Staying hydrated and consuming plenty of fluid is the key to manage kidney stone. Fluid can help the stone pass through the urinary tract, as well as refrain the body from forming new stones. While drinking water itself is good, adding certain ingredients with water can improvise flushing of stones and managing the pain. It’s recommended that every person with kidney stone should drink at least 2 litres of water every day.
Apart from consuming 12 glasses of water every day, here is a list of alternative methods to manage kidney stones:
A kidney stone is like a small rock that forms in the kidney. Stones form when certain chemicals in the body clump together. A stone can either stay in the kidney or travel through the urinary system by passing though the urine and not causing any harm.
What are the symptoms?
Very small stones might pass through the urinary system without causing much pain. Larger stones can block the flow of urine if they get stuck in the ureters or urethra. Kidney stones do not usually cause any symptoms until they start to pass. Some symptoms might include:
Extreme pain in your back or side that will not go away
Blood in your urine
Fever and chills
Who are at risk ?
Anyone can have a kidney stone, but it may be more likely if you:
Are male and are overweight
Have had kidney infections
Have a family member with kidney stones
Have had kidney stones before
Do not drink enough liquids
Have certain medicines which can cause kidney stones
How are kidney stones treated?
Treatment depends on the location and size of the kidney stone. Drinking plenty of water and taking some medicines can help a small stone to pass more easily. For problem stones, there may be a few options:
Ureteroscopic Stone Removal uses a small tool to get and remove stones stuck in the ureters.
Depending on the location of the kidney stone and many other factors the doctor decides on the most suitable procedure.
How can I prevent kidney stones?
If you have had kidney stones before, you are more likely to have kidney stones again. To help keep stones from forming, try to:
Drink 10 to 12 glasses of water each day
Eat less salt (sodium), meat and eggs
Find out what type of stone you have
Ask your doctor for a urine test
Talk to your doctor about your medicines and other tests for kidney stones
Kidney stones are often small enough and pass through urine without much bother. Most kidney stones are smaller than 4 mm in diameter. Having said this, even the smallest of kidney stones can be really painful until they pass through urine. It typically takes a couple of days for the body to get rid of it. While medication and self-care are the foremost options, there are a range of other options as well available for treating kidney stones.
Admission to a Hospital-
You must get admitted to a hospital if the stone moves to the ureter, thereby resulting in severe pain. Typically kidney stones which are more than 6 mms in diameter need to be surgically removed through procedures such as ureteroscopy, percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL), open surgery and extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL).
A doctor takes a call on any of the above procedure if:
The patient is inching towards a kidney failure.
The pain doesn’t go away even after taking pain killers.
If the patient is pregnant.
If the patient is more than 60 years.
Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy (ESWL)-
ESWL is one of the simple and most preferred stone removing procedures. It involves the usage of ultrasound shock waves to break the bigger stones into smaller ones. The latter is then passed through urine. A patient is given a few painkillers since this mode of treatment could be a little uncomfortable. A patient might need multiple ESWLs to successfully get rid of all the stones.
If a stone gets stuck in the ureter, a medical procedure known as the ureteroscopy is performed. In this procedure, a thin telescope is passed through the urethra and bladder to the ureter. Either a second instrument is used or the telescope itself has laser energy to break the bigger stone into smaller ones. This procedure is ideal for stones that have a diameter more than 15 mm.
Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy (PCNL)
PCNL is an alternative to ESWL for removing big stones. This procedure involves the usage of nephroscope that is routed into the kidney through a small incision made behind the back of the patient. This procedure requires general anesthesia and is effective for breaking stones that have a diameter of 20 mm or more. It has a success rate of 86%.
This is one of the older methods to eradicate kidney stones. Unless the stone size is abnormally large and other procedures cannot be performed, open surgery is generally avoided. An open surgery involves making an incision and getting access to the ureter and the kidney. The surgeon then removes the stone from the kidney. This procedure requires general anesthesia and the patient needs to be under observation for at least 24 hours, post surgery.
Have you experienced a sharp pain or burning sensation while passing urine? If you have, then you know what burning micturition means. If the symptom occurs frequently, you may be suffering from a disorder in your kidneys, bladder or urethra. Even though the symptom of burning urination is more common in women, it can affect men as well. Here is a look at some of the causes of burning micturition.
Sexually transmitted diseases causing infection of the urethra
Burning urination can also happen during summer season
Burning urination can also happen when urine is too much acidic
When do kidney stones cause burning micturition?
