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Urine Stone Tips

Stones In Urinary Tract - 4 Particular Reasons Behind It!

Dr. Anil Agarwal 90% (159 ratings)
MBBS, MS - Urology, DNB
Urologist, Guwahati
Stones In Urinary Tract - 4 Particular Reasons Behind It!

When you experience a pain on the side and back just below the ribs that at times radiates to the lower abdomen and is fluctuating in intensity, it is quite unlikely for you to think that the reason could be a kidney stone. One of the early symptoms of kidney stone, when you experience such pain, you must seek medical advice. However, there is no need to panic as it is completely curable. Read on to understand more about this condition.

What is urinary bladder stone?
Vesical calculus, which is more commonly referred to as bladder stones, are formed due to a buildup of minerals. It may occur when the bladder is not entirely emptied after urinating. In the course of time, the residual urine becomes concentrated, and the minerals start forming crystals. When the stones are in a miniature state, they can easily pass out, but at times, when they are quite big, they may get stuck in the walls of the urinary tract and cause severe pain and discomfort.

What are the causes of urinary bladder stones?
Bladder stones start growing when the urine is left in the bladder for a long span of time. This may happen due to some underlying medical condition which can prevent the bladder from completely emptying. Conditions which are responsible for causing stones in the urinary tract are as follows

  1. Enlargement of the prostate: When the prostate is enlarged, it may exert pressure on the urethra and disrupt the flow. It leads to retention of urine and creates an ideal environment for the formation of stones.
  2. Diverticula and enlargement of bladder: Sometimes, pouches form within the bladder, and when they become too large, they can retain urine and prevent the bladder from being emptied completely.
  3. Usage of medical devices: Bladder stones may form when an individual uses catheters or other medical devices.
  4. Inflammation of the bladder: Radiation therapy or infection in the urinary tract that causes inflammation or enlargement of the bladder can lead to the formation of stones. Also, if a person has kidney stones, they can come down to the ureters, and in case they become too large to pass, they would stay in the bladder and cause substantial obstruction. Kidney stones are more common than stones in the urinary bladder.

How are kidney stones treated?
Specific lifestyle changes such as drinking enough liquids, taking calcium supplements, limiting the amount of caffeine and alcohol and reducing body weight are some of the simplest yet effective means of treating urinary stones at earlier stages.

Use of specific medicines can also reduce the calcium and uric acid stones by controlling the amount of alkali or acid in the urine. These medications reduce the amount of calcium released by the kidneys so that they can be retained in the bone. If these treatment options do not work, you must consider undergoing surgical intervention. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3193 people found this helpful

Renal Stones - Why Go For Homeopathy?

Dr. Arpit Mishra 90% (250 ratings)
BHMS
Homeopath, Indore
Renal Stones - Why Go For Homeopathy?

Solving renal stone problems with the use of the Homeopathic treatment. Renal stones or renal calculi regularly allude to stones in the urinary framework. These are quite stores or minerals that structure anyplace in the urinary framework ie the kidney or the bladder or the urethra. Renal stones can be entirely agonizing. The agony is typically felt in the lower stomach area or lower back which is the kidney region. In situations where there is some impediment of the urinary tract, there might be largeness in the kidney region. Blazing or trouble might be felt while urinating. In allopathy, there is no known treatment for renal stones or renal calculi aside from surgery.

From one viewpoint, getting a surgery includes a ton of passionate and physical enduring.

