcium carbonate (known as ear rocks or otoconia) are accumulated and turned into the gel. This gel is then migrated into the semi-circular canals, which are normally filled with fluid. This fluid is generally unaffected by the gravity because of its lightweight.

With the migration, the accumulated gel tends to move down with the effect of gravity and bounces up again with any physical movement of the head and other factors. This results in its interference with the normal fluid movement within the canals that are used for the sensation of head motion.

Because of this interference and fluid movement, the nerves at the canal of the patient’s inner ear are excited and send false signals to the brain related to head rotation. In normal cases, this fluid is rested stationary within the canals. These false signals generate information in the brain that does not match with those sent by the second ear and eyes.

This mismatch of the generated information from multiple sources confuses the brain, which may make you feel spinning. This spinning is medically termed as vertigo, which may last up to a minute from its occurrence. Note that some patients would have a normal feel between every two vertigo invocations.

However, some of them may have a constant feeling of light head spinning sensation between two major spins of vertigo. Note that the dizziness caused by BPPV would not impact the hearing ability of the patient. It would also not make the patient difficult to speak. In case you have any of such additional symptoms, you must discuss with your physician immediately.

The occurrence of BPPV is seen mainly in the adults and is very rare in the children. However, it may impact individuals of any age group. The most cases of this disease are reported in the elderly people. Most of the patients with BPPV may feel the surroundings spinning while getting up from the bed in the morning.

However, the same symptom may also be associated with other disorders such as a migraine, trauma, ear infection, diabetes, intubation caused by lying in bed for a long period, osteoporosis, reduced blood flow, and more. It may also be associated with the incorrect posture of sleep. So, you must consult your doctor immediately when such symptoms arise in your body.

 

Symptoms of BPPV
The various symptoms of BPPV may include:

-  Dizziness

-  Vertigo in which the patient may feel the surrounding moving or spinning, especially while getting up in the morning

-  Disbalancing while getting up from sitting

-  Continual nausea and vomiting for over several weeks

-  Nystagmus in which the eye movements of the patient appear abnormal

 

Note that these symptoms may appear or disappear in between. It may happen that the patient is relieved from the symptoms for several months. But those may recur with lesser to severe intensity. Along with the symptoms listed above, some patients may observe the following symptoms in the extreme conditions:

-  Severe and intolerable headache

-  Fever

-  Double vision

-  Vision loss

-  Loss of hearing

-  Difficulty in speaking

-  Weakness in the legs or arms

-  Unconsciousness

-  Difficulty in walking

-  Tingling sensations in the brain, ear or other parts of the body

-  Numbness

 

Causes of BPPV
Age is a crucial factor that increases your chances of getting BPPV. It is often seen that the individuals of age over 50 years are most likely to get BPPV since the muscles of their inner ear may become weaker at that age. There may also be other causes of BPPV. Some of those are mentioned below:

-  Keeping head in a fixed posture for a long duration either on a dentist chair, salon and more

-  Performing the exercises that require high-speed movements of the head

-  Bike riding on a rough track

-  Various types of disorders of inner ear like Meniere’s disease

-  Resting on the bed for long duration for any reason, like hospitalization, prolonged rest over the weekend, working on a laptop for long while lying on the bed

-  Due to migraine

 

Prevention from BPPV-
Since BPPV may be caused by multiple reasons including the old age, it is very hard to prevent it completely. However, there are the multiple ways through which you may prevent it from happening to a good extent. Some of those are mentioned below:

-  Avoid doing exercises that may involve frequent and severe head movements.

-  Prevent yourself from any possibility of head injury. Wear a helmet while riding a bicycle, bike, and other sports.

-  Avoid lying on the bed for long hours.

-  Avoid prolonged steady head placement when awake.

-  Meditate on a regular basis.

-  Maintain hygiene in your surroundings to avoid the chances of infection in your ears.

-  Have a balanced sleep.

-  Exercise every day.

-  Don’t tip your head back for long hours to watch TV or to talk to your correspondents.

-  Take care of your immune system and adopt the habits that would keep it strong.

-  Avoid frequent head movements in case you are already a patient of BPPV. This may worsen your symptoms.

 

How BPPV is diagnosed?
If you observe even the mild symptoms of BPPV (mentioned above) for over a week, visit your doctor immediately. The physician would ask the patient several questions related to the symptoms. For instance:

-  When is the dizziness felt most during a day?

