Urinary Cancer Tips

Ovarian cancer - Know Signs Of It!

Dr.Dinesh Singh 89% (74ratings)
MBBS, MD-Radio Therapy
Oncologist, Ghaziabad
Ovarian cancer - Know Signs Of It!

Amongst the different types of gynecological cancers prevalent today, ovarian cancer is associated with the highest rate of fatality. This type of cancer refers to tumours that grow in the ovaries. In most cases, these develop on the outer lining or epithelium of the ovary. Though this type of cancer is difficult to treat in its later stages, if diagnosed early enough it can be easily managed.

In the early stages of ovarian cancer, very few symptoms may be present. Many women do not experience any symptoms at all. The symptoms that may be experienced can be associated with other conditions and hence often go unrecognized. However, in the case of ovarian cancer, these symptoms will gradually increase and worsen with time.

Some of the early symptoms of ovarian cancer could include:

Ovarian cancer usually affects women over the age of 65. Women with a family history of breast cancer or ovarian cancer have a higher risk of developing these tumours. Endometriosis and hormone replacement therapy could also increase one’s risk of ovarian cancer.

As with other types of cancer, treatment for ovarian cancer depends largely on how far it has advanced. The main forms of treatment include surgery, chemotherapy and radiation. Surgery is usually the first step of treating ovarian cancer. This involves a partial or complete hysterectomy. In the former, only one ovary and the adjoining fallopian tube is removed while in the latter both ovaries, fallopian tubes and the uterus are removed. The lymph nodes around the reproductive system and the fatty tissue in the abdomen may also be removed. A woman can conceive a child after a partial hysterectomy. In cases of advanced ovarian cancer, surgery may also include removing cancerous cells from the urinary system, intestines and spleen.

Surgery is usually followed by chemotherapy, medication for targeted therapy or hormone therapy. Radiation is rarely used to treat ovarian cancer. In addition, many patients also require counselling to cope with body change issues and the loss of sexual desire. Ovarian cancer can recur and hence it is also important to get regularly screened for any signs of recurrent tumours. In cases of recurrent cancer, chemotherapy is the most preferred form of treatment.

2090 people found this helpful

Genitourinary Cancers - Know Forms Of It!

DMRT, MBBS, MD - Radiation Oncology, DNBR
Oncologist, Kolkata
Genitourinary Cancers - Know Forms Of It!

Genitourinary cancer is found in the urinary tract and reproductive system of males. Genitourinary cancer consists of kidney cancer, urinary bladder cancer, testicular, and penis cancer.

The urinary system is responsible for getting rid of the urine and waste fluid out of the human body. It keeps in check the level of potassium and sodium in the body and helps the body to get rid of excess fluid waste. The urinary system consists of kidney, urinary bladder, and urethra. Cancer in any part of the urinary system comes under the classification of Genitourinary Cancers.

The male reproductive system is responsible for maintaining potent sperms and healthy reproduction. It manages the sex hormones in the system and hence connected to the fertility in men. It consists of the prostate, testicles, and penis. Genitourinary cancers in men are generally connected with the cancer cell growth in the reproductive system.

Cancer is the abnormal mass in the organ of the human body where the cells are growing abnormally and cannot be controlled.

Types of Genitourinary Cancer:

Following are some of the types of Genitourinary Cancer are:

Kidney Cancer

Kidney cancer is very dangerous and generally found in the adult. The cell grows rapidly in kidney cancer and leading to the death of the patient if not treated in time. The symptoms include bloody urine, pain in the back, and loss of appetite. There are no specific causes of kidney cancer. However, patients who are persistently facing symptoms should consult expert oncologist and get yourself treated. The prevention you can take is quit smoking, maintain a healthy weight, and control high blood pressure.

Urinary Bladder Cancer

Urinary Bladder cancer also comes under the study of Genitourinary cancer where cancer is grown primarily in the urinary bladder of the patient. The early symptoms of urinary bladder cancer are bloody urination, irritation while urinating, pain in urination, and change in urinary bladder habits. These symptoms are often mixed with UTI, and sometimes the patient does not know if these are the symptoms of cancer.

Testicular Cancer

Testicular cancer refers to cancer in the testicles which are in the scrotum of the male reproductive system. The main symptoms of testicular cancer are feeling of a lump in the scrotum, feeling heaviness in the testicles, back pain, and pain in the penis. It is advisable to see an oncologist when you feel swelling or pain in the scrotum area. The cause for this type of Genitourinary cancer is unknown and but they are treatable even when cancer has advanced.

Prostate Cancer

Prostate cancer is the most common type of cancer found in men. However, this type of Genitourinary cancer is not harmful and may even not need any treatment. Cancer grows very slowly and does not need advanced medicines. The prostate cancer may die with time. Some of the common symptoms of prostate cancer are blood in semen, trouble urinating, bone pain, and erectile dysfunction.

Cancer patients with Genitourinary cancers need special care and medication. The cancer is difficult to determine, but should be treated within time else can be life-threatening. Visit genitourinary cancer specialists for better assessment and correct treatment procedure.

2924 people found this helpful

Laser - Know Utility Of It In Urology!

Dr.Amit Goel 90% (40ratings)
MCh Urology & Kidney Transplant, MS - General Surgery, MBBS, Fellowship in Uro-Oncology & Robotic Surgery
Urologist, Gurgaon
Laser - Know Utility Of It In Urology!

Urology is a branch of medicine that deals with the diseases and disorders of the male and female urinary system and the male reproductive organs. It is a specialized branch of medicine that has been in existence for a long time and has advanced in many ways over the past two decades, courtesy the introduction of the laser technology. Laser technology has helped urologists tremendously and they have been able to treat a number of patients through laser-assisted surgery. The use of lasers has made it possible for the urologists to utilize endoscopic instruments with small-diameter that allow them to see the minutest details of the urinary tract and treat the complex cases with ease.

