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Urine Stone Tips

Kidney Stones - How To Get Rid Of Them?

Dr. Ravinder Singh Bhadoria 88% (10 ratings)
DNB (Nephrology), M.D ( Internal Medicine), MBBS
Nephrologist, Noida
Kidney Stones - How To Get Rid Of Them?

Kidney stones are often small enough and pass through urine without much bother. Most kidney stones are smaller than 4 mm in diameter. Having said this, even the smallest of kidney stones can be really painful until they pass through urine. It typically takes a couple of days for the body to get rid of it. While medication and self-care are the foremost options, there are a range of other options as well available for treating kidney stones.

Admission to a Hospital-

You must get admitted to a hospital if the stone moves to the ureter, thereby resulting in severe pain. Typically kidney stones which are more than 6 mms in diameter need to be surgically removed through procedures such as ureteroscopy, percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL), open surgery and extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL). A doctor takes a call on any of the above procedure if:

  1. The patient is inching towards a kidney failure.

  2. The pain doesn’t go away even after taking pain killers.

  3. If the patient is pregnant.

  4. If the patient is more than 60 years.

Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy (ESWL)-

ESWL is one of the simple and most preferred stone removing procedures. It involves the usage of ultrasound shock waves to break the bigger stones into smaller ones. The latter is then passed through urine. A patient is given a few painkillers since this mode of treatment could be a little uncomfortable. A patient might need multiple ESWLs to successfully get rid of all the stones.

Ureteroscopy:

If a stone gets stuck in the ureter, a medical procedure known as the ureteroscopy is performed. In this procedure, a thin telescope is passed through the urethra and bladder to the ureter. Either a second instrument is used or the telescope itself has laser energy to break the bigger stone into smaller ones. This procedure is ideal for stones that have a diameter more than 15 mm.

Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy (PCNL)

PCNL is an alternative to ESWL for removing big stones. This procedure involves the usage of nephroscope that is routed into the kidney through a small incision made behind the back of the patient. This procedure requires general anesthesia and is effective for breaking stones that have a diameter of 20 mm or more. It has a success rate of 86%.

Open Surgery:

This is one of the older methods to eradicate kidney stones. Unless the stone size is abnormally large and other procedures cannot be performed, open surgery is generally avoided. An open surgery involves making an incision and getting access to the ureter and the kidney. The surgeon then removes the stone from the kidney. This procedure requires general anesthesia and the patient needs to be under observation for at least 24 hours, post surgery.

1639 people found this helpful

Homeopathy Can Treat Renal Stone - Know How?

Dr. Kb Khandelwal 92% (116 ratings)
BHMS, DAFE
Homeopathy Doctor, Jaipur
Homeopathy Can Treat Renal Stone - Know How?

Solving renal stone problems with the use of Homeopathic treatment. Renal stones or renal calculi regularly allude to stones in the urinary framework. These are quite stores or minerals that structure anyplace in the urinary framework ie the kidney or the bladder or the urethra. Renal stones can be entirely agonizing. The agony is typically felt in the lower stomach area or lower back which is the kidney region. In situations where there is some impediment of the urinary tract, there might be largeness in the kidney region. Blazing or trouble might be felt while urinating. In allopathy, there is no known treatment for renal stones or renal calculi aside from surgery. From one viewpoint, getting surgery includes a ton of passionate and physical enduring. 

1. Berberis Vulgaris mother tincture: It is one of the best Homeopathic solutions for renal stones on the left side. In the event that the renal stone or renal math is in the left half of the body, Berberis Vulgaris, the homeopathic medicine is more than liable to evacuate the stone. There is sore wounded agony in the kidney region. There may likewise be deadness or firmness in the kidney region, all the more so in the morning. A trademark sensation is a gurgling vibe that is disturbed by venturing or some other development. The agony stretches out from the backside to the bladder of the urinary area. Berberis vulgaris mother tincture and in addition in the potentized structure can be utilized for the treatment of renal stones.

2. Cantharis: One of the best Homeopathic medicines for renal stones or renal calculi with smoldering in the urine. In some cases, where there happens to be serious blazing on the urethra at the time of urination, Cantharis happens to be an incredible homeopathic medicine. Now and then the torment is depicted as cutting agony. There is exceptional encouraging urinating. Another trademark manifestation of this cure is the successive desire to urinate.

