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Ulcer Tips

Ulcerative Colitis - How To Tackle It?

Ulcerative Colitis  - How To Tackle It?

Ulcerative colitis is a chronic inflammatory condition whereby tiny abscesses and ulcers are formed on the inner lining of the large intestine, or on the colon or rectum. These ulcers may burst frequently resulting in diarrhea and bloody stools. This disease may also be responsible for causing anemia as well as harsh abdominal pain.
Ulcerative colitis normally alternates periodically from flaring up to receding quickly. These periods of remission can either last for weeks or maybe, even for years at a stretch. They are, however, not permanent and although the disease may seem to have disappeared completely, it can soon show up again in no time. Usually beginning in the rectum, it can, by and by, spread rapidly to other parts of the colon. If it is, however, limited only to the rectum, then it is more commonly referred to as ulcerative proctitis.

Surgery is generally obligatory and mandatory when it comes to treating ulcerative colitis. If surgery is not performed, you may suffer long-lasting side effects, including cancer and colon rupture.

Here are the different types of surgery that you may undergo:

1. Colectomy: This is done when the entire colon needs to be removed and is usually performed to eliminate the perils of acquiring colon cancer.
2. Proctocolectomy: This concerns the total removal of both colon and rectum, and is usually the standard procedure when dealing with ulcerative colitis.
3. Ileal Pouch Anal Anastomosis: If the treatment does not require a permanent stoma, and if you can still manage to let out stool from your anus, then this surgery, also called restorative proctolectomy, would be most appropriate. Here, both colon and rectum are removed but at the same time, the small intestine is utilized to form an internal reservoir, called a J-pouch, which is linked to the anus and can hereafter serve as your new rectum.
 

Peptic Ulcers - Know Misconceptions About Them!

Peptic Ulcers - Know Misconceptions About Them!

Peptic ulcer, often referred to as stomach ulcer, is usually a misunderstood disease. Most people are unaware of the reasons why the ulcer is caused and are also unaware of the early symptoms of the disorder.

Here is a look at some of the strange facts about peptic ulcers that you may not know.

  1. Stress does not cause ulcers: The myth that stress causes ulcers is just that- a myth. Ulcers are not caused by stress and tension. However, if you are already affected by an ulcer, stress can alleviate the symptoms and make matter worse. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs can result in ulcers. So, if you have already been diagnosed with peptide ulcer, try not to stress too much.
  2. Ulcer pain is not caused due to food: Contrary to popular belief, ulcer pain is not alleviated when you eat something. In fact, the pain increases if your stomach remains empty for a long period of time. So, if you are an ulcer patient, make a point of eating at regular intervals. In fact, the American College of Gastroenterology claims that people with ulcers do not need to follow a bland diet in order to recover from the condition.
  3. Heartburn medication is effective against ulcer: Stomach acid is the common link between heartburn and ulcer, as both of these disorders are caused as a result of excess acid formation in the stomach. This is why physicians often prescribe antacids to ulcer patients.
  4. Untreated ulcers can be problematic: Ulcers are easy to cure and can be completely treated with proper medication and adherence to restrictions. However, you should seek treatment for ulcers as soon as it is diagnosed. If left untreated, this ulcer may go on to cause severe issues for the patient. For instance, untreated ulcers may lead to internal bleeding and scar tissue. The same also impede the digestive process. So, do not leave ulcers untreated and think that they will be repaired automatically over time.
  5. Endoscopy is the best way to diagnose ulcers: Even though X-rays may often reveal ulcers, a normal X-ray cannot detect certain smaller ulcers. Endoscopy is the best way to detect the disorder. In this process, a small tube, containing a light and a camera, is inserted inside the patient’s esophagus. The camera reveals any abnormal growth or infection inside the stomach. If you suspect an ulcer, book an appointment with the doctor as soon as possible.
2991 people found this helpful

Peptic Ulcers - Know The Most Shocking Things About It!

Peptic Ulcers - Know The Most Shocking Things About It!

Peptic ulcer, often referred to as stomach ulcer, is usually a misunderstood disease. Most people are unaware of the reasons why the ulcer is caused and are also unaware of the early symptoms of the disorder.