  1. Berberis Vulgaris mother tincture: It is one of the best Homeopathic solutions for renal stones on the left side. In the event that the renal stone or renal math is in left half of the body, Berberis Vulgaris, the homeopathic medicine is more than liable to evacuate the stone. There is sore wounded agony in the kidney region. There may likewise be deadness or firmness in the kidney region, all the more so in the morning. A trademark sensation is the gurgling vibe that is disturbed by venturing or some other development. The agony stretches out from the backside to the bladder of the urinary area. Berberis vulgaris mother tincture and in addition in the potentised structure can be utilized for the treatment of renal stones.
  2. Cantharis: One of the best Homeopathic medicines for renal stones or renal calculi with smoldering in urine. In some cases, where there happens to be serious blazing on the urethra at the time of urination, Cantharis happens to be an incredible homeopathic medicine. Now and then the torment is depicted as cutting agony. There is exceptional encouraging urinating. Another trademark manifestation of this cure is the successive desire to urinate.
  3. Sarsaparilla: One of the best Homeopathic solutions for renal stones with white sand in urine. While Lycopodium works extremely well in patients that have red sand in urine, Sarsaparilla is substantially more suited to patients that have white dregs in urine. There is exceptional torment toward the end of pee. There is likewise blazing and cutting in the urethra after pee. Urine goes in a stream that is slight and weak.
  4. Benzoic Acid: One of the best Homeopathic medicines for renal stones with extreme smell in urine

In patients where the urine has exceptional terrible scent, homeopathic cure Benzoic corrosive is an extremely valuable solution for renal stones or renal calculi. The urine is dull cocoa in shading and is regularly alterable in shading. The way of this Homeopathic medicine is such that it is entirely suited for uric corrosive stones or calculi. It can possibly evacuate the stones as well as control the uric corrosive levels in the human body.

3029 people found this helpful

YOGA HEALING FOR KIDNEY STONES

Bachelor of Naturopathy & Yogic Sciences (BNYS), Post Graduate Diploma In Yogic Science
Yoga & Naturopathy Specialist,
YOGA HEALING FOR KIDNEY STONES

Kidney stones or Nephrolithiasis means the formation of a hard, crystal mineral substance in the kidneys or the urinary tract. It is estimated that one in every 20 individual will suffer from kidney stones at some point in their life. Inadequate hydration is one of the major reasons for aggravating signs and symptoms of kidney stones.

Common Signs and Symptoms of kidney stones:

  • Radiating pain below abdomen and around the groin areas

  • Immense pain while passing urine

  • Red or brown coloured urine (Blood in urine)

  • Decrease in amount of urine passage and foul smelling urine

  • Nausea or vomiting

  • Fever and lower body pain

  • Feel the need to urinate again and again

  • Different types of Kidney Stones are formed depending on the biochemical composition and the chemical imbalance within the urine. Commonly there are 5 different types of kidney stones namely- Cystine, calcium, uric acid, and struvite.


The yogic way of living helps prevent kidney stones and if suffering from the condition helps to relieve the symptoms of kidney stones.

Yogic Lifestyle Choices & Dietary Discipline TIPS

  • Healthy routines of early to bed and eating on correct time helps. (Avoid late night parties and junk food.)

  • Eat your food slowly and chew your food properly.

  • A brisk walk in nature early morning and evening for 20 to 30 minutes is a must. Early morning sunlight is good. Soak some sunlight onto your back as well.

  • Avoid eating animal-based proteins. Opt for Satvik diet and organic foods. Eat a balanced diet. Fruits and vegetables help to decrease the urine acidity and this reduces the chances of kidney stone formation.

  • Hydrate your system well. Consume 12 glasses of liquid every day. Have water half hour before meals and after 1 hour of meal. Example- Early morning drink herbal tea, Lunch -butter milk and dinner cup of soup.

  • Get into a healthy routine of regular yoga exercise.

  • If you have a calcium-containing kidney stone, eat less salt and salty food and try not to get more than the recommended daily amount of calcium.

  • Individuals with oxalate kidney stones should limit intake of foods that are rich in oxalate So avoid chocolate, dark green veggies (i.e. spinach, Swiss chard, greens), Mixed nuts and peanuts, Tahini and sesame seeds. Exercise moderation (5 peanuts per day is enough)

  • Lemon juice is helpful mainly because it contains citrate. It can bind with calcium in the urine and help in reducing the amount of calcium available to form calcium-oxalate kidney stones.


Recommended Yoga asana, pranayama and relaxation that help

Yoga Asana– The poses recommended gives abdominal compression and gently massages the internal organs. These help to tone the internal organs functioning and improve blood circulation. The yoga asana suggested massage the digestive organs and keeps the metabolism in check. Pavanmuktasana; Bhujangasana (Cobra pose) and Ustrasana

1 person found this helpful

Renal Colic - How It Can Be Treated?

