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Overview

Urinary Cancer: Treatment, Procedure, Cost And Side Effects

What is Urinary Cancer?

Urinary cancer also known as bladder cancer. it is a condition in which cancer spreads in the tissues of the bladder which holds urine in the body. In scientific term we can also say, urinary cancer is a condition in which bladder cells became abnormal and grows out of control, due to that a tumor formed after a period of time. In severe cases it could spread to other parts such as liver, lungs and bones as well. Urinary cancer could be caused by many reasons such as - genes, family history, diabetes, bladder inflammation or radiation treatment.

What causes urinary cancer?

It is an uncontrollable, multiple and abnormal growth of cells which spread to other tissues also. Urinary cancer is of three types such as transitional cell carcinoma, adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma. It has symptoms such as painful urination, blood in the urine, abdominal pain, lower back pain, frequent urination, fatigue, weight loss and bone tenderness. unhealthy lifestyle is also something which increases urinary cancers risk such as smoking and alcohol intake as well. There are certain factors which increases the risk of developing urinary cancer are - eating a high fat diet, exposure to chemicals, low fluid consumption, bladder infections etc.

How do you detect Urinary cancer?

Urinary or bladder cancer could be detected by the following procedure include -

  1. Urine cytology - a sample of urine is analyzed under a microscope to check for cancer cells.
  2. Biopsy - during the process of cystoscopy, the doctor will pass special tool in the bladder to collect cell sample known as a biopsy. This test is also called transurethral resection of bladder tumor, which also is used to treat urinary cancer.
  3. Cystoscopy - it is a small narrow tube which is passed in urethra and bladder to examine structure and signs of disease.

It may also include test such as CT scan, bone scan, MRI, chest x-ray. In case of detection of urinary cancer, it could be low grade bladder tumor and high grade bladder tumor.

What is the average age for Urinary cancer?

Urinary cancer is mainly seen in people of old age groups. It is found in the age group which is above 55 years of age. According to an American study, chances to develop urinary cancer during life is 1 in 27 people. While the average age of diagnosis is 73.

What are the symptoms of urinary cancer?

There are the number of symptoms that indicate bladder cancer include -

  1. Blood in urine - people with urinary cancer are seen with this indication, in which blood has seen their urine.
  2. Pain during urination - it is a common symptom in people with bladder cancer.
  3. Abdominal pain - it is one of the symptoms of bladder cancer.
  4. Lower back pain - in such cases of urinary cancer patients face pain in lower back.
  5. Apart from that frequent urination, urinary incontinence and urgent urination are also some symptoms of urinary cancer.

Is cancer of the Urinary curable?

It depends upon the stage of cancer, but there are many treatments options available include -

Surgery - there are many types of surgeries can take place depends upon the condition of the people. Such as transurethral resection of bladder tumor, it is done at the early stage of cancer. Cystectomy - in it doctor removes part of the bladder.

Therapy - intravesical therapy is used in the early stage of cancer. In it, doctor injects liquid medication in the bladder.

Different medications - immunotherapy and chemotherapy, chemo works by killing harmful cells in the body.

What is the main cause of bladder cancer?

Bladder cancer is a condition which occurs in the tissues of the bladder. When it comes to the cause of bladder cancer, it is still unknown. It occurs when cells grow abnormally. It is also seen that cells multiplies quickly and uncontrollably, invades other tissues.

There are three types of bladder cancer such as transitional cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and adenocarcinoma. In which patients feel symptoms like abdominal pain, urinary incontinence, frequent urination, painful urination, and in some cases patients may have blood in urine also.

There are few factors which include being white, exposure to cancer causing chemicals, chronic bladder infections, being male, eating high fat diet, family history of bladder cancer, having previous radiation history, being older, etc. bladder cancer could be diagnosed by CT scan, X-rays, urinalysis, cystoscopy and biopsy.

Popular Health Tips

Men Urinary Incontinence Treatment

Fellowship of the Royal College of Surgeons (FRCS), MS, MBBS
Urologist, Delhi
Men Urinary Incontinence Treatment

Urinary incontinence is the unintentional passing of urine. It's a common problem thought to affect millions of people. There are several types of urinary incontinence, including:

  1. Stress Incontinence– when urine leaks out at times when your bladder is under pressure; for example, when you cough or laugh.
  2. Urge Incontinence– when urine leaks as you feel a sudden, intense urge to pass urine, or soon afterwards.
  3. Overflow Incontinence (chronic urinary retention)– when you're unable to fully empty your bladder, which causes frequent leaking.
  4. Total Incontinence– when your bladder can't store any urine at all, which causes you to pass urine constantly or have frequent leaking.