Here is a look at some of the strange facts about peptic ulcers that you may not know:

  1. Stress does not cause ulcers: The myth that stress causes ulcers is just that- a myth. Ulcers are not caused by stress and tension. However, if you are already affected by an ulcer, stress can aggravate the symptoms and make matter worse. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs can result in ulcers. So, if you have already been diagnosed with peptic ulcer, try not to stress too much.
  2. Ulcer pain is not caused due to food: Contrary to popular belief, ulcer pain is not aggravated when you eat something. In fact, pain increases if your stomach remains empty for a long period of time. So, if you are an ulcer patient, make a point of eating at regular intervals. In fact, the American College of Gastroenterology claims that people with ulcers do not need to follow a bland diet in order to recover from the condition.
  3. Heartburn medication is effective against ulcer: Stomach acid is the common link between heartburn and ulcer, as both of these disorders are caused as a result of excess acid formation in the stomach. This is why physicians often prescribe antacids to ulcer patients.
  4. Untreated ulcers can be problematic: Ulcers are easy to cure and can be completely treated with proper medication and adherence to restrictions. However, you should seek treatment for ulcers as soon as it is diagnosed. If left untreated, this ulcer may go on to cause severe issues for the patient. For instance, untreated ulcers may lead to internal bleeding and scar tissue. The same also impedes the digestive process. So, do not leave ulcers untreated and think that they will be repaired automatically over time.
  5. Endoscopy is the best way to diagnose ulcers: Even though X-rays may often reveal ulcers, a normal X-ray cannot detect certain smaller ulcers. Endoscopy is the best way to detect the disorder. In this process, a small tube, containing a light and a camera, is inserted inside the patient’s esophagus. The camera reveals any abnormal growth or infection inside the stomach. If you suspect an ulcer, book an appointment with the doctor as soon as possible.

Apart from these, alcohol and nicotine can inhibit or reduce secretion of mucus and bicarbonate, increasing acid secretion.

People can alleviate the effect of the condition through a diet rich in fibers and avoiding chocolates. Coffee and spicy peppers also aggravate ulcer. There is greater need of protein and some micronutrients such as Zinc, Vitamin A and Vitamin C in treatment of peptic ulcer.

2781 people found this helpful

Stomach Ulcers - How To Get Rid Of Them?

Stomach Ulcers - How To Get Rid Of Them?

A stomach ulcer or gastric ulcer refers to the defects or breakdown in the mucosal lining in the stomach. The stomach contains acid, which helps in digestion and any break in the tissue lining may result in severe pain or bleeding in some cases. The pain is usually felt in the abdomen.

Stomach ulcers cause great discomfort and should be treated effectively. Here are the primary ways of treating stomach ulcers:

  1. Antibiotics: In the case of H. pylori infection, you should take a course of more than two antibiotics, to be taken twice a day and must be continued for a week. Antibiotics such as amoxicillin, clarithromycin or metronidazole may be used in case of such stomach ulcers. However, it is always recommended to consult a specialized doctor before consuming any of these medicines. After several weeks of using the antibiotics, you should get a test done for detection of H. pylori bacteria. If they are still present, you have to take different antibiotics.

  2. Proton Pump Inhibitors: Proton pump inhibitors or PPIs helps in the reduction of the amount of acid produced by the stomach. This prevents damage to the ulcer and lets it heal naturally. PPIs are generally taken for four to eight weeks. The most common PPIs which are used for treating stomach ulcers are omeprazole, pantoprazole and lansoprazole.

  3. H2 Receptor Antagonists: H2 receptor antagonists reduce the production of stomach acid and function the same as PPIs. The most common H2 receptor for treating stomach ulcers is ranitidine.

  4. Antacids/ Alginate: All measures to treat stomach ulcers take several hours to show results. Your doctor may prescribe antacid medications for neutralizing the stomach acid. This will provide relief for the moment, but the relief is quite temporary and for a short span of time. By this time, the strong medicines most likely start working. There is a certain antacid medicine known as alginate. This develops a protective coating on the stomach lining. Antacids are available at all over the counter medicine stores and you should consult your doctor to get the best antacid which would work effectively on your stomach ulcer symptoms. You should take antacids before going to sleep or after taking meals.

  5. Natural Remedies: Stomach ulcer can also be treated at home using natural remedies. Medicines may sometimes cause further digestive complications, so home remedies are much more easy to follow and do not have side effects. The best way is to follow a proper diet, which is comprised of certain food items that help in curing stomach ulcers. You should consume bananas, honey, garlic, green leafy vegetables like cabbage, liquorice and capsaicin.

Stomach ulcers cause great pain and also bleeding in several cases. Proper treatment procedures should be taken in case of stomach ulcer. There are many medical remedies, as well as home remedies for treating stomach ulcers.