3. Sarsaparilla: One of the best Homeopathic solutions for renal stones with white sand in urine. While Lycopodium works extremely well in patients that have red sand in urine, Sarsaparilla is substantially more suited to patients that have white dregs in the urine. There is exceptional torment toward the end of pee. There is likewise blazing and cutting in the urethra after pee. Urine goes in a stream that is slight and weak.

4. Benzoic Acid: One of the best Homeopathic medicines for renal stones with the extreme smell in urine

In patients where the urine has an exceptionally terrible scent, homeopathic cure Benzoic corrosive is an extremely valuable solution for renal stones or renal calculi. The urine is dull cocoa in shading and is regularly alterable in shading. The way of this Homeopathic medicine is such that it is entirely suited for uric corrosive stones or calculi. It can possibly evacuate the stones as well as control the uric corrosive levels in the human body.

1748 people found this helpful

Kidney Stone - Its Symptoms & Prevention Tips!

Dr. Amit Goel 90% (39 ratings)
MCh Urology & Kidney Transplant, MS - General Surgery, MBBS, Fellowship in Uro-Oncology & Robotic Surgery
Urologist, Gurgaon
Kidney Stone - Its Symptoms & Prevention Tips!

The pair of kidneys that human beings have forms an important part in the excretory system. They perform specific and important functions. They excrete urine as well as help in eliminating the toxins which accumulate in the body. Kidney stones occur when the minerals present in the urine without being discharged, keep on accumulating. This gives rise to an extremely painful and uncomfortable situation. Though sometimes the situation gets revoked all by itself, many times it requires medical intervention. Some of the symptoms of kidney stones are-

1.  Excruciating pain in the back
2.  Pain while urinating
3.  Tendencies to vomit
4.  Dizziness
5.  Fever 

However, there are several preventive measures which you can undertake in order to avert the situation. Some of them are-

1.  Drink lots of water
Kidney stone is one of those rare conditions that once occurred, always carry the latent threat of recurring again. Therefore drinking water, in large quantities becomes essential. The more you drink water, the more frequently you would urinate, thereby curbing the chances of the minerals settling in the kidneys.

2.  Avoid certain food
Food like beets, spinach, those which are replete with calcium oxalate should be avoided in order to minimize chances of having kidney stones.

3.  Change your diet
If you are trying to avoid the eventuality of developing kidney stones, it is imperative that you change your diet a bit. It is recommended that you exclude animal protein as much as possible and assiduously avoid the intake of salt as much as possible.

4.  Take less calcium supplements
Calcium generally is considered a nemesis to your kidneys and is prescribed by doctors to be avoided. However recent research has thwarted this claim. Calcium does not pose a threat to kidneys. However calcium supplements definitely do and therefore should be avoided.

2158 people found this helpful

Urinary Stones - How Efficient Is Homeopathy In Them?

Dr. Mangesh J. Jadhav 87% (22 ratings)
DHMS, MD - Homeopathy
Homeopathy Doctor, Mumbai
Urinary Stones - How Efficient Is Homeopathy In Them?

Many theories and as many reasons are given, but in most of cases, cause of stone formation in the kidneys is not clear. Biochemical dysfunction seems to be the only possible explanation. Stones generally develop very slowly.

The tendency to stone formation may be hereditary. Stones may vary in size from sand particles to large stone. Urinary stones may be present for many years and may give rise to no symptoms. When a stone obstructs the urinary passage, mild pain to severe renal colic occurs. There may be restlessness, sweating, pallor, vomiting, frequent urination, blood in urine etc during pain. Attack of pain may last few hours to few days, varying in severity from time to time. In many cases, urinary infection is a common occurrence. 