It's also possible to have a mixture of both stress and urge urinary incontinence.

What causes urinary incontinence in men?

Urinary incontinence in men results when the brain does not properly signal the bladder, the sphincters do not squeeze strongly enough, or both. The bladder muscle may contract too much or not enough because of a problem with the muscle itself or the nerves controlling the bladder muscle. Damage to the sphincter muscles themselves or the nerves controlling these muscles can result in poor sphincter function. These problems can range from simple to complex.

A man may have factors that increase his chances of developing UI, including

  1. birth defects—problems with development of the urinary tract
  2. a history of prostate cancer—surgery or radiation treatment for prostate cancer can lead to temporary or permanent UI in men

UI is not a disease. Instead, it can be a symptom of certain conditions or the result of particular events during a man’s life. Conditions or events that may increase a man’s chance of developing UI include

  1. benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)—a condition in which the prostate is enlarged yet not cancerous. In men with BPH, the enlarged prostate presses against and pinches the urethra. The bladder wall becomes thicker. Eventually, the bladder may weaken and lose the ability to empty, leaving some urine in the bladder. The narrowing of the urethra and incomplete emptying of the bladder can lead to UI.
  2. chronic coughinglong-lasting coughing increases pressure on the bladder and pelvic floor muscles.
  3. neurological problems—men with diseases or conditions that affect the brain and spine may have trouble controlling urination.
  4. physical inactivity—decreased activity can increase a man’s weight and contribute to muscle weakness.
  5. obesity—extra weight can put pressure on the bladder, causing a need to urinate before the bladder is full.
  6. older age—bladder muscles can weaken over time, leading to a decrease in the bladder’s capacity to store urine.

Treating Urinary Incontinence

Initially, your GP may suggest some simple measures to see if they help improve your symptoms. These may include:

  1. lifestyle changes – such as losing weight and cutting down on caffeine and alcohol
  2. pelvic floor exercises – exercising your pelvic floor muscles by squeezing them, taught by a specialist 
  3. bladder training – where you learn ways to wait longer between needing to urinate and passing urine, guided by a specialist
  4. You may also benefit from the use of incontinence products, such as absorbent pads and handheld urinals.
  5. Medication may be recommended if you're still unable to manage your symptoms.
  6. Surgery may also be considered. The specific procedures suitable for you will depend on the type of incontinence you have.
  7. Surgical treatments for stress incontinence, such as tape or sling procedures, are used to reduce pressure on the bladder or strengthen the muscles that control urination.
  8. Operations to treat urge incontinence include enlarging the bladder or implanting a device that stimulates the nerve that controls the detrusor muscles. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult an urologist.
1958 people found this helpful

How Beneficial Is Use Of Laser In Urology?

Fellowship of the Royal College of Surgeons (FRCS), MS, MBBS
Urologist, Delhi
How Beneficial Is Use Of Laser In Urology?

Urology is a branch of medicine that deals with the diseases and disorders of the male and female urinary system and the male reproductive organs. It is a specialized branch of medicine that has been in existence for a long time and has advanced in many ways over the past two decades, courtesy the introduction of the laser technology. Laser technology has helped urologists tremendously and they have been able to treat a number of patients through laser-assisted surgery. The use of lasers has made it possible for the urologists to utilize endoscopic instruments with small-diameter that allow them to see the minutest details of the urinary tract and treat the complex cases with ease.

  1. Laser in bladder outlet obstruction: Bladder outlet obstruction is a blockage at the base of the bladder, which slows down or stops the flow of urine to the urethra, causing discomfort to the patient. Bladder outlet obstruction occurs usually in younger males due to bladder neck narrowing. Blood tranfusion is usually not required in prostrate surgery especially if lasers are used. Most men in their old age suffer from this problem and laser technology helps in conducting the surgical procedure to remove this blockage. It has been found that laser-assisted surgery results in lesser loss of blood as compared to open surgery. In some cases, blood transfusion after surgery is not required at all. Also, the hospital stay post operation is shorter, which ensures more comfort to the patient.
  2. Laser in urolithiasis: The formation of kidney stones in the urinary tract is known as urolithiasis. Treatment of this conditions requires surgical intervention and it is nowadays done with the help of endoscopic intracorporeal laser lithotripsy. This technique uses strong beams of laser light to fragment them, and remove them from the urinary tract. The laser technology is safe and can be used in the case of pregnant women too. It can easily access the hard stones present in difficult locations.
  3. Laser in benign prostatic hyperplasia: Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) refers to the enlargement of the prostate. Some of the symptoms of this condition include a frequent urge to urinate, problems in urination, inability to urinate, and loss of bladder control. It can also lead to UTI (urinary tract infection) and stones. It can be treated with photoselective vaporization of the prostate (PVP) in which the excess prostate tissues are melted away and the prostate shrinks back to its original state. Holmium laser ablation of the prostate (HoLAP) also does the same but holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) cuts the excess tissue blocking the urethra.
  4. Laser in bladder cancer and urinary tract strictures: Bladder cancer refers to the abnormal growth of cells in the urinary tract and this is mostly found in the form of tumors. The tumors can be cancerous and transurethral bladder tumor resection (TURBT) laser technology can help in diagnosis, staging, as well as the treatment of malignant tumors. It makes use of cystoscope to remove the tumor. In case of urinary tract strictures, the urethra becomes narrow, hindering the passage of urine. It can be caused due to an infection or injury. With endoscopic urethrotomy and usage of the cystoscope, the urologist removes the stricture or makes it evaporate with the help of a laser.