-  From how long the symptoms are observed?

-  Do you have a continual temptation of vomiting?

-  How are you normally relieved from the symptoms?

-  For how long at a stretch are the symptoms observed?

-  Do you have any other disease or disorders related to the ears or the brain?

-  Are you a patient of a migraine?

The doctor would also assess the complete medical history of the patient of the past several years. The eye movement of the patient would also be checked for the occurrence of nystagmus. The patient would also be asked to lay down on a table with the head tilted back. This test would help the physician in understanding if the patient has irregular control in eye movement.

It may also be observed if the symptoms occur most with the movement of eyes or head in a particular direction. Post collection of all this information, the physician may also prescribe the patient to undergo an infrared goggle test.

In case the doctor finds it difficult to identify the actual reason for those symptoms, the patient may be prescribed to get one of the following investigations done:

-  Video Nystagmography (VNG) or Electro Nystagmography (ENG) in which the abnormal movement of eyes is detected if any. In the ENG test, electrodes are used and in VNG, small cameras are used to assess if the dizziness is because of some inner ear disease. This is calculated by the measurement of irregular eye movement by placing the patient’s head in multiple positions.

-  Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), in which magnetic fields and radio waves capture multiple images of the patient’s head or other parts of the body from different directions. Such images could be assessed to diagnose the condition of the dizziness and the possible reasons associated with it.

 

Treatment of BPPV
There are some chances that the symptoms of BPPV may disappear on their own in few weeks to months. However, to get rid of the symptoms sooner, the doctor would provide the treatment for the repositioning of the head movements. This therapy is called as canalith repositioning.

In canalith repositioning, the mispositioned canaliths due to the gel developed from the crystals of calcium carbonate that move from the fluid-filled semi-circular canals of the inner ear, are repositioned. This prevents the nerves of the canal of the patient’s inner ear by sending false signals to the brain related to head rotation. Along with this process, the doctor may also recommend the patient to avoid some particular head position for several weeks to months, which may trigger the symptoms again.

For the first few sessions of canalith repositioning, you are required to visit the therapy centre. Post then, the doctor may teach you the canalith repositioning procedure, which you could practice on your own at home if required. Post such a session, you may be required to take rest for at least 10-15 minutes so that the crystals of calcium carbonate are resettled in the canals of the inner ear.

In some rare situations where the symptoms are extreme and could not be relieved by the canalith repositioning procedure, the patient may be recommended a surgery with which the inner ear’s bone is plugged to prevent the movement of calcium carbonate crystals within the fluid-filled semi-circular canals. This effectively stops the symptoms of dizziness. Such type of surgery is effective with the success rate of around 90%. But in some rare cases, there is the risk of loss of hearing for the patient.

Other than these treatments, there are certain precautions that the patients of BPPV should take. Those are mentioned below:

-  Keep memorising your symptoms and be extra careful about balancing while getting up from your bed. The patients with BPPV are more prone to lose their balance, which may result in them to face injuries.

-  Try to be seated whenever you have a feeling of dizziness. In case you are standing and could not see some nearby seat, just take the support of some wall or any stable object.

-  Keep some lights turned on in your bedroom in the night, so that you would not face many difficulties in getting up in between if required.

-  Keep visiting your doctor periodically unless your symptoms are subsided.

-  Do not lay with the head tilted back, if you are already suffering from the symptoms of BPPV.

-  Avoid laying or sleeping towards the affected side of the head where symptoms are felt the most. Use two pillows while sleeping to ensure this.

-  Even when the symptoms are disappeared, those may recur. Prepare your mindset for that.

-  While waking up in the morning, lift the head very slowly and sit on the bed for a few minutes before standing up.

-  Avoid bending down for picking up something.

 

Complications
Although BPPV is not a fatal disease by its own, its symptoms may cause you to face complicated problems if not taken care of or treated on time. It often happens that the patients with BPPV collapse on the floor due to dizziness, which may cause them severe fatal injuries. It is very important for them to bring the practice to their habit of sitting down or holding some stationary object whenever they observe dizziness. Else than that, BPPV may cause the patient to have an uncomfortable feeling. If it lasts for long, the patient may suffer from depression.

Another related complication is associated with the surgery in which the inner ear’s bone is plugged to prevent the movement of calcium carbonate crystals within the fluid-filled semi-circular canals. This surgery is carried out with an attempt to eliminate the symptoms of dizziness caused by BPPV. However, in some rare cases, this surgery may cause loss of hearing.