  • Laser in bladder outlet obstruction: Bladder outlet obstruction is a blockage at the base of the bladder, which slows down or stops the flow of urine to the urethra, causing discomfort to the patient. Most men in their old age suffer from this problem and laser technology helps in conducting the surgical procedure to remove this blockage. It has been found that laser-assisted surgery results in lesser loss of blood as compared to open surgery. In some cases, blood transfusion after surgery is not required at all. Also, the hospital stay post operation is shorter, which ensures more comfort to the patient.
  • Laser in urolithiasis: The formation of kidney stones in the urinary tract is known as urolithiasis. Treatment of these conditions requires surgical intervention and it is nowadays done with the help of endoscopic intracorporeal laser lithotripsy. This technique uses strong beams of laser light to locate the stones, fragment them, and remove them from the urinary tract. The laser technology is safe and can be used in the case of pregnant women too. It can easily access the hard stones present in difficult locations.
  • Laser in benign prostatic hyperplasia: Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) refers to the enlargement of the prostate. Some of the symptoms of this condition include a frequent urge to urinate, problems in urination, inability to urinate, and loss of bladder control. It can also lead to UTI (urinary tract infection) and stones. It can be treated with photoselective vaporization of the prostate (PVP) in which the excess prostate tissues are melted away and the prostate shrinks back to its original state. Holmium laser ablation of the prostate (HoLAP) also does the same but holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) cuts the excess tissue blocking the urethra.
  • Laser in bladder cancer and urinary tract strictures: Bladder cancer refers to the abnormal growth of cells in the urinary tract and this is mostly found in the form of tumors. The tumors can be cancerous and transurethral bladder tumor resection (TURBT) laser technology can help in diagnosis, staging, as well as the treatment of malignant tumors. It makes use of cystoscope to remove the tumor. In the case of urinary tract strictures, the urethra becomes narrow, hindering the passage of urine. It can be caused due to an infection or injury. With endoscopic urethrotomy and usage of the cystoscope, the urologist removes the stricture or makes it evaporate with the help of a laser.

Laser technology is of immense value to urologists and offers many advantages to the patients as well. It is more comfortable and with more advances being made in this field, the future looks even brighter for the doctors as well as patients.
 

3040 people found this helpful

Frequent Urination - Can It Be A Sign Of Enlarged Prostate?

Dr.Pawan Mittal 85% (29ratings)
MBBS, MS - General Surgery, MCh - Urology
Urologist, Zirakpur
Frequent Urination - Can It Be A Sign Of Enlarged Prostate?

The condition of enlarged prostate occurs due to the enlargement of a man’s prostate gland, with the passage in time. Also known as benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), it is more common in men over the age of 60. Some cases might have symptoms and others may be symptomless. Although the causes are relatively unknown, it is evident that BPH is not a form of cancer, neither does it cause cancer.

The prostate is located below the bladder and is responsible for producing the fluid needed by semen. The growth of the prostate tissue that is associated with benign prostatic hyperplasia begins near the inner prostate which is a tissue ring around the urethra. Its growth is generally inward.

Causes

It is of common knowledge that in males, the urine originates from the bladder and flows through the urethra. BPH is a condition where the prostate experiences a benign i.e. non cancerous enlargement which leads to blockage of urine flow through the urethra (the urinary duct). The resultant enlargement, caused due to the gradual multiplication of cells, subjects the urethra to extra pressure. Further narrowing of the urethra causes more contraction of the bladder, resulting in the urine being forcefully pushed out of the body.

With time, the condition leads to the bladder muscles gradually becoming thicker, stronger and oversensitive. Contraction occurs even due to the presence of small amounts of urine, giving rise to frequent needs of urination. At one point, the bladder muscle is unable to overcome the effects of the narrowed urethra. Due to this, urine does not pass properly and the urethra is not emptied.

Some of the common symptoms of enlarged prostate include:

1. Frequent urination
2. Urgency to urinate
3. Difficulty during urination
4. A slow or weak urinary stream
5. Requirement of extra effort to urinate
6. Interrupted sleep due to need of urination

Further risks

Sometimes, when the bladder is not emptied completely, a risk of urinary tract infections develops. Some other serious problems which can be a result of enlarged prostate include blood in urine, bladder stones as well as acute urinary retention (inability to urinate). In some rare cases, kidney and/or bladder damage might also result from such a condition.

3159 people found this helpful

How Beneficial Is Use Of Laser In Urology?

Dr.Kuldip Singh 91% (261ratings)
Fellowship of the Royal College of Surgeons (FRCS), MS, MBBS
Urologist, Delhi
How Beneficial Is Use Of Laser In Urology?

Urology is a branch of medicine that deals with the diseases and disorders of the male and female urinary system and the male reproductive organs. It is a specialized branch of medicine that has been in existence for a long time and has advanced in many ways over the past two decades, courtesy the introduction of the laser technology. Laser technology has helped urologists tremendously and they have been able to treat a number of patients through laser-assisted surgery. The use of lasers has made it possible for the urologists to utilize endoscopic instruments with small-diameter that allow them to see the minutest details of the urinary tract and treat the complex cases with ease.

