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Urinary Tract Infection Tips

Frequent Urination - Is It A Sign Of Enlarged Prostate?

Dr. Gautam 85% (29 ratings)
MS - General Surgery, Mch - Urology
Urologist, Darbhanga
Frequent Urination - Is It A Sign Of Enlarged Prostate?

The condition of enlarged prostate occurs due to the enlargement of a man’s prostate gland, with the passage in time. Also known as benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), it is more common in men over the age of 60. Some cases might have symptoms and others may be symptomless. Although the causes are relatively unknown, it is evident that BPH is not a form of cancer, neither does it cause cancer. The prostate is located below the bladder and is responsible for producing the fluid needed by semen. The growth of the prostate tissue that is associated with benign prostatic hyperplasia begins near the inner prostate which is a tissue ring around the urethra. Its growth is generally inward.

It is of common knowledge that in males, the urine originates from the bladder and flows through the urethra. BPH is a condition where the prostate experiences a benign i.e. non cancerous enlargement which leads to blockage of urine flow through the urethra (the urinary duct). The resultant enlargement, caused due to the gradual multiplication of cells, subjects the urethra to extra pressure. Further narrowing of the urethra causes more contraction of the bladder, resulting in the urine being forcefully pushed out of the body.

With time, the condition leads to the bladder muscles gradually becoming thicker, stronger and oversensitive. Contraction occurs even due to the presence of small amounts of urine, giving rise to frequent needs of urination. At one point, the bladder muscle is unable to overcome the effects of the narrowed urethra. Due to this, urine does not pass properly and the urethra is not emptied.

Some of the common symptoms of enlarged prostate include:
1. Frequent urination
2. Urgency to urinate
3. Difficulty during urination
4. A slow or weak urinary stream
5. Requirement of extra effort to urinate
6. Interrupted sleep due to need of urination

Further risks
Sometimes, when the bladder is not emptied completely, a risk of urinary tract infections develops. Some other serious problems which can be a result of enlarged prostate include blood in urinebladder stones as well as acute urinary retention (inability to urinate). In some rare cases, kidney and/or bladder damage might also result from such a condition.

2663 people found this helpful

What Causes Bladder Infections?

Dr. Yukti Wadhawan 85% (10 ratings)
MBBS, MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Advanced Laparoscopy & Hysteroscopy Training Programme, Diploma In Ultrasound, Fellowship In Reproductive Medicine & ART
Gynaecologist, Delhi
What Causes Bladder Infections?

A bladder infection is a bacterial infection within the bladder. Some people call a bladder infection a urinary tract infection (UTI). This refers to a bacterial infection anywhere in the urinary tract, such as the bladder, kidneys, ureters, or the urethra. While most cases of bladder infection occur suddenly (acute), others may recur over the long term (chronic). Early treatment is key to preventing the spread of the infection.

What causes Bladder Infection?
Bacteria that enter through the urethra and travel into the bladder cause bladder infections. Normally, the body removes the bacteria by flushing them out during urination. Men have added protection with the prostate gland, which secretes protective hormones as a safeguard against bacteria. Still, sometimes bacteria can attach to the walls of the bladder and multiply quickly. This overwhelms the body’s ability to destroy them, resulting in a bladder infection.
Bacteria that enter through the urethra and travel into the bladder cause bladder infections. Normally, the body removes the bacteria by flushing them out during urination. Men have added protection with the prostate gland, which secretes protective hormones as a safeguard against bacteria. Still, sometimes bacteria can attach to the walls of the bladder and multiply quickly.

Other factors can increase the risk of bladder infections for both men and women. These include:

  • Advanced age
  • Insufficient fluid intake
  • Surgical procedure within the urinary tract
  • A urinary catheter
  • Urinary obstruction, which is a blockage in the bladder or urethra
  • Urinary tract abnormality, which is caused by birth defects or injuries
  • Urinary retention, which means difficulty emptying the bladder
  • Narrowed urethra
  • Bowel incontinence
  • Pregnancy
  • Diabetes

Symptoms for Bladder Infections

  • Cloudy or bloody urine
  • Urinating more often than usual
  • Foul-smelling urine
  • Pain or burning when urinating
  • A frequent sensation of having to urinate, which is called urgency
  • Cramping or pressure in the lower abdomen or lower back

Bladder infections can also cause back pain. This pain is associated with pain in the kidneys. Unlike muscular back pain, you might experience pain on both sides of your back or the middle of your back. Such symptoms mean the bladder infection has likely spread to the kidneys. A kidney infection can also cause a low fever.