 

Myths
Myth #1:
Children may not suffer from BPPV

It has been seen that elderly individuals are more likely to be affected by BPPV. However, individuals of any age (including children) may suffer from this disorder. Some children may not be able to express the problems that they would be facing. So, in case your kids collapse by their own on a frequent basis, it is must for you to take them to a paediatrician.

Myth #2: BPPV is caused only by a migraine

A migraine is one of the causes because of which BPPV may occur. However, there are multiple other factors associated with this disorder.

Myth #3: BPPV is always healed by its own

It is not necessary that BPPV is healed by its own every time. If the symptoms are severe, you must get a proper treatment before facing any injury due to the associated dizziness.

 

 

1 person found this helpful

Vertigo - How To Treat It?

Dr. Gaurav Ashish 87% (443 ratings)
MS - ENT, Diploma In Otorhinolaryngology (DLO), MBBS
ENT Specialist, Patna
Vertigo - How To Treat It?

Vertigo is a medical condition where the affected person feels that the world or surrounding environment is spinning or moving. It is accompanied with nauseavomitingsweating and having problems in walking steadily. Moving your head worsens this condition. An illusion of movement is observed.

Vertigo arises from several conditions. There are mainly two types of Vertigo:

1. Peripheral Vertigo: This is the most common vertigo and is caused often due to a problem in the balance mechanism of the inner ear. The causes include:

  • Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo: Being one of the common causes of vertigo, BPPV occurs due to certain head movements when standing up or bending over. The attacks are short, powerful and recurrent in nature. Nausea is also accompanied. A feeling of lightheadedness and despaired balance is observed after the attack. Fragments of calcium carbonate crystals are broken off from the channel linings present in the inner ear. These fragments cause the problem by getting into the ear fluid canals, and certain  head movement sweeps them across the canal causing vertigo.
  • Head Injury: Vertigo develops due to head injuries, and the symptoms are similar to that of dizziness.
  • Labyrinthitis: It is an infection in the inner ear, which causes the labyrinth of the ear to get inflamed. The labyrinth controls our hearing and balance. An inflammation causes it to send different information than the other, normal ear. This conflict causes vertigo. Such vertigo can be accompanied by nausea, vomiting, loss of hearing and ear pain.
  • Vestibular Neuronitis: This is a condition pertaining to the inner ear, which causes inflammation of the nerve which connects the labyrinth to the brain.  The condition arises from viral infections. Nausea and vomiting are observed, and this condition leads to vertigo.
  • Meniere's DiseaseThis rare condition in the inner ear causes severe vertigo along with hearing loss and aural fullness. Meniere's disease prompts sudden vertigo attacks with nausea and vomiting.

2. Central Vertigo: Central vertigo arises from problems in the cerebellum of the brain and brainstem. Causes include:

  • Migraines
  • Sclerosis, a condition which affects the central nervous system
  • Acoustic neuroma, a type of brain cancer growing on the acoustic nerve
  • Brain tumorsstroke or transient ischemic attack
  • Certain medications

Treatment:
Treatment of vertigo depends on the cause and on the extent of symptoms. Labyrinthis and vestibular neuronitis are cured by vestibular rehabilitation and medication. BBVV is treated using a process called the Epley maneuver. Meniere's disease is cured by modes of dietary restriction, medication, treating tinnitus and treating hearing loss. Generally, curing the cause of vertigo helps in healing the disorder.

Vertigo is caused by different reasons and factors and rectification of these factors helps in the treatment of vertigo.

2407 people found this helpful

Labyrinthitis - All You Need To Know About It!

Dr. S M Tarique 89% (39 ratings)
Ali Yavar Jung National Institute Of Speech And Hearing Disabilities Kolkata, PhD - Public Health
Audiologist, Delhi
Labyrinthitis - All You Need To Know About It!

Labyrinthitis is a very common disease related to audiology in which the person suffers from an inner ear medical disorder. The two vestibular nerves present inside the inner portion of the ears send information to the brain about spatial navigation and also balance control. Now, when any of these two nerves become inflamed due to some reason, it causes Labyrinthitis.

The symptoms of this disorder are easily identifiable and the person is treated generally based on the kind of symptoms he or she is experiencing.

Symptoms: 

Even though the symptoms may disappear after a few days, a chronic Labyrinthitis will continue to affect after that as well.