  1. Laser in bladder outlet obstruction: Bladder outlet obstruction is a blockage at the base of the bladder, which slows down or stops the flow of urine to the urethra, causing discomfort to the patient. Bladder outlet obstruction occurs usually in younger males due to bladder neck narrowing. Blood tranfusion is usually not required in prostrate surgery especially if lasers are used. Most men in their old age suffer from this problem and laser technology helps in conducting the surgical procedure to remove this blockage. It has been found that laser-assisted surgery results in lesser loss of blood as compared to open surgery. In some cases, blood transfusion after surgery is not required at all. Also, the hospital stay post operation is shorter, which ensures more comfort to the patient.
  2. Laser in urolithiasis: The formation of kidney stones in the urinary tract is known as urolithiasis. Treatment of this conditions requires surgical intervention and it is nowadays done with the help of endoscopic intracorporeal laser lithotripsy. This technique uses strong beams of laser light to fragment them, and remove them from the urinary tract. The laser technology is safe and can be used in the case of pregnant women too. It can easily access the hard stones present in difficult locations.
  3. Laser in benign prostatic hyperplasia: Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) refers to the enlargement of the prostate. Some of the symptoms of this condition include a frequent urge to urinate, problems in urination, inability to urinate, and loss of bladder control. It can also lead to UTI (urinary tract infection) and stones. It can be treated with photoselective vaporization of the prostate (PVP) in which the excess prostate tissues are melted away and the prostate shrinks back to its original state. Holmium laser ablation of the prostate (HoLAP) also does the same but holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) cuts the excess tissue blocking the urethra.
  4. Laser in bladder cancer and urinary tract strictures: Bladder cancer refers to the abnormal growth of cells in the urinary tract and this is mostly found in the form of tumors. The tumors can be cancerous and transurethral bladder tumor resection (TURBT) laser technology can help in diagnosis, staging, as well as the treatment of malignant tumors. It makes use of cystoscope to remove the tumor. In case of urinary tract strictures, the urethra becomes narrow, hindering the passage of urine. It can be caused due to an infection or injury. With endoscopic urethrotomy and usage of the cystoscope, the urologist removes the stricture or makes it evaporate with the help of a laser.

Laser technology is of immense value to urologists and offers many advantages to the patients as well. It is more comfortable and with more advances being made in this field, the future looks even brighter for the doctors as well as patients.
 

2076 people found this helpful

Men Urinary Incontinence Treatment

Dr.Kuldip Singh 91% (261ratings)
Fellowship of the Royal College of Surgeons (FRCS), MS, MBBS
Urologist, Delhi
Men Urinary Incontinence Treatment

Urinary incontinence is the unintentional passing of urine. It's a common problem thought to affect millions of people. There are several types of urinary incontinence, including:

  1. Stress Incontinence– when urine leaks out at times when your bladder is under pressure; for example, when you cough or laugh.
  2. Urge Incontinence– when urine leaks as you feel a sudden, intense urge to pass urine, or soon afterwards.
  3. Overflow Incontinence (chronic urinary retention)– when you're unable to fully empty your bladder, which causes frequent leaking.
  4. Total Incontinence– when your bladder can't store any urine at all, which causes you to pass urine constantly or have frequent leaking.

It's also possible to have a mixture of both stress and urge urinary incontinence.

What causes urinary incontinence in men?

Urinary incontinence in men results when the brain does not properly signal the bladder, the sphincters do not squeeze strongly enough, or both. The bladder muscle may contract too much or not enough because of a problem with the muscle itself or the nerves controlling the bladder muscle. Damage to the sphincter muscles themselves or the nerves controlling these muscles can result in poor sphincter function. These problems can range from simple to complex.

A man may have factors that increase his chances of developing UI, including

  1. birth defects—problems with development of the urinary tract
  2. a history of prostate cancer—surgery or radiation treatment for prostate cancer can lead to temporary or permanent UI in men

UI is not a disease. Instead, it can be a symptom of certain conditions or the result of particular events during a man’s life. Conditions or events that may increase a man’s chance of developing UI include

  1. benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)—a condition in which the prostate is enlarged yet not cancerous. In men with BPH, the enlarged prostate presses against and pinches the urethra. The bladder wall becomes thicker. Eventually, the bladder may weaken and lose the ability to empty, leaving some urine in the bladder. The narrowing of the urethra and incomplete emptying of the bladder can lead to UI.
  2. chronic coughinglong-lasting coughing increases pressure on the bladder and pelvic floor muscles.
  3. neurological problems—men with diseases or conditions that affect the brain and spine may have trouble controlling urination.
  4. physical inactivity—decreased activity can increase a man’s weight and contribute to muscle weakness.
  5. obesity—extra weight can put pressure on the bladder, causing a need to urinate before the bladder is full.
  6. older age—bladder muscles can weaken over time, leading to a decrease in the bladder’s capacity to store urine.

Treating Urinary Incontinence

Initially, your GP may suggest some simple measures to see if they help improve your symptoms. These may include:

  1. lifestyle changes – such as losing weight and cutting down on caffeine and alcohol
  2. pelvic floor exercises – exercising your pelvic floor muscles by squeezing them, taught by a specialist 
  3. bladder training – where you learn ways to wait longer between needing to urinate and passing urine, guided by a specialist
  4. You may also benefit from the use of incontinence products, such as absorbent pads and handheld urinals.
  5. Medication may be recommended if you're still unable to manage your symptoms.
  6. Surgery may also be considered. The specific procedures suitable for you will depend on the type of incontinence you have.
  7. Surgical treatments for stress incontinence, such as tape or sling procedures, are used to reduce pressure on the bladder or strengthen the muscles that control urination.
  8. Operations to treat urge incontinence include enlarging the bladder or implanting a device that stimulates the nerve that controls the detrusor muscles. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult an urologist.
1969 people found this helpful

TOP 10 UROLOGISTS IN CHENNAI

Urologist, Bangalore

1. Dr Jayaraj

MBBS MS - General Surgery, D.N.B. - Mch. D.N.B. - Urology

19 Years Experience  ·  ₹ 500 - 700 at clinic  ·  ₹300 online

Dr A.K. Jayaraj is one of the top urologists residing in Chennai with six years of experience. He is a renowned Urological Society Of India (U.S.I.) member. Some treatments the doctor offers are Laser Kidney Stone Treatment and Reconstructive Urology. Prostate Laser Surgery and Laparoscopic procedures are known for precision in urology and Laparoscopic Surgeries. He has extensive experience doing robotic surgery on complicated conditions like prostate, kidney, and bladder tumours and replacing bladders in cases of bladder cancer.