Dr. Mukesh Shah 89% (67 ratings)
DNB - Urology/Genito - Urinary Surgery, MS - General Surgery, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Urologist, Mumbai
Renal Colic - How It Can Be Treated?

Our kidneys act as filters which constantly flushes out toxins and excess minerals with water in form of urine. Urine contains lots of minerals which may precipitate and form stones. Urine has lots of pro-precipitating agents and anti-precipitating agents. When their balance disturbs due to some disease, stones start forming. These stones may often lead to abdominal pain which is referred to as renal colic

What exactly is renal colic? 

Renal or ureteric colic is the term used for typical pain in one side of abdomen in flank region starting from back and radiating forward towards lower abdomen up to scrotum. This is usually associated with nausea, vomiting and urinary discomfort. There may be blood in urine

How kidney stones are related to renal colic? 

Kidney stones usually form inside kidney and lies there without causing any pain. But whenever they are dislodged and stuck at mouth of kidney (pelvis) or anywhere in ureter, they block the passage of urine of that kidney. This causes swelling in kidney termed as hydronephrosis. This swelling in kidney causes renal / ureteric colic. This colic is protective phenomenon and tries to push out the stones. Small stones do come out in urine by this natural process. This spontaneous expulsion of small stones is common and many local practitioners used to get credit of it feigning benefit of their medicine. However large stones need some form of intervention to come out. Otherwise, they do harm to kidneys in long term. 

Symptoms of kidney stones along with renal /ureteric colic - 

  1. Most stones which are lying in calyces of kidney are asymptomatic 
  2. Nausea & vomiting 
  3. Frequent urinary tract infections 
  4. Fever with chills 
  5. Foul smelling urine 
  6. Hesitency, frequency and burning in urination 
  7. Blood in urine (urine with a reddish, pink or brownish hue) 
  8. Passage of small stones in urine 

Treatment of renal colic 

Treatment of ureteric/renal stones involves control of symptoms and stone removal. 

  1. Expectant Treatment or Medical Expulsion Therapy: Small stones of less than 4 mm size usually pass on its own and some medicines like alpha-blockers and steroid hasten up their expulsion. Medium size stone (4-6 mm), sometimes passes with aid of these medications. But stones larger than 6 mm usually require intervention. 
  2. Lithotripsy: This method involves breaking of stones by shock waves into small dusty particles which pass through urine on its own. This is usually suitable for stones upto 1.5 cm and lying in kidneys. This is non-operative treatment which can be done on OPD or Daycare basis. 
  3. Ureteroscopy (URS): This method involves entry of very thin semirigid scope through urethra into ureter. Stone is broken by LASER and removed. This involves single day admission and spinal anaesthesia
  4. RIRS- Retrograde Intra Renal Surgery: In this method very thin flexible scope in maneuvered through urethra into the upper ureter and pelvi-calyceal system of kidney. Stones in kidney or upper ureter are broken by LASER and removed. This is also done under anaesthesia and requires a day admission. 
  5. Mini- PCNL: This method is suitable for large renal stones. In this technique, a small hole is made into the kidney through back and tiny scope is entered into the kidney. Stones are broken by LASER and removed. This is done under anaesthesia and require two to three days admission.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2603 people found this helpful

Urinary Stone Disease - How Treatment Vary According to Symptoms?

Dr. Mandeep Phukan 90% (56 ratings)
M.Ch - Urology/Genito-Urinary Surgery
Urologist, Guwahati
Urinary Stone Disease - How Treatment Vary According to Symptoms?

The kidneys are the main excretory organs of the body and are responsible for removing all mineral wastes from the body. This high concentration of minerals predisposes them to form stones- which are small crystals of various minerals they are exposed to. The entire urinary tract starting from the kidneys, the ureters, and the bladder are at risk of developing stones. The risk is higher in people who do not drink enough water, as the minerals are not able to be cleared out.
 

