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Urinary Incontinence (Ui) Tips

Urinary Incontinence In Men - Know Forms Of It!

Dr.Nikhil Sharma 90% (25ratings)
MBBS, MS - General Surgery, DNB (Urology)
Urologist, Ghaziabad
Urinary Incontinence In Men - Know Forms Of It!

While certain health conditions cause physical trauma, there are conditions that cause mental trauma as well. One such problem is urinary incontinence that causes embarrassment in the sufferer. Urinary incontinence is a clinical condition where there is a loss of bladder control which invariably leads to accidental leakage of urine. An individual suffering from this condition may feel an urgent need to pass urine right before passing a significant amount of urine.

The severity of the condition can be under control, or it could be a major concern. Some people are not able to take part in the day to day activities such as lifting heavy weights or exercising, and it leads to emotional distress. The condition may cause other issues and increase one's chance of developing other health issues like high blood sugar and obesity.

What are the possible causes?

  • Urinary incontinence in men occurs when the brain fails to give the signal to the bladder for the sphincters to squeeze properly. It may cause contraction of the bladder muscles to a great extent or fail to contract altogether. If the sphincter muscles or the associated nerves are damaged, it can lead to various issues.
  • Moreover, some people are born with problems in the urinary tract, which increases the chances of developing urinary incontinence. Also, a history of surgery involving the urinary tract or prostate cancer or radiation therapy for prostate cancer may cause this problem in men.
  • It is important to note that urinary incontinence is not a disease. It is instead regarded as a symptom of some health issue or any incident.

Knowing the type is crucial to decide on the treatment
There are mainly four types of urinary incontinence in men which include:

  1. Urgency incontinence: This happens when a person starts urinating involuntarily after the urgent need to urinate. It is primarily caused by involuntary bladder contractions triggered by abnormal nerve signals.
  2. Stress incontinence: This may result from movements exerting pressure on the bladder and causing leakage of urine. This stress may result from coughing, sneezing, laughing or any other physical activity.
  3. Functional incontinence: This type of urinary incontinence takes place when some physical disability or external obstacles or problems keep a person from urinating at the right time. For instance, a man in a wheelchair may face difficulties in going to the toilet in time.
  4. Overflow incontinence: If the bladder is not able to empty correctly then it may result in the spilling of excess urine leading to urinary incontinence. People suffering from urinary incontinence may require frequent urination since they are only able to release a small part of what their bladder can hold.

What are the treatment options for urinary incontinence in men?
A healthcare professional may recommend behavioural and lifestyle changes along with other therapies such as pelvic floor exercises and bladder training to help reduce the severity of urinary incontinence in men. In severe cases, medications are prescribed to establish bladder control.

A pretty common condition in the elderlies, urinary incontinence can be treated and managed with awareness and medical help.

900 people found this helpful

PRP And Laser Treatment Of Urinary Incontinence!

Dr.Megha Tuli 97% (1871ratings)
MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, MBBS, Masters in Aesthetic Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Bangalore
PRP And Laser Treatment Of Urinary Incontinence!

Urinary incontinence refers to a condition where an individual loses control of the bladder. UI is a common, distressing problem, which can largely affect your quality of life. A number of factors could be causing urinary incontinence – stress, obesity, or simply coughing/sneezing. The chances of developing UI increase with age.

PRP for Urinary Incontinence -
Platelet Rich Plasma or PRP treatment offers viable, safe management for urinary incontinence in people. It belongs to the branch of Regenerative Medicine. To put it simply, PRP therapy involves drawing out a tiny amount of blood, concentrating the platelets, and injecting platelet-rich-plasma into the targeted area for regeneration.

PRP therapy can be effective in eliminating or reducing incontinence, as it regenerates the healthy tissues in your body to alter a few changes leading to UI. The relatively painless, simple procedure rejuvenates muscles, nerves, and urethral/bladder/clitoral/vaginal interface.

What to Expect? 
Patients undergoing PRP treatment experience reduced symptoms of urinary incontinence. The therapy also works to improve and strengthen your orgasmic activity, clitoris sensation and reduce pain during sex.
The procedure typically does not involve side effects, as it is done using your own plasma/blood. In most cases, the results of platelet-rich-plasma procedure last from 18 months to 3 years.