2. Dr. Dev Krishna Bharathi C

MBBS, MS - General Surgery Fellowship in Minimal Access Surgery(FMAS) & Reproductive Medicine, MCh [Urology & Kidney Transplant]

13 years experience · ₹500 - 700 at clinic · ₹400 online

He is a well-known urologist with 13 years of experience. He worked as a Junior Resident - Dept Of Gen Surgery at Southern Headquarters Railway Hospital and as Assistant Professor - General Surgery at Sree Balaji Medical College and Hospital. Currently works as Consultant - Laparoscopic and General Surgery at Sir Ivan Stedeford Hospital, Ambattur. He also serves as Assistant Professor of the Dept of Urology at Saveetha Medical College and Hospital.

He is a senior member of A.S.I. (Association of Minimal Access Surgeons of India) and also a Life Member of UNICON Urological Society of India, and an old speaker of the Indian Society for Assisted Reproduction (ISAR). 

3. Dr Nitesh Jain

MCh - Urology, MBBS

12 Years Experience · ₹700 - 1000 at the clinic

He is a well-known urologist with 12 years of expertise who works as a consultant urologist at Apollo Hospital (Main) in Chennai and Apollo Firstmed Hospital in Chennai. The Gold Medal (General Surgery) Among the medals and recognitions he has received are a Gold Medal (Urology) and Professional Memberships. Tamilnadu Medical Council Indian Medical Association Urological Society of India (U.S.I.) (I.M.A.). Member of the Live International Laparoscopic Urology Conference Scientific Committee and the Incontinence Update Conference Organising Committee. He is also well-known for successfully treating erectile dysfunction and infertility. He received robotic surgical training at Roswell Park Cancer Hospital in Buffalo, New York, U.S.A., and has participated in over 400 robotic surgeries.

4. Dr M.G.Rajamanickam

MCh (Urology) - Govt. Kilpauk Medical College

35 Years of Experience · ₹400 - 500 at the clinic

Dr Rajamanickam is a Urologist with 35 years of experience in this domain. He achieved an MBBS from Kilpauk Medical College, an M.S. in General Surgery from the same institute, and an MCh in Urology/Genito-Urinary Surgery from the same institution. He treats various urinary disorders such as hematuria and hydrocele. He has also performed multiple surgeries, including cancer surgery and laser procedures (TURP). He is also well-known for adequately resolving erectile dysfunction and infertility.

5. Dr Cheran Govalan

MS - General Surgery, Mch Urology, Fellowship in advanced Laparoscopic Urology - Aesculap Academy and Urocare Foundation(Dr. George P Abraham)

11 Years of Experience  .  ₹400 online

He earned his M.S. in General Surgery from Annamalai University; did his M.Ch.Urology at Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences in Kochi. He also received Fellowship in Advanced Laparoscopic Urology from Aesculap Academy and Urocare Foundation (Dr George P Abraham). He is a committed member of the Indian Medical Association (I.M.A.), the Association of Surgeons of India, and the Urology Society of India. He specialises in a wide range of disorders, such as treating urinary tract infections (U.T.I.) and ailments through laser & robotic surgeries.

6. Dr Muruganandham K

MBBS - Thanjavur Medical College, MCh Urology (SGPGI), Lucknow, MS - General Surgery and D.N.B. (General Surgery) JIPMER

23 Years of Experience · ₹800 at the clinic

He worked as a Senior Consultant & Head of Urology at Gleneagles Global Health City. He practised as a Consultant Urologist at RG Stone Urology & Laparoscopy Hospital. he gained his part of clinical Experience as Senior Resident and Junior Resident at JIPMER. He is a permanent member of the Indian Medical Association (I.M.A.) and a senior member of the Association of Southern Urologists (SZUSI)

7. Dr P B Sivaraman

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, MCh Madras

51 Years Experience · ₹500 at the clinic

He is regarded as a distinguished and prominent urologist who has mentored other urologists who are national leaders in their respective fields. Trained in the UK, Poland, and Japan and worked in Saudi Arabia, Dr P.B. Sivaraman is one of the country's most experienced and respected Senior Urologists. He was honoured with the prestigious degree of Doctor of Science (D.Sc) from M.G.R. Medical University, Chennai. He has held the presidency of some of India's top professional urology institutions, including the Madras Urological Society and the Tamil Nadu Pondicherry Urological Society. He is also a founding member of COPE, an organisation dedicated to evaluating and raising prostate cancer awareness. He was Head Of the Department of Urology at Madras Medical College, one of the premier academic institutions in the country. He has carried out several endo-urological operations, such as TURP, Flexible Cystourethroscopy, TUR, Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy, and URSL.

8. Dr .K Ramesh

MBBS, MS - General Surgery - (TNMGRMU) D.N.B. (Urologist), FRCS - Urology - The Royal College of Surgeons (R.C.S.), UK, FEBU - Urology - Fellow of the European Board of Urology

31 years experience · ₹1000 at the clinic

He was a senior member of the Indian Medical Association and held an early Fellowship in the Royal College of Physicians (I.M.A.). He is a senior member and vocal fellow of the European Board of Urology, is a reputed member of the Urological Society of India (U.S.I.), participates in ISU workshops and seminars and is a significant member of the Singapore Urology Association. He is regarded as a top choice for treating various urological conditions, including bladder and prostate cancer, benign prostatic enlargement, benign prostatic kidney stone disease, and cancer of the kidney stones and P.U.J.