  • Dizziness can be experienced throughout the day
  • Vertigo or fear of heights can affect the person.
  • Loss of balance because of the inflammation.
  • Nausea and vomiting due to dizziness.
  • Tinnitus or a ringing sensation in the ears.

These are the symptoms Labyrinthitis and sometimes if these are not treated well, then it can lead to permanent hearing loss.

Causes

  • Illnesses like bronchitis can cause Labyrinthitis.
  • Different viral infections affecting the inner ear
  • Infection or virus attack in the stomach
  • Herpes caused by Human alphaherpesvirus
  • Bacterial middle ear infections

So if you are suffering from any of these medical problems then you must visit an audiologist immediately and treat the condition in a proper manner.

Diagnosis And Treatment 

The doctor will conduct different physical examination and other tests which will help him or her to detect the real problem. Hearing tests, blood tests, a CT or MRI scan of the head and even electroencephalogram can be used to diagnose the patient. Once the real cause of the disease gets traced, the doctor will prescribe medication accordingly.

Here are some of the best treatment of this disease: 

  • Antihistamines, such as desloratadine or Clarinex will be prescribed.
  • Medications which will effectively reduce dizziness and nausea are also given to get relief from the most common symptoms.
  • Sedatives, such as diazepam if the patient is unable to sleep properly.
  • Easily available antihistamines like fexofenadine (Allegra), diphenhydramine (Benadryl), or loratadine (Claritin).

Apart from treating yourself with different medication here are some important actions you can perform to get relief from symptoms which might affect you:

  • Avoid rapid or quick changes in position and postures.
  • Sit very still and don't move during a vertigo attack.
  • Get up clamly and steadily from a lying down or seated position instead of a sudden movement.
  • Avoid bright television, computer screens, and flashing lights during a potential vertigo attack.

So, here are the different information which you must know about Labyrinthitis and we hope this article will help you to get the best treatment and recovery.

2701 people found this helpful

Vertigo / Dizziness - What Are The Risk Factors Involved?

Dr. Mukesh More 85% (10 ratings)
MBBS, MS - ENT, DNB - ENT
ENT Specialist, Nashik
Vertigo / Dizziness - What Are The Risk Factors Involved?

BPPV or Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo is a major cause of vertigo. This is a condition that gives a sensation of head spin all of a sudden. It also results in dizziness in brief episodes. The severity level can vary from intense to mild. BPPV is triggered with certain changes of the head position. Although BPPV is bothersome, it isn’t serious unless there is a chance of a person falling abruptly because of the head spin. There are ample treatment options available to address this problem.

Symptoms of BPPV
BPPV includes some of the following symptoms:
a. Loss of balance
b. Dizziness
c. Feeling of the surrounding spinning
d. Vomiting and nausea
e. Rhythmic movement of the eye

When to seek medical attention?
If dizziness is accompanied with one of the below-mentioned symptoms, it is time to urgently seek medical attention and get vertigo addressed for good:

  1. Hear loss
  2. Tingling or numbness
  3. Fever accompanies with severe headache
  4. Arm or leg weakness
  5. Problems with vision
  6. Difficulty in walking
  7. Becoming unconscious

Causes of BPPV:
If there is on known cause associated with BPPV, the condition is termed as idiopathic BPPV. In most of the cases, though, BPPV is associated with a severe to minor blow to the head. Other causes include an injury to the inner ear, prolonged sitting position in a fixed posture, even migraine pain is at times associated with BPPV.

What are the risk factors?
Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo is likely to occur in the age group of 50 and above, this being said it can happen at any age in case of any injuries. Statistically, it is found that the likelihood of BPPV is more in women than men. Head injury of any sort is by far the most likely reason of BPPV.

What are the tests and diagnosis involved?
A doctor is likely to perform a physical examination followed by a series of tests. Some typical signs that a doctor looks for include the following:
Ability to control eye movement- especially side to side movement

Symptoms of dizziness
In case it is difficult to spot the symptoms, a doctor might suggest video- nystagmography or electronystagmography. It helps to track irregular eye movement. An MRI can also be prescribed to study the cross-sectional images of the body and the head.

Treatments associated with BPPV:
BPPV mostly go away within months or weeks on its own. If however, it still persists, a doctor can suggest Canalith Repositioning- series of small movements that helps to counter BPPV. For extreme cases, a doctor might advise a surgery for blocking the portion of the inner ear that might be causing the problem. It guarantees close to a 100 percent fix to BPPV.

