Menstrual cycles are really hectic for a woman to tackle all the time. Sometimes they result to different abnormalities which can be caused due to a lot of various reasons. But if you are experiencing some serious problems every month then you should visit the doctor and do a checkup. You should never neglect any kind of medical disorder which is often related to your menstrual cycle.
One of the most common problem which many women face is abnormal uterine bleeding. It is a serious problem in which the bleeding from the uterus is longer than expected and can occur at irregular time. You may face bleeding at unusual times and randomly. So it becomes really hectic to manage if you have a hectic schedule.
Abnormal uterine bleeding can be caused due to a variety of reasons. Here are some of the most important of them which affects majority of the women.
● AUB can occur when the female ovaries do not release the egg.
● Thickening of the uterine wall or lining can also result to heavy bleeding at unusual times.
● Uterine polyps may also lead to bleeding.
● If the person is suffering from any cancer which has affected the ovaries, uterus, cervix, or vagina.
● If the women takes hormonal birth control pills.
● Infection in the uterus or cervix can also lead to heavy unusual bleeding.
These are the most common causes of AUB which most of the women tend to experience. Now we will have a look at the symptoms of AUB which will help you to identify it.
Abnormal uterine bleeding can be identified if the following symptoms have been experienced.
● If there is heavy bleeding or spotting from the vagina between periods
● If the Periods occur less than 28 days apart or more than 35 days apart.
● If the time period between the periods changes frequently each month.
● The bleeding may last for more days than normal or for more than a week.
So these are the symptoms of AUB which you should be well aware of and if you identify any of them, make sure you visit your doctor or gynaecologist for a checkup.
AUB can possess different risks to the women who are facing it. Even though most women tend to experience it at least once in their lifetime, sometimes it can become really serious and needs to be treated so that it does not affect your health in a negative way. The most common risks which are involved in Abnormal uterine bleeding are -
● If AUB is affecting the woman very frequently and if it is not treated properly, it can result to infertility or the condition which does not let a woman conceive.
● Women can also experience severe anemia due to heavy blood loss.
● Untreated AUB can be really dangerous and can also result to endometrial cancer.
So here are the different information related to Abnormal uterine bleeding which you should know about and if you experience anything serious related to it make sure you visit the doctor immediately.
Are you experiencing excessive uterine bleeding? Excessive uterine bleeding may occur between a woman’s periods or before the periods, after having sex, or due to the development of spotting or bleeding after attaining menopause. Any menstrual cycle, which lasts longer than 21–35 days is called excessive, and this is an abnormal form of uterine bleeding.
Causes of Excessive Uterine Bleeding:
The various causes of excessive uterine bleeding are as follows:
One of the main causes is hormonal imbalance, as the balance between estrogen and progesterone gets disrupted. This balance is required for the regulation and development of the lining of endometrium or uterus lining. Because of the hormonal imbalance, the endometrium develops excessively causing heavy bleeding.
Uterine fibroids, which are non cancerous tumours, may lead to prolonged and excessive uterine bleeding.
Polyps are small benign developments on the uterus lining which cause heavy bleeding. They occur because of high levels of hormones.
Adenomyosis is a condition which develops when the endometrium glands get embedded in the uterine muscle, leading to excessive uterine bleeding.
Using intrauterine devices or IUDs may cause side effects as well.
Several uterine cancers, ovarian cancers and cervical conditions may be responsible as well. Inherited bleeding disorders such as von Willebrand’s disease is another likely cause.
Several medicines and drugs, including NSAIDs and anticoagulants are a common cause.
There are different ways of treating excessive uterine bleeding, depending upon the cause of bleeding and the patient’s age.
Medications: Several medicines are used for the treatment of abnormal uterine bleeding. Hormonal medicines and birth control pills are used to improve the regularity of periods. Non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are also used to manage excessive uterine bleeding. Several antibiotics are also used.
Surgery: In many cases, a woman has to undergo a surgery for the removal of polyps and fibroids, which cause excessive bleeding. Certain fibroids are removed via hysteroscopy and other techniques for treatment are used as well. Endometrial ablation can be carried out to manage the bleeding. This treatment aims at permanent reduction of the excess bleeding. Hysterectomy has to be carried out when other treatments are unsuccessful. This is a serious surgery and after it, a woman will no longer have periods, and she will not be able to conceive a child.
In case of excessive uterine bleeding, you must consult a doctor as soon as possible. This will enable early treatment and prevent the development of further complications.
Uterine Fibroids are mainly tumor growths in the lower muscle area of the uterus. The case is mostly found in teenagers and also in women who are in the age of childbearing. Normally, such tumors are not cancerous but they can be very painful at times.
Symptoms of uterine fibroids
A slight pain in the lower abdomen during the menstruation period is normal due to passes of the blood. But if it is the case of uterine fibroids, then a number of other symptoms are also noticed. Some of the symptoms that are there in case of uterine fibroids are:
Medicines for uterine fibroids
Often many people take such pain situations to be normal and they try various natural home remedies to get instant relief. But such remedies provide temporary relief the symptoms start again after some time. There are some allopathic medicines that are also helpful in instant relief but for a complete cure, the patient needs to go for a surgery of the tumor. In case if you do not wish to go for the surgery procedure, then you can trust some of these homoeopathic medicine options.
Uterine Fibroids is the most commonly found disease these days. But avoiding the symptoms can lead to severe cases and hence choosing a safe way of treatments such as homeopathic is the best solution.
Most women attain menopause between the ages of late 40s and early 60s, the average age being about 51. This is an important milestone in a women-s gynecological history. One major change is altered female hormone levels, and this leads to a lot of physiological changes. From hot flashes to mood swings, there is also increased predisposition to osteoporosis and uterine cancer.