9. Dr. Thirumalai Ganesan Govindasamy

M.S., MCh [Urology & Kidney Transplant] ,FRCS (Glasg.) FRCS (Urol), FRCS (London), Royal College Of Surgeons, FRCS (Edinburgh), M.B.A. hospital administration (University of Madras) 

37 Years Experience  ·  FREE at clinic  ·  ₹1000 online

Dr Govindasamy is a prominent urologist with more than 37 years of experience. He got his MBBS from Madras University. He earned M.Ch. Urology and genito-urinary surgery from the All India Institute of Medical Sciences(AIIMS). He is part of the prestigious British Association of Urological Surgeons, the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons at Glasgow. He is a part of the Association of Southern Urologists of India.

10. Dr Ramachandran Vaidyanathan

MS - General Surgery MRCSEd D.N.B. (General Surgery) FRCS (Urol) 

20 Years Experience · ₹300 - 500 at the clinic

He is an active member of the Urological Society of India and a respected senior member of the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh. He is also a significant member of the European Association of Urology. He has experience performing hundreds of kidney transplants, ureteric stone removal procedures (U.R.S.), and (LASER TURP) during his 20-year career. With a focus on urethral procedures, he has also contributed to numerous articles in many peer-reviewed journals. Presently, he is connected to the Hariharan diabetes and heart clinic.

Blood Cancer Awareness Month - Facts You Need To Know About Blood Cancer!

Dr.Sanjeev Kumar Singh 91% (193ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurvedic Doctor, Lakhimpur Kheri
Blood Cancer Awareness Month - Facts You Need To Know About Blood Cancer!

Cancer like most other diseases has the best rates of recovery with early detection and intervention. As there are no regular health screenings for blood cancer, only the awareness about the early warning signs can save your life. September is designated as the Blood Cancer Awareness Month, to ensure every individual is equipped to fight against blood cancer right from the start. Here are 4 vital facts you must know to win your fight against blood cancer.

India has the third-highest number of reported blood cancer patients affecting over 70,000 of the population

Despite the advancements in knowledge of the nature and treatment of blood cancer, problems of blood cancer patients in India are specific to that of a developing country. The low number of registered patients combined with a lack of awareness and access to holistic healthcare results in a high mortality rate.

Lymphoma is more common than Leukemia or Myeloma

In India, 64% of the blood cancer patients present with lymphoma or abnormalities in the cells of the lymphatic system. 25% of the patients present with leukaemia or cancer of the lymphocytes while 11 % of the patients suffer from myeloma that affects the platelets. In the absence of regular health screenings for blood cancer, it is important to look out for the warning signs.

For patients below 25 years of age, common presentations are stomach and joint pain which can indicateLymphoblastic Leukaemia. Between 25-49, Acute Myeloid Leukaemia is more likely with symptoms like fatigue, bleeding, and repeated infections. Above 50, Chronic Lymphocytic Leukaemiais common with presentations like weight loss, fever, swollen lymph nodes, and fatigue.

Cancer has warning signs-look out for these

Cancer can give itself away through certain symptoms-

  • Sudden swelling of gums
  • Recurrent infections
  • Excess bleeding
  • Shortness of breath
  • Low back pain in the elderly
  • Generalized weakness
  • Prolonged fever

Risk of blood cancer increases with the consumption of tobacco and alcohol

It is predicted that a reduction in the sale of tobacco and alcohol can reduce the burden of blood cancer by up to 30%. Such substances weaken the immune system and can cause abnormalities in the DNA structure of cells resulting in a mutation. Alcohol is known to interfere with the production of new blood cells in the body. Other factors that increase the predisposition to blood cancer are family history, exposure to radiation common in the urban environment, and age.

Despite improvements in medical science and research, the fight against blood cancer it is an uphill task. It can be physically and psychologically challenging for patients without the right support system. The financial burden of treatment is another challenge altogether. However, with regular screenings and keeping an eye for the warning signs from the body, it is not an impossible mission.

How To Reduce The Chances Of Blood Cancer?

Dr.Sanjeev Kumar Singh 91% (193ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurvedic Doctor, Lakhimpur Kheri
How To Reduce The Chances Of Blood Cancer?

Blood Cancer Awareness Month is observed every September to spread awareness about prevention, early warning signs, and treatment procedures of blood cancer. Like any other disease prevention is better than cure, but it is especially true for fatal conditions such as blood cancer. Here is a list of all the things you can do to ensure you are not a victim of blood cancer.

Live a Disciplined and Balanced Life

This is the single most important thing in preventing any disorder and blood cancer is no exception. Living a healthy life with a proper workout schedule and sleep schedule is the key to a disease-free life. Ensure you are eating a balanced diet and are including vitamins, minerals and fibres in the form of fruits and vegetables. Limit the consumption of processed food.

Adopt the Organic Life

Non-organic food items are drenched in fertilizers and pesticides such as variants of benzene. These are known carcinogens in large quantities and augment cancerous growths in your body. Adopting organic food alternatives helps you reduce, if not completely eliminate, putting such chemical compounds in your body.

Steer clear from Smoking

Tobacco is a known carcinogen and can cause several forms of cancer, including blood cancer. It not only puts you at risk, it progressively intensifies your chances of developing cancer.

Learn About Your Family History

Knowing your family history with cancer can help you determine your risk of developing any form of cancer and be more vigilant for the early signs of cancer. It is essential that you do not self-diagnose or medicate yourself and consult your physician, giving him/her an accurate family history and symptoms you are showing.