4001 people found this helpful

Vertigo In Adults - Why It Happens?

Dr. S M Gupta 88% (14 ratings)
MS - ENT, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
ENT Specialist, Ghaziabad
Vertigo In Adults - Why It Happens?

Vertigo is a feeling that your head or your surrounding is spinning. It is an illusion of movement. People with vertigo cannot bend down to pick up stuff, as they may feel the spinning sensation.
There are two types i.e. objective and subjective. Vertigo is said to objective when the surrounding seems to be spinning; subjective is when the person feels their head is spinning. Vertigo can be slightly mysterious to diagnose. There are, however, some causes which can help you understand it better. There are two main types of vertigo: Central and Peripheral. Central vertigo is when there is an issue in the brain that is causing vertigo. Middle ear problems leading to vertigo is known as peripheral vertigo.

Central vertigo:

  • Paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV): Also known as, Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). These episodes are benign and occur in paroxysms or spurts. The person will feel the attack with simple actions like turning over in bed. They do not last long, often about 20 to 30 seconds.
  • Migraine: Known for the severe headaches, migraine can also cause vertigo.
  • Head trauma: This type of vertigo usually subsides with time as the person recovers from trauma.
  • Neck injuries: Injury to nerves and blood vessels in the neck can also lead to vertigo.
  • Health conditions: General health issues like arteriosclerosis, multiple sclerosis, and diabetes lead to vertigo.
  • Stroke or blood flow blockage: When blood does not reach the base of the brain, it can result in vertigo.

Peripheral vertigo:

  • Middle ear infections: Labyrinthitis (either bacterial or viral) a middle ear infection can cause vertigo. Common viruses include herpes, influenza, measles, rubella, hepatitis, and EBV.
  • Meniere’s disease: Another ear problem causing vertigo is Meniere’s disease. This is known for its 3 symptoms – vertigo, ringing in the ears (tinnitus) and hearing loss. This can be caused by various factors, some of which can include ear infections, head injuries, or heredity. The exact cause of the condition is not established clearly.
  • Acoustic neuroma: A tumor of the nerve tissue in the inner ear may cause vertigo. The person can also have hearing loss and ringing sensation.

Other causes of vertigo include:

  • Pregnancy: During the first trimester, in particular, the various hormonal changes can cause vertigo. The expanding uterus puts pressure on the blood vessels, leading to reduced blood supply to the brain, which can also induce vertigo. As the baby continues to grow, lying on the back can put pressure on the blood vessels to the heart, causing vertigo.
  • Stress: It is known to worsen vertigo, which a person may already have. Anxiety and panic attacks are known to worsen vertigo.
  • Travelers: Be it ship, air, or train, some people experience a spinning sensation with any form of travel.
     
2616 people found this helpful

Vertigo - Know The Signs!

Dr. B. B. Khatri 88% (16 ratings)
MS - ENT, MBBS
ENT Specialist, Delhi
Vertigo - Know The Signs!

Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo is among the common causes of vertigo. It is the sudden sensation of the spinning of your head which occurs with the change of position of your head. It is a disorder of the inner ear. It occurs when calcium carbonate crystals accumulate in large numbers in any one of the ear canals and stimulate abnormal fluid movement in the inner ear. This sends false signals of head movement to the brain. This can also crop up post head injury. Rolling over the bed or quick head movements like when sitting up in bed can also trigger this condition. 

The common symptoms of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo are as follows:

  1. Vomiting and nausea
  2. Vertigo Blurred vision
  3. Intense dizziness 
  4. Loss of balance 

Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo may be treated in the following manner:

  1. Medication to get relief from the spinning of your head. 
  2. Epley's Maneuver involves transportation of the calcium particles to a different part of the ear which will no longer cause any problems. 
  3. Brandt-Daroff exercises. 
  4. Sometimes watchful waiting can help a person to recover without having to undergo any other treatment but it is a long process and often involves risk factors. 
  5. Surgery: This option is used rarely when other treatments fail. 

A very important thing to remember is that vertigo can lead to falls and driving should be avoided. The patient will need support during an episode to avoid injuries.