If you have not had your menstrual cycles for close to 12 months, chances are you are into menopause. So, that means absolutely no vaginal bleeding anymore whatsoever. However, if you experience bleeding, even spotting, be on the alert. It is not normal and needs to be examined, and if required, diagnosed and treated.
Postmenopausal bleeding or PMB as it is popularly called can be due to a variety of reasons. While it could be something as trivial as inflammation of the uterine or vaginal lining, it could also be an indication of more severe issues like cancer.
- Atrophic vaginitis - Decreasing hormonal levels lead to increased dryness and therefore inflammation of the vaginal and uterine tissue. This is one of the common causes of bleeding after menopause.
- Endometrial atrophy - Also caused by lower hormone levels, the lining of the body of the uterus gradually thins down and can get inflamed.
- Polyps - Noncancerous growths in the uterus, cervix, vulva, or vagina can also lead to bleeding
- Infections - General infection of any area along the uterine tract could lead to occasional bleeding
- Cancers - Though only 1 in 10 PMB cases turn out to be cancers, the prognosis improves with early diagnosis and intervention.
Diagnosis: As repeated above, reach out to your doctor if you notice postmenopausal bleeding. Diagnostic methods could include the following:
For very minor cases with diagnosis like altered hormone levels, no treatment may be required other than modification of the hormone replacement therapy.
For endometrial atrophy and atrophic vaginitis, use of estrogen creams and pessaries would be sufficient.
Polyps would require removal followed by cauterization (application of slight heat) to stop the bleeding.
Cancer - this would depend on the type and location and require a combination of chemotherapy and surgery. Removal of the uterus also may be required in some cases.
So, if you have had bleeding of any sort after ayear of menopause, do not ignore it.
Any kind of bleeding from the uterus, which is not normal, can be termed as abnormal uterine bleeding. This refers to bleeding between periods or before periods, bleeding after having sex, spotting, abnormally heavy bleeding or bleeding after attaining menopause. If you are suffering from any of these issues, you need to check with the doctor.
It is very important to diagnose abnormal uterine bleeding. There are several examinations and tests that have to be carried out, depending on age. For irregular spotting, a pregnancy test can be undertaken in case you think you could be pregnant. If your uterine bleeding is very heavy, a test has to be performed to check blood count. This is done to observe whether you have anemia. An ultrasound test of the pelvic region will also be advised by your doctor to know the cause of the bleeding. Several hormonal tests and thyroid function tests are required as well.
There are different types of treatment for abnormal uterine bleeding depending upon factors such as the cause of bleeding and the age of the patient.
Abnormal uterine bleeding is a major health condition, which may lead to severe complications. Immediate diagnosis and appropriate treatment methods should be undertaken in case of any abnormal uterine bleeding.
A few days ago, Sara Ali Khan confessed on a popular talk show that she suffers from Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOD) which was the reason behind her sudden weight gain. She went on to explain that she has had to struggle a lot to battle PCOD and keep her weight under control. A starlet speaking up about PCOD has brought everyone’s attention to a disorder that affects 1 out of every 10 women in India. About a million women in India are diagnosed with PCOD every year.
What exactly is PCOD?
A hormonal imbalance or a system disorder triggers Polycystic Ovarian Disorder. Any woman under the age of 40 who has diabetes or a family history of diabetes has a high risk of getting PCOD. The ovaries become enlarged and cysts develop in the ovaries because of the presence of excess amounts of the male hormone androgen. PCOD is dangerous because it also impacts insulin levels and fertility.
What are the symptoms of PCOD?
The most common symptoms of PCOD are-
• Irregular menstrual cycle followed by lack of ovulation which might make it difficult for women to conceive
• Excess hair growth in a male pattern because of the secretion of androgen
• Weight gain and obesity
• Uterine bleeding
• Break-out of acne
Further complications linked to PCOD:
PCOD can lead to a number of other ailments-
• PCOD makes you insulin resistant so women with PCOD have a higher risk of getting type 2 diabetes
• Blood diagnosis of women with PCOD reveals abnormal levels of C-Reactive proteins blood lipids. These are predictors of coronary artery disorders.
• Because of PCOD cholesterol tends to deposit in the arteries of the heart and increase the risk of cardiac problems
How is PCOS diagnosed?
If you show the symptoms of PCOD, your doctor will order you to undergo blood tests to determine if male hormones like DHEA or testosterone are causing an imbalance. Your thyroid and adrenal gland’s secretions are also evaluated with a blood test. An ultrasound test can reveal if there are cysts in your ovaries.
Treatment of PCOD:
Since PCOD is caused by hormonal imbalance, the most popular course of treatment is hormone therapy to restore the balance of hormones and inhibit the secretion of male hormones. The type of treatment takes into account the age of the patient.
Doctors can prescribe birth control pills to help regulate menstruation. Or, you might simply be given progesterone pills to normalise your periods. Medication also aims to treat the other complications caused by PCOD. Therefore, you will be given medicines that will-
• Control type 2 diabetes
• Lower your insulin resistance
• Lower your blood pressure and blood cholesterol to keep your heart healthy.
How can you prevent the onset of PCOD?
The best way to prevent PCOD is to adopt a healthy lifestyle characterized by a proper diet and exercise. Here are some tips that will help-
• Maintain a normal body weight. Work out regularly to lose weight. Weight loss can lower androgen levels and reduce insulin resistance.
• Live an active life, which can help keep your blood pressure in check.
• Avoid smoking or consuming alcohol
• Your diet should consist of whole grains, high fibre fruits and vegetables.
• A vegetable that has anti-inflammatory properties like turmeric, spinach, walnut or tomatoes.
• Lean proteins like chicken
PCOD can take a toll on your body and psyche but with medication, a careful diet and exercise you can live a normal healthy life.