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Vaginal Infection Tips

Keeping Your Vagina Clean & Healthy!

Keeping Your Vagina Clean & Healthy!

Maintaining proper vaginal hygiene is imperative to ward off any sort of STD (Sexually Transmitted Disease) or STI (Sexually Transmitted Infection), even before any sort of irritation, infection or disease occurs. The normal vaginal pH balance helps cater to the growth of useful bacteria. Some useful tips to maintain proper vaginal hygiene can be:

  1. Douching (spraying a mixture of water, baking soda, vinegar or iodine on the vaginal area) is strictly discouraged. It can interfere with the normal pH levels of the vagina and can make the area extremely acidic, which sets the stage for the growth of bacterial infections.

  2. A balanced, healthy, nutritious diet is recommended for a healthy vagina as well as for good reproductive health. Certain fluids such as cranberry juice can help prevent the onset of any yeast infection.

  3. Safe sex should be practised in order to keep harmful bacteria away. Using a condom during sexual intercourse helps prevent the occurrence of any sort of STI or STD.

  4. Gynaecological check-ups should be done every four months or so to be on the safe side regarding any doubts about an unhealthy vagina. Prevention is always better than cure in the long run.

  5. Petroleum jelly should not be used for lubrication during sexual intercourse as such fluids tend to damage the latex in the condom and may even lead to a possible infection.

  6. Clothes should be chosen carefully to keep the vaginal area clean and dry. Cotton underwear is generally the best option in this regard as it can help prevent any bacterial infection by keeping the area clean and dry.

  7. Certain simple sanitary habits such as changing of tampons or sanitary pads every four hours during one’s periods, proper washing of the genital area after relieving the bowels, can go a long way in nurturing the health of the vagina.

  8. Opt for gentle skin care products to wash the vaginal area as that area is extremely sensitive. Avoid scrubbing the vaginal area as well.

 

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Trichomonas Vaginalis - How To Avoid It?

Trichomonas Vaginalis - How To Avoid It?

Trichomonas Vaginalis, a virus, which affects almost 7.4 million men and women each year. This virus can cause a sexually transmitted disease upon contact with a person who may be carrying the same. This condition is more common in women than it is in men and causes a variety of symptoms. Let us learn more about this infection.

Symptoms
This disease does not have any obvious symptoms until the problem becomes pretty severe. The symptoms for men include irritation inside the penis, discharge, and a burning sensation upon urination and ejaculation. The symptoms for women include a strong odour filled discharge that may also be greenish yellow in colour, pain in the lower abdomen in case the infection is extremely severe, itching and irritation in the vagina, and pain or discomfort during sexual intercourse.

Diagnosis
The gynaecologist or the general physician will usually carry out the diagnosis with the help of blood and urine samples that will be sent to the lab for testing. These tests will help in determining the spread and severity of the infection. The doctor will also use vaginal or urethral fluid in order to diagnose the issue with the help of further lab tests. Most doctors will tell you that it is harder to detect the presence of the virus in women, than it is in men.

Treatment
The treatment of this disease is done with the help of metronidazole, which can be used to treat trichomoniasis in case the patient is pregnant. It is usually recommended that the sexual partner of the patient should also be treated for the infection so as to stem its spread. Also, the doctors will recommend abstinence from sex for the duration of the treatment. Antibiotics will also be prescribed for both partners. Usually, one will be asked to wait for all the symptoms to disappear before becoming sexually active again.

Complications
There is a risk of contracting the HIV virus in case pregnant women do not get treated for this disease on time. It can also cause premature rupture of the various membranes that protect the foetus, which can in turn, lead to premature delivery of the baby. Further, women who are suffering from this disease are at higher risk of passing on the HIV virus to their partners. This happens when the woman is also infected with the HIV virus.

Prevention
There are various ways to prevent this disease including the proper use of condoms and limiting the number of sexual partners. Genital inflammation and pain should be checked by a doctor immediately to rule out the possibility of this STD. Also, one must take the necessary precautions to avoid catching and spreading this disease.

 

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What Should You Do To Manage Vaginal Infection?

What Should You Do To Manage Vaginal Infection?