While most people with kidney stones may not suffer from a burning sensation while urinating, others will complain about the same. If you suffer from a kidney stone and the stone in question passes between the bladder and the urethra, you will notice the burning sensation and sharp pain during urination. If you do not know that you have kidney stones, you may mistake the symptoms for a bladder infection.
However, in some cases, you may suffer from both infections and kidney stones.
What causes Kidney stone formation?
A kidney stone is a hard, crystalline mineral material formed within the kidney or urinary tract.
Anyone may develop a kidney stone, but people with certain diseases and conditions (such as gout) or those who are taking certain medications are more susceptible to their development.
Many people have a habit of forming Kidney stones and people consuming specific diet (such as diet rich in oxalates etc. are also at the risk of developing kidney stones)
Most of the kidney stones (around 85%) are formed of calcium (Ca. oxalate or Ca. phosphate stones) and the remaining types are cystine stones, struvite stones or Uric acid stones.
The Calcium salts get precipitated in the nephrons and over a period become kidney stones
What are the signs and symptoms of Kidney stones?
The most common signs and symptoms of Kidney stones are as follows;
A dull ache/pain in the flanks (back)
Feeling of heaviness in the flanks
Sharp pain in the groin or back (when the stone passes from the kidney to ureters)
Sharp pain while urinating, with or without blood in the urine (When the stone reaches urinary bladder or urethra)
In some cases, the patient may not feel any symptoms or may feel mild symptoms when the stone passes from kidney, ureter, bladder or urethra.
Usually, such patients may notice the passage of stones when they urinate.
The size of the kidney stones may vary (from a small stone measuring 5 mm up to a big kidney stone measuring up to 25 mm.
Calcium oxalate stones, have sharp edges and cause pain and blood in urine when they pass from kidneys, through ureters and bladder.
Ayurvedic approach to micturition and kidney stones-
In Ayurveda, kidney stones are called Vrukka Ashmari. Kidney stones can be very effectively treated by Ayurveda treatment. Special herb extracts help dissolve kidney stones. Many herbal formulations help to increase the urine flow and help to wash away the Kidney stones through urine. Many times a bigger stone is broken down to small pieces which can pass through the ureters and are thrown away via urination. Special panchakarma treatments can be given to patients who suffer from multiple kidney stones or have large kidney stones. Furthermore, Ayurvedic practitioners will list out dietary and lifestyle changes that you would need to follow. As Ayurveda is the natural/herbal treatment of kidney stones, you have no risk of suffering from side effects. Furthermore, Ayurveda does not simply treat the disease, it also restores the critical balance in your body. This helps to stop the recurrence of the kidney stones. This holistic approach is better for all-round recovery and health.
Kidney stones are salt and mineral deposits that accumulate inside the kidneys. Your treatment may depend on the severity of your condition; ranging from medications to surgery. Once you have had kidney stones, there is an increased chance of you experiencing the problem again. Preventive measures can help in reducing your risk of kidney stones.
Prevention of kidney stones-
Medical recommendations about preventive measures can help you keep kidney stones at bay. Here are top tips to prevent recurring kidney stones.
Once you have had kidney stones, you need to take caution for life. Without proper medicines and diet precautions, not only you increase your risk of kidney stones but also of other kidney diseases. Heed the recommendations of your doctor or consult with a good nephrologist.
Kidney stones are caused when certain minerals of your urine are retained and are not fully released, causing them to amalgamate and form a stone. Passing a kidney stone is one of the most painful experiences you may face physically.
Its magnanimity is often compared to childbirth, and those who are suffering from kidney stones dread having this experience. If you are not yet affected by kidney stones and do not want to, read further to know what type of diet you need to follow in order to prevent it.
Dietary Tips For Treating Gallbladder Stones:
People also usually suffer from gallbladder stones which complicate their daily living. The best way to treat and prevent them is by following some dietary guidelines. Here are a few tips for you:
Foods that can be of help:
Managing your weight is always a good option to prevent gallstones. You are recommended to eat a diet that is low in fat and cholesterol, moderate in calories and high in fiber. The healthy food options to ensure the same are as follow:
Whole grains (whole-wheat bread, brown rice, oats, bran cereal)
Lean meat, poultry, and fish
Low-fat dairy products
Foods you should ignore:
Dietary restrictions may not eliminate gallstones that are already there, but eating a healthy, balanced variety of nutrients may help you ease the symptoms. Foods you should avoid are:
Highly processed foods (doughnuts, pie, cookies)
Whole-milk dairy products (cheese, ice cream, butter)
Fatty red meat
Following these dietary tips can be of great help in keeping your kidneys and gallstones healthy forever.