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अल्सर का आयुर्वेदिक उपचार - Ulcer Ka Ayurvedic Upchar!

अल्सर का आयुर्वेदिक उपचार - Ulcer Ka Ayurvedic Upchar!

बीमारी चाहे कोई भी हो उसके कारण और विकृति का जानकारी होना महत्वपूर्ण है. ज्यादातर अल्सर का कारण वात और पित्त के उत्तेजक कारक पर निहित होते हैं. अल्सर रोग कई प्रकार के हो सकते है, जैसे पेप्टिक अल्सर, पेट के छाले, अमाशय का अल्सर, या गैस्ट्रिक अल्सर. अल्सर तभी बनते है जब अमाशय के परत को खाना पचाने वाला एसिड नुकसान पहुंचाने लगता है. ये एसिड इतना तेज होता है की आयरन के ब्लेड तक को आसानी से गला सकता है. इस एसिड के अधिकता का कारण स्ट्रेस और खराब लाइफ स्टाइल के साथ अनुचित आहार होता है.

आजकल की खराब लाइफस्टाइल जैसे की ऑयली फ़ूड, फ़ास्ट फ़ूड, और अनुचित आहार के साथ आलस्य, मानसिक तनाव आदि के परिणामस्वरुप ज्यादातर व्यक्ति पेट से संबंधित रोग से पीड़ित रहते हैं. पेट के छाले, एसिडिटी, कब्ज़, गैस, अल्सर, पाइल्स, एनल फिशर आदि ऐसे कुछ प्रमुख पेट से संबंधित रोग होते है. हालाँकि इसके उपचार के लिए भी कई विकल्प मौजूद होते है. आयुर्वेद के अनुसार, अल्सर के उपचार के लिए एक संयुक्त दृष्टिकोण सबसे ज्यादा लाभदायक होता है.

आयुर्वेद के अनुसार, बाॅडी में होने वाले अल्सर होने के निम्न कारण हैं:
* अनुचित खानपान के कारण पेट में जख्म बन जाता है जिसे अल्सर कहते हैं.
* चाय, कॉफ़ी, सिगरेट और शराब का ज्यादा सेवन करने से अल्सर होता है.
* ज्यादा खट्टे, मसालेदार, गर्म चीजों का सेवन करने से अल्सर होता है.
* तनाव, जलन, गुस्सा, थकन, मानसिक परेशानी, एंग्जायटी आदि कारणों से भी हो सकता है.
* कभी-कभी पेट में जहरीला रोग पैदा होकर दूषित द्रव्य जमा होकर आमाशय और पक्वाशय में जख्म बन जाता है.

अल्सर के लक्षण-
* जब किसी व्यक्ति को अल्सर रोग हो जाता है तो रोगी के पेट में जलन और पेट दर्द होने लगता है.
* खट्टी डकार आती हैं.
* उल्टी होती है
* भोजन अच्छा नहीं लगता
* कब्ज़ की समस्या हो सकती है
* दस्त के साथ ब्लड आ सकता है
* कमजोरी का आभास हो सकता है
* बेचैनी होती है

अल्सर का आयुर्वेदिक उपचार-
1. आंवला-
एक चम्मच आंवले का रस और एक चम्मच शहद मिलाकर पीने से पेट में दूषित द्रव्य निकल जाते है जिससे अल्सर ठीक हो जाते है. इसके अलावा आंवले का एक चम्मच चूर्ण के साथ सोंठ का आधा चम्मच, जीरे के चूर्ण का आधा चम्मच और एक चम्मच मिश्री को मिश्रित कर लें, फिर इसे सुबह शाम सेवन करने से पेट के दर्द ठीक हो जाते है और दर्द व उल्टी से राहत मिलती है.

2. निर्गुण्डी- 50 ग्राम निर्गुण्डी के पत्ते को ½ लिटर पानी में धीमी आग पर पकाकर चौथाई शेष बचे तो 10-20 मिलीलीटर दिन में 2 से 3 बार पीएं. इससे पेप्टिक अल्सर रोग से छुटकारा मिलता है.

3. केले- केले में एसिड की मात्रा कम करने और घाव को भरने वाले गुण पाए जाते है. रोजाना 3 केले खाने से पेट में जख्म को ठीक करने में मदद मिलती है.

4. पान- पान के हरे पत्ते को आधा चम्मच रस रोजाना पीने से पेट दर्द और और जख्म से राहत मिलती है.