4060 people found this helpful

Involuntary Urination - What Causes It?

Dr. Radhika A (Md) 84% (13 ratings)
MD - Acupuncture, Diploma In Accupuncture, Advanced Diploma In Accupuncture
Acupuncturist, Delhi
Involuntary Urination - What Causes It?

What is Involuntary Urination?

Involuntary urination is condition in which person losses his control on bladder. It is the lack of bladder control. There is three types of involuntary urination:

1) Stress incontinence

2) Overactive bladder

3) Overflow incontinence.

Symptoms of Involuntary Urination-

  • Stress on bladder such as coughing, sneezing, laughing, exercising or lifting something heavy.
  • Physically changes resulting from pregnancy
  • Strong push to urinate
  • Inability to empty your bladder
  • Functional incontinence in older adults
  • Continuous leaking of urine

Causes of Involuntary Urination-

Risk factors of Involuntary Urination-

  • Overweight
  • Smoking
  • Women are higher chance of involuntary Urination than men
  • Old age
  • Kidney diseases

Complications of Involuntary Urination-

  • Skin infections
  • Lack of concentration
  • Repeated urinary tract infections
  • Embarrassment in personal life

Diagnosis of Involuntary Urination-

Diagnosis of Involuntary Urination :-

  • Doctor may ask you to keep a bladder diary for one or two weeks.
  • Common test such as Urinalysis and blood test
  • Special test such as Postvoid residual (PVR) measurement, Pelvic ultrasound, Stress test, Urodynamic testing, Cystogram & Cystoscopy

Precautions & Prevention of Involuntary Urination-

  • Avoiding taking tea or coffee before bedtime
  • Do not smoke
  • Go to the bathroom at regular times
  • Maintain a healthy weight

Treatment of Involuntary Urination-

  • Homeopathic Treatment of Involuntary Urination
  • Acupuncture Treatment of Involuntary Urination
  • Psychotherapy Treatment of Involuntary Urination
  • Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Involuntary Urination
  • Surgical Treatment of Involuntary Urination
  • Dietary & Herbal Treatment of Involuntary Urination
  • Other Treatment of Involuntary Urination

Homeopathic Treatment of Involuntary Urination-

Homeopathic medicines help bladder muscle tone, infections, reducing discomfort and encouraging fast recovery. Homoeopathic remedies are also useful when a person feels anxious both before and during urination. Following are few homeopathic remedies for involuntary urination.

  • Arnica
  • Equisetum
  • Lycopodium
  • Borax
  • Belladonna
  • Causticum
  • Kreosotum
  • Ferrum phos

Acupuncture and Acupressure Treatment of Involuntary Urination-

Acupuncture can stimulate the sympathetic regulation and parasympathetic bladder detrusor role, thus enabling storage of urine bladder and urinary function to adjust. 

Psychotherapy and Hypnotherapy Treatment of Involuntary Urination-

Psychotherapy and hypnotherapy treatment of Involuntary Urination helped to alter their thoughts and feelings about urination and public bathrooms. It involves the treatments such as encouragement of self-reliance, participation in management, inculcation of self-respect and responsibility are also recommended by many experts. .

Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Involuntary Urination-

Allopathic medicines are used to help stop involuntary spasms of the bladder and stop contractions of bladder muscle that cause some kinds of bladder control problems.

Surgical Treatment of Involuntary Urination-

There are four major options for bladder surgery: retropubic suspension, urethral sling procedure, bladder stone removal, and artificial urinary sphincter.

Dietary & Herbal Treatment of Involuntary Urination-

  • Eat diet rich in fiber
  • Limit your drinks

Other Treatment of Involuntary Urination-

Daily exercising of pelvic muscles can improve, and even prevent, urinary incontinence. This is particularly helpful for younger women.

UTI During Pregnancy - Why Should You Worry?