Homeopathic Approach 

Homeopathic treatment plan comprises of: 

  1. Ultrasonography at regular interval of three to four months to monitor 
    • The size of the stone 
    • Movement of the stone along the urinary passage. 
  2. Kidney function tests should be done to evaluate the function of kidneys. 
  3. Urine examination may be helpful to treat the accompanying urinary infections. 
  4. Parathyroid hormone and serum calcium level should be considered if the stone formation is recurrent. 
  5. It is a well-known fact that some stones can pass naturally. But often they may cause severe pain and at times obstruction. But with homeopathic treatment, even moderate-sized stone can pass absolutely painlessly. 
  6. Though the use of painkillers and antispasmodics can relieve the pain and spasm, but in the process can actually hamper or suspend the onward and outward movement of the stone. With homeopathic treatment, body's natural reactions are stimulated that helps throw out the stone without much discomfort. 
  7. At times, it is seen that with homeopathic treatment stones gradually dissolve into sand particles and get eliminated from the urinary system without being aware of it. This can be monitored by subsequent Ultrasonograms watching the gradual reduction in the size of the stones. 
  8. As stone formation is just a bye-product of body's biochemical dysfunction at deeper levels, only removal of the stone by natural or surgical means is not enough. Homeopathic treatment not only removes the stone, but can also modify the tendency to form stones by improving body's natural balance in general, and biochemical dysfunction in particular. 
  9. In bilateral, multiple and recurrent stones, constitutional homeopathic treatment is far-more superior than surgery or any other therapy as it has the potential to help the body, not only throw the stone out but also improve the biochemical dysfunction to check the recurrence of stone formation.
  10. Surgery can be helpful only when the size of the stone is very large, causing damage to kidney by back- pressure. Even then, homeopathic treatment is of significant importance to improve the basic biochemical defects. 
  11. Constitutional Homeopathic treatment can also help avert the complication of surgery. With constitutional homeopathic treatment, accompanying urinary infections are also relieved. 
  12. AND, the added advantage is that with constitutional homeopathic treatment, general health also improves. 

Dietary Restrictions: 

  • Large number of dietary "take and avoid" is known to the masses, but their role is doubtful. With good constitutional homeopathic treatment and proper monitoring by ultrasography, dietary restrictions are not mandatory. 
  • Increased amounts of fluid intake are advisable. 
     
5911 people found this helpful

Kidney Stones - Have Homeopathy At Your Rescue!

Dr. Irfan Ahmad 86% (18 ratings)
BHMS, MD - Homeopathy, Diploma in Nutrition and Health Education
Homeopathy Doctor, Patna
Kidney Stones - Have Homeopathy At Your Rescue!

Kidney stone formation is the most common kidney disease, and people who have had it, would immediately be reminded of the severe pain (loin to groin) in the back.

How stones are formed?

  1. The kidney functions as the body’s filters in removing wastes from the body through urine.
  2. Most of the waste is in the form of salts and when there is excessive salts and reduced amount of water, there could be formation of crystals or stones in the kidneys.

Symptoms

  1. Reduced amount of urination
  2. Blood in the urine due to damage of the urinary tract structures
  3. Painful urination with burning sensation
  4. Swollen abdomen
  5. Nausea and vomiting
  6. Fever and chills

Benefits of homeopathic remedies
Kidney stones are highly likely to be recurrent. A number of factors contribute to their formation. Homeopathy aims at treating the whole body and not just dissolving the stones. It offers various remedies, which ensure the stones are completely dissolved and also prevent recurrence.

Remedies

  1. Berberis Vulgaris is prescribed for the following conditions:
    • Very useful in left-sided stones where patient experiences pain radiating to the ureter, bladder, and urethra and down to the thighs.
    • Burning sensation with urination
    • Slightly red or green urine with mucus (increased consistency of urine)
    • Increase in pain with any kind of physical movement
    • Soreness in the lumbar region of the kidneys
  2. Cantharis is suitable for the following conditions:
    • Paroxysms of renal colic with cutting and stabbing pains
    • Severe pain before and after urination in the urethral area
    • Constant urge to urinate, but very little flow
    • No relief even after sitting and straining
    • Bloody urine (slightly pinkish tinge), if there is damage to internal structures
    • Sharp tearing pain when this damage happens
    • Thirst and aversion to all fluids
  3. Lycopodium is one of the most reliable homeopathic medicines for right-sided kidney stones.
    • Works better for right-sided stones, where it dissolves them completely
    • Severe backache experienced by the affected person prior to passing urine, which reduces after urination
    • Great urge to urinate, even at night
    • Presence of sediments (red or yellow) in the urine
    • Abdominal bloating with distention along with right-sided kidney pain
  4. Hydrangea, also referred to as the stone breaker, reduces chances of recurrence of kidney stones in the following conditions:
    • Right-sided pain
    • Blood-tinged urine
    • Increased frequency of urination
    • Lots of white sediments in the urine
1615 people found this helpful

Kidney Stones - How To Administer Them?