2676 people found this helpful

Signs You Might Be Suffering From Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo

Dr. Rajeev Arya 85% (19 ratings)
MBBS, Master of Surgery ENT
ENT Specialist, Faridabad
Signs You Might Be Suffering From Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo

Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo is among the common causes of vertigo. It is the sudden sensation of the spinning of your head which occurs with the change of position of your head. It is a disorder of the inner ear. It occurs when calcium carbonate crystals accumulate in large numbers in any one of the ear canals and stimulate abnormal fluid movement in the inner ear. This sends false signals of head movement to the brain. This can also crop up post head injury. Rolling over the bed or quick head movements like when sitting up in bed can also trigger this condition. 

The common symptoms of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo are as follows:

  1. Vomiting and nausea
  2. Vertigo Blurred vision
  3. Intense dizziness 
  4. Loss of balance 

Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo may be treated in the following manner:

  1. Medication to get relief from the spinning of your head. 
  2. Epley's Maneuver involves transportation of the calcium particles to a different part of the ear which will no longer cause any problems. 
  3. Brandt-Daroff exercises. 
  4. Sometimes watchful waiting can help a person to recover without having to undergo any other treatment but it is a long process and often involves risk factors. 
  5. Surgery: This option is used rarely when other treatments fail. 

A very important thing to remember is that vertigo can lead to falls and driving should be avoided. The patient will need support during an episode to avoid injuries.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3318 people found this helpful

Vertigo (Chakkar) Tips

Mr. Gnanaranjan Das 90% (417 ratings)
Occupational Therapy (OT)
Occupational Therapist, Jaipur
Vertigo (Chakkar) Tips

During the change of seasons there is a change in humidity in the atmosphere which may affect, so take precautions not to go out in morning or evening.

Vertigo mostly occurs during a position change, so take precautions.

3 people found this helpful

Vertigo - What Causes It?

Dr. Nishit Shah 84% (10 ratings)
MS - ENT, DNB (ENT), DORL
ENT Specialist, Mumbai
Vertigo - What Causes It?

Vertigo is a medical condition where the affected person feels that the world or surrounding environment is spinning or moving. It is accompanied with nausea, vomiting, sweating and having problems in walking steadily. Moving your head worsens this condition. An illusion of movement is observed. Vertigo arises from several conditions. There are mainly two types of vertigo.

Peripheral vertigo:
This is the most common vertigo and is caused often due to a problem in the balance mechanism of the inner ear. The causes include:

  1. Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo: Being one of the common causes of vertigo, BPPV occurs due to certain head movements when standing up or bending over. The attacks are short, powerful and recurrent in nature. Nausea is also accompanied. A feeling of light headedness and despaired balance is observed after the attack. Fragments of calcium carbonate crystals are broken off from the channel linings present in the inner ear. These fragments cause the problem by getting into the ear fluid canals, and certain  head movement sweeps them across the canal causing vertigo.
  2. Head injury: Vertigo develops due to head injuries, and the symptoms are similar to that of dizziness.
  3. Labyrinthitis: It is an infection in the inner ear, which causes the labyrinth of the ear to get inflamed. The labyrinth controls our hearing and balance. An inflammation causes it to send different information than the other, normal ear. This conflict causes vertigo. Such vertigo can be accompanied with nausea, vomiting, loss of hearing and ear pain.
  4. Vestibular neuronitis: This is a condition pertaining to the inner ear, which causes inflammation of the nerve which connects the labyrinth to the brain.  The condition arises from viral infections. Nausea and vomiting are observed, and this condition leads to vertigo.
  5. Menieres disease: This rare condition in the inner ear causes severe vertigo along with hearing loss and aural fullness. Menieres disease prompts sudden vertigo attacks with nausea and vomiting.

Central vertigo:

Central vertigo arises from problems in the cerebellum of the brain and brainstem. Causes include:

  1. Migraines
  2. Sclerosis, a condition which affects the central nervous system.
  3. Acoustic neuroma, a type of brain cancer growing on the acoustic nerve.
  4. Brain tumors, stroke or transient ischemic attack.
  5. Certain medications.

Treatment
Treatment of vertigo depends on the cause and on the extent of symptoms. Labyrinthis and vestibular neuronitis are cured by vestibular rehabilitation and medication. BBVV is treated using a process called the Epley maneuver. Menieres disease is cured by modes of dietary restriction, medication, treating tinnitus and treating hearing loss. Generally, curing the cause of vertigo helps in healing the disorder.

Vertigo is caused from different reasons and factors and rectification of these factors helps in the treatment of vertigo. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

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