5. घी- हल्दी और मुलेठी को चूर्ण पानी में उबालकर ठंडा करके पेट पर लगाने से अल्सर रोग में राहत मिलता है.

6. देवदारु- देवदारु, ढाक, आम की जड़, गजपीपल, सहजन, और असंगध, को गाय के ताजे मूत्र में पीस कर पेट पर लेप करने से पेट का जख्म ठीक होता है.

7. सोंठ- 1 चम्मच चव्य और 1 चम्मच सोंठ को पीसकर गाय के मूत्र में मिलाकर रोगी को सेवन करना चाहिए. इससे पेट के जख्म और दर्द ठीक होते है.

8. दूध- अल्सर रोगी को रोजाना दूध पीना चाहिए साथ ही आनर का रस व आंवले का मुरब्बा खाना चाहिए.

9. हरङ- 2 छोटी हरङ और 4 मुनक्के को पीस कर सुबह खाने से पेट की जलन और उल्टी ठीक हो जाती है.

10. एरण्ड- एरण्ड तेल के दो चम्मच को गाय मूत्र या दूध में मिलाकर सेवन करने से आंतो का अल्सर ठीक होता है.

अल्सर में भोजन और परहेज:

* अल्सर होने के दौरान भोजन में दूध, सब्जियों का सूप, मसाले कस्टर्ड और दलिया लेना चाहिए.
* रेशे वाले आहार का सेवन करना चाहिए क्योंकि इसके खाने से अल्सर से उत्पन्न पेट की जलन ठीक होती है.
* ज्यादा मीठे और खट्टे पदार्थो का सेवन नहीं करना चाहिए.
* अनन्नास, संतरा, अमरूद और टमाटर का सेवन हानिकारक होता है.
* चाय, काॅफी, शराब और स्मोकिंग नहीं करना चाहिए.

Fast Food - A Curse To Healthy Life!

Fast Food - A Curse To Healthy Life!

The name 'fast food' comes from the fact that it can be prepared and served in a jiffy and not mention, tastes delicious. Don't be fooled by the smell and the taste, they have such little to no nutritional value that they can hardly be called food. They are rich in calories, fat and sugar that lead to various kinds of health conditions. Popular junk foods include gums, sweets, carbonated drinks, desserts, fried foods; you probably love them now but after knowing their effects on your health you might want to eliminate them from your diet.

Here are some of the conditions which can be caused by the consumption of excessive fast food:

1. Heart diseases-

Fast food contains high amounts of trans or saturated fats that can clog your arteries and lead to high level of cholesterol later in life. People who have junk food more than four times a week increase their risk of dying by 80%.

2. Obesity-
Adolescents who have poor eating habits are at high risk of being obese. Gaining a lot of weight beyond a recommended proportion can cause many health problems. Junk foods have sugar and calories that lead to weight gain. It has also been noticed that people who are prone to eating more fast foods are less likely to consume fruits and vegetables and this further weakens their immune system.

3. Peptic Ulcer-
Peptic ulcer is a disease that occurs in the gastrointestinal tract; it is acidic in nature and causes extreme stomach ache.  Spicy oily and salted food combined with stress and alcohol can lead to this condition. 

4. Diabetes-
Busy work schedule prevents many people from cooking at home and they take resort in fast food but it is advisable not to let work get in the way of your health. Consuming regular fast food coupled with poor lifestyle and lack of exercise leads to obesity which in turn causes type 2 diabetes.  
Cut down on junk foods and incorporate fruits and vegetables and also make time to include a daily exercise routine to maintain a healthy lifestyle.

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How To Treat Gastritis By Ayurvedic Drugs?

How To Treat Gastritis By Ayurvedic Drugs?

Ayurveda is an ancient Indian life science that requires you to make various lifestyle changes along with the use of medication that is based on herbs and condiments with massages and Yogic postures. This field of medicine believes in getting to the root of the problem so as to cure it and prevent it in the future as well. Gastritis is no different and enjoys the same kind of attention when it comes to Ayurveda. Here is everything you need to know about the Ayurvedic perspective of gastritis.

Definition: As per Ayurveda, gastritis is known as Urdhva Amlapitta, which can lead to the occurrence of stomach ulcers when the inflammation of the stomach lining goes untreated for a prolonged period of time. This inflammation is the basic outcome of the condition.