Dr. Vinod Saralal Javeri 88% (548 ratings)
MBBS, FCPS - General Surgery, MS - General Surgery, Certificate Diploma Course in Jainology, MD ( USA) Urology
Urologist, Mumbai
Kidney Stones - How To Administer Them?

Having a stone in any organ of the body can be a harrowing experience but having a stone in your kidney is the most dreadful experience of the lot. The presence of a kidney stone causes excruciating pain in the host’s pelvic area, and if the stone enters the urinary tract of the host, the misery of the patient increases manifold. The urinary tract may also get jammed due to the presence of the stone, thereby causing problems in the urinary flow of the patient.

Ways to Manage a Kidney Stone-
Consulting a doctor is the first thing you should do when suffering from a situation such as a kidney stone. Doctors will provide the patients with medicines to curb their pain and improve their health. But, one can very well improve their condition by some of the basic home remedies as well. The most common home remedies a patient can act upon to manage a kidney stone in the best possible way are:

  1. Drinking Water- By drinking water in large amounts, the kidney stone starts to break down into smaller pieces, and the elements of the stone get diluted slowly. Ultimately, due to the dilution of the elements of the stone, the stones pass through with the urine of the patient. By drinking the water, you will be passing urine faster than the normal rate. As the stone enters the urinary tract, there are chances that the stone may be passed out while urinating.
  2. Watching Diet- Kidney stone patients should be a bit cautious with the food they consume. They should try and not have food which has high acid content. Low cholesterol levels need to be maintained, so if you want to prevent this from happening you need to cut down on fried and junk food.
  3. High Calcium Intake- Having food which has a high calcium content will help in flushing the stones out. The calcium will combine with oxalates and crystalize them, thereby enabling it to pass it through the urinary tract of the patient.
  4. High lemon consumption- Lemon juice is filled with citrates. Citrates can easily break up the kidney stones into minute particles and give it a Sandy texture. Citrate also helps in moving the stone in the right direction. You can drink lemon juice directly or mix it with warm water and then consume it.
  5. Apple cider vinegar- This again contains a high amount of citric acid which worked very efficiently in our body. It manages to set everything in place. You will be able to digest food in a better manner and will also reduce the pain. It will break down the stone and then pass it. Apple cider vinegar can be consumed with a warm glass of water mixed with one spoon of honey.

Kidney stones is a pretty common yet a serious condition, therefore one should not take it lightly and should consult a doctor as soon as possible.

1342 people found this helpful

Kidney Stones - How To Treat Them Efficiently?

Dr. Hasit Patel 92% (120 ratings)
MBBS,MD(medicine), MD- Medicine, DNB- Nephrology
Nephrologist, Ahmedabad
Kidney Stones - How To Treat Them Efficiently?

Kidney stones are often small enough and pass through urine without much bother. Most kidney stones are smaller than 4 mm in diameter. Having said this, even the smallest of kidney stones can be really painful until they pass through urine. It typically takes a couple of days for the body to get rid of it. While medication and self-care are the foremost options, there are a range of other options as well available for treating kidney stones.

Admission to a Hospital-

You must get admitted to a hospital if the stone moves to the ureter, thereby resulting in severe pain. Typically kidney stones which are more than 6 mms in diameter need to be surgically removed through procedures such as ureteroscopy, percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL), open surgery and extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL). A doctor takes a call on any of the above procedure if:

  1. The patient is inching towards a kidney failure.

  2. The pain doesn’t go away even after taking pain killers.

  3. If the patient is pregnant.

  4. If the patient is more than 60 years.

Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy (ESWL)-

ESWL is one of the simple and most preferred stone removing procedures. It involves the usage of ultrasound shock waves to break the bigger stones into smaller ones. The latter is then passed through urine. A patient is given a few painkillers since this mode of treatment could be a little uncomfortable. A patient might need multiple ESWLs to successfully get rid of all the stones.