Depending on the location, stones are named

  1. Renal: These are formed in the body of the kidneys.
  2. Ureteric: The urine passes from the kidney to the ureter through the ureters and can form stones, leading to blockage also
  3. Bladder: When the urine is stored in the bladder for a while, the chances of forming stones are quite high.

Symptoms

  • Pain that is sharp, shooting pain on either side of the spine.
  • There could be fever, vomiting, etc., but the pain is very indicative.

Management

  • Stones less than 4 mm usually pass on their own
  • Larger ones may require shock waves from an external source which breaks it into smaller ones, which are then eliminated.

Immediate treatment

  • Intravenous injections of pain relievers; repeat if required.
  • Antiemetics to control nausea and vomiting
  • Watch for an hour for improved symptoms
  • Send the patient home with these prescriptions for continued use
  • Increased amount of water consumption (up to 3 liters per day), until the urine is almost colorless
  • Strain the urine to check if the stone is passed, this is done.

If the patient presents with the following symptoms, immediate admission may be required:

  • Persisting symptoms after an hour of treatment
  • Pregnancy
  • Persistently high fever (about 104) with severe shakes and/or chills
  • People on dialysis and/or renal failure
  • Elderly (greater than 60 year olds)
  • Severe dehydration and/or vomiting

Larger kidney stones (>4 mm) are managed as below.

  • Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL): This common treatment uses shock waves from an external source which breaks down the stones. The smaller ones easily pass through the urine.
  • Ureteroscopy: In ureteroscopy, a endoscope is passed through urethra to the ureters.
  • Open surgery: If the above measures are not feasible, open surgery may be the last option. This is very rarely used though.

Prevention of kidney stones

  • Drink adequate amounts of water, at least 2 liters per day
  • Cut down oxalate rich foods like beet, nuts, okra, spinach, etc.
  • Reduce sodium and animal protein
  • Continue calcium as always. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Urologist.
2050 people found this helpful

5 Ways To Treat Renal Colic!

Dr. Datson George .P. 89% (439 ratings)
FMAS, M.Ch - Urology, MS - General Surgery, MBBS
Urologist, Ernakulam
5 Ways To Treat Renal Colic!

Our kidneys act as filters which constantly flushes out toxins and excess minerals with water in form of urine. Urine contains lots of minerals which may precipitate and form stones. Urine has lots of pro-precipitating agents and anti-precipitating agents. When their balance disturbs due to some disease, stones start forming. These stones may often lead to abdominal pain which is referred to as renal colic

What exactly is renal colic? 

Renal or ureteric colic is the term used for typical pain in one side of abdomen in flank region starting from back and radiating forward towards lower abdomen up to scrotum. This is usually associated with nausea, vomiting and urinary discomfort. There may be blood in urine

How kidney stones are related to renal colic? 

Kidney stones usually form inside kidney and lies there without causing any pain. But whenever they are dislodged and stuck at mouth of kidney (pelvis) or anywhere in ureter, they block the passage of urine of that kidney. This causes swelling in kidney termed as hydronephrosis. This swelling in kidney causes renal / ureteric colic. This colic is protective phenomenon and tries to push out the stones. Small stones do come out in urine by this natural process. This spontaneous expulsion of small stones is common and many local practitioners used to get credit of it feigning benefit of their medicine. However large stones need some form of intervention to come out. Otherwise, they do harm to kidneys in long term. 

Symptoms of kidney stones along with renal /ureteric colic - 

  1. Most stones which are lying in calyces of kidney are asymptomatic 
  2. Nausea & vomiting 
  3. Frequent urinary tract infections 
  4. Fever with chills 
  5. Foul smelling urine 
  6. Hesitency, frequency and burning in urination 
  7. Blood in urine (urine with a reddish, pink or brownish hue) 
  8. Passage of small stones in urine 

Treatment of renal colic 

Treatment of ureteric/renal stones involves control of symptoms and stone removal. 