Dr. Sadhana Kala 86% (11 ratings)
MBBS, MS - Obstetrics & Gynaecology , FACS (USA)
Gynaecologist, Delhi
UTI During Pregnancy - Why Should You Worry?

The urinary system of our body consists of kidneys, ureter, bladder, and urethra. A urinary tract infection occurs in the system and is the most common disease in women, especially during pregnancy. Pregnancy leads to many hormonal changes in a woman’s body. The changes increase the risk of vesicoureteral flux and urinary stasis. Though most of the infections are limited to the bladder and urethra, sometimes it might even affect the kidneys. When the UTI reaches the kidneys during pregnancy, it can lead to premature child birth and below average weight of the baby after birth.

Why are pregnant women more susceptible to UTI?
Pregnant women are considered to be immunocompromised UTI hosts. It is due to the physiological changes that a woman undergoes during this period. The changes raise the risk of serious infectious complications from symptomatic and asymptomatic urinary infections.

Hormones cause changes in the body during pregnancy and these hormonal changes are one of the main reasons behind getting an infection. The developing uterus presses on the bladder as you carry the baby and it grows with time, and this makes it hard for the woman to let out all the urine which is unhygienic. It becomes difficult to empty the bladder; as a result, it becomes more prone to reflux. It is a state where some of the urine travels back to the ureter and finally to the kidneys.

The symptoms to look out for

  • The need to urinate often and with an urgency
  • Feeling of burning sensation during urination
  • Cramps in the lower back or lower belly
  • The color of the urine is not transparent and has an odor to it

Why should you be worried?
Asymptomatic bacteriuria is a bacterial infection in the urinary tract and which shows no symptoms as such. If the woman is not pregnant, then the asymptomatic infection would not be severe. Moreover, it would clear on its own. On the other hand, if the person is pregnant, this type of bacterial disease needs to be treated immediately as there is a chance of a kidney infection if it is left untreated.

When the progesterone levels are high, it decreases the muscle tone of the ureter causing them to dilate and slowing the urine flow. The slow rate of the flow of urine gives the bacteria more time to multiply and take hold of the bladder before the urine is flushed out of the system. It becomes easier for those bacteria to flow back to the kidneys. Moreover, during pregnancy, the urine becomes less acidic and contains more glucose, a condition which is suited for bacterial growth.

Drinking plenty of water prevents you from a Urinary Tract Infection during pregnancy. If you detect any of the symptoms, report to your doctor who would advise urine test to perform diagnosis and proceed with the treatment.

1 person found this helpful

Fibroids Uterus - Know More About It!

Dr. Radhika A (Md) 84% (13 ratings)
MD - Acupuncture, Diploma In Accupuncture, Advanced Diploma In Accupuncture
Acupuncturist, Delhi
Fibroids Uterus - Know More About It!


What is Fibroids Uterus?

Uterine fibroids are tumors which grow from cells forming the muscle of the uterus. Fibroids in the uterus are growths made up of smooth muscle tissue. Most women have them. They are usually so small that they do not cause any discomfort but when they grow too large they can cause bad symptoms. 

Symptoms of Fibroids Uterus-

Causes of Fibroids Uterus-

  • Genetic factor
  • Higher levels of Hormones like estrogen and progesterone

Risk factors of Fibroids Uterus-

Diagnosis of Fibroids Uterus-

Diagnosis includes below:

  • Pelvic examination
  • Test includes Either CT scan or an ultrasound

Precautions & Prevention of Fibroids Uterus-

There is no known  Precautions & Prevention for uterine fibroids. But getting regular exercise may help in the  Precautions & Prevention of fibroids uterus.

Treatment of Fibroids Uterus

  • Homeopathic Treatment of Fibroids Uterus
  • Acupuncture Treatment of Fibroids Uterus
  • Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Fibroids Uterus
  • Surgical Treatment of Fibroids Uterus
  • Dietary & Herbal Treatment of Fibroids Uterus
  • Other Treatment of Fibroids Uterus

Treatment of Fibroids Uterus-

Homeopathic Treatment of Fibroids Uterus-

The homeopathic remedies for uterine fibroids usually reduce symptoms and also they shrink the tumors. It helps to preserve the fertility of the female. Following are some homeopathic remedies for Fibroids Uterus.