Know the Symptoms

  • Fever accompanied by chills
  • Loss of appetite and/or nausea
  • Persistent fatigue
  • Pain in bone and joints
  • Sudden weight loss
  • General discomfort
  • Shortness of breath
  • Anaemia
  • Persistent infections
  • Bruising, bleeding and skin rashes
  • Swollen lymph nodes in neck, underarms or pubic region

Although following these tips significantly reduce your likelihood of developing blood cancer, there are other factors such as family predisposition, genetic anomalies, exposure to radiation, consumption of certain drugs and food, etc. that can cause blood cancer. It is therefore essential to keep an eye out for the various symptoms of blood cancer and consult your physician at the earliest. It is easy to rule out the early warning signs of blood cancer or be in denial, but one must always remember that early detection is the key to surviving cancer.

How Will You Know If You Have Blood Cancer?

Dr.Sanjeev Kumar Singh 91% (193ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurvedic Doctor, Lakhimpur Kheri
How Will You Know If You Have Blood Cancer?

Unlike some forms of cancer, blood cancer has no regular screening tests presently. The doctors solely depend on patients coming in with the warning signs before sending them to sophisticated testing centers. Therefore, a large load of early detection of blood cancer lies with us knowing what the warning signs are.

Different forms of blood cancer have different symptoms

There are broadly three forms of blood cancer-

  1. Leukaemia: This form of blood cancer causes abnormalities in the bone marrow, which start producing cancerous white blood cells.
  2. Lymphoma: This is the cancer of the lymphatic system responsible for the immunity of the body.
  3. Myeloma: This blood cancer is caused due to abnormally multiplying plasma cells that deteriorate the immune system of the body.

However, all forms of blood cancer have some common warning symptoms including-

  • Bleeding and bruising, especially of gums
  • Low back pain in the elderly
  • Persistent infections and fever
  • Excessive and uncontrolled bleeding
  • Shortness of breath
  • General weakness and body aches

The symptoms change with age

Since different types of blood cancer become more likely at different ages, the symptoms also vary with age. Below 25 years of age, Lymphoblastic Leukaemia is more common and have symptoms including stomach and joint pain which can indicate. Between the ages of 25-49, Acute Myeloid Leukaemia is a common presentation with symptoms such as fatigue, bruising, and recurrent infections. At ages more than 50, the patients present with sudden weight loss, fever, swollen lymph nodes, and fatigue, indicating a possible Chronic Lymphocytic Leukaemia.

Your symptoms vary with the stage of the blood cancer

Stage 1:

Stage 1 blood cancer shows enlargement in the lymph nodes is observed from the sudden increase in lymphocytes in the body, a common indication of infection in the body. The risk is minimum, and the chances of recovery are maximum at this stage. Usually, the cancer is yet to spread to various parts of the body and mostly localized.

Stage 2

The spread begins at this stage. The lymphocyte count increases rapidly causing enlargement of organs like the liver, spleen and lymph nodes.

Stage 3

The risk becomes significant at this stage with the liver and spleen extremely enlarged. Anaemia is a common presentation.

Stage 4:

In this final stage of cancer, the immune system of the body shatters and the platelet count drops resulting in severe anaemia. The cancerous cells have by now spread to the lungs and other vital organs. Chances of survival at this stage are extremely bleak.

As evident, early detection and treatment is key to surviving blood cancer. Since the symptoms are commonplace, people tend to ignore them until matter become grave and even fatal. It is best to consult a specialist, especially if you have a family history of cancer, to increase your odds of early detection while you still have a fighting chance.

How Is Blood Cancer Detected?

Dr.Sanjeev Kumar Singh 91% (193ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurvedic Doctor, Lakhimpur Kheri
How Is Blood Cancer Detected?

Despite the progress of medical science, the detection of blood cancer is largely dependent on the early warning signs. The diagnostic tests available are often sophisticated and are not included in regular health screenings.

What are the common symptoms?

  • Fever with chills
  • Frequent infections
  • Body aches
  • Nausea with loss of appetite and weight loss
  • Low back pain
  • Weakness and fatigue
  • Breathlessness
  • Swollen but painless lymph nodes

If you report with early signs of blood cancer the chances are your doctor will ask you for these tests.

Complete Blood Count (CBC)

This is the first test blood test ordered for suspected blood cancer patients. The number of different types of blood cells is measured in a sample of the blood. Too many or too few of the various types of blood cells indicate abnormalities and cancerous growth.

Diagnostic Scans

X-ray, MRI, PET, and CT scans are sometimes ordered by the doctor to gauge the extent and stage of cancer. This test is more commonly ordered for patients suspected of suffering from multiple myelomas.

  • Flow Cytometry - A small sample of blood is tested for the presence and concentration of different types of protein markers to identify the type of blood cancer
  • Tumour marker tests - Tumour markers are introduced in your bloodstream that detects the presence of tumour cells, but this test is not completely reliable as several factors may influence the results.
  • Blood protein testing - Electrophoresis is ordered to inspect the different proteins in the blood sample. The presence of abnormalities immunoglobulins in the blood indicates blood cancer multiple myeloma. This test usually needs to be followed up with a bone marrow biopsy to confirm the results.
  • Biopsy - Typically, a bone marrow biopsy is ordered to confirm blood cancers. In this method, a small amount of bone marrow tissue is removed and tested for anomalies. This is the most definitive diagnosis for any form of cancer, including blood cancer. However, biopsies are expensive and time-consuming tests reserve for the final verdict.

Methods of early detection of blood cancer have evolved to be sophisticated and accurate even in the very early stages. With awareness and regular medical check-ups, early detection of cancer has become more and more likely.

1 person found this helpful

What Are The Types Of Blood Cancer?

Dr.Sanjeev Kumar Singh 91% (193ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurvedic Doctor, Lakhimpur Kheri
What Are The Types Of Blood Cancer?