  1. Expectant Treatment or Medical Expulsion Therapy: Small stones of less than 4 mm size usually pass on its own and some medicines like alpha-blockers and steroid hasten up their expulsion. Medium size stone (4-6 mm), sometimes passes with aid of these medications. But stones larger than 6 mm usually require intervention. 
  2. Lithotripsy: This method involves breaking of stones by shock waves into small dusty particles which pass through urine on its own. This is usually suitable for stones upto 1.5 cm and lying in kidneys. This is non-operative treatment which can be done on OPD or Daycare basis. 
  3. Ureteroscopy (URS): This method involves entry of very thin semirigid scope through urethra into ureter. Stone is broken by LASER and removed. This involves single day admission and spinal anaesthesia
  4. RIRS- Retrograde Intra Renal Surgery: In this method very thin flexible scope in maneuvered through urethra into the upper ureter and pelvi-calyceal system of kidney. Stones in kidney or upper ureter are broken by LASER and removed. This is also done under anaesthesia and requires a day admission. 
  5. Mini- PCNL: This method is suitable for large renal stones. In this technique, a small hole is made into the kidney through back and tiny scope is entered into the kidney. Stones are broken by LASER and removed. This is done under anaesthesia and require two to three days admission. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Urologist.
1846 people found this helpful

Laser Treatment For Treating Renal Stones!

Dr. Dipak Paruliya 88% (50 ratings)
MBBS, MS - General Surgery, MCh - Urology
Urologist, Agra
Laser Treatment For Treating Renal Stones!

Kidney or renal stones refer to the hard mineral deposit that accumulates along the path from the renal pelvis to the bladder. In normal conditions, toxins are filtered by kidneys from the blood and then passed into the urine. But if this waste does not dissolve fully, crystals are formed and these might get stuck in the ureter. Renal stones are common though and can be treated effectively. But you should first know how to detect it.

Signs and symptoms
If kidney stones are small, they might pass on with urine, and not cause any pain. But large stones can obstruct the flow of urine and lead to severe pain. Also remember that the location of the stone and the way it is travelling through your urinary tract can affect the symptoms you face. Sometimes, you might feel a sharp pain in your back or lower abdomen. In other cases, the pain may be constant or come and go, or the intensity might fluctuate.

Here are some other symptoms to watch out for

  1. Pain during urination, cloudy urine, urine that smells different and the frequent urge to urinate
  2. Blood due to kidney stones can make urine pink, red, or brown
  3. Nausea, vomiting, fever or chills
  4. Pain that increases in severity and stops you from standing, sitting or lying easily
  5. The pain might start in the early morning or late night, since people urinate less then

Treatment
Though small kidney stones are often dissolved with medication, larger stones might create blockages and have to be removed in a hospital. The good news is that, now you don’t have to undergo any invasive surgery to get rid of renal stones. The new-age Holmium YAG laser technique can carry out this process with minimal cuts.

This laser sends intense and short infrared light pulses to break the stones into tiny pieces, which can then be passed out with urine. Patients also face lesser complications and get well quickly too.

More on the procedure

  1. The laser beam passes through a 0.2mm wide wire, which can easily rotate to reach stones whether big or small. Any location in the kidneys, tubes or bladders also becomes easily accessible. Hence the wire can directly contact the stone, without harming any other tissue.
  2. In laser lithotripsy, a very thin tube with a small camera is inserted into the patient’s urethra to guide the doctor towards the stone. Laser pulses, each lasting not even 0.0003 seconds are then targeted towards the stone.
  3. Depending on the number and size of stones, this treatment takes 10 minutes to 1 hour and is conducted under general anesthesia. The patients recover fast and are discharged soon after.
  4. The disintegrated pieces of the stones are also sent for analysis to see what is causing the problem and how the patient can prevent it in future.

Prevention
Kidney stones can be prevented by drinking lots of water and avoiding alcohol. If the stones are being caused by uric acid, ammonia, or calcium, then certain diet changes might be suggested. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Urologist.

1900 people found this helpful

How To Treat Kidney Stones?

Dr. Karun Singla 93% (71 ratings)
MBBS, MS - General Surgery, M.Ch - Urology
Urologist, Mohali
How To Treat Kidney Stones?

