The condition of enlarged prostate occurs due to the enlargement of a man’s prostate gland, with the passage in time. Also known as benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), it is more common in men over the age of 60. Some cases might have symptoms and others may be symptomless. Although the causes are relatively unknown, it is evident that BPH is not a form of cancer, neither does it cause cancer. The prostate is located below the bladder and is responsible for producing the fluid needed by semen. The growth of the prostate tissue that is associated with benign prostatic hyperplasia begins near the inner prostate which is a tissue ring around the urethra. Its growth is generally inward.
It is of common knowledge that in males, the urine originates from the bladder and flows through the urethra. BPH is a condition where the prostate experiences a benign i.e. non cancerous enlargement which leads to blockage of urine flow through the urethra (the urinary duct). The resultant enlargement, caused due to the gradual multiplication of cells, subjects the urethra to extra pressure. Further narrowing of the urethra causes more contraction of the bladder, resulting in the urine being forcefully pushed out of the body.
With time, the condition leads to the bladder muscles gradually becoming thicker, stronger and oversensitive. Contraction occurs even due to the presence of small amounts of urine, giving rise to frequent needs of urination. At one point, the bladder muscle is unable to overcome the effects of the narrowed urethra. Due to this, urine does not pass properly and the urethra is not emptied.
Some of the common symptoms of enlarged prostate include:
1. Frequent urination
2. Urgency to urinate
3. Difficulty during urination
4. A slow or weak urinary stream
5. Requirement of extra effort to urinate
6. Interrupted sleep due to need of urination
Sometimes, when the bladder is not emptied completely, a risk of urinary tract infections develops. Some other serious problems which can be a result of enlarged prostate include blood in urine, bladder stones as well as acute urinary retention (inability to urinate). In some rare cases, kidney and/or bladder damage might also result from such a condition.
A bladder infection is a bacterial infection within the bladder. Some people call a bladder infection a urinary tract infection (UTI). This refers to a bacterial infection anywhere in the urinary tract, such as the bladder, kidneys, ureters, or the urethra. While most cases of bladder infection occur suddenly (acute), others may recur over the long term (chronic). Early treatment is key to preventing the spread of the infection.
What causes Bladder Infection?
Bacteria that enter through the urethra and travel into the bladder cause bladder infections. Normally, the body removes the bacteria by flushing them out during urination. Men have added protection with the prostate gland, which secretes protective hormones as a safeguard against bacteria. Still, sometimes bacteria can attach to the walls of the bladder and multiply quickly. This overwhelms the body’s ability to destroy them, resulting in a bladder infection.
Bacteria that enter through the urethra and travel into the bladder cause bladder infections. Normally, the body removes the bacteria by flushing them out during urination. Men have added protection with the prostate gland, which secretes protective hormones as a safeguard against bacteria. Still, sometimes bacteria can attach to the walls of the bladder and multiply quickly.
Other factors can increase the risk of bladder infections for both men and women. These include:
Bladder infections can also cause back pain. This pain is associated with pain in the kidneys. Unlike muscular back pain, you might experience pain on both sides of your back or the middle of your back. Such symptoms mean the bladder infection has likely spread to the kidneys. A kidney infection can also cause a low fever.
What is Involuntary Urination?
Involuntary urination is condition in which person losses his control on bladder. It is the lack of bladder control. There is three types of involuntary urination:
1) Stress incontinence
2) Overactive bladder
3) Overflow incontinence.
Symptoms of Involuntary Urination-
Causes of Involuntary Urination-
Risk factors of Involuntary Urination-
Complications of Involuntary Urination-
Diagnosis of Involuntary Urination-
Diagnosis of Involuntary Urination :-
Precautions & Prevention of Involuntary Urination-
Treatment of Involuntary Urination-
Homeopathic Treatment of Involuntary Urination-
Homeopathic medicines help bladder muscle tone, infections, reducing discomfort and encouraging fast recovery. Homoeopathic remedies are also useful when a person feels anxious both before and during urination. Following are few homeopathic remedies for involuntary urination.
Acupuncture and Acupressure Treatment of Involuntary Urination-
Acupuncture can stimulate the sympathetic regulation and parasympathetic bladder detrusor role, thus enabling storage of urine bladder and urinary function to adjust.
Psychotherapy and Hypnotherapy Treatment of Involuntary Urination-
Psychotherapy and hypnotherapy treatment of Involuntary Urination helped to alter their thoughts and feelings about urination and public bathrooms. It involves the treatments such as encouragement of self-reliance, participation in management, inculcation of self-respect and responsibility are also recommended by many experts. .
Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Involuntary Urination-
Allopathic medicines are used to help stop involuntary spasms of the bladder and stop contractions of bladder muscle that cause some kinds of bladder control problems.
Surgical Treatment of Involuntary Urination-
There are four major options for bladder surgery: retropubic suspension, urethral sling procedure, bladder stone removal, and artificial urinary sphincter.
Dietary & Herbal Treatment of Involuntary Urination-
Other Treatment of Involuntary Urination-
Daily exercising of pelvic muscles can improve, and even prevent, urinary incontinence. This is particularly helpful for younger women.
The urinary system of our body consists of kidneys, ureter, bladder, and urethra. A urinary tract infection occurs in the system and is the most common disease in women, especially during pregnancy. Pregnancy leads to many hormonal changes in a woman’s body. The changes increase the risk of vesicoureteral flux and urinary stasis. Though most of the infections are limited to the bladder and urethra, sometimes it might even affect the kidneys. When the UTI reaches the kidneys during pregnancy, it can lead to premature child birth and below average weight of the baby after birth.
Why are pregnant women more susceptible to UTI?
Pregnant women are considered to be immunocompromised UTI hosts. It is due to the physiological changes that a woman undergoes during this period. The changes raise the risk of serious infectious complications from symptomatic and asymptomatic urinary infections.
Hormones cause changes in the body during pregnancy and these hormonal changes are one of the main reasons behind getting an infection. The developing uterus presses on the bladder as you carry the baby and it grows with time, and this makes it hard for the woman to let out all the urine which is unhygienic. It becomes difficult to empty the bladder; as a result, it becomes more prone to reflux. It is a state where some of the urine travels back to the ureter and finally to the kidneys.
The symptoms to look out for
Why should you be worried?
Asymptomatic bacteriuria is a bacterial infection in the urinary tract and which shows no symptoms as such. If the woman is not pregnant, then the asymptomatic infection would not be severe. Moreover, it would clear on its own. On the other hand, if the person is pregnant, this type of bacterial disease needs to be treated immediately as there is a chance of a kidney infection if it is left untreated.
When the progesterone levels are high, it decreases the muscle tone of the ureter causing them to dilate and slowing the urine flow. The slow rate of the flow of urine gives the bacteria more time to multiply and take hold of the bladder before the urine is flushed out of the system. It becomes easier for those bacteria to flow back to the kidneys. Moreover, during pregnancy, the urine becomes less acidic and contains more glucose, a condition which is suited for bacterial growth.
Drinking plenty of water prevents you from a Urinary Tract Infection during pregnancy. If you detect any of the symptoms, report to your doctor who would advise urine test to perform diagnosis and proceed with the treatment.