Blood cancer is a complex condition that affects the blood cells and the bone marrow, which is the source of blood cells. Originating in the bone marrow, the affected blood cells grow uncontrolled and are unable to perform the normal functions including combating diseases. This destroys the immune system of the body that can ultimately prove fatal. Since not many people know much about this form of cancer, the Blood Cancer Awareness Month is organized every year in September by Leukemia and Lymphoma Society to spread the required awareness.

Here are the major types of blood cancer-

  • Leukaemia

Found in the blood and bone marrow this results in the rapid production of white blood cells with abnormal attributes. The body loses its ability to fight infection due to the abnormal white blood cells and the bone marrow is not able to supply the body with red blood cells and platelets.

The main types of leukaemia are

Acute lymphocytic leukaemia affects lymphocytes in the bone marrow and advances rapidly. It is the most commonly affects children between 3 and 5 and adults over age 75 years with a family history of genetic disorders.

Acute myeloid leukaemia affects the myeloid cells first and spread throughout the red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. It is more common in men over age 65. Habits like smoking or blood disorders like myelodysplasia or polycythemia increase the chances of this.

Chronic lymphocytic leukaemia starts in the bone marrow with lymphocytes. Although it has a slow growth, most people remain asymptomatic until it is already too late. It is more common in ages above 70.

Chronic myeloid leukaemia begins in myeloid cells and grows slowly. It is an aftereffect of exposure to large amounts of radiation.

  • Lymphoma

This affects the lymphatic system responsible for the production of immune cells called lymphocytes and the removal of excess fluids from the body. The lymphocytes produced multiply unchecked in the lymph nodes and tissues but are unable to battle infections.

The two types of lymphoma are-

Non-Hodgkin lymphoma: cancer originates from the lymphocytes in the lymphatic system and deteriorates the capabilities of the body to fight infections.

Hodgkin lymphoma: a blood cancer that originates in the B cells or T cell of the lymphatic system and is characterized by the presence of Reed-Sternberg cell. It is more common than the Non-Hodgkin variety.

Lymphomas are more common for people with weak immune systems and between the ages of 15 to 35 and more than 50 years.

  • Myeloma

This type of blood cancer affects the plasma cells responsible for the production of antibodies essential to fight diseases and infections. The weakened immune system makes even the slightest infections fatal for the patient.

Myeloma is characterized by rapid growth that kills off the healthy blood cells that attempt to supply antibodies and always occurs in more than one place. This condition is known as multiple myeloma and is common for men over 50 years, who are obese or have a family history.

India ranks third after the United States and China in the number of registered blood cancer patients. As with all forms of cancer, early detection is key to the effectiveness of treatment and chances of survival. Therefore, the knowledge of the various types of blood cancer equips you to detect the warning signs that could potentially save your life.

Robotic Rectal Cancer Resection Surgery - In Detail About It!

MBBS, MS - Gen Surgery
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Mumbai
Robotic Rectal Cancer Resection Surgery - In Detail About It!

Minimal invasive surgery for rectal cancers has gained immense popularity and acceptance over open surgery in the last decade. Modern laparoscopic surgery is associated with minimal blood loss and pain with better short-term outcomes. The procedure ensures a speedy recovery and a decreased hospital stay. However, laparoscopic surgery has also been linked to high conversion rates (up to 29%) to open surgery, and those who were converted showed suboptimal outcomes. 

To overcome the limitations of laparoscopic surgery, a relatively new technique was introduced – known as Robotic-assisted colorectal procedure with the Da Vinci technology. 

What is the Da Vinci Robotic Rectal Cancer Resection? 

The Da Vinci technology is an innovative surgical system that comprises of 3 components – the surgeon console, the patient cart, and the vision cart.

  • The surgeon sits on the console during the procedure and regulates the instruments after getting a detailed three-dimensional view of the anatomy. The instruments move like the hand of a human, only with a greater range of motion, which allows the surgeon to perform the procedure more efficiently. 

  • The patient cart rests on the operating table close to the patient. During the surgery, the used instruments move in real-time in response to the surgeon’s hand movements. 

  • The vision cart allows the various components of the system to communicate between themselves and supports the new-age 3D HD vision system. 

How does the procedure work for rectal cancer?

Surgeons use the innovative Da Vinci technology to remove all or part of your rectum through a few incisions. The surgeon sits at a console table right next to the patient and operates using small, wristed movements. The technology precisely translates every hand movement the surgeon makes in real-time to rotate and bend the instruments. A 3D high-definition camera provides your surgeon with a magnified view inside the body. He/she may use fluorescence imaging – this activates injected dye to light up and show the flow of blood to the colon, thus offering visualization beyond the human eye. This may prove helpful during the procedure. 

Why Opt for Robotic Rectal Cancer Resection?

A review of studies published in recent times suggest the potential benefits of robotic rectal cancer resection surgery, which include –

  • A shorter span of stay in the hospital, as compared to patients undergoing an open surgery or even a laparoscopic surgery

  • Minimal risk of complications

The new-age Da Vinci technology has made robotic rectal surgeries feasible in a single-phase and a single docking without changing the robotic arms.

2713 people found this helpful

Colon Polyps - What Are The Available Treatment Options?

Dr.Praveen Sharma 93% (79ratings)
MBBS, MD - General Medicine, DM - Gastroenterology
Gastroenterologist, Delhi
Colon Polyps - What Are The Available Treatment Options?

A polyp is a cauliflower-like growth on the skin or the mucosal surface. Colon is the medical term for the larger intestine and the rectum. A growth on the mucosal surface of this part of the intestine is known as a colon polyp. Although not visible, colon polyps is present with symptoms, which can lead to their diagnosis. The main cause for concern is that some colon polyps can turn into colorectal cancer, which is the third largest cancer in America.

Types: There are two main types of polyps

  1. Hyperplastic or inflammatory: These are benign growths and do not carry the risk of developing into cancer.
  2. Adenomas: These carry the risk of turning into cancer, and so early detection and intervention is essential.