  • Trillium pendulum
  • Medorrhinum
  • Thuja
  • Silicea
  • Myristica Sebifera
  • Aurum Muriaticum

Acupuncture Treatment of Fibroids Uterus-

Acupuncture treatments for fibroids effectively reduce the symptoms and decrease fibroid size. Acupuncture can help you to conceive naturally. Acupuncture treatment can promote fast recovery and prevent future fibroids from forming. 

Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Fibroids Uterus-

The conventional treatment for women 40 years of age and older is hysterectomy and bilateral oophorectomy.

Surgical Treatment of Fibroids Uterus-

  • Myomectomy: A surgical procedure done to remove only the tumors from the uterus.
  • Embolization: This is a surgical procedure that involves cutting off the blood supply to the fibroid.
  • Myolysis: A procedure which uses electric shock to shrink the fibroids. 

Dietary & Herbal Treatment of Fibroids Uterus-

  • Eat more green vegetables & fruit
  • Avoid alcohol, sugar and saturated fats
  • Get plenty of B vitamins, calcium, magnesium and potassium 

Other Treatment of Fibroids Uterus-

Yoga exercises may ease the feelings of heaviness and pressure. 

Urinary Tract Infection - 5 Effective Tips To Prevent It!

Dr. Ravinder Singh 86% (10 ratings)
DNB (Nephrology), M.D ( Internal Medicine), MBBS
Nephrologist, Noida
Urinary Tract Infection - 5 Effective Tips To Prevent It!

The structure responsible for production, transportation, storage and excretion of urine form the urinary tract. Kidney, ureters, bladder and urethra are structures involved in urine formation and excretion process. Kidney filters nearly 3 ounces of blood, removes waste materials every minute. When these get infected with entry of any micro organism or any other pathological condition, then the person gets urinary tract infection (UTI).

Causes and symptoms
Urinary tract infections are more common in women than men because of the small size of the urethra (4cms) and also because of the squatting position of voiding. Entry of organisms like bacteria, viruses and fungi are the major cause of UTI. The person may experience burning sensation and pain when voiding, fever is indicated when the infection has reached the kidneys or prostate glands in male. Other symptoms include pain in back, ribs, nausea and vomiting.

Preventive measures
Though antibiotics are used to treat the present infection there are increased chance of getting the recurrent infection. So it is best advised to follow the preventive measures to stay away safely from getting infected

  1. Drink plenty of water nearly 2- 3litres of water per day and urinate when you feel the need , don’t control or resist voiding when you feel the urge as this may give room for the organisms to grow well
  2. Urinate after sexual intercourse. change the birth control measures if UTI is a recurrent problem
  3. Wash front to back, wipe off thoroughly after emptying the bladder so as to prevent the entry of organisms into the urethra.
  4. Avoid wearing tight fitting clothes. Always prefer cotton inner garments and loose fitting clothes so that air entry keeps the area moist and free from bacteria.
  5. Cranberry juice works best and it is the natural treatment for bladder infections. Cranberries have a special substance that can avoid the entry of E.coli into the bladder, but it does not have much effect on recurrent UTI infections.
2768 people found this helpful

Urinary Tract Infection - Causes And Symptoms!

Dr. Praveen Pushkar 89% (114 ratings)
MBBS, MS - General Surgery, DNB Urology, MCh [Urology & Kidney Transplant]
Urologist, Faridabad
Urinary Tract Infection - Causes And Symptoms!

Infection caused in the kidneys, bladder, urethra or the ureters is known as urinary tract infection. According to doctors, women are generally more at risk of suffering from this condition than men.  

Some of the causes which contribute to the development of this infection are:

  1. Invasion of bacteria: Like any other infection, one of the causes of urinary tract infection is the invasion of the bacteria Escherichia coli in the bladder. This type of bacteria is most commonly found in the gastrointestinal tract and is most often held responsible for urinary tract infection.
  2. Spreading of the bacteria from anus to urethra: The spread of the gastrointestinal bacteria from the anus to the urethra leads to the infection of the urethra thereby causing urinary tract infection. 