Causes: Problems in the Vata Dosha, one of the four Doshas in the body, can cause this condition. Also, a build up of Ama or toxins due to poor digestive health, can lead to the occurrence of this disease. As per Ayurveda, there are many reasons that may cause this toxin build up and the imbalance in the Vata Dosha. This includes eating spicy food on a regular or frequent basis and taking too many drugs like pain killers and analgesics which can lead to this condition. Also, too much of alcohol consumption and greasy food can cause gastritis. Further, one of the main causes of gastritis as per Ayurveda, is the presence of too much stress and worry, and the lack of a proper routine when it comes to eating, sleeping and exercising.

Symptoms: The main symptoms include appetite loss and nausea, as well as discomfort and pain in the abdomen. Gastrointestinal bleeding and blood discharge may also occur for patients suffering from this condition. Headaches and vomiting are also common symptoms of this condition.

Medication: There are various Ayurvedic medicines that can help in treating this condition. Sukumara Ghrita are ghee based preparations that can be taken every morning with a glass of warm milk in order to activate the digestive fires and improve the digestive powers. The difference can usually be seen in a matter of days. Dhatri Lauha includes amla juice which should be taken twice a day. Lemon juice, ajwain, amla and ginger are also helpful in such situations.

Lifestyle Changes: Avoiding spicy and greasy food as well as stopping alcohol abuse and smoking can help in curing this condition. One should also stay away from excessively stressful mental and physical tasks.

Taking the right steps at the right time for a proper routine with good habits can help in treating this condition as per Ayurveda.

6624 people found this helpful

Parkinson's Disease - Ways To Maximise The Effect Of Levodopa!

Parkinson's Disease - Ways To Maximise The Effect Of Levodopa!

If you are being treated for Parkinson's disease, how can you maximize the effect of LevodopaThe effect of levodopa can be maximized by increasing its absorption from the digestive system. In particular, taking levodopa on an empty stomach is very important. 

  1. Take on an empty stomach: Do not eat anything 1 hour before taking levodopa. Do not eat anything for at least 30 minutes and if possible 1 hour after taking it. Take the pill with 2 glasses of water so that it can dissolve. If taking the levodopa on an empty stomach makes you nauseous, confirm that your medication has the right amount of carbidopa in relation to the levodopa (25%). If you continue to feel nauseous, you can eat a piece of white bread around the time that you take levodopa. Do not apply any butter, yogurt, cheese or similar high protein spreads. Protein can drastically decrease the absorption of levodopa. 
  2. Get your constipation treated: This is critically important too. Being constipated can slow down the passage of levodopa through the digestive system. In most patients, drinking adequate water and taking stool softeners is helpful. 
  3. Get your ulcer treated: It can be difficult to recognize that you have a gastric ulcer. However, if you have a burning sensation in your stomach at any time, or belch frequently, you may have a gastric ulcer. If you think you have an ulcer you should get tested (there is a simple breath test now) and treated with antibiotics (not antacids!) 
  4. Do not take levodopa with iron tablets: The iron binds to levodopa and prevents its absorption. Keep a gap of at least two hours between these two medications. 
  5. Try taking levodopa with orange juice and carbonated water (soda): Mix equal quantities of orange juice and carbonated water (soda). Take your regular levodopa with a glass of this preparation instead of water. The carbonated water hastens disintegration of the tablet, and the acidity of both things helps in levodopa absorption. There are special tablets of levodopa (dispersible levodopa, Madopar) which can be dissolved in this preparation.
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Penetrating Keratoplasty - When Is It Required?

Penetrating Keratoplasty - When Is It Required?

Ulcers and perforations of cornea are some very serious clinical conditions, which threaten vision rapidly and progressively, and disintegrate the eye globe. They need to be taken care of immediately to prevent irreparable damage to the eyes. In spite of the advanced medical research and practice, severe injuries, infections, and diseases of cornea can lead to serious corneal perforations, which require surgery necessarily as the ultimate solution.

Urgent reconstructive surgery might be necessary to avoid consecutive endophthalmitis, formation of synechiae (anterior and posterior), and secondary glaucoma to prevent spread of pathogens toward posterior pole of eye globe. This surgery is also performed to avoid other severe complications including inflammation.

The approach of performing surgery to retain corneal integrity depends on localization, size, state of internal globe tissue, and depth and severity of corneal tissue damage. The state of inflammation and causative infection influences the choice and sequence of surgeries. Urgent Penetrating Keratoplasty, Total Penetrating Keratoplasty, and Corneal or Corneo Scleral Patch Graft, or combination of surgical approaches, also called ‘Keratoprosthesis’, which are performed only for end-stage, progressive corneal pathology, or the last-chance medical treatment.