Laser Treatment for Urinary Incontinence -
Laser therapy has gained recognition as a promising treatment approach for urinary incontinence. CO2 laser and ER: YAG laser are the two techniques usually used for the procedure.
Laser beam focused on the targeted area penetrates 10-11mm deep into the skin without damaging the vaginal mucosa and the internal organs. Based on photothermic effect, the laser treatment is performed smoothly without sewing and cutting through the skin.

Why Opt for Laser Treatment?
Laser therapy for urinary incontinence is a preferred choice of treatment due to the following reasons –

• It is a minimally invasive procedure
• Relatively painless – does not require anaesthesia
• No special preparation is needed prior to the treatment
• Relatively safe procedure – no risk of tissue damage
• It is an outpatient procedure

What to Expect Following Laser Treatment?
You can expect to get back to routine activities immediately after the treatment. Results are observed soon after the procedure, and become more prominent as time passes – usually in about six months. However, keep in mind that the results are not permanent. You may have to undergo laser treatment again after 2 years.

Urinary incontinence is seen in both men and women but usually affects the female population. If you have been encountering problems controlling the bladder, you can opt for any of the above procedures. Nevertheless, it is advisable that you discuss both the treatment methods with a certified medical professional, who in this case, is a gynecologist.

1756 people found this helpful

Urinary Incontinence - How Can Diet Avert It?

MCh - Urology & Kidney Transplant, MS - General Surgery, MBBS
Urologist, Jaipur
Urinary Incontinence - How Can Diet  Avert It?

A common problem that is not restricted to older people is urinary incontinence, and many are not aware that behavioral strategies play an important role in controlling urinary incontinence. These include alterations in the diet, urinary habits, and lifestyle changes.

The required changes and alterations to be made are entirely dependent on the individual conditions of the patient. However, these are the most common tips as far as the diet to overcome urinary incontinence is concerned:

  1. Have the optimum amount of water: If you do not drink enough water, you are likely to get dehydrated. When you have incontinence, drinking a lot of water can also be detrimental. It means that drinking the recommended dose of 6 to 8 glasses of water could also pose a problem. On the other side, when you drink little water, you may end up irritating the bladder. That is why it is important to ask the doctor how much water you must drink.
  2. Avoid alcohol and smoking: Alcohol has a negative influence on the bladder as it can potentially affect the messages from the bladder which tells it to hold urine and to release it. When you are consuming alcohol, you are likely to lose the control over the signaling, and it would invariably result in incontinence. If you can cut out alcohol completely, it can definitely fetch the best results. If you cannot cut it down completely, you should consider reducing the amount considerably.
  3. Shun spicy foods: When you have to deal with an overactive bladder, you should refrain from eating spicy foods such as chilli peppers and horseradish. This is because spicy foods irritate the lining of the bladder and therefore they should be avoided at all costs. A viable alternative to these could be salads and fresh fruits and vegetables.
  4. Say no to caffeine: Caffeine makes you feel the urgency to use the toilet along with prompting the body to get rid of the liquid contents of the body. It is best to remove caffeine from the diet as much as possible. It is really difficult to get rid of teas, coffees, soft drinks and chocolate and if you feel that you are not able to cut it down, you should try to have your caffeine dose in the morning rather than night. It is, however, necessary to limit caffeine intake to one serving in a day.
  5. Stay away from citrus: Though fresh fruits and vegetables are always recommended, you should not consume citrus fruits such as lemons, pineapple, oranges since they can bother your bladder and make you feel the urge to go.

Along with these diet changes, if you are overweight, you should try to lose some weight since overweight can cast pressure on the bladder and result in incontinence. Thus, by making such minor yet crucial changes, the condition can be overcome easily.

968 people found this helpful

Can Fistula Be Treated Without Surgery?

Dr.Arun Singh 89% (309ratings)
BAMS, MD - General Surgery, Phd in Ayurveda
Ayurvedic Doctor, Varanasi
Can Fistula Be Treated Without Surgery?