To keep the vagina healthy and clean, a pale white, odourless fluid is discharged from the vagina. However, in cases where there is an infection in the vagina, this discharge may change in terms of both colour and odour. This condition is known as leucorrhoea and can affect women of different ages. There are two types of leucorrhoea:

Physiologic changes
In such cases, the discharge is caused by a fluctuation in hormonal levels. It usually affects girls going through puberty, women in the state of sexual excitement or in the first trimester of pregnancy and newborn baby girls.

Inflammatory or pathological
This type of leucorrhoea may be triggered by a number of conditions including vaginal yeast infections, cervicitis and trichomonal vaginitis. Some of the symptoms of this infection are:

 

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Vaginal Problems - Know Facts About It!

Vaginal Problems - Know Facts About It!

The vagina is a tube-like muscular structure of the female genital tract that extends from the cervix to the vulva. It is a delicate organ which is prone to injuries and infections. Complications related to urination, menstruation and sexual intercourse- all affect the vaginal health. Here are five questions associated with vaginal problems that are commonly experienced but rarely discussed:

1. Why does it feel itchy before menstruation?

The hormonal cycle reduces the amount of estrogen secreted right before the period starts. This reduces the moisture content of the inner membranes of the vagina; the skin becomes thinner and slightly dry. This can cause itching. However, if the itching and burning sensation are too severe, it could be an infection and should be checked out.

2. What is the white discharge?

The greasy white discharge is due to the ovulation cycle. It usually occurs once a month because the amount of secretion increases right before ovulation. Some women may experience this discharge more frequently but it is nothing to worry about unless there is an unpleasant odour. Odorous discharge could be a sign of bacterial infection.

3. How often should you have a vaginal examination?

You should get a vaginal examination at least once a year. This is important for a general health assessment and the prevention of sexually transmitted diseases. If you are using birth control medication, there might be an irregularity in the hormonal cycles and this can lead to a number of conditions- another reason to get an annual vaginal examination.

4. Does it smell differently at different times?

It usually smells differently for every woman and even that unique smell changes with the cycles of ovulation and menstruation due to changes in the pH level of the vagina. The normal vaginal pH value is between 3.8 and 4.6. Before menstruation, it may smell acidic followed by a bitter smell for a few days after menstruation. It may also smell differently after a workout (due to sweat) or after sex (due to lubrication). However, a foul smell accompanied by discharge might be a cause for concern.

5. Why does it feel dry sometimes?

Vaginal dryness is normally experienced by women after the age of 45 or after pregnancy. However, dryness is also common just before menstruation. It also happens in women who use anti-allergy medications or birth control pills because they cause dryness in all the mucous membranes of the body.

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Vulvodynia - How To Track It?

Vulvodynia - How To Track It?

Vulvodynia refers to a condition in which you have chronic pain near your vaginal opening. This area is known as the vulva. Vulvodynia is an extremely painful condition which also causes a lot of irritation and burning in the vulva. There is no known cause of vulvodynia and it has been said that vulvodynia can go on for months or even years. It is such a painful condition that having sex or even sitting down for extended periods will be troublesome for you. 

Here is everything you need to know about Vulvodynia.

Symptoms 

There is only one symptom of vulvodynia and that is when there is pain in your genital area. However, the type of pain you experience may be characterized by burning, stinging or itching among other sensations.

Causes

The cause of vulvodynia is not yet known. However, there are certain factors which increase the risk of contracting vulvodynia. Here are the factors.

1. Injury or irritation to the nerves around the vulva.

2. Vaginal infections

3. Allergies

4. Sensitive skin

5. Changes in hormone levels

Treatment

Vulvodynia itself cannot be cured, only the symptoms of vulvodynia can be relieved. Relieving symptoms is not a very quick process either as it takes weeks and sometimes even months for the symptoms to
improve. Some of the treatments which can be used to treat vulvodynia include.

1. Medicines

Certain medicines relieve the symptoms which vulvodynia causes. These medicines include steroids and anticonvulsants so that your pain will be reduced. Antihistamines are known to reduce itching. 

2. Surgery 
When vulvodynia is localized to a particular area, surgery can be used to remove the skin and tissue of the area which has been affected by vulvodynia.

3. Anesthetics

Local anesthetics can be given so that your pain is reduced for a short while. A good time to apply local anesthetics would be 30 minutes before having sexual intercourse. This is because most local anesthetics used to treat vulvodynia come in the form of ointments. If your partner comes in contact with this ointment, then he will also be feeling numb.