Some of the symptoms of urinary tract infection are:

  1. A nagging urge to urinate: One of the most predominant symptoms of urinary tract infection is a persistent, nagging urge to urinate. You would know your urinary tract is infected when you feel the urgency to urinate extremely frequently.
  2. There is a burning sensation when you urinate: The symptoms of urinary infection are extremely visible and are felt intensely by the one suffering from it. If you feel a burning sensation while urinating, chances are extremely high that you are suffering from urinary tract infection.
  3. Red colored urine: Sometimes your urine may contain perceptible amount of blood in them. In most cases, presence of blood in urine is a definite sign of urinary tract infection.
  4. Foul smelled urine: An internal infection in the urinary tract manifests itself in different ways. One of the chief symptoms of this infection is discharging foul smelling urine.
  5. Pain in the pelvic area: Women who suffer from urinary tract infection experience excruciating pain near the pelvic area, sometimes extending to the pubic bone.
2 people found this helpful

Recurrent Urinary Tract Infections - How To Stop It?

Dr. Abhishek Bose 88% (13 ratings)
M Ch urology, MS - General Surgery
Urologist, Darbhanga
Recurrent Urinary Tract Infections - How To Stop It?

Are you suffering from a urinary tract infection and are looking for effective ways to deal with the condition?

Urinary tract infection implies infection either in the urinary bladder or kidneys - While bladder infections are common in women, kidney infections are uncommon. Men by and large don't suffer UTI. So if a male has UTI, evaluation of an underlying cause like stone, benign prostatic hypertrophy etc. should be done.

Most urinary tract infections are simple to treat, with some antibiotics for 3 days. In cases of Diabetes, Renal failure, patients with prior surgery, further evaluation and longer therapy are needed.

In most cases of recurring UTI, there is an underlying cause. Hence a urological evaluation should be done for recurring UTI. 

2631 people found this helpful

Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) - Ways To Prevent It!

Dr. Aarti Kulkarni 87% (110 ratings)
MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Thane
Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) - Ways To Prevent It!

UTI is a bacterial infection of the urinary tract. Recurrent UTI or chronic UTI if remain untreated can even lead to an organ failure. UTI is the second most common infection in the body. In reproductive age, there is a 10 fold increase in incidence in women than in men.


  • Short urethra 
  • Sexual intercourse
  • Close proximity of urethral opening to the areas like vagina and vulva which are contaminated heavily with bacteria
  • Recurrent vaginal infection

You may be suffering from UTI if:

  1. You feel a pain in pelvis while urinating
  2. You feel the need to urinate again and again and despite urgency you manage to pee only little
  3. You feel burning while urinating or you have to stop urination in between because of excessive burning
  4. Urine appears red or cloudy or bright pink with strong smell.

In severe infection, you may suffer from fever with chills, nausea and vomiting. Bad hygiene, sexual intercourse, recurrent vaginal infections, dehydration, holding urine for too long, pregnancy, catheterization while surgery, hypo-estrogenic state like menopause, having diabetes mellitus are some reasons and predisposing factors behind UTI.

If you feel any of the symptoms of UTI you must visit doctor and get urine microscopic examination done. To get proper result patient should collect midstream urine sample in sterile container after washing the private parts.

In chronic or recurring UTI, more extended investigation protocols like intravenous pyelography, cystoscopy (endoscopy of urinary bladder via urethra) are indicated.