Anal fistulas or fistula-in-ano generally cause discomfort due pus or watery discharges and sometimes pain. This is a condition where a nodular swelling appears in area surrounding the anal opening. Intermittent pus discharged is noticed from this nodular swelling. Instead of a nodular swelling; there might be simply an opening in this region. An anal abscess is one of the most common causes for this condition. Here are seven things you should know about these anal fistulas:

  1. It is curable through Ayurveda only: Till date many treatment options are tried to cure Anal Fistula which include Anal Fistula Surgery/ Glu technique/ cutting seton/ Colostomy/ Fistula plug/ VAAFT and many more. But all of these treatment methods have pretty high recurrence rate of about 20-25 %. However with Ksharsutra treatment for Anal Fistula; chances of recurrence are negligible. Other complications generally seen in surgery like bleeding, incontinence (inability to hold stool); are not seen with Ksharsutra Treatment. Clinical trials conducted by Indian Council for Medical Research (ICMR); at AIIMS New Delhi and PGI Chandigarh in 1992 have proved that Ksharsutra treatment is more convenient and more effective than Surgery in the patients of Anal Fistula. 
  2. There are symptoms you can look out for: Some of the symptoms that indicate anal fistulas include appearance of a nodular swelling in area surrounding Anal opening. Intermittent pus discharge is also observed from this swelling. Usually pain subsides and opening closes after the discharges; and patient feels relief. But after certain interval of time again pus accumulates; swelling re-appears with some amount of pain which is again relieved after the discharge. This cycle is repeated at varying interval in the patient of anal fistula.
  3. Medication can only provide temporary relief: Anti biotics and painkiller might give temporary relief from the symptoms. But after some time there will be again pus formation and associated swelling & pain in area surrounding anal opening. 
  4. Anal fistulas can recur after surgical treatment: As discussed above all the treatment options tried by modern medicine (including most recent treatment VAAFT) have high incidence of recurrence (about 20-25%) Whereas there are negligible chances of recurrence after Ksharsutra Treatment for Anal Fistula. . 
  5. Anal fistulas treated by Graded Ksharsutra do not recur: Ayurvedic treatment for anal fistulas is known as Kshar sutra therapy. This involves the use of medicated thread being ligated in Fistula Tract. The medicines present in this thread act as a strong debriding agent and induces healing of Fistula tract. In few weekly sittings of Ksharsutra change; Fistula gets healed completely and it do not recur. Pt. maintains his normal routine life during treatment period. 
  6. Sitz bath can be beneficial: This involves sitting in a tub filled with warm water so that the affected site is submerged. An antiseptic and astringent agent like Triphala decoction may be added to the water if needed. A sitz bath soothes the skin and provides relief from pain. This also helps keep the area clean and thus reduces chances of infection
  7. Oily and spicy foods should be avoided: When dealing with anal fistulas, you should try and take a diet that keeps your stool soft and regular. Hence use of oily and spicy foods should be reduced. Eat plenty of fiber and drink lots of water. Alcohol should also be avoided. 

Comparative Study: 

Ksharsutra vs Surgery in Anal Fistula Patients- 

  1. Ksharsutra is done under Local Anesthesia. Hence complications of General Anesthesia are avoided. Surgical procedures are done under GA with all impending complications of General Anesthesia. 
  2. Ksharsutra being a parasurgical procedure hence no bleeding/ cutting of tissue is involved. Surgery involves cutting/ bleeding. 
  3. No hospitalization or bed rest is required in Ksharsutra Treatment. In Surgery hospitalization is must. 
  4. In Ksharsutra; patient can continue his normal daily routine Surgery may require bed rest. 
  5. Complications like incontinence (inability to hold stool) and recurrence are seen after surgery
  6. Ksharsutra is a safe procedure and these complications are not seen. 
  7. Ksharsutra Treatment is more economical as compared to VAAFT surgery. VAAFT Surgery is comparatively too expensive.
2607 people found this helpful

Female Urinary Incontinence - How To Get Rid Of It?

Dr.Reena Kawatra 92% (4577ratings)
MBBS, MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Gurgaon
Female Urinary Incontinence - How To Get Rid Of It?

What is Urinary Incontinence?

Urinary incontinence is the unintentional discharge of urine. Urinary incontinence may manifest itself in different forms. This may include an overactive bladder, mixed or transient incontinence.

Causes of Incontinence-
Incontinence may be a result of weakened or damaged pelvic floor muscles or an obstruction in the bladder. It most often occurs in women after pregnancy and menopause. Rapid weight gain or a genetic pre-disposition can increase the risks of incontinence. With increasing age, the chances of incontinence increase.