4. Pelvic floor therapy

Many times, vulvodynia is caused by the tension in the muscles of the pelvic floor. Exercises to relieve those muscles often ease the pain caused by vulvodynia.

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Vaginal Douching - Is It Really Required?

Vaginal Douching - Is It Really Required?

Like many systems within the human body, the reproductive system is also a self maintaining one and performs many complex functions on its own. The female reproductive system is one such system and within it, the vagina is an especially good example. It is a self contained system wherein, the balance of the vaginal bacteria is maintained for proper health.

Douching

Douching is a process that involves the cleaning out or washing of an internal cavity of a body, such as the anus or the vagina with the help of water and special nozzles. Vaginal douching has become prevalent among women, mostly due to aggressive marketing campaigns which claim that it helps to keep the vagina clean. It is estimated that in developed nations, one in four women perform douching regularly.

Is it any good?

Vaginal douching has been reviled by most medical professionals around the world. The consensus is that not only does vaginal douching have no benefits; it may also be harmful for your vagina in general. The vagina is an ecosystem wherein multiple types of organisms thrive, including bacteria and fungi. These organisms keep each other in check and maintain the health of the organ. These organisms help maintain the pH Levels (the alkaline to acidic radio) within the vagina. Douching may actually disrupt the balance and cause harm by destroying one type of micro-organisms and letting the other proliferate, thus causing infections and other problems.

Problems caused by vaginal douching

Douches, especially the ones found in the market, contain elements such as iodine, baking soda, vinegar and other chemicals that can make the delicate vaginal balance go haywire. Some of the disorders that can be caused by it are mentioned as follows:

  1. Yeast infections: This is due to the proliferation of the fungi known as ‘candida’ within the vagina. This fungus is present within the vagina, but douching can reduce the bacteria that counteract it, resulting in rapid growth. This is one of the most common infections of the vagina.
  2. Bacterial vaginosis: Similar to how yeast infections occur, in this case, harmful bacteria proliferate within the vagina. This is also a common vaginal infection and douching has been deemed as one of the leading causes for it.
  3. Pelvic inflammatory diseases: Douching pushes the bacteria of the vaginal canal into the cervix and the uterus, resulting in infections such as PID or pelvic inflammatory diseases (an infection in the reproductive organ in females).
  4. Pregnancy related problems: A myth has been floating around that if a woman performs douching after sexual intercourse, it will wash away the sperm and hence prevent her from getting pregnant. In fact, the reverse is true. Douching can often push the sperm up into the uterus causing pregnancy. Not only that, pregnancies caused in such a manner have higher chances of bearing complications such as ectopic pregnancies (a condition wherein the fertilized egg gets implanted outside one’s uterus), birth defects, etc.
  5. Irritation and vaginal dryness: Douching at the very least will result in the vagina turning dry as the natural mechanisms are disrupted. This results in irritation and itching.
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Vulvovaginal Candidiasis - 6 Reasons Behind It!

Vulvovaginal Candidiasis - 6 Reasons Behind It!

Vulvovaginal candidiasis refers to the infection of the vagina, accompanied by itching in the vulva. It is caused by a particular strand of yeast known as candida albicans. There are several reasons, which contribute to the onset of vulvovaginal candidiasis, some of them are:

  1. Pregnancy: Pregnancy is a time when the body of a woman undergoes a plethora of changes. With the upsurge of certain hormones, this is also the most potent time when they tend to suffer from vulvovaginal candidiasis.
  2. Higher dose of estrogen: Estrogen is responsible for maturing the vagina as well as provides glycogen which facilitates the growth of candida albicans. Subsequently, older and younger women, who are less prone to estrogen disorder, suffer the least from vulvovaginal candidiasis.
  3. Uncontrolled diabetes: Those women who suffer from uncontrolled diabetes for a long period of time are more susceptible to vulvovaginal candidiasis. Although the accurate reason is yet to be known, according to research, the presence of excessive glucose in the blood triggers the production of yeast in the vulva and the vagina.
  4. Weak immune system: A strong immune system is a boon, which only few people enjoy. Consequently, the very reverse, a weak immune system is extremely fatal, one that invites several complications; vulvovaginal candidiasis being one of them.
  5. Stress: Excessive stress and exhaustion may also be considered as a probable reason that causes imbalance in your system.
  6. Hormone replacement therapy: Estrogen is commonly held as a possible culprit that causes vulvovaginal candidiasis. Therefore in those hormonal replacement therapies, where estrogen is artificially administered into the body significantly increases the risk of an impending vulvovaginal candidiasis.

