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Type 1 Diabetes Health Feed

Sir, my grandson is suffering from Type-1 Diabetes and we are giving him Humalog Mix50 twice a day. He is 14 years old. He was born with Downsyndrom and still unable to speak. Can you suggest the substitute of Humalog insulin?

Dr. Prabhakar Laxman Jathar 93% (10906 ratings)
MBBS, CCEBDM, Diploma in Diabetology
Endocrinologist, Hubli-Dharwad
Sir, my grandson is suffering from Type-1 Diabetes and we are giving him Humalog Mix50 twice a day. He is 14 years ol...
Mr. lybrate-user, Thanks for the query. In a patient with T1 diabetes only treatment is taking Insulin Injections for lifetime. Even if I suggest it will another type of Insulin only. No Other Drugs Can Used. Thanks.
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What is a proper diet for type 1 diabetic child? I meant diet plan. What is the foods to give as a snack.

Dr. Jayvirsinh Chauhan 97% (3441 ratings)
MD - Homeopathy, BHMS
Homeopath, Vadodara
What is a proper diet for type 1 diabetic child? I meant diet plan. What is the foods to give as a snack.
Corn flakes, Pulses, whole fruits which are not to ripened.. etc... You may consider giving homoeopathic treatment....
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Diabetes Type 1 & 2 - A Complete Guide!

Dr. Neelam Mohanty 91% (241 ratings)
MBBS
General Physician, Bhubaneswar
Diabetes Type 1 & 2 - A Complete Guide!

Diabetes is one of the most common problems that are caused by obesity, unhealthy and inactive lifestyle. It is a metabolic disorder in which the body is unable to store and use energy from food. Being physically inactive and eating unhealthy food are primary causes of diabetes. It is a long term condition which causes high or unstable blood sugar levels in the body.

When a patient suffers from low blood sugar it is called Hypoglycemia, and if the blood sugar levels are too high, it is called Hyperglycemia. Both are extremely harmful for a patient.

Type 1 and Type 2 and Gestational Diabetes-

Type 1

In Type 1 diabetes, the body does not produce insulin. The condition has no known cure and is usually hereditary in nature. Approximately 10% of those suffering from diabetes have Type 1 diabetes. Patients with Type 1 diabetes have to take regular medication, including insulin injections as well as take care of their diet.

Type 2

Type 2 diabetes happens when the body does not produce enough insulin for its proper functioning. 90% of all diabetic people suffer from Type 2 diabetes. It is usually caused by poor lifestyle choices, like physical inactivity and unhealthy food habits. The disease lasts a lifetime and is usually progressive in nature, but can be managed by taking regular medication, choosing an active lifestyle and maintaining proper body weight.

Gestational Diabetes

Diabetes during pregnancy is known as gestational diabetes. This has to be managed by taking medication or in extreme cases insulin shots. If undetected or untreated, gestational diabetes increases complications during childbirth, and causes unusual weight gain in the baby. However, gestational diabetes usually ends after the baby is born and women can go back to their normal lifestyle and eating habits post delivery.

Symptoms of Diabetes

  1. Frequent urination
  2. Extreme hunger or thirst
  3. Weight loss
  4. Problems with vision
  5. Tingling or numbness of the extremities.
  6. Unexplained fatigue
  7. Dry skin
  8. Cuts or sores that heal slowly
  9. High number of infections

Who is at greatest risk for developing diabetes?

People who:

  1. Are 45 or over
  2. Are overweight
  3. Are habitually physically inactive
  4. Have previously been identified as having IFG (impaired fasting glucose) or IGT (impaired glucose tolerance)
  5. Have a family history of diabetes
  6. Are members of certain ethnic groups (including Asian American, African American, Hispanic American, and Native American)
  7. Have had gestational diabetes or have given birth to a child weighing more than 9 pounds
  8. Have elevated blood pressure
  9. Have an HDL cholesterol level (the good cholesterol) below 35 mg/dl and/or a triglyceride level above 250 mg/dl
  10. Have polycystic ovary syndrome
  11. Have a history of vascular disease

What is pre-diabetes?