Ureteroscopy:

If a stone gets stuck in the ureter, a medical procedure known as the ureteroscopy is performed. In this procedure, a thin telescope is passed through the urethra and bladder to the ureter. Either a second instrument is used or the telescope itself has laser energy to break the bigger stone into smaller ones. This procedure is ideal for stones that have a diameter more than 15 mm.

Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy (PCNL)

PCNL is an alternative to ESWL for removing big stones. This procedure involves the usage of nephroscope that is routed into the kidney through a small incision made behind the back of the patient. This procedure requires general anesthesia and is effective for breaking stones that have a diameter of 20 mm or more. It has a success rate of 86%.

Open Surgery:

This is one of the older methods to eradicate kidney stones. Unless the stone size is abnormally large and other procedures cannot be performed, open surgery is generally avoided. An open surgery involves making an incision and getting access to the ureter and the kidney. The surgeon then removes the stone from the kidney. This procedure requires general anesthesia and the patient needs to be under observation for at least 24 hours, post surgery.

2445 people found this helpful

Kidney Stones - How To Identify Them?

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, DNB - Urology/Genito - Urinary Surgery
Urologist, Delhi
Kidney Stones - How To Identify Them?

Kidney stones can range from being the size of a grain to a pebble. These stones can be described as crystallized mineral deposits in the kidneys. Some kidney stones can be passed out of the body along with urine while others may require surgery. Symptoms of having a kidney stone vary from mild to severe. In the case of very small kidney stones, the patient may not experience any symptoms at all. The 5 most common kidney stone symptoms usually experienced are:

  1. Pain: Pain in the lower abdomen and back is one of the most common symptoms of having a kidney stone. This may be felt just below the ribs, on the centre and sides of the abdomen, in the lower back and in the groin. The intensity of pain is not directly related to the size of the kidney stone. This pain can come and go and will vary in terms of intensity. In certain cases, the pain can be severe enough to warrant a trip to the hospital. This pain is usually a sign that the stone is moving.
  2. Frequent Urination: People suffering from kidney stones may find themselves needing to go to the bathroom more often than normal. In some cases, patients may also wake up in the middle of the night with the urge to urinate. However, only a small amount of urine may be passed at a time. This is a sign that the kidney stone has moved into the lower urinary tract. Small stones may later be passed out of the body along with urine.
  3. Bloody Urine: Urine should ideally be pale yellow. Patients suffering from kidney stones may notice that their urine is darker than normal and cloudy. There may also be blood in the urine. This is known as hematuria. The colour of blood in such cases can range from pink to brown. Cloudy urine is also considered a sign of a urinary infection. This is a sign that the urine also contains pus cells or pyuria.
  4. Nausea: Vomiting and nausea are common symptoms of kidney stones. This is caused by the nerve connections shared by the kidneys and the gastrointestinal tract. The presence of kidney stones in the kidneys or urinary system can trigger an upset stomach. Some people also feel nauseous because of the pain caused by kidney stones.
  5. Foul Smelling Urine: Under normal conditions, urine should not have a very strong smell. Urine that smells bad is a symptom of a urinary infection. Bacteria in the kidneys or urinary tract can be the cause of this smell. It may also be caused by the high concentration of urine.
3461 people found this helpful

Kidney Stone - Know Forms Of It!

Dr. Amitava Mukherjee 86% (12 ratings)
MBBS, MS - Urology, MCh - Urology
Urologist, Kolkata
Kidney Stone - Know Forms Of It!

The kidneys are the main excretory organs of the body and are responsible for removing all mineral wastes from the body. This high concentration of minerals predisposes them to form stones- which are small crystals of various minerals they are exposed to. The entire urinary tract starting from the kidneys, the ureters, and the bladder are at risk of developing stones. The risk is higher in people who do not drink enough water, as the minerals are not able to be cleared out.

Depending on the location, stones are named

  1. Renal: These are formed in the body of the kidneys.
  2. Ureteric: The urine passes from the kidney to the ureter through the ureters and can form stones, leading to blockage also
  3. Bladder: When the urine is stored in the bladder for a while, the chances of forming stones are quite high.