In spite of its frequent occurrences, it is possible to treat this infection. Some of the ways by which it can be done are: 

  1. Anti-fungal cream: Those creams, which negate the growth of fungus are, for obvious reasons considered as the most preferred choice to combat vulvovaginal candidiasis. There are plenty of anti-fungal creams available in the market, which can be misleading, therefore you must choose wisely.
  2. Diflucan: This medication works wonders in treating vulvovaginal candidiasis. This must be orally administered under the doctor's supervision to enjoy the results.
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Vaginal Issues - Know Answers To Questions Which Are Discussed Rarely!

Vaginal Issues - Know Answers To Questions Which Are Discussed Rarely!

The vagina is a tube-like muscular structure of the female genital tract that extends from the cervix to the vulva. It is a delicate organ which is prone to injuries and infections.Complications related to urination, menstruation and sexual intercourse- all affect the vaginal health. Here are five questions associated with vaginal problems that are commonly experienced but rarely discussed:

1. Why does it feel itchy before menstruation?
The hormonal cycle reduces the amount of estrogen secreted right before the period starts. This reduces the moisture content of the inner membranes of the vagina; the skin becomes thinner and slightly dry. This can cause the itching. However, if the itching and burning sensation is too severe, it could be an infection and should be checked out.

2. What is the white discharge?
The greasy white discharge is due to the ovulation cycle. It usually occurs once a month because the amount of secretion increases right before ovulation. Some women may experience this discharge more frequently but it is nothing to worry about unless there is an unpleasant odor. Odorous discharge could be a sign of bacterial infection.

3. How often should you have a vaginal examination?
You should get a vaginal examination at least once a year. This is important for a general health assessment and the prevention of sexually transmitted diseases. If you are using birth control medication, there might be irregularity in the hormonal cycles and this can lead to a number of conditions- another reason to get an annual vaginal examination.

4. Does it smell differently at different times?
It usually smells differently for every woman and even that unique smell changes with the cycles of ovulation and menstruation due to changes in the pH level of the vagina. The normal vaginal pH value is between 3.8 and 4.6. Before menstruation, it may smell acidic followed by a bitter smell for a few days after menstruation. It may also smell differently after a workout (due to sweat) or after sex (due to lubrication). However, a foul smell accompanied by discharge, might be a cause for concern.

5. Why does it feel dry sometimes?
Vaginal dryness is normally experienced by women after the age of 45 or after pregnancy. However, dryness is also common just before menstruation. It also happens in women who use anti-allergy medications or birth control pills because they cause dryness in all the mucous membranes of the body.

3945 people found this helpful

Vaginal Vault Prolapse - How To Treat It?

Vaginal Vault Prolapse - How To Treat It?

Vaginal Vault Prolapse is the condition where the upper portion of vagina may lose its normal shape and drop or sag down into the vaginal canal or maybe even outside the vagina. This may occur after a hysterectomy or even simultaneously with uterine prolapse. 

The treatment of vaginal vault prolapse varies with the severity and extremity of your symptoms. Your health care provider may suggest medications and physical therapy to treat your condition if you feel that the prolapse is not bothersome. However, you might have to undergo surgery later if your symptoms worsen and the prolapse affects your quality of life and hinders functional ability.  You must keep in mind that usually more than one area is affected by weakness in your pelvic floor. 

The symptoms of Vaginal Vault Prolapse include- backache, pelvic heaviness, bulging mass into or sometimes outside your vagina that hinders normal activities such as walking and sitting, vaginal bleeding and releasing urine involuntarily. 

 Treatments:

1.        Medication
Most of the women with this condition usually go through menopause around the same time. Since the estrogen levels are severely lowered during menopause, it causes vaginal dryness. Discussing about estrogen therapy with your health care provider is a must if you wish to remedy your vaginal dryness. Not every woman should take estrogen so it is imperative to talk to a medical expert first. Usually women are treated with estrogens before they go into surgery.