Pre-diabetes is a condition of elevated blood glucose level that has not yet reached a diabetic level. Along with insulin resistance, pre-diabetes causes no symptoms. An individual may be pre-diabetic for years without knowing it. Pre-diabetes increases your risk of developing Type 2 diabetes and heart disease.

Weight loss and exercise may halt the onset of diabetes from pre-diabetes by returning blood glucose levels to a normal range.

Diabetes is the fifth-leading cause of death by disease. Diabetes leads to the death of many people each year across the globe. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a General Physician.

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Type-1 Diabetes - What Is It and What Causes It?

Dr. Richa Arora Agarwal 88% (38 ratings)
Visiting Consultant - Rajiv Gandhi Cancer Hospital, Saroj Super Speciality Hospital, D.N.B. PEDIATRICS, MD - Paediatrics, MBBS, Bhagwati Hospital, Rainbow Hospital- Panipat
Pediatrician, Delhi
Type-1 Diabetes - What Is It and What Causes It?

What is Type-1 Diabetes?

Type-1 Diabetes, also known as Diabetes Mellitus type-1, is a condition which is characterised by the lack of sufficient amount of insulin in the body. This is a chronic condition and cannot be cured. The insufficient amount of insulin in the blood results in the spike in blood sugar levels, which in turn, can damage various organs in the body. However, with proper therapy and treatment, it can be controlled and the quality of life can be improved for the patient.

The tell-tale signs and symptoms of this type of diabetes are the frequent urges to urinate, increase in appetite, increased thirst and rapid weight loss. It is most commonly diagnosed in children or young adults and thus, it was previously known as juvenile diabetes.

Glucose and other types of sugars are essential for the body cells to absorb energy. The glucose that is present in the blood is taken up with the help of insulin and utilised for energy. The lack of this hormone renders the glucose useless as it is not being able to enter the body cells. This is precisely type-1 diabetes.

What Causes It?

The cause of type-1 diabetes is not known entirely. Although, there are certain theories that explain the cause –

  1. Genetics: The chances of getting type-1 diabetes are increased in children if either of their parents suffers through from this disease. More than 50 genes are involved in diabetes type-1.

  2. Environmental factors: Environmental factors are also thought to play a role in type-1 diabetes.

  3. Viral infection: A theory suggests that viral infections are responsible for type-1 diabetes. According to this theory, the virus activates the auto-immune system of the body which in turn attacks the pancreatic beta cells along with the cells that are infected by the virus. Viruses like Epstein-Barr virus, Mumps virus, rubella virus etc. are considered to be responsible for the same.

How Is It Treated?

Many people with type-1 diabetes live long, healthy lives. The key to good health is to keep your blood sugar levels within the range your doctor gives you. You’ll need to check them often and adjust insulin, food, and activities to make that happen.

All people with type-1 diabetes must use insulin injections to control their blood sugar. Several types of insulin are available. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult an endocrinologist and ask a free question.

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My daughter 9 year old suffering type 1 dm last two year we give her to inj mixtard any other option or any alternate treatment.

Dr. S.K. Tandon 93% (7809 ratings)
Diploma in Diabetology, Pregnancy & Diabetes, Hypertension, Cardiovascular Prevention in Diabetes ,Thyroid
Sexologist, Sri Ganganagar
My daughter 9 year old suffering type 1 dm last two year we give her to inj mixtard any other option or any alternate...
No alternative. Best option is regular insulin 3 times a day and lantus injection in late night. Tight sugar control is must. Any quiry ask me on line.
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I am 28 year old male having diabetes more than 500 but there is no problem to me like eye pain etc what to do now.

Dr. Nihal E Kathodika 87% (18 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Chennai
I am 28 year old male having diabetes more than 500 but there is no problem to me like eye pain etc what to do now.
Hi, Blood sugar may fluctuate for many reasons like food, activity etc. Please make sure that your test was done accurately and do a test again after a week. Consult a doctor before making any conclusion, it can be a technical glitch in your report. But if your blood sugar is high don't leave it unattended. Please note that most of the people are diagnosed with diabetes when blood test is done for some other diseases. Diabetes may not show any evident symptoms for a long time but will be putting extra load on vital organs like kidneys, liver etc. It is always better to prevent diseases than curing them later.
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