Laser technology is of immense value to urologists and offers many advantages to the patients as well. It is more comfortable and with more advances being made in this field, the future looks even brighter for the doctors as well as patients.
 

2075 people found this helpful

Bladder Cancer

DNB - Urology/Genito - Urinary Surgery, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MS - General Surgery
Urologist, Noida
Bladder Cancer

There is a direct cause relationship of smoking with urinary bladder cancer, so avoid smoking and get a healthy lifestyle.

6 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

My mother is 42 years old suffering from fourth stage cancer now the cancer cells have compressed the urinary bladder.

DNB, MBBS
Oncologist, Faridabad
Is she suffering from carcinoma cervix? if yes then she can get palliative radiation therapy done to relieve the obstruction and also she can try with some chemotherapy if condition permits.
2 people found this helpful

My father-in-law's age is 64 and he had malignant tumour in urinary bladder. Later it was operated 1 year ago. It was in first stage. But yesterday we did a USG. Report of the USG is "mild focal mucosal thickening in urinary bladder. My question is does his cancer in urinary bladder come back?

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, M.Ch - Urology
Urologist, Mohali
Urinary bladder cancer is known for recurrence. You need to get a cystoscopy done regularly to look for any recurrence. Mild thickening seen on ultrasound doesn't necessarily mean that the problem is recurrent but a cystoscopy is a. Must.
1 person found this helpful

Wat are the causes of cancer. Can all will get cancer. What is the exact reason of caused of cancer.

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, FICS (Surgical Oncology), Fellowship of Association of Indian Surgeons(FAIS), Fellowship in Minimal Access Surgery(FMAS) & Reproductive Medicine, Fellowship of Indian Association of Gastrointestinal Endo Surgeons (FIAGES)
Oncologist, Ghaziabad
There are many causes of cancer. It depends upon the type of cancer. Common causes are 1. Tobacco in any form: causes cancers of mouth, throat, voice box, lungs, food pipe, urinary bladder etc. 2. Dietary factors are related to cancers of stomach and intestine 3. Viral infections: HPV virus infection causes cancer of uterine cervix, Hepatits B and C virus infections cause liver cancers. There are some other virus infections that can cause other cancers. 4. Chemicals in air, water and food can cause cancer 5. Radiation from different sources can cause cancer All causes of cancer lead to changes in genes also called mutations.
1 person found this helpful

Suffering from urinary problems, due to enlarged prostate. I am now at Bangalore.

MBBS, DNB (General Surgery), MNAMS (Membership of the National Academy) (General Surgery) , Fellowship in Minimal Access Surgery, Fellow of Indian association og gastro intestinal endo surgeons
General Surgeon, Ghaziabad
Prostate enlargement hinders in flow of urine as prostate naturally surrounds urethra the outflow track for urine. Isymptoms can be managed by medications but first cause of prostate enlargement should be ascertained. Cancerous cause has to be ruled out. Non cancerous cause can usually be managed by medicines only. Surgery is indicated if medical treatment fails or if cancer is suspected. For this evaluation detailed clinical examination including rectal examination, ultrasound kub and prostate, blood psa levels have to be done.
2 people found this helpful

I am operated for prostate cancer by robotic radical prostatectomy ,1 year back Still I am suffering from urinary incontinence. What should I do now.

MS Surgery, M.Ch. Urology
Urologist, Vadodara
Hi incontinence after 1 year post surgery may not improve much without surgery options are 1. Deflux injection 2. ATOM sling 3. Artificial sphincter. Consult a Urologist.

Table of Content

What is Urinary Cancer?