Urinary incontinence can be non-surgically treated by a few simple measures. These include-

  1. Lifestyle Modifications- Obesity has been linked to urinary incontinence in women. A healthy and balanced diet with an adequate amount of physical exercise will help control your weight. You should also cut down on the amount of alcohol and caffeine that you consume. You should also regulate the amount of fluids that you consume. Drinking too little or too much can worsen incontinence.
  2. Pelvic Floor Muscle Exercises- The muscles of the pelvic floor are the ones that control urine flow. They are situated around the urethra and the bladder. Urinary incontinence may be caused by damaged or weakened pelvic floor muscles. Exercises designed to strengthen and tighten these muscles called kegel exercises are recommended by physicians to control urination. This exercise involves the repeated contraction and relaxation of the pelvic muscles.
  3. Bladder Training- Bladder training is a behavioral therapy that helps increase the time interval between bouts of urination. It also increases the amount of fluids that the bladder can hold before you feel the urge to empty it. It requires that you follow a fixed schedule for urination irrespective of your urge to urinate. The intervals are progressively increased.
  4. Incontinence Products- There are sanitary products like fluid soaking pads and pants that help manage incontinence. They help manage any accidental leakages that might occur.
  5. Medications- There are medicines that help regulate urination and strengthen muscles that control urine flow.
    • Duloxetine is a medicine that increases urethral muscle tone and helps to keep it closed. It is an oral medicine that should only be administered under the doctor’s supervision.
    • Antimuscarinics which commonly include tolterodine, oxybutynin, and darifenacin help regulate urination if you urinate frequently.
    • Mirabegron might be prescribed by your physician in an attempt to relax the bladder muscles. This will allow it to store urine for longer periods of time.

Urinary incontinence is prevalent mostly in older women and its treatment is a big part of their health and well-being.

1298 people found this helpful

Urinary Incontinence - Know Ways Of Tackling It!

Dr.Kuldip Singh 91% (257ratings)
Fellowship of the Royal College of Surgeons (FRCS), MS, MBBS
Urologist, Delhi
Urinary Incontinence - Know Ways Of Tackling It!

Urinary incontinence refers to the inability to control bladder movements. While it does not affect the person’s health, it can be an embarrassing condition. The severity of this condition can range from passing small amounts of urine every time you sneeze or cough, to getting a sudden strong urge to urinate without the time to get to a toilet. Urinary incontinence is not a disease by itself but rather is a sign of another underlying condition. It may be caused as a result of childbirth, age, menopause, prostate, or neurological disorder.

Treatment for this condition can take many forms:

  1. Medication: Urinary incontinence may be treated by many different types of medications depending on the underlying cause. Anticholinergics may be prescribed to calm the bladder muscles and reduce the urge to urinate frequently. Alpha blockers are typically prescribed to men to help them relax the prostate and bladder neck muscles so as to be able to pass urine freely. For women suffering from incontinence due to hormone fluctuations, topical estrogen may be helpful.
  2. Behavioural techniques: The patient will also be taught techniques to help control the bladder. This includes scheduling toilet visits every few hours rather than waiting for the urge to urinate. To avoid overflow incontinence, the patient may be advised to follow a double voiding process. This involves urinating, waiting for a few minutes and urinating again. Cutting back on diuretics such as alcohol, caffeine, etc can also help. In addition, regular exercise and physical activity can help ease the issue.
  3. Pelvic Floor Exercises: Pelvic floor exercises or Kegel exercises can help strengthen the pelvic muscles and prevent leakage. This involves contracting the pelvic muscles, holding them for a few seconds and then releasing them. Ideally, the patient should be able to hold the contraction for 10 seconds. This exercise should be performed in three sets of 10 repetitions each. It is very effective in treating stress and urge incontinence.
  4. Medical devices: Women suffering from severe urinary incontinence can consider the implantation of medical devices to help control the bladder. This includes a urethral insert to prevent leakage and a pessary or stiff ring to hold up the bladder muscles.
  5. SurgerySurgery is usually considered only as a last resort. This could be in the form of a sling procedure, bladder neck suspension, prolapse surgery or inserting an artificial urinary sphincter. These procedures may be used to treat many different types of incontinence.
1807 people found this helpful

INNOVO Transcutaneous Electrical Stimulator For Urinary Incontinence!

Dr.Satyajeet P Pattnaik 93% (967ratings)
MBBS, MS- General Surgery, MCH- Urology, Fellowship Minimal Access Surgery
Urologist, Mumbai
INNOVO Transcutaneous Electrical Stimulator For Urinary Incontinence!