Symptoms

  • Pain that is sharp, shooting pain on either side of the spine.
  • There could be fever, vomiting, etc., but the pain is very indicative.

Management

  • Stones less than 4 mm usually pass on their own
  • Larger ones may require shock waves from an external source which breaks it into smaller ones, which are then eliminated.

Immediate treatment

  • Intravenous injections of pain relievers; repeat if required.
  • Antiemetics to control nausea and vomiting
  • Watch for an hour for improved symptoms
  • Send the patient home with these prescriptions for continued use
  • An increased amount of water consumption (up to 3 liters per day), until the urine is almost colorless
  • Strain the urine to check if the stone is passed, this is done.

If the patient presents with the following symptoms, immediate admission may be required:

  • Persisting symptoms after an hour of treatment
  • Pregnancy
  • Persistently high fever (about 104) with severe shakes and/or chills
  • People on dialysis and/or renal failure
  • Elderly (greater than 60-year-olds)
  • Severe dehydration and/or vomiting

Larger kidney stones (>4 mm) are managed as below.

  • Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL): This common treatment uses shock waves from an external source which breaks down the stones. The smaller ones easily pass through the urine.
  • Ureteroscopy: In ureteroscopy, an endoscope is passed through urethra to the ureters.
  • Open surgery: If the above measures are not feasible, open surgery may be the last option. This is very rarely used though.

Prevention of kidney stones

  • Drink adequate amounts of water, at least 2 liters per day
  • Cut down oxalate-rich foods like beet, nuts, okra, spinach, etc.
  • Reduce sodium and animal protein
  • Continue calcium as always
     
1582 people found this helpful

Urinary Bladder Stone - What Causes It?

Dr. Amit Goel 90% (39 ratings)
MCh Urology & Kidney Transplant, MS - General Surgery, MBBS, Fellowship in Uro-Oncology & Robotic Surgery
Urologist, Gurgaon
Urinary Bladder Stone - What Causes It?

When you experience pain on the side and back just below the ribs that at times radiates to the lower abdomen and is fluctuating in intensity, it is quite unlikely for you to think that the reason could be a kidney stone. One of the early symptoms of kidney stone, when you experience such pain, you must seek medical advice. However, there is no need to panic as it is completely curable. Read on to understand more about this condition.

What is urinary bladder stone?
Vesical calculus, which is more commonly referred to as bladder stones, are formed due to a buildup of minerals. It may occur when the bladder is not entirely emptied after urinating. In the course of time, the residual urine becomes concentrated, and the minerals start forming crystals. When the stones are in a miniature state, they can easily pass out, but at times, when they are quite big, they may get stuck in the walls of the urinary tract and cause severe pain and discomfort.

What are the causes of urinary bladder stones?
Bladder stones start growing when the urine is left in the bladder for a long span of time. This may happen due to some underlying medical condition which can prevent the bladder from completely emptying. Conditions which are responsible for causing stones in the urinary tract are as follows

  1. Enlargement of the prostate: When the prostate is enlarged, it may exert pressure on the urethra and disrupt the flow. It leads to retention of urine and creates an ideal environment for the formation of stones.
  2. Diverticula and enlargement of the bladder: Sometimes, pouches form within the bladder, and when they become too large, they can retain urine and prevent the bladder from being emptied completely.
  3. Usage of medical devices: Bladder stones may form when an individual uses catheters or other medical devices.
  4. Inflammation of the bladder: Radiation therapy or infection in the urinary tract that causes inflammation or enlargement of the bladder can lead to the formation of stones. Also, if a person has kidney stones, they can come down to the ureters, and in case they become too large to pass, they would stay in the bladder and cause substantial obstruction. Kidney stones are more common than stones in the urinary bladder.

How are kidney stones treated?
Specific lifestyle changes such as drinking enough liquids, taking calcium supplements, limiting the amount of caffeine and alcohol and reducing body weight are some of the simplest yet effective means of treating urinary stones at earlier stages.

Use of specific medicines can also reduce the calcium and uric acid stones by controlling the amount of alkali or acid in the urine. These medications reduce the amount of calcium released by the kidneys so that they can be retained in the bone. If these treatment options do not work, you must consider undergoing surgical intervention.

3358 people found this helpful
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