  • The urge for urination should not be suppressed.
  • Drinking water helps dilute your urine and ensures that you'll urinate more frequently — allowing bacteria to be flushed from your urinary tract before an infection can begin.
  • Wipe from front to back. Doing so after urinating and after a bowel movement helps prevent bacteria in the anal region from spreading to the vagina and urethra.
  • Empty your bladder soon after intercourse. 
  • Change your birth control method. Diaphragms or unlubricated or spermicide-treated condoms can contribute to bacterial growth.
  • Don't use feminine deodorants. These sprays can irritate your genital area and increase your risk of UTI.
  • Wear cotton underwear. Cotton fabric allows moisture escape while other fabrics can trap moisture, which creates a potential breeding ground for bacteria. Also, avoid tight-fitting clothing.
  • Avoid vaginal dryness
  • Get help for recurrent UTI. 
  • Avoid intake of hot, oily, spicy, sour, salty, and bitter foods.
  • Increase intake of liquids in the form of water, juices, coconut water, and other cooling drinks.
  • Increase intake of pitta-pacifying herbs like green cardamom, coriander, licorice root, black resins, gulkand and kokam syrup etc.
  • Alcohol and coffee should be forbidden.
  • Coriander and cumin seed water: Soak coriander and cumin seeds overnight in 6 times water. Drink 30 to 50 ml water next morning after sieving or filtering. Prepare fresh every day.
  • Punarnavashtak kwath, Varunadi kwath, Chandrakala rasa, Chandraprabha vati etc are some of the ayurvedic medicines which are used treat UTI, those should be taken under proper guidance, if you suffer from UTI.
4501 people found this helpful

8 Effective & Healthy Healing Food!

Dt. Surabhi Jain 93% (1769 ratings)
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Lucknow
8 Effective & Healthy Healing Food!

1. FIGS – A rare fruit of source of calcium, figs may help prevent the bone loss. They are very high in fiber, so that which is reduce the risk of cancers. Eat them like this: Slice fresh, unpeeled figs, and serve it with cheese or on a salad; toss dried figs into a mix of dried fruits, grains, and nuts, even chocolate. Fig’s that aren’t completely ripe can irritate the mouth, so look for soft, aromatic ones.

2. BEETS – Nutrient-packed beets may sharpen your mind. They produce nitric acid, which helps increase blood flow throughout your body – including the areas of the brain that are associated with degeneration and dementia. Eat them like this: Roast, then puree beets into a dip with curd that has been drained in a cloth or filter to remove the whey, and horseradish, or grate raw beets into a salad.

3. FRESH CRANBERRIES: Sure, cranberries are the superstar at treating urinary tract infection, but these tart little fruits may also help prevent heart disease. They are rich in anthocyanin, flavones, and proanthocyanidins, plant chemicals that keep LDL cholesterol from oxidizing and sticking to artery walls. Eat them like this: Sauté cranberries and serve with meat, or combine with banana, pineapple, and orange for a fruit salad – the sweeter fruits naturally balance out the tartness.

4. ORANGEPITH: You already know that orange is a great source of vitamin C, but eat as much as you can of the pith –the spongy white layer between the zest and the pulp that clings to a peeled orange –too. Although bitter, the pith stores a good amount of the fiber and antioxidants, (Try to choose organic oranges if you eat the pith). Eat like it this: Put whole orange slices in a smoothie; roast thin slices and serve with the whole wheat pancakes.

5. EGGS: These inexpensive protein sources crackle with health benefits: Zinc and Iron support healthy hair and strong nails, and lecithin yolks are rich in chorine, who helps repair neurological damage and move cholesterol through the bloodstream. Eat them like this: Scramble eggs with a handful of spinach, or top a bowl of vegetables and brown rice with a (lightly) fried egg, sesame seeds, and soya sauce for a Korean-inspired meal.

6. SESAME SEEDS: The seeds are also one of the richest sources of iron, and when people with high level of LDL cholesterol ate a few spoonfuls of sesame seeds a day, their LDL level dropped by almost 10 percent more than when they followed a healthy diet sans sesame seed. Eat them like this: Sprinkle toasted sesame seeds on oatmeal; top steamed vegetables with sesame seeds and sesame or olive oil; make hummus with tahini, a sesame seed butter.

7. BROCCOLI: The sulforaphane in broccoli may help your body fight off infections that inflame the lungs and arteries. Surprisingly, frozen verities may contain 35% more beta-carotene by weight than fresh broccoli. Finally, broccoli’s high level of vitamin C helps create collagen, which keeps the firm, glowing and healthy skin. Eat it like this: Toss steamed florets with tomato sauce and toasted walnuts for a side fish, or scatter atop a pizza before baking.

8. CELERY LEAVES: Celery leaves are the most nutritious part of the plant and that is containing high iron, calcium, potassium, beta-carotene, and vitamin C and also vitamin D than the stalks. Eat them like this: Use like parsley, or mix into salad.

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