Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) includes methods that can help induce pregnancy where it cannot be achieved naturally. In other words, it is an infertility treatment for couples trying to have a baby.
Who are eligible for the ART treatment?
Assisted Reproductive Technology is useful for-
There are several types of methods available, which target a specific problem and help in achieving pregnancy by undoing it.
• Ovulation Induction - Pregnancy can happen only if there are no glitches in the menstrual cycle. Many women ovulate irregularly, while some others do not ovulate at all. In such cases, doctors prescribe hormonal therapy. A tablet or injection introduces a substance that triggers the secretion of follicle-stimulating hormones in the body. When the follicles develop, another hormone is administered which help in releasing an egg from the follicle. If the couple times their intercourse with the release of the egg, the woman can conceive.
• Artificial Insemination - Sometimes a woman cannot conceive because of mechanical difficulties in intercourse. This may arise due to structural problems of the penis or if the man is unable to get an erection. Through artificial insemination, the doctor injects the sperm into the woman’s uterus through her cervix during or right before ovulation. Artificial Insemination can be performed in conjugation with ovulation induction if a woman is unable to ovulate.
• In Vitro Fertilization - This process is chiefly used on women whose fallopian tubes are blocked. A woman is administered hormones that stimulate the release of several eggs. The woman’s eggs and the semen from her partner or a donor are collected. The sperm fertilizes the eggs, and of the several embryos produced, only one is placed in the uterus and the others are frozen in case the pregnancy fails.
Infertility is no longer a cause of distress. With Assisted Reproductive technology, anyone can have a child today. Before you opt for the procedure, have a detailed conversation with your gynaecologist. Weigh out the various advantages and risk factors associated with the ART process. You can completely rely on ART since it does not involve many complications.