This device was FDA approved late last year as the first transcutaneous stimulator with such an indication. 

It delivers electric current through the body toward muscles that control the pelvic floor, which in turn can help maintain continence in both men and women.

The technology provides a non-invasive option that, in a clinical trial, demonstrated that 87% of individuals were dry or nearly so after a three-month treatment. 80% of the women studied had results after only a month or therapy.

Urinary Incontinence in Women!

Dr.Pooja Kadhi 87% (10ratings)
MBBS, MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Diploma in Reproductive Medicine & Embryology, Fellowship in Gynaecology Endoscopy, certificate of achievement in aesthetic and functional gynecology 2018
Gynaecologist, Raipur
Urinary Incontinence in Women!

Involuntary and sudden urine loss in women is termed as urinary incontinence. Some of the contributory factors to urinary incontinence are menopause, pregnancy and childbirth.

There are seven types of urinary incontinence.

  1. Stress incontinence: If normal physical movements like sneezing, coughing and exercising cause small amounts of urine to leak out, it is called 'stress incontinence'.
  2. Urge incontinence: If large amounts of urine leak out during unexpected and at odd times, like during sleeping, it is called 'urge incontinence'.
  3. Overactive Bladder: This is characterized by frequent and urgent urination, along with urge incontinence or not.
  4. Functional incontinence: If external deterrents or physical disabilities like not being able to find a toilet, leads to sudden leakage of urine, it is called 'functional incontinence'.
  5. Overflow incontinence: A full bladder, at times, leads to unexpected leakage. This is called 'overflow incontinence'.
  6. Mixed incontinence: Whenever urge and stress incontinence occur together, it is categorized as 'mixed incontinence'.
  7. Transient incontinence: When urine leakage occurs due to temporary situations like infections or new medications, it is called 'transient incontinence'.


Urinary incontinence is not a disease; it is a symptom. Infections, diabetes, or other medical conditions can cause incontinence. If incontinence is temporary, the causes might be any or all of the following:

  1. Urinary tract infection
  2. Over consumption of alcohol
  3. Constipation
  4. Too much caffeine intake
  5. Consuming carbonated drinks
  6. Decaffeinated coffee and tea
  7. Use of artificial sweeteners
  8. Foods which are too spicy, acidic or sugary
  9. Corn syrup
  10. Being on sedatives, muscle relaxants, blood pressure and heart medications
  11. High doses of vitamin B and vitamin C

However, if incontinence is persistent, the symptoms might be different:

  1. Pregnancy: During pregnancy, hormonal changes and weight gain in the body can cause incontinence.
  2. Childbirth: Normal vaginal delivery weakens muscles that control the bladder, thus leading to incontinence.
  3. Age: The bladder muscles weaken with age which, in turn, affects the bladder urine holding capacity.
  4. Menopause: The levels of "oestrogen" hormone drop with the onset of menopause. Oestrogen keeps the lining of the urethra and bladder healthy. The gradual damage of the bladder tissues leads to incontinence.
  5. Hysterectomy: The bladder and uterus are supported by the same ligaments and muscles. Surgery deteriorates the pelvic floor muscles, thus removing the uterus can lead to incontinence.
  6. Obstruction: Tumours in the urinary tract can block the normal urine flow. This causes overflow incontinence.
  7. Neurological disorders: Parkinson's disease, multiple sclerosis, brain tumours, strokes or spinal injury can cause incontinence.