Ramon Castroviejo, in 1951, described Penetrating Keratoplasty as a method to replace a larger diseased cornea and sclera lying adjacent to it with donor tissue.

The goal of Penetrating Keratoplasty is tectonic repair of large corneal perforations to restore the integrity of the eye globe and correcting or resolving many other conditions of the eye simultaneously.

When to Perform Penetrating Keratoplasty?

Penetrating Keratoplasty is performed for perforated cornea in the following cases:

  1. Corneal degenerations.

  2. Keratoconus and ectasias.

  3. Corneal dystrophies including Fuchs endothelial dystrophy.

  4. Viral keratitis.

  5. Noninfectious ulcerative keratitis.

  6. Post infectious keratitis.

  7. Microbial keratitis including Fungal and Bacterial keratitis.

  8. Chemical injuries.

  9. Congenital opacities.

  10. Refractive indications.

  11. Mechanical trauma.

  12. Regraft unrelated to allograft rejection.

  13. Regraft related to allograft rejection.

Surgical Procedure:

Surgical procedure involves the following steps:

  1. Preparation of donor tissue is the first step. A corneal button slightly larger than the host corneal opening helps in reducing post-surgical excessive corneal flattening, reducing risk of secondary glaucoma, and enhancing closure of wound.

  2. Afterwards, host cornea is trephined; viscoelastic is filled into the anterior chamber followed by placement of donor tissue on the endothelial side down of recipient's eye.

  3. Cornea is then sutured in place, interruptedly or continuously. Interrupted sutures are preferred in inflamed, vascularized, or thinned corneas and in paediatric cases.

  4. Penetrating Keratoplasty might be performed in combination with cataract surgery, glaucoma surgery, retinal surgery. and secondary intraocular lens implantation.

Take Away:

Penetrating Keratoplasty is the true and last-chance medical treatment to treat large corneal perforations. It is the only ophthalmologic surgical procedure which restores ocular integrity, and at the same time takes care of infections, inflammations, and necrotic tissue. Such a holistic approach minimizes the risk of endophthalmitis and prevents the spread of disease to the globe of the eye. It also improves the probability of graft survival and has a good potential to improve visual acuity.

 

Penetrating Keratoplasty is an effective surgical process. However, it is always advisable to consult an experienced and skilled surgeon before opting for this method.

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Ulcerated Leg - Know More About It!

Ulcerated Leg - Know More About It!

A lower limb ulcer or a leg ulcer is characterized by the formation of a chronic sore. These sores take more than a month to heal, and tend to develop on the insides of the leg. It is characterized by symptoms of pain, swelling in the affected area and itching. The skin around the ulcer tends to harden and get discolored. A foul smelling discharge is also common.


Causes-

These sores tend to form if there is a minor injury in the leg. This tends to develop when the blood circulation inside the veins of the leg is hampered, that results in an increase in blood pressure. The high blood pressure can damage the vessels under the skin, making them fragile. The skin tends to break and form ulcers easily after a cut or a wound has been sustained.

There are certain factors that increase the risks of lower limb ulcer; them being:

  1. Obesity: Being overweight can lead to an increase in blood pressure in the leg, augmenting the risk of lower leg ulcer.

  2. Varicose Veins: This disorder is characterized by swollen veins resulting from malfunctioning valves. This disorder of the veins increases the risks of lower limb ulcers.

  3. Age: Ageing increases the chances of lower leg ulcer. This is because old age and its related disorders tend to limit your movement.

Symptoms-

The symptoms of lower limb include discoloration of the skin, swollen ankles, a heavy feeling in the lower limbs, flaky and itchy skin and enlarged veins in the legs. A foul smelling discharge from the wound and high fever are common symptoms as well.

Treatment-

The treatment begins with cleaning the affected area. Medicines are applied on the area, following which the dressing is applied on the wound. In order to treat the swelling and improve the circulation in the legs, a compression bandage is also wrapped around the area. These bandages help in easing the blood circulation and relieving pain.

In order to facilitate quicker healing of the ulcer, it is recommended to remain active and ditch a sedentary lifestyle completely. It is advised to keep your leg elevated while you are sitting or lying down; this helps better the blood circulation. Avoid smoking and consuming alcohol as they inevitably slow down the healing process.  

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