2.        Physical Therapy
Most health care experts recommend pelvic floor exercises as physical therapy using biofeedback so as to strengthen the specific muscles of your pelvic floor. Biofeedback is the usage of monitoring devices that contain sensors and are placed either in your rectum, vagina or on your skin. Biofeedback is very important because it tells you the strength of each muscle you are squeezing i.e. contractions, and if you are squeezing the right muscles in order to perform the exercise correctly. Long term usage of biofeedback in physical therapy leads to strengthening of your muscles and a reduction in your symptoms. 

3.        Surgery
Corrective surgery may be performed on you by the surgeon either through the abdomen or vagina. If the surgeon is performing the corrective surgery through the vagina, he will use the ligaments which support the uterus to solve the problem.          
 

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योनी में जलन - Yoni Mein Jalan!

योनी में जलन  - Yoni Mein Jalan!

प्रकृतिक तौर पर कुछ अंग महिलाओं में पुरुषों से भिन्न होते हैं जैसे कि योनि. यह गुप्त अंग होने और जागरूकता की कमी के कारण ठीक तरीके से इसकी साफ-सफाई नहीं हो पाती है. जिसके कारण योनि में जलन की समस्या उत्पन्न हो जाती है. वैसे तो योनि में जलन होना महिलाओं के लिए एक सामान्य समस्या है. लेकिन कई बार जब ये समस्या ज्यादा हो जाए तो चिंता का विषय भी बन जाता है. आइए इस लेख के माध्यम से हम योनि में होने वाले जलन के बारे में जानें ताकि इस विषय में जागरूकता फ़ेल सके.

मूत्र पथ संक्रमण से-
जब बैक्टीरिया आपके मूत्र पथ या मूत्राशय के अंदर प्रवेश कर जाते हैं तो यूटीआई यानि यूरिनरी ट्रैक्ट इन्फेक्शन समस्या उत्पन्न होती है. इससे संक्रमित होने पर आपको अंदरूनी जलन और दर्द का अनुभव होता है. इसके अलावा भी कई तरह के समस्याओं का अनुभव कर सकती हैं जैसे- बहुत तेज़ी से पेशाब आने का अनुभव होगा, लेकिन वास्तव में बहुत थोड़ी मात्रा में पेशाब होना, बार बार पेशाब लगना, पेशाब करने के दौरान शुरुआत में दर्द होना, मूत्र से तेज़ गंध आना, मूत्र से झाग निकलना, मूत्र का रंग लाल, गुलाबी या कोला-रंग का निकलना जो मूत्र में खून का संकेत हो सकता है, बुखार और ठंड लगना इत्यादि.

निदान- योनि के अंदर या आसपास उपयोग होने वाले टेम्पॉन, पैड्स, कंडोम, डूश, क्रीम, स्प्रे और अन्य उत्पादों से योनि में जलन हो सकती है. ये उत्पाद जननांगों को परेशान कर सकते हैं और संक्रमण का कारण बन सकते हैं. यदि आपको यूटीआई होने का संदेह है तो डॉक्टर से संपर्क करें और निर्धारति खुराक का पालन करें.

यीस्ट इन्फेक्शन के कारण-
यह देखा गया है की अधिकांश महिलाओं को अपने जीवनकाल में कम से कम एक बार यीस्ट संक्रमण का अनुभव जरुर होता है. ये तब होते हैं जब योनि में यीस्ट की संख्या बहुत अधिक हो जाती है. ऐसे में जलन के अलावा योनि में खुजली, लालिमा और सूजन पेशाब या संभोग के दौरान दर्द और योनी से गाढ़ा और सफेद डिस्चार्ज हो सकता है.

ट्राइकोमोनिएसिस की वजह से-
ट्राइकोमोनिएसिस सबसे आम यौन संचारित बीमारियों में से एक है. यह पुरुषों की तुलना में महिलाओं में ज्यादा सामान्य है. कई संक्रमित महिलाओं में किसी प्रकार का लक्षण का अनुभव नहीं होती है. इसके सामान्य लक्षणों में जननांगों में जलन और खुजली, पतला या मोटा डिस्चार्ज जो स्पष्ट, सफ़ेद, पीला या हरा हो सकता है, बहुत तेज गंध,संभोग और पेशाब के दौरान परेशानी और निचले पेट में दर्द जैसे समस्या हो सकती है.