  1. Pelvic floor exercises: Pelvic floor muscles help in holding urine and when these muscles get weakened due to pregnancy or because of being overweight, leakage occurs. You have to carry out several exercises for improving the symptoms. Doing this exercise on a regular basis will prevent leakage and stop the existing leakage. These exercises are useful when you have a sudden urge for urination, and they involve the relaxation and contraction of the pelvic floor muscles.
  2. Less liquid consumption: Leakages are more likely to occur when the bladder is full and drinking any kind of liquid will make you feel like urinating. You must limit your consumption of alcohol and caffeine as these cause the urine to increase. 
  3. Bathroom schedule: In case you have to visit the bathroom too often or frequently, you must try to increase the time between bathroom visits. You have to practice bladder training along with pelvic floor exercises. Slowly, you will be able to reduce your bathroom visits.
  4. Wearable devices: You can use wearable devices for placing support in the vagina as these prevent leakage. You may be fitted with a silicon device known as a pessary. Tampons can be used for the prevention of leaks as well. Tampons are recommended for women who leak during activities such as running. For preventing shock syndrome, the tampon should be changed every six hours.
  5. Weight loss: Obesity and extra weight cause urinary incontinence as these put extra pressure on the bladder or the urethra, which is the tube which starts from the bladder. This is associated with stress incontinence and leaks due to sneezingcoughing, lifting or laughing. Heavier women are more likely to face this problem and weight loss can help in managing the same.
  6. PRP Treatment: In Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) treatment blood is extracted from the body, then platelet-rich plasma is separated from other components in the blood, thus, activating the growth factors and then the solution is deposited in the specific tissues. Most women experience significant improvement in urinary incontinence within the first week of treatment.
  7. ThermiVa is a non-surgical, safe, and a non-invasive method for rejuvenation and tightening of vaginal and labia. It is a form of energy treatment that uses heat therapy through Radio Frequency (RF) waves that boost collagen synthesis, tightening, and shrinkage of female genital tissues. Women who suffer from vaginal dryness, urinary incontinence, vaginal laxity, prolapse, and/or orgasmic dysfunction due to a change in the levels of hormones or after childbirth can get it treated with ThermiVa. ThermiVa is the first thermal-controlled and non-surgical radio frequency method to reduce symptoms related to such gynecological conditions.


The treatment involves the device with the temperature raised up to 65 degree Celsius which revolves inside the vagina and hence massaging it. It uses HIFU, i.e., High- Intensity Focused Ultrasound waves, which encourages collagen production in the vagina. It is an extremely versatile method which is also used in the treatment of prostate cancer and facelifts. The best part of the treatment is that the treatment requires no downtime as the procedure is painless. ThermiVa also helps in improving sexual pleasure. In the treatment, therapeutic radio frequency is used for the tightening of labia and the vaginal canal. The ThermiVa
treatment has been repeatedly compared to a warm and gentle massage.

When is Treatment Done?

It is a feminine rejuvenation treatment which can be used by women for reversing the after effects of childbirth and aging. This treatment is undertaken by women who are not convinced with the appearance of the labia, who suffer from vaginal laxity, who have orgasmic problems or even those who are suffering from sexual dissatisfaction. The treatment is also ideal for the women who are suffering from pelvic prolapse or vaginal dryness. ThermiVa treatment is suitable for women with urinary incontinence.


This treatment takes up only half an hour. The person may resume her daily activities immediately after this treatment. Therefore, no time is needed to retrieve from this treatment afterwards.

Side Effects

A device used for vaginal rejuvenation and treat the problems associated with vaginal or menopause conditions such as urinary incontinence may not be completely safe and secure. The therapy which involves applying energy-based treatments to the vagina might lead to serious negative effects, such as vaginal burning, pain at the time of sexual intercourse, vaginal scarring, and recurring/chronic pain. But these occurrences are extremely rare and if observed, should immediately be reported to the doctor.

Cost of the Treatment

Cost of ThermiVa treatment in India can range anywhere between INR 50,000 and INR 1 lakh depending upon the patient's condition.


ThermiVa is a non-surgical and safe method for vaginal and labia rejuvenation and tightening. It is a form of energy treatment that uses heat therapy to boost collagen synthesis in female genital tissues. Moreover, it significantly helps in the treatment of urinary incontinence in women.

4065 people found this helpful

9 Things Urologists Want WomenTto Know

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, MCh - Urology
Urologist, Bhopal
9 Things Urologists Want WomenTto Know

Urology is a branch of medicine that focuses on the diseases affecting the urinary tract system and male reproductive organs. The organs that come under the scanner here are the kidneys, adrenal glands, ureters, urinary bladder, urethra, and the male reproductive organs (testes, epididymis, vas deferens, seminal vesicles, prostate, and penis). Though there is a prevalent misconception that gynecologists are for women what urologists are for men, urology also deals with certain women related health issues. These include overactive bladder, pelvic organ prolapse, and urinary incontinence. In fact, doctors who specialize in female urology gain detailed knowledge of the female pelvic floor together with intimate understanding of the physiology and pathology.