Kidney stones are caused when certain minerals of your urine are retained and are not fully released, causing them to amalgamate and form a stone. Passing a kidney stone is one of the most painful experiences you may face physically. Its magnanimity is often compared to childbirth, and those who are suffering from kidney stones dread having this experience. If you are not yet affected by kidney stones and do not want to, read further to know what type of diet you need to follow in order to prevent it.
How stones are formed?
Benefits of homeopathic remedies
Kidney stones are highly likely to be recurrent. A number of factors contribute to their formation. Homeopathy aims at treating the whole body and not just dissolving the stones. It offers various remedies, which ensure the stones are completely dissolved and also prevent recurrence.
Kidney stones are caused when certain minerals of your urine are retained and not wholly released, causing them to amalgamate and form a stone. Passing kidney stones is one of the most painful experiences you may face physically. Its magnanimity is often compared to childbirth, and those who are suffering from kidney stones dread having this experience. If you are yet not affected by kidney stones and do not want to, read to know what dietary changes you can undergo to prevent it.
1. Drink a lot of water
On an average, a person must be drinking at least 3 liters of water every day. If you live in a more hot and humid climatic area, your water intake must be even more than that, so that on an average, 2.5 liters of urine is passed throughout the day, which decreases the chances of unnecessary retention of minerals from the urine and releases them more easily from the body.
2. Continue eating calcium-containing foods
It is a common misconception that calcium accelerates the formation of kidney stones. Calcium is digested in the intestine. Only the calcium which is excess and cannot be digested in the intestines are sent to the kidneys. Continue consuming calcium-rich foods unless your doctor prescribes you against it. Make sure your diet includes enough dairy products such as milk, cheeses, etc, or other calcium-rich foods like oats and broccoli.
3. Limit intake of oxalic acid
Oxalic acid is mostly found in food obtained from plants. It restricts the absorption of calcium in the intestines and as a result, more calcium is passed into the kidneys; thus forming calcium oxalate or oxalate stones. Try to avoid foods like rhubarb, Swiss chard, nuts, tea, sweet potatoes, etc; mainly leguminous plant products.
4. Decrease the ingestion of sodium salts, sugar and meat protein
Salts and sugars, mainly found in packaged foods to prevent them from expiring, increase the release of calcium and oxalates into the blood, which thus increases the chances to develop kidney stones. Meat contains fibers which affect certain nutrients in the kidney, thus aggravating the formation of stones.
5. Increase the consumption of insoluble fibers
Insoluble fibers are those rough fibers which are not soluble in water during the process of digestion. They are found in rice, wheat, barley, etc, and are found to decrease calcium absorption in the kidney. They attach themselves to the calcium and oxalates, which enable them to be released as stool instead of urine.
A kidney stone is a hard, crystalline mineral material formed within the kidney or urinary tract.
A kidney stone usually remains symptomless until it moves into the ureter. When symptoms of kidney stones become apparent, they commonly include:
* severe pain in the groin and/or side
* blood in urine.
* vomiting and nausea.
* white blood cells or pus in the urine.
* reduced amount of urine excreted
* burning sensation during urination.
* persistent urge to urinate
* fever and chills if there is an infection.
The leading cause of kidney stones is a lack of water in the body.
Stones are more commonly found in individuals who drink less than the recommended eight to ten glasses of water a day.
When there is not enough water to dilute the uric acid, a component of urine, the urine becomes more acidic.
An excessively acidic environment in urine can lead to the formation of kidney stones.
Medical conditions such as Crohn's disease, urinary tract infections, renal tubular acidosis, hyperparathyroidism, medullary sponge kidney, and Dent's disease increase the risk of kidney stones.
Complications of kidney stones include:
* recurring kidney stones, since people who have had kidney stones at least once, have 80 % chance of getting them again.
* obstruction or blockage in the urinary tract
* kidney failure
* sepsis, which can occur after the treatment of a large kidney stone
* an injury to the ureter while undergoing a surgery for the removal of the kidney stone
* urinary tract infection
* severe pain
* heavy bleeding during kidney stones operation.
Homeopathic treatment -
Homeopathy is the best possible option to treat kidney stones in the fastest and easiest way. With this treatment, one can avoid the risks associated with surgery. Surgery is not a permanent solution for kidney stones. Since some people have a tendency to form kidney stones; they come back even after surgery.