What causes urinary cancer?

How do you detect Urinary cancer?

What is the average age for Urinary cancer?

What are the symptoms of urinary cancer?

Is cancer of the Urinary curable?

What is the main cause of bladder cancer?

Play video
What You Need To Know About Urinary Infection And Prostate Cancer?
Namaskar! Mai Dr. Sudhir Khanna, chairman, senior consultant, department of urology, Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, New Delhi, mai pichle 29 saalon se kam kr rha hun. Apko, public ko me urine problem ke bare me awagat krana chahunga. Jo sabse common problem hai urine ki use BPH kehte hain. Ye normally 60 saal se upar vale logon ko effect krti hai or isme symptoms bhut kisam ke ho skte hain. Sabse common symptom hota hai peshab jldi jldi aana. Next question ye hota hai ki logon ko ye nhi malum ki normal kis ko kehte hain. 7 baar tak peshab krna din me, is normal. Or ratri me kisi bhi vayakti ko peshab krne ke lia uthna nhi chaiye. Agar vo ek bar se jyada uth rha hai to vo disease ka indication hai. Or d me 7 times se jyada agar peshab kr rha hai to usko bhi problem ho skti hai. Vayakti agar ko agar peshab krne jana hai to usko wait nhi krna chaiye. Agar usko wait krna pad rha hai or peshab ki dhaar patli hai, peshab me jor lgana pad rha hai ya peshab aant me bun bun kr k aata hai ya peshanb krne ke bad me usko tasli nhi ho or usko lage ki hume thoda peshab or aa jata to ye BPH ke symptoms hain. Kisi vayakti ko peshab me jalan hona, peshab aaye to uska dood ke jana, ya jaate jaate kuch boond nikal jana, ye bhi isi bimari ke lakshanon me ata hai. Or agar bimari apki badh jayegi, to apko peshab me khoon bhi aa skta hai or fever bhi ho skta hai jisko hum UTI bolte hain or rya vayakti ka peshab bhi band ho skta hai. To in symptoms me se apko agar ek bhi symptom ho to aap apne urologist se mile. Investigation pe hum sabse pehle uske urine ka test krte hain ki usme infection to nhi hai. Urine culture test nhi krana hota hai, urine routien krana hota hai. Fir hum ek ultrasound krte hain jisme kidney, ureter or bladder ko dekhte hain, prostate ka size dekhte hain or sabse important chiz hai ki peshab krne ke baad me uske bladder me kitna urine ruk gya, isko hum ultrasound ke madhyam se pta lgate hain. Or teesra test hai uroflammatory. Ek machine hai jisme us vayakti ko peshab krna hota hai or us s hum dekhte hain ki raste me rukavat to nhi hai. Quki ye ek mithya hai ki ultrasound thik hai to sab thik hai. Kareeb 60K marij hmare pas hai jisme ki 54K dawaiyon se hi kam kr rhe hain or pichle 30 saal se vo dawaiyon p acha perform kr rhen hain. To operation kewal 10% ka hi hota hai. Operation durbin se hota hai, koi tanka nhi lgta. Or usko hum behosh bhi nhi krte. Rid ki haddi me ek tikka lgate hain. Pain nhi hota or durbin se hum catheter daal dete hain. 3-4 din ke baad jab hum catheter nikalte hain, to uske bad pateint ki sari taklif thil ho jati hai or vo apna normal work pe ja skta hai. Isme patient ko ek or precaution lena hota hai ki usko kabzi nhi honi chaiye. Quki is s bleeding shuru ho skti hai. Isi me ek ciz or hoti hai, cancer prostate. Jab hum rectal examination krte hain patient ka or hume aisa lgta hai ki prostate ki feeling normal nhi hai to hum ek test krate hain PSA or agr PSA jyada hai to hume uska MRI krna pdta hai, or agar usme cancer milta hai to hume uski biopsy krni hoti hai. Cancer prostate me ghabrane ki avshakta nhi hoti hai. To main udeshaye ye hai ki agar apko zara bhi urine me koi symptom ho to aap apne urologist se milen, vo in tests ko krega or apko rai dega ki apko dawayi se thik kia ja skta hai ya agar operation krna hai to operation krenge. Or agar biopsy krni hai to vo ki jayegi. But kisi bhi trha se chinta nhi krni hai, ghabrana nhi hai quki agar aap ghabrayeinge to bimari badhegi. Or fir ilaj thoda advance ho jayega. Or ultimately apko suffer krna hoga. To ghabrane ki jrurat nhi hai. Doctor ko dikhayein or treatment len or shighar hi thik ho jayen. Thank You!
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