Here are 9 things you should know as a woman - 

1. Age related factors affect both men and women: Right around the time when menopause and andropause strike, changing hormone levels affect the pelvic floor, bladder, urethra and vagina in women causing problems like urinary tract infection and incontinence. These conditions are effectively treated by an urologist who can also probe for underlying conditions like kidney stone, polyp, or tumor in severe cases.

2. An overactive bladder is more common than you think: Around 40% women have to hit the bathroom every hour or so owing to this. Simple lifestyle changes like lowering the intake of caffeine and alcohol, in combination with pelvic floor exercises can solve the problem.

3. Women sometimes pee in their pants too: A majority of the female population between 40 and 60 suffer from either stress incontinence (when you cough, sneeze or laugh) or urgency incontinence (leaking when you want to go badly). Urologists want you to know that there are less invasive options and medications available to treat this problem.

4. Walk the exercise path to good health: Exercises for your vagina like kegal are great when done right. You can connect with a practitioner who specializes in toning and the stimulation of pelvic floor muscles to treat incontinence.  

5. Pelvic pain: If it is not gynecology then its urology - A general pain in the pelvic region triggers a visit to the gynecologist first for most women. From menstrual cramps to ovarian cysts, all of this may well be taken care of by your gynecologist too. But when the usual culprits are not the cause for your discomfort, it's time you get the urology aspect examined thoroughly too.  

6. Know the difference between UTI and STI: Because of cross symptoms, one often gets mistaken for the other. So check with your urologist to understand the cause and cure of your particular problem.

7. Recognize pelvic organ prolapse: This condition is defined by a bit of bladder, rectal, or uterine tissue bulging into your vagina. An urologist can provide non invasive options to deal with this.

8. Women can get kidney stones too: This is true especially when you forget to hydrate yourself in hot climates or high temperature situations.

9. Urology can solve some sexual problems too: Whether it's sexual dysfunction, low libido or trouble reaching orgasm, urology can play its part to help you out.

2078 people found this helpful

Urinary Incontinence - Why It Happens During Pregnancy?

Dr.Veena Bhat 89% (37ratings)
MBBS, M.D Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Diploma in Gynecological Endoscopic Surgery
Gynaecologist, Gurgaon
Urinary Incontinence - Why It Happens During Pregnancy?

Pregnancy is definitely the most wonderful period in a woman’s life. It has its won bliss and hazards as well. To gain something, you need to bear the pain. There are plenty of conditions that come as side effects of pregnancy. The experiences may vary from woman to woman. Thus, urinary incontinence is a condition that is experienced by some women. It is a medical term to refer to the involuntary loss of urine during pregnancy. This might be sometimes mild in nature. Pregnant women may experience this condition quite frequently. It may even last after pregnancy or disappear soon after childbirth. It may also occur to women in their late 40s, as they develop bladder problem with age.

Causes of Urinary incontinence in women during pregnancy: Researchers believe that the urinary incontinence in pregnancy is caused due to stress on the urinary bladder. This is called stress incontinence. It happens as extra pressure is put on the urinary bladder. The sphincter muscles in the bladder don’t work well to hold the urine during pregnancy. Another reason behind this condition is an overactive bladder. Women usually don’t possess an overactive bladder. They are known to have controlled spasms. Sometimes, the urethra or the tube carrying urine may also be the cause of urinary incontinence in pregnancy. The tube is infected or affected to give birth to this condition.

It has also been seen that the sphincter muscles get stressed in pregnancy. The urinary bladder exerts pressure on the sphincter muscles and in the pelvic region. This may lead to leakage of urine. The condition is such that urine may leak out even at the slightest movement like sneezing or coughing by the pregnant lady.

Incontinence may continue even after childbirth as the entire pregnancy puts enormous pressure on your pelvic region. As a result of which, the muscles in the pelvic region become weak. The condition leads to overactive bladder. The condition may also arise due to the following reasons:

1. The nerve cells that regulate the functioning of the bladder got damaged.
2. The urethra and the urinary bladder may have got shifted from their original position during pregnancy
3. Episiotomy in the pelvic region.

How to avoid pregnancy incontinence?

You should not panic about urinary incontinence. You have ways to deal with this issue. You can schedule your bathroom breaks to avoid stress and embarrassment. Moreover, you can practice kegel exercises to keep your pelvic region healthy and strong. Try to keep a check on your body weight prior to planning a pregnancy.

2693 people found this helpful

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