Venous Ulcers are also known as venous skin ulcers. They are nothing but slow-healing sores on legs that primarily result from weak blood circulation to the limbs. Such ulcers may last a few weeks or even years. However, one needs to get them treated since it may worsen the problem.
What Causes Venous Ulcers?
It may happen if there is a break in the skin around one of the ankles. The leg veins, which send impure blood to the heart may become weak and not work well enough. In most cases, the reason is the malfunctioning valves in the veins that are meant for preventing impure blood from falling back into the veins. Improperly functioning venous valves cannot prevent backflow of blood and this increases pressure in the lower extremities. Venous Ulcers can also weaken the skin.
Risk Factors for Venous Ulcers-
People who predisposed to venous leg ulcers are:
Old (Aged people)
Woman are prone to have venous leg ulcers.
Have suffered leg injuries previously.
Suffering from varicose veins.
Suffering from blood circulation problems like phlebitis or clots resulting in painful swelling of leg veins.
Symptoms of Venous Ulcers-
Venous Ulcers often feel itchy. One may also have a burning feeling. The leg around the burning or itchy point or area may become swollen. A person may also develop a rash, dry skin, discolouration over an area, etc. There may also be a foul-smell and oozing of fluid from the sore. However, if the ulcer is infectious, it may give rise to swelling or redness of surrounding skin, increased pain, pus formation, and fever.
Since infected wounds are a thing to worry and may precipitate Venous Ulcers, one needs to visit the doctor if there is a non-healing wound. The doctor makes a quick physical assessment of the sore and the surrounding area to see if there is a venous ulcer. The doctor may ask for a history of chronic or ongoing conditions like diabetes, hardening of arteries, etc. The doctor may also go for tests like X-ray, CT scan, etc., to check the veins and ulcerated areas in detail. Long-standing ulcers can cause other problems like serious infections and even skin cancers, though it is rare.
A compression bandage or compression stocking is the most common mode of treatment for Venous Ulcers. The increased pressure on veins aids in improving blood circulation and boosts the body’s ability for sore healing. The doctor may also suggest keeping the legs raised for 30 odd minutes at a time and thrice or four times a day since it may improve circulation and reduce Venous Ulcers. If there is an infection, one may be given antibiotics in order to defeat the infection. If all these steps don’t suffice to put an end to the problem, the doctor may go for surgery. Surgery may improve blood circulation in legs. This can reduce Venous Ulcers and heal them easily. Usually, such ulcers heal within 3 to 4 months of treatment. Some of these can take longer. In rare cases, it may never clear up.
A person should always consult a doctor as soon as he/she discover any of the symptoms like tenderness or chronic abdominal pain. It is also advisable to consult a doctor before opting for any treatment as the condition and cause may be different in patients.
Ayurveda is an ancient Indian life science that requires you to make various lifestyle changes along with the use of medication that is based on herbs and condiments with massages and Yogic postures. This field of medicine believes in getting to the root of the problem so as to cure it and prevent it in the future as well. Gastritis is no different and enjoys the same kind of attention when it comes to Ayurveda. Here is everything you need to know about the Ayurvedic perspective of gastritis.
Definition: As per Ayurveda, gastritis is known as Urdhva Amlapitta, which can lead to the occurrence of stomach ulcers when the inflammation of the stomach lining goes untreated for a prolonged period of time. This inflammation is the basic outcome of the condition.
Causes: Problems in the Vata Dosha, one of the four Doshas in the body, can cause this condition. Also, a build up of Ama or toxins due to poor digestive health, can lead to the occurrence of this disease. As per Ayurveda, there are many reasons that may cause this toxin build up and the imbalance in the Vata Dosha. This includes eating spicy food on a regular or frequent basis and taking too many drugs like pain killers and analgesics which can lead to this condition. Also, too much of alcohol consumption and greasy food can cause gastritis. Further, one of the main causes of gastritis as per Ayurveda, is the presence of too much stress and worry, and the lack of a proper routine when it comes to eating, sleeping and exercising.
Symptoms: The main symptoms include appetite loss and nausea, as well as discomfort and pain in the abdomen. Gastrointestinal bleeding and blood discharge may also occur for patients suffering from this condition. Headaches and vomiting are also common symptoms of this condition.
Medication: There are various Ayurvedic medicines that can help in treating this condition. Sukumara Ghrita are ghee based preparations that can be taken every morning with a glass of warm milk in order to activate the digestive fires and improve the digestive powers. The difference can usually be seen in a matter of days. Dhatri Lauha includes amla juice which should be taken twice a day. Lemon juice, ajwain, amla and ginger are also helpful in such situations.
Lifestyle Changes: Avoiding spicy and greasy food as well as stopping alcohol abuse and smoking can help in curing this condition. One should also stay away from excessively stressful mental and physical tasks.
Taking the right steps at the right time for a proper routine with good habits can help in treating this condition as per Ayurveda.
A peptic ulcer is usually found in the duodenum or the first part of the small intestine. These ulcers can also be found in the delicate stomach lining near this region. These are usually painful sores that are caused due to too much acid production in the stomach, as well as excessive smoking and alcohol consumption. The symptoms generally include heartburn, bloating, nausea, vomiting, and even blood discharge in stool and vomiting. So how can you treat these ulcers? Here's a short list of ways to do so.
- Medication: The most common way of treating peptic ulcers is to ingest proton pump inhibitors which can be prescribed by a general physician. These medicines will effectively stop the production of acid and reflux in the gastroesophageal band, so as to prevent the growth and production of such ulcers. Antibiotics can also help, especially in severe cases where there is a risk of infection due to the presence of these ulcers.
- Upper Endoscopy and Surgery: For severe cases where there is bleeding in the peptic ulcers, an upper endoscopy may also be conducted. This quick procedure can give relief from the bleeding. Also, many specialists might recommend surgery so as to treat an ulcer that has punched a hole in the stomach's wall, in which case the persistent bleeding cannot be stemmed even with an upper endoscopy.
- Lifestyle Choices: The presence of a peptic ulcer usually points to tobacco and alcohol abuse. If you happen to be over 50 years of age and are busy drinking copious amounts of alcohol every day and even chain smoking, then you may be at risk. It is best to stop such abuse by giving up smoking and drinking so as to ensure that the peptic ulcer can be treated and does not become a fatality. Also, drinking plenty of water and eating a proper balanced diet along with exercise are some of the best ways of treating these ulcers.
- Side Effects: Peptic ulcers may also arise as a side effect of having pain killers too frequently. So it is important to stay away from medication that gives rise to this kind of reaction in the body.
Managing and treating peptic ulcers is a matter of getting the right tests done for diagnosis before discussing further medication or surgery based treatment for the ulcer so that it does not pose any grave danger to the patient's body.
Haemorrhoids are enlarged and elongated rectal veins and during defecation causes bleeding. Some precautions can avoid haemorrhoids to bleed. The fissure is ulcer and fistula discharging tract in that area.
The Precautions are -
1. Avoid prolonged sitting and continues travelling.
2. Take care of constipation that will minimise pressure on haemorrhoids.
3. Avoid spicy, and non vegeterian diet.
4. Keep regular eating habits with vegetarian fibrous fresh diet.
5. Eat fruits, salads as much as possible.
6. Take plenty of oral fluids and water.
7. Keep milk and milk product like curd and buttermilk in the diet regularly.
8. If any symptoms like burning, pain, bleeding, discharge or itching is seen then take consultation because these symptoms when neglected may increase the disease.