गोनोरिया के कारण-
गोनोरिया एक यौन संचारित रोग है, जो आमतौर पर 15 से 24 की उम्र के युवा वयस्कों को होता है. कई एसटीडी की तरह, गोनोरिया के लक्षण भी कम होते हैं. गोनोरिया का पता लगाने के लिए एसटीडी टेस्ट किया जाता है. यदि आप कुछ लक्षणों का अनुभव करते हैं, तो वो निम्नलिखित हो सकते हैं: योनि में हल्की जलन और असहजता, पेशाब करते समय दर्दनाक जलन और असहजता असामान्य डिस्चार्ज पीरियड्स के बीच में रक्तस्राव या स्पॉटिंग इत्यादि.

क्लैमाइडिया के कारण-
क्लैमाइडिया एक और सामान्य एसटीडी है. इसके लक्षणों में पेशाब के दौरान जलन और असामान्य रूप से डिस्चार्ज होना शामिल हैं. क्लैमाइडिया को डॉक्टर द्वारा निर्धारित एंटीबायोटिक दवाओं से ठीक किया जा सकता है. लेकिन अगर क्लैमाइडिया का उपचार नहीं किया जाता है तो से आपका प्रजनन तंत्र स्थायी रूप से प्रभावित हो सकता है. इससे गर्भ धारण करना भी मुश्किल हो सकता है. क्लैमाइडिया से ही दोबारा संक्रमित हो जाना सामान्य है. प्रत्येक बार के संक्रमण के बाद प्रजनन क्षमता पर खतरा बढ़ जाता है.

जननांग दाद के कारण-
जननांग दाद एक और आम एसटीडी है. इससे संक्रमित होने के लक्षण अक्सर हल्के होते हैं. जननांग दाद की वजह से अक्सर सूजन या दाने होते हैं. ये छाले योनि, मलाशय या मुंह के आसपास हो सकते हैं. इलाज - जननांग दाद के लिए कोई इलाज नहीं है यह एक वायरस है जो आपके शरीर में रहता है. डॉक्टर की सलाह से वाली दवा लेने से इसके प्रभाव को कम करने में मदद मिलती है. यह याद रखना महत्वपूर्ण है कि दवा आपके लक्षणों को कम कर देती है, लेकिन यह एसटीडी को अपने साथी में फैलने से नहीं रोक सकतीं. इसके प्रसार को रोकने के सम्बन्ध में अपने डॉक्टर से बात करें.

जननांग मस्सों के कारण-
जननांग मस्से, ह्यूमन पेपिलोमावायरस (एचपीवी) के कारण होते हैं. ये मस्से दिखाई दे सकते हैं: आपकी योनि, गर्भाशय ग्रीवा या गुदा पर सफेद या त्वचा के रंग के फोड़ों के रूप में एक या दो फोड़े या गुच्छे में. जननांग मस्से उपचार के बिना अपने आप चले जाते हैं, हालांकि, कुछ लोग असुविधा को कम करने के लिए इन्हें हटाने का विकल्प चुनते हैं. मस्सों को हटाने से भी आपके साथी के संक्रमित होने का जोखिम कम हो जाता है. सीडीसी, अमेरिकन अकेडमी ऑफ फ़ैमिली फिजिशियंस सलाह देते हैं कि किशोरावस्था आने से पहले अर्थात यौन रूप से सक्रिय होने से पहले एचपीवी वैक्सीन लगवा लेनी चाहिए. एचपीवी, गुदा, गर्भाशय ग्रीवा और शरीर के अन्य अंगों के कैंसर से जुड़ा होता है.

लाइकेन स्क्लेरोसिस के कारण-
लाइकेन स्क्लेरोसिस बहुत कम मिलने वाली त्वचा की स्थिति है. यह योनि की त्वचा पर पतले, सफेद पैच विकसित होने का कारण बनती है. ये पैच विशेष रूप से योनी के आसपास होने आम हैं. वे कभी न मिटने वाले दाग़ छोड़ सकते हैं. रजोनिवृत्ति के बाद महिलाओं में लाइकेन स्क्लेरोसिस विकसित होने की अधिक संभावना होती है, लेकिन यह स्थिति किसी भी उम्र की महिलाओं में विकसित हो सकती है.

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