Treatment for Kidney stones varies depending on the size and type of the stone or the symptoms caused by it. In case of small stones, medication and simple changes in lifestyle can be enough to treat it, but surgeries and extensive treatments are required if symptoms are severe. Following are treatment options for kidney stones: 

  1. Small stones with minimal symptoms: Drinking water: Drinking around 3 litres of water a day will regulate your urinary system and can effectively eliminate small stones. Unless your doctor advices otherwise, drinking ample amount of fluids, usually water, is one of the commonest way to get rid of small kidney stones. 
  2. Pain relievers: There might be a considerable amount of pain and discomfort associated with passing the stone through urine. Your doctor may recommend pain killers like Ibuprofen, Naproxen sodium or acetaminophen. 
  3. Medical therapy: In order to eliminate the kidney stone, your doctor may administer medical therapy. Medication like alpha blocker helps in passing the kidney stone with least pain and more quickly. It relaxes the muscles in the ureter and makes the process relatively easy. 

Large stones with severe symptoms: 

  1. Extracorporeal Lithotripsy (ESWL): ESWL uses the help of sound waves to create vibrations which breaks the stones in smaller pieces. This procedure takes about an hour and can cause mild pain and discomfort. Your doctor may administer sedatives to reduce your sensitivity. More than one sessions of ESWL may be required depending upon the response. ESWL has side effects like blood in urine or bruising in the abdomen. 
  2. Surgical removal of kidney stones: Surgical removal of kidney stones is done with the help of a procedure called percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL). It uses small telescopes and other instruments which are inserted in your back through a small incision. It is generally done in case of large stones and when ESWL fails. 
  3. Ureterorenoscopy (URS): A thin illuminated tube called ureteroscope is used to remove a stones in the ureter (a tube leading from kidney to the urinary bladder). The ureteroscope is equipped with a tiny camera which determines the location of the stone which is then broken into pieces with the help of other instruments. It may require general or regional anesthesia
  4. Retrograde Intrarenal Surgery (RIRS): In this procedure a flexible endoscope is passed through the urethra into the ureter and the kidney. The stone is localised and is fragmented into small pieces with the help of laser. Fragments are then removed through the urethra. Usually a stent is placed after the surgery which is removed after a couple of weeks. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Urologist.
1939 people found this helpful

Renal Colic - Ways it Can Be Treated?

Dr. Shailendra Kumar Goel 88% (47 ratings)
MBBS, MS - General Surgery, M. Ch. (Urology), DNB (General Surgery), MBA
Urologist, Noida
Renal Colic - Ways it Can Be Treated?

Our kidneys act as filters which constantly flushes out toxins and excess minerals with water in form of urine. Urine contains lots of minerals which may precipitate and form stones. Urine has lots of pro-precipitating agents and anti-precipitating agents. When their balance disturbs due to some disease, stones start forming. These stones may often lead to abdominal pain which is referred to as renal colic

What exactly is renal colic? 

Renal or ureteric colic is the term used for typical pain in one side of abdomen in flank region starting from back and radiating forward towards lower abdomen up to scrotum. This is usually associated with nausea, vomiting and urinary discomfort. There may be blood in urine

How kidney stones are related to renal colic? 

Kidney stones usually form inside kidney and lies there without causing any pain. But whenever they are dislodged and stuck at mouth of kidney (pelvis) or anywhere in ureter, they block the passage of urine of that kidney. This causes swelling in kidney termed as hydronephrosis. This swelling in kidney causes renal / ureteric colic. This colic is protective phenomenon and tries to push out the stones. Small stones do come out in urine by this natural process. This spontaneous expulsion of small stones is common and many local practitioners used to get credit of it feigning benefit of their medicine. However large stones need some form of intervention to come out. Otherwise, they do harm to kidneys in long term. 