Though not all polyps develop into tumors, yet all tumors develop from a polyp. There is a strong genetic component, which makes it worse. Someone with inflammatory bowel disease or Crohn’s disease is also at a higher risk of mucosal inflammation, which can induce dysplasia and then polyps.

Risk factors:

  1. Family history
  2. Inflammatory bowel disease
  3. Obesity
  4. Diet rich in processed meat and red meat
  5. Smoking
  6. Lack of physical activity
  7. Type 2 diabetes
  8. Being male, being African American

Symptoms: Though often silent, some symptoms which also appear only after the polyp has grown considerably include:

  1. Bleeding with stools – often small amounts intermittently, which is occult bleeding, not visible though
  2. Altered bowel habits (constipation, diarrhea)
  3. Abdominal pain and discomfort
  4. Unexplained weight loss
  5. Anemia (due to blood loss)

Diagnosis: If a person is at risk from medical history and has the above symptoms, then the following are done:

  1. Sigmoidoscopy – Viewing the colon and rectum to see if there are any polyps. A biopsy may also be taken to confirm cancerous growth.
  2. Colonoscopy – The entire colon is viewed to rule out polyps in other areas of the colon.
  3. CT scan of the abdomen which is non-invasive and can be used as the first step.

Treatment:

  1. If a polyp is diagnosed, then it needs to be removed.
  2. If it turns out cancerous, then detailed evaluation should be done to rule out spread to other areas. Additionally, chemotherapy and radiotherapy may be required to completely eliminate the tumor and contain it.
  3. The surgical removal of the tumor would be planned depending on the stage of the tumor.
  4. Adapting a healthy lifestyle is very essential to managing polyps and preventing cancer. Quitting smoking, managing weight, eating healthy, and being physically active are some ways to prevent colorectal cancer.
  5. Repeat colonoscopy needs to be done to ensure these are not recurrent.
1437 people found this helpful

Liver Cancer (Hepatocellular Carcinoma)

Apurva Pande 86% (11ratings)
DM - Hepatology, MD - General Medicine, M. B. B. S.
Hepatologist, Bangalore

Who is at risk?
All patients having cirrhosis.
It happens in non cirrhotics too.

What causes of cirrhosis commonly lead to hcc?
Hepatitis b related cirrhosis (most likely), hepatitis c, alcoholic cirrhosis, nash.

Is liver cancer curable?
Yes if diagnosed at an early stage.

Is there any treatment option for advanced hcc?
Yes there are options which can prolong the survival.

How to screen?
All cirrhotics need to get and ultrasound once a year and a blood test called serum alfa fetoprotein.

3 people found this helpful

Colon Cancer - How Can Ayurveda Treat It?

Dr.Manish C. Dhuri 86% (102ratings)
MS - Ayurveda, BAMS
Ayurvedic Doctor, Mumbai
Colon Cancer - How Can Ayurveda Treat It?

According to the American Cancer Society and Colon Cancer Alliance, colon cancer, which is also referred to as colorectal cancer is regarded as the third most commonly diagnosed type of cancer, as well as the second most important reason of cancer deaths in the U.S. affecting both men and women. But thankfully, colon cancer can be prevented by changing the food habits. It is also important to get regular screenings through colonoscopy, which will help you to determine the early or precancerous stage that can be treated with the removal of cancerous cells.

Colorectal cancer is deemed to be cancer, related to the food habits and it can be prevented by correcting the same. Here are the top ways through which you can help your condition naturally:

  1. Reduce the amount of red meat consumption: Health studies reveal that people who eat red meat on a regular basis are more prone to developing colon cancer. This is because the chemicals required to digest this food damage the DNA material which in turn is the main reason behind the cause of cancer.

  2. Increase the amount of garlic intake: By consuming more garlic, you can reduce the risk of developing different types of cancer, particularly those of the gastrointestinal tract. Garlic is rich in anti-bacterial properties that can block the pathway of cancer causing elements and boost the repair as well as reduce the proliferation of cells. It is also high in selenium and sodiumcontent which are beneficial for the overall health.

  3. Consume all types of plant antioxidants: The bright-coloured fruits and vegetables, as well as herbs and spices, can greatly contribute to adding a wide array of antioxidants in your regular diet. Foods that are rich in antioxidants include carrots, pomegranates, cranberries, kale, broccoli, tomatoes, apples, cabbageturmeric, sage, rosemarysaffron, purple and red grapes.

  4. Cook foods in sesame oil: The many health benefits of sesame seeds are due to its nutritional content, including vitamins, minerals, natural oils, and organic compounds which consist of calciumiron, magnesium, phosphorous, manganese, copper, zinc, fiber, thiamin, vitamin B6, folate, protein, and tryptophan.

  5. Increase the consumption of Omega-3 fatty acids: It has been reported by several types of research that a diet rich in omega-3 fatty acids can reduce the occurrence of colon cancer and therefore you must eat a lot of salmon, cod, mackerel and sardines for decreasing the pro-inflammatory levels in your body.

  6. Go For Ayurvedic Panchakarma Therapy: Panchakarma is the ultimate mind-body healing experience for detoxifying the body, strengthening the immune system and restoring balance and well-being. It is one the most effective healing modality in Ayurvedic Medicine. It promotes Detoxification and Rejuvenation. It is recommended on a seasonal basis, as well as when an individual feels out of balance or is experiencing illness. According to Ayurveda, good health depends upon our capability to fully metabolize all aspects of life, assimilating that which nourishes and eliminating the rest. When we can’t completely digest our food, experiences, and emotions, toxins accumulate in our bodily tissues, creating imbalance and – ultimately – disease. Panchakarma is an elegant cleansing process that releases stored toxins and restores the body’s innate healing ability.

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