Symptoms of kidney stones along with renal /ureteric colic - 

  1. Most stones which are lying in calyces of kidney are asymptomatic 
  2. Nausea & vomiting 
  3. Frequent urinary tract infections 
  4. Fever with chills 
  5. Foul smelling urine 
  6. Hesitency, frequency and burning in urination 
  7. Blood in urine (urine with a reddish, pink or brownish hue) 
  8. Passage of small stones in urine 

Treatment of renal colic 

Treatment of ureteric/renal stones involves control of symptoms and stone removal. 

  1. Expectant Treatment or Medical Expulsion Therapy: Small stones of less than 4 mm size usually pass on its own and some medicines like alpha-blockers and steroid hasten up their expulsion. Medium size stone (4-6 mm), sometimes passes with aid of these medications. But stones larger than 6 mm usually require intervention. 
  2. Lithotripsy: This method involves breaking of stones by shock waves into small dusty particles which pass through urine on its own. This is usually suitable for stones upto 1.5 cm and lying in kidneys. This is non-operative treatment which can be done on OPD or Daycare basis. 
  3. Ureteroscopy (URS): This method involves entry of very thin semirigid scope through urethra into ureter. Stone is broken by LASER and removed. This involves single day admission and spinal anaesthesia
  4. RIRS- Retrograde Intra Renal Surgery: In this method very thin flexible scope in maneuvered through urethra into the upper ureter and pelvi-calyceal system of kidney. Stones in kidney or upper ureter are broken by LASER and removed. This is also done under anaesthesia and requires a day admission. 
  5. Mini- PCNL: This method is suitable for large renal stones. In this technique, a small hole is made into the kidney through back and tiny scope is entered into the kidney. Stones are broken by LASER and removed. This is done under anaesthesia and require two to three days admission. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult an urologist.
2902 people found this helpful

Best Ways To Treat Kidney Stones!

Dr. D.K. Agarwal 91% (206 ratings)
MBBS, MD - General Medicine, DM - Nephrology, DNB (Nephrology)
Nephrologist, Faridabad
Best Ways To Treat Kidney Stones!

Kidney stones are often small enough and pass through urine without much bother. Most kidney stones are smaller than 4 mm in diameter. Having said this, even the smallest of kidney stones can be really painful until they pass through urine (learn more what Urine Says about Your Health). It typically takes a couple of days for the body to get rid of it. While medication and self-care are the foremost options, there are a range of other options as well available for treating kidney stones.

Admission to a Hospital

You must get admitted to a hospital if the stone moves to the ureter, thereby resulting in severe pain. Typically kidney stones which are more than 6 mms in diameter need to be surgically removed through procedures such as ureteroscopy, percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL), open surgery and extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL). A doctor takes a call on any of the above procedure if:

1. The patient is inching towards a kidney failure.

2. The pain doesn’t go away even after taking pain killers.

3. If the patient is pregnant (learn more about for healthy pregnancy)

4. If the patient is more than 60 years.

Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy (ESWL)

ESWL is one of the simple and most preferred stone removing procedures. It involves the usage of ultrasound shock waves to break the bigger stones into smaller ones. The latter is then passed through urine. A patient is given a few painkillers since this mode of treatment could be a little uncomfortable. A patient might need multiple ESWLs to successfully get rid of all the stones.

Ureteroscopy

If a stone gets stuck in the ureter, a medical procedure known as the ureteroscopy is performed. In this procedure, a thin telescope is passed through the urethra and bladder to the ureter. Either a second instrument is used or the telescope itself has laser energy to break the bigger stone into smaller ones.

Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy (PCNL)

PCNL is an alternative to ESWL for removing big stones. This procedure involves the usage of nephroscope that is routed into the kidney through a small incision made behind the back of the patient. This procedure requires general anesthesia and is effective for breaking stones that have a diameter of 20 mm or more. It has a success rate of 86%.

Open Surgery

This is one of the older methods to eradicate kidney stones. Unless the stone size is abnormally large and other procedures cannot be performed, open surgery is generally avoided. An open surgery involves making an incision and getting access to the ureter and the kidney. The surgeon then removes the stone from the kidney. This procedure requires general anesthesia. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a nephrologist.

